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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 17, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE tETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, 17, 1970 William MilHnship It is easy and natural to condemn out of hand (lie suggested salary in- creases for MPs and cabinet minis- ters, but it might not be fair. Hon- esty requires at least consideration of the arguments. Paramount is the established fact that almost all MPs lose money at the present including a tax- free expense allowance. The expenses they must incur, especially if they have families, simply exceed the revenue. The average citizen may not understand it, but thai is the ex- perience of conscientious members of all parties. That means lliat the only people who can really afford to run are the very rich, who can draw on their personal fortunes, or the very poor, whose families are used to hardship, to whom looks like a fortune, and who cannot imagine not being able to live handsomely on it. Even with the pension arrangements, most people cannot afford to go into fed- eral politics. In some countries the quickest way to get rich is to go into politics or government. No one expects Cana- dian politicians to profit handsomely at the public expense. Nor have Ca- nadians the right to expect their pol- iticians to endure personal or family hardship or bankruptcy for the pub- lic profit. The best legislation is likely to come from those who cannot now af- ford to go into politics. The people will not be better served by leaving politics to the rich. Another consideration is the fact that the average conscientious feder- Voting a raise Nixon dodges issues in press conference LVA tinrvnTAM i- al politician works much harder and longer than the average private citi- zen, and takes endless abuse for it. His is not a good or healthy life. He does it only because he is queer enough to like it or because his sense of public duty forces him. The peo- ple, who are such hard task-masters, should pay commensurately. The suggestion of the independent outside commission was that the MP salary be boosted to all of it taxable, but with allowance for legiti- mate expenses. That is a big jump, but it will have been nine years since the level was set. So spread over nine years the increase will be less than 3 per cent per year. That is not out of line. How can it be compared with the piddly increase in old age pensions? It can't. Reform is needed with both. Removing the tax free provision is liighly desirable. No private citi- zen can declare part of Ms income tax exempt, and the law-makers shouldn't give themselves that priv- ilege. The same rules should apply to all. One final point: the decision on a new level of remuneration should be made by this Parliament, but not to be effective until the next. Thus it cannot be said that the MPs are vot- ing themselves a raise. Before the next election they will all bo out of office, and they will benefit from the new rate only if and when they have been freshly elected. The new salary level will therefore have had the im- plicit approval of the public before it goes into effect. WASHINGTON The fail- ure ot his most recent tel- evised press c o n f e r en c e lo probe deeply into President Richard N i xo n' s thinking on economic problems underlines much ot Ilia criticism made about (he president's rare ap- pearances before the press. The appearances are more frequent than the twice-a-year monolo- gues at which the late General dc Gaulle fitted planted ques- tions to memorized answers fop France, but Mr. Nixon uses the press conference far less than his immediate predecessors as 3 means of communicating with the public. By spacing them out, questions accumulate and tend to cover a much wider va- riety of subjects than can pos- sibly be handled adequately in half-an-hour the time strict- ly governed by the slot avail- able for live television cover- age. It is impossible to fire the kind of follow up questions that might oblige the president to say more than the minimum he planned. Economic questions have come to dominate the everyday lives of almost everyone in this country, but Mr. Nixon nimbly side-stepped them. He succinct- ly repeated disputed claims that his economic policy was work- ing, as if (lie improvement were self evident. He said as a mat- ter of fact that inflation had "cooled off" and was beginning to recede, although the great debate here at present within the administration is over what new measures are needed to control wage and prica in- creases. He did hint that he might now be prepared to intervene more actively on the wages and prices front and bring more pressure on trades unions and managements. But he caref ully avoided any promise to reduce unemployment to any specific figure. Officials had promised earlier this year that it would be cut to an "acceptable" level of four per cent by mid 1972 that is, in good time lo influence the next presidential election. Mr. Nixon gave no time table and suggested only that It was possible to have a rate of un- employment of less than 5 per cent without a war. When Mr. Nixon came to power early last year, unemployment stood at 3.5 per cent. The latest figures put it at 5.8 per cent, which means out of work. One of the few clear lessons to emerge from a conference in Listen first, decide later Prime Minister Trudeau's state- ments about what position he will take on the question of arms sales to South Africa when he attends the Common- wealth conference in Singapore next month are forthright and sensible. He knows perfectly well that Canadians abhor the apartheid policies pursued by the South African government; he is also aware of the threat to Britain and Europe of the Soviet naval build- up in the Indian Ocean, a subject which will be high on the list of dis- cussions. But, he says, he is not going to go into the meetings with a closed mind. He intends to listen to the argu- ments from both sides. The Prime Minister will be well briefed before he goes too. He has taken the precaution of sending his special assistant Dr. Ivan Head, to Zambia and Tanzania, to obtain the views .of these two Commonwealth African countries, and he is current- ly having talks with British Prime Minister Heath. As the conference draws closer, the need for an alternative to arms sales to South Africa, becomes desperately pressing. The Americans have indi- cated their interest by asking for funds to build a communications base on the British island of Diego Gar- cia in the Indian Ocean. And there has been wide discussion in the Brit- ish press as to the cost of alterna- tives to arms sales to South Africa as a deterrent to Russian infiltration in the area. Estimates of a purely naval deterrent amount to about million a year, a sum which the Brit- ish purely and simply cannot afford right now. There is always the pos- sibility that other Commonwealth countries can be persuaded to share the cost of keeping the Russians at bay east of Suez. Public opinion in Canada is, almost to a man, dead set against the ter- nble repression of the black people in South Africa. Public opinion in Can- ada is also dead set against Russian aggressive policies in all parts of the world, including those which threat- en the survival of vulnerable demo- cracies in the Pacific area. Canadians should be grateful that they will be represented at this vital gathering in Singapore by a Prime Minister with an open mind and the courage lo make it up after not before, all sides are heard from. "Welcome to the Maurice Western which the president committed himself only when he wished to do so was the belief that there will be further air strikes against North Vietnamese tar- gets. In his answer to the first question on Vietnam, Mr. Nix- on appeared to extend the ground rules of the bombing halt understanding he maintains exists between Washington and Hanoi. The United States would continue to retaliate whenever the North Vietnamese fired on unarmed U.S. reconnaissance aircraft. This was initially the reason given for the recent heavy bombing raids, But Mr. Nixon also warned that U.S. aircraft would strike at North Vietna- mese military bases and sup- ply lines if Hanoi developed a capacity to interfere with Am- erican troop withdrawals "and proceeded possibly to use that capacity to increase the level of fighting in South Vietnam." On earlier occasions, Mr. Mel- vin Laird, the Secretary of De- fence, talked about bombing in the event of a large scale North Vietnamese push across the demilitarized zone separat- ing the two Vietnams. Now, it seems, Ihe suspicion that such a move is contemplated will be sufficient to trigger an Ameri- can air offensive. Mr. Nixon returned repeated- ly to the theme that it was his duty, as Commander in-Chief of the United States forces, to protect the lives of American troops. Earlier this year he gave this as the motive for the American and South Vietna- mese attacks on Communist sanctuaries in Cambodia. At his press conference he stated cate- gorically that U.S. forces would not return to Cambodia under any circumstances. Air power is therefore one card he now can play in trying to discour- age any Communist move to inflict a humiliating defeat on the increasingly weak U.S. ground forces in South Viet- nam. Mr. Nixon made it clear he would not hesitate to play that card. He side stepped a question about the possible danger of Cambodia's becoming heavily dependent on U.S. aid, claiming that the S255 million he was asking Congress for Cambodia was "the best investment in for- eign aid the United States has made in my political lifetime." The Cambodians, he said, were tying down North Vietna- mese troops who, if they worn not in Cambodia "would "bo kill- ing Americans" in South Viet- nam. Tins brought him back to the need to save American lives. The president refused to set any deadline for the complete withdrawal of U.S. forces, since he said this would destroy any reason for continuing the peace talks in Paris. But he reflected none of the optimism about a negotiated settlement which the administration persisted in long after the Communists had flat- ly rejected his September offer of a ceasefire. Mr. Nixon said the Paris talks would continue but that he had "no great hopes" for them. He seemed not to expect Ha- noi to show much interest in the offer to exchange more than North Vietnamese prisoners in return for 800 Am- ericans. He was content with making the advance propagan- da point that the rejection of this offer would "pinpoint" North Vietnam as an "interna- tional outlaw." On the broader issues of East- West relations, President Nixon did not hold out any hope of rapid progress. It was in the interests of both the United Stales and the Soviet Union to limit armaments, he said, but he forecast that relations be- tween the two countries would "continue to be difficult." They were, however, "negotiating and not confronting." His govern- ment had no plans at present for changing its attitude to Pe- king's admission to the United Nations. The United States would "eventually have rela- tions with Communist but he did not enlarge on this, beyond saying that Washington would continue its policy of re- laxing trade and travel restric- tions. The president gave one per- fect example of how to avoid answering a question, when he was asked to giveihis views on a report, on university unrest prepared by a special commis- sion he himself fed appointed but which finally criticized his leadership of the country. He said that he had written only the night before to former Gov- ernor Scranton, the commission chairman, and could not reveal the contents of the letter before Mr. Scranton had read it. (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) Canada: a dubious exponent of liberalized trade The new 'in9 word _ --n. Parents who are Ing to cope with individualized, non-graded, integrated, multigraded, continuous pro- gress education carried out in open area, team teaching, flexible surroundings will have to get used to the latest example of educational jargonese. In its crudest form, accountability means 'payment by results.' If a student cannot read, write, get his arithmetic right, or do any of the other academic tricks which are considered desirable and acceptable by some committee of experts then the school or the teachers must be punished. It also refers to teaching services sold to schools by privately owned companies. A commercial concern will provide a spe- cial sen-ice such as remedial reading in- struction and is paid on the basis of meas- urable pupil progress i.e. no learning, no pay. It is a variation of the, 'Satisfaction guaranteed or your money cheerfully re- funded' gimmick. It puts the child in the classroom on the same basis as the color TV or the chuck roast that you buy at the local store. To school boards looking for a way lo save money the 'payment by re- sults' scheme must look very- attractive. To teachers and parents who have struggled to help children become fairly well adjust- ed citizens, the methods lo be employed to satisfy the accountability criteria could cause as grave concern. It means that all children must make sat- isfactory grades hi all measurable school subjects. There will be no allowance for -..C or uiu student who is quite happy to lake his time. The fact that differ- ent children progress at varying rates and have vastly different abilities will be al- most completely ignored. There is no great risk involved fen- the commercial companies that will sell 'guar- and only those capable of making progress will be allowed to enter the program. When the doubtfuls have been eliminated (what will happen to the remaining stu- dents will be subjected to a barrage of sophisticated equipment two to three hours a day. I wonder which section of elemen- tary education will have to suffer in order to pay for all this expensive equipment? The new accountability bandwagon is al- ready attracting many passengers. We read that publishers are beginning lo churn out new materials and no doubt we will soon be subjected to an expensive advertising campaign geared to convince us of the aca- demic bliss that awaits those who invest their dollars in a particular program. There will be a renewed emphasis on examinations, grade marks, and academic competition. For those who might be falling behind in the academic race we can expect the pressures to be applied with ever in- creasing vigor. As students and teachers suffer the pressure, the inevitable will fol- low: if academic achievement is not good enough then let's increase the time spent on the traditional subjects and cut out all the frills such as art, drama, music, and sports. It is these cultural activities, the so called that should occupy more, much more, space on our school curricula. One supporter of the now accountability fad has said, 'Thanks to accountability con- tracts, schools will place far heavier em- phasis on results No one denies the importance of good results. It is the methods used to try and force results from children who are already doing their best that must cause concern. It is the factory production line mentality that could cause havoc in our fine and pro- gressive school system. The tables were lamed By "'Arc.V Hickard and Jim Jla p .1 car an m Jlavbic recently got even Doug Walker dead silence. lie had just heard the Dial-V who has been placidly sitting in his J nought for the day. We walked away let-roo hucklin j 111.1 it- waiAuu d bullet-proof office taking us to task over after observing his reaction, various things in his filler column One PPy wiUl a lililc rcvcnge the abuse afternoon, after another diB al us, 'hi., phone He answered: "Don" Walker here Horn; who'.' what? t jyv.il, vlldtillU- j at being caught with his mouth open, yelled after us: "Ju.st remember i have Ihir last Incidentally, Doug doesn't oaow uiis item is oil iiis page yet. QTTAWA: Mitchell Sharp, w replying to questions in Parliament about the future of our trade with Europe, offered some interesting observations which appear to be at variance with the usual claims of the Ca- nadian government. "In he said, "The tariffs around the European ec- onomic community are among the lowest in the world. They are certainly a lot lower than the tariffs around Canada and the United States. In general we have access lo the market in Europe for industrial prod- ucts and we have taken great advantage of it. Last year our exports lo Ihe Common Market were up by 40 per cent, an ex- tremely good record The minister went on to speak of the undoubted difficulties with regard to agriculture. It is to be noted, however, that the government for years past has placed the emphasis on ex- pansion of our manufactured exports because of their high labor content. Mr. Pepin speak- ing in the budget debate, said that we were easily selling enough grain, oil, gas and coal but expressed concern ab o u t manuf a c t u r e d products and dwelt at length on what the government is doing for them. It is still widely believed lhat Canada is in the van of trade liberalization; certainly the gov- ernment has made no sustain- ed effort to counter (his im- pression. The contrary view has been expressed from time lo time in this column Only now however, has it been officially endorsed by a leading minister who formerly had responsibility for trade. There has been much worry in recent weeks about the pro- spective expansion of Ihe Com- mon Market. nlr._Pepin himself, reporting on his turopean visit, said that he had "highlighted" four main themes, of which the iirst was "our concern about tiic negative effects of E.C.C. en- largement on Canada's access to markets and on the frame- work and pattern of w o r I d trade." the Common Market, on Mr. Sharp's presentation, ap- pears lo have behaved rather decently in respect to the goods m which we are most interest- ed. Certainly it has been less outward looking in respect to agriculture; more responsive lo the protectionist demands of its own (arm industry. U is surely not an unreasonable lioii lhat UK ICuroiteiii protec- tionists have been assisted u> making their arguments by the fact, candidly admitted by Mr. Sharp, that market tariffs are already "a lot lower" than those around Canada. We have never ceased to af- firm our utter devotion to more liberal trade. But in fact ex- treme caution has been the watchword in trade and com- merce. Budget speeches nowa- days are barren of references to tariff changes; the last one being a conspicuous example. Letter to the editor The policy is not one of trade initiatives but of accumulat- ing possible bargaining points in the fashion of a squirrel storing nuts. They are hoarded for gen- eral negotiations and then em- ployed with great care; on the last occasion, we entered into bargaining only after we had successfully held out for a spe- cial status which would not ex- pose us to the fearful risks be- ing run by other countries. The government permitted it- self one exception to this gen- An appeal lo fur wearers Do you know what takes place during the interval be- tween the animal's fur bear- ing and our fur wearing? Yes, the skins go through very ca- pable hands, tanning them and fashioning the coat. Very few of us think of what happened before that: the trap- per trudging along his trapline in subzero temperatures to col- lect (he animals caught be- tween the steel jaws. Please take ten seconds to imagine the pain one suffers with one's fingers caught in the car door. And an animal suf- fers this agony from hours to days to weeks. Even the trap- pers are horrified, but they have to make a living too. There is a solution to this outdated and unnecessary cruel way of trapping and that is the use of humane traps which in- stantly kill the animal without damaginng the fur. We do not have to give up our furs, neith- er will the trapper be forced out of work. When you put on your fur coats, imagine your fingers caught in the car door. You can open the door, the animal has to stay until it dies. But you too can open a door for the animals by joining the Canadi- an Association for Humane Trapping, Box 9, Site 13, H.R.2, Calgary 2. The aim is to have the outdated traps abolished and replaced by humane, in- stant-killing traps. My request to all fur wearing ladies is: Please join the CAHT or send a donation so that at least one more cruel trap may be exchanged for a humane One or perhaps two or more. CAHT MEMBER CONCERNED FUR WEARER Calgary, eral rule of conduct; it did an- nounce and implement a speed- up in the timing of the last GATT reductions. Special mea- sures were introduced to sup- port manufacturers who might be adversely affected. Adjust- ment assistance is still being extended (the footwear indus- try being the latest to qualify) and in some instances, such as shirts, it is complemented with straightforward additional tar- iff protection. Presumably other countries were even more impressed by Canadian actions than by Ca- nadian words. As a result Mr. Sharp and Mr. Pepin have per- haps had to do some explain- ing; certainly they have gone in a good deal for polite exhor- tation. They have also made some practical preparations for a future which Mr. Pepin has not been painting in the rosiest of terms. The minister of trade and commerce has given a general indication of what is proposed. There is to be a two way flow of views and information dur- ing Ihe negotiations between Britain and the EEC. Canada intends to "bring into play at an appropriate stage the con- tractual rights and obligations, under bilateral arrangements and under the GATT, which would be affected by EEC en- largement." In other words we will seek compensa t i o n for concessions we expect to lose in the same way that other states sought compensation from us when we took measures to pro- tect domestic producers. Secondly, we will try to de- velop new initiatives for freeing trade during tie negotiations. In Mr. Pepin's words: "Canada is not without bargaining pow- er." This observation rings true; after playing squirrel for all these years (at some cost to inflation ridden consumers) we must have some nuts that we can use in negotiations Per- haps if we had been a little less squirrelish, the whole situation would have been considerably easier. There might also been less of the feeling that Mr Pepin reported on his return from Europe, a tendency to ar- gue that Canadians are exag- gerating the negative impact of the prospective. Certainly no one could allege that Ottawa ever exaggerated the negative impact of the var- ious prot e c t i v e measures to which our government has re- sorted from time to time. Looking backward No recourse for pensioners A letter from a correspondent -in a recent uf the Herald, suggesting that a sewage charge of per month is probable, prompts me to write this letter. From the information avail- able, it would seem that local industries who are supposed to be most responsible for pollu- tion of the river will pay the lesser part of the cost of clean- ing up (lie mess. To many this will not So They Say There are no rural or region- al enclaves safe from technol- ogy in tht! world (oday. There is nowhere lo go to escape it. Dr. Donald Schon, J970 Keith lecturer. be a matter of much concern; it can be marked off as an in- crease in the cost of living, to be looked after in future wage- negotiations. For the pensioner, which includes the writer, there is no such recourse. If part of the money has lo be raised by industry it is reasonable to sup- pose there will be an increase in the cost of the product. Sure- ly llu's would be a fairer way, than putting the whole load on tho property owner. The tax- payer should pay his fair share and no more. With hospital deficits in the offing, together with this large sewage charge, Mr. Taxpayer can look for sonic prctly heavy tax bills in Die future. A. C. PADLIiY. Lethbndge. THROUGH THE HERALD of a change in the policy of Ihe Soldier Settle- ment Board regarding the 15- mile limit will allow land with- in a 25-mile radius of a rail- road to be opened up under the settlement act. city is now paying well over a month for relief. City officials fear this will mean a jump in the mill rate for Ihe coming year million dollar ser- vice flying training school at Macleod is now in operation. Total strength of staff mem- bers and students is over 1 000. 1950 Coleman's Rosy Theatre was completely de- stroyed by fire. About 80 peo- ple were in the building at Urne, but no one was injured. 19GO There was only One survivor an 11-year-old boy in an air collision over Brooklyn, N.Y., as two planes collided in a snowslorm. An entire block was devastated, but only one person was killed on the ground. There were 127 casual- ties. The Lethbrid0e Herald Wl Vlh St. S., Lelhbridgc, Alberta LETHBIUDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1951, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 CLEO W. MOWERS, Edllor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BAI.LA Manning Edilor AMofe" Editor u 1, WILES DOUGLAS K WAI Km Advertising Manaocr Editorial Page Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES Till; SOUTH" d tl re In a Con l.m. C10SI ;