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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 16, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 22 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, 16, 1974 Ask Andy WEATHER TEMPERATURE Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Bill Vos, age 13, of St. Paul, Minn., for his question: What causes the weather temperature to change? The changeable weather seems to do as it pleases, though actually there are global patterns behind the scenes. Summers are warmer and winters are cooler; a scorching hot day tends to cool off after sundown. The tropic are warmer than the temperate and polar zones. Obviously these weathery temperatures must be govern- ed by global forces behind the scenes. All the warmth in the at- mosphere comes from the sun, though in a rather roun- dabout way. Patches of solar heat cause temperatures to rise. When the warmth departs the temperatures fall, for coldness is merely absence of heat. The fiery fur- nace of the sun pours forth its radiant energy at a fairly steady rate. Hence one would expect the entire earth to be comfortably warm at all times and in all places. This does not happen because the earth itself causes an unequal distribution of the sun's generous energy. If our planet were a flat table top, tilted to face the sun, maybe the entire surface would get the same steady quota of solar radiation. However, it is a round globe. What's more, the dizzy old globe constantly spins on its tilted axis and endlessly orbits the sun. The shape and the motions of the earth cause the surface to heat up in uneven patches. The air absorbs most of its warmth from warm areas of lands and oceans. Gaseous air molecules use this energy to speed up and spread apart. They rise, lose some of their heat, slow down and the temperature falls. Surface temperatures change with the seasons, with day and night and between the poles and the equator. Oceans tend to be warmer than the land in winter and cooler in summer. The air gets its warmth from these uneven areas and the atmosphere is more restless than the fluid oceans. Masses of cool, heavy air tend to flow and blow toward masses of light, warm air. The breezy weather is kept in a constant state of tur- moil, as warm and cool air masses mix and mingle, changing the temperature from moment to moment. Everywhere the air gets its warmth from uneven patches of warmth on the surface. Local breezes blow between lands and seas, changing temperature as they go. On a grand scale, great planetary winds sweep around the globe, mixing and mingling temperatures between the warm equator and the icy poles. And the patchwork changes as the dizzy old earth rotates and revolves. by chil- dren of should mailed to Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntington Beach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronicle Publishing Co. 1973) Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN AND OMAR SHARIF 1974 The Tribune South, vulnerable, you hold: VQ854 The bidding has proceeded: West North East South 2 2 What action do you take? four hearts. Your hand has tremendous trick-taking po- tential, and opposite a partner who could make a vulnerable overcall at the two level, game must be a certainty, especially as the auction has marked part- ner with shortness in spades. A pusillanimous raise to three hearts would be competitive and could be passed. vulnerable, as South you hold: 4KQ83 472 The bidding has proceeded: East South West North 1 Dble. Pass 1 2 What do you bid now? you have a minimum takeout double, and should make that fact evident to partner bv passing. Don't let your four-card Mipport for hearts influence you to raise him-you promised sup- port for the unhid suits when you made your takeout double. vulnerable, as South you hold: 4AK987 49543 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 Pass 1 Pass 2 V Pass, What do you hid now? Four hearts. An opening bid opposite an opening bid should produce game. In view of part ncr's heart rebid, which should show a six-card suit. sup- port is excellent. A raise to three hearts would be invita- tional, and could result in a miss ed game, for partner is allowed to pass with ,i minimum opening bid. South vulner able, as South jou hold: 4AJ107 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 V Pass 2 V Pass 3 Pass What do you bid now? hearts. Partner's hid is an attempt to reach game, and shows a hand that is better than minimum. Since your hand is worth 10 points in support of hearts (you can add 1 point for your trump you must ac- cept his invitation. A return to three hearts would suggest a minimum 8 points. vulnerable, as South you hold: 4AQ62 4K76 The biddinglias proceeded: South West North East 1 Pass 1 V Pass 1 NT Pass 3 Pass 9 What do you bid now? hearts. It would be improper to bid three no trump. By jumping to three diamonds, partner has told you that his hand is unbalanced and that he would prefer to play in a suit contract. You should show your heart support and give him a choice of contracts. vulnerable, at. South you hold: 83 V6 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 2 What action do you take? It is unsound practice to double a low-level overcall with nothing other than length in the opponents' suit. In this case, .someone is bound to run from two diamonds doubled. Should it be West, you will be uncomfortably placed when part- ner elects to double the likely escape to two hearts. vulnerable, as South you hold: 4KJ The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 2 Pass 3 IT Pass 9 What do you bid now? hearts You arc ab- solutely minimum for vow de- mand opening bid so, despite partner's positive response, your lirst duty to tell him that you have nothing in reserve. Any slam try must come from him. vulnerable, as South you hold: 4108752 4J832 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 Pass 2 Pass 2 NT Pass What do you bid now? spades. In terms of high cards, your hand is dead minimum so cannot en- courage partner to go on to game. However, your distri- bution and five card support for partner's suit indicate that a spade contract will play better tnan no trump and you convey this message by returning to his suit at the lowest level. Your horoscope TUESDAY, DEC. 17 Your birthday today: Finds you well on the road to greater things. Experience broadens to include adven- ture, unexpected discoveries, easier relationships. This is a year to cultivate your artistic abilities. The public is open to your presentation; it's up to you whether or not you should proceed and how to. Today's natives catch on quickly, need to learn to hold on what they've established. ARIES (March 21-April Co -operation comes more readily on the job and at home. Be receptive to com- munication and renewed friendships. Pursue romantic prospects discreetly. TAURUS (April ZO-May Share news and responsibility with those who do the heavy work to build for the future. Family resources come to your attention and should be handled by professionals. GEMINI (May 21-Juae The scene is so promising in group efforts you do too little for yourself. Count yourself in and take initiative. Tense relationships ease a bit. CANCER (June 2l-July Move up with your group, carry your full share of the work and claim recognition for it. You build future securi- ty in constructive decisions you make now LEO (July 23-Aug. The way is clear for great per- sonal growth. You can resolve an old question among partners or in laws. Roman- tic appeal is strong and op- timistic. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Scpt. Whatever you're doing, do it right! If you're working for others, quit promptly at the regular time, then devote yourself diligently to your own enterprises. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Bring a notebook; the ideas you encounter will be more than you can put to immediate use. Attend to welfare of children and young people. Pursue a romantic invitation. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Charity begins at home. Anything you do to increase the value and quality of your home will endure. Help is available for constructive changes. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. Assume nothing good or bad; find out how well things can go. Share your thoughts on future plans in visits or correspondence. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Pay off debts and rearrange finances within reason. Invest in working tools and business im- provements, with options for more as earnings increase. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. Get the best legal or technical advice before you plan long range enterprises. Keep ideas of friends out of your decision making. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Manage financial ven- tures privately and one detail at a time. Catch up on over- due, routine matters, resist the temptation to loaf and daydream. Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb In my opinion, a discussion on chronic brucellosis in your column would be very useful. Believe it or not, I find people who never heard of the disease. Some that know this infection exists have little knowledge otherwise and, in fact, think the sources of the illness no longer exist. Brucellosis controls are indicated and have lessened the extent of the disease, but I understand it is a health menace over the world. With proper knowledge, many people could avoid the disease. Dear Reader Fortunately, it is not as common as it once was. Equally fortunate, the medical profession has medicine that will cure it when it does occur. You are right, however, it still is a health problem. Most cases of brucellosis occur from drinking raw milk. The germs in the milk enter the body through the digestive tract and infect the person. About five per cent of the cattle in the United States are infected with brucellosis. The disease in man is characterized by recurrent fever. These can be severe spiking fevers with intermittent chills. The lymph glands are swollen and there is associated headache and joint aches. The diagnosis is Fun with figures By J.A.H. Hunter "Twenty stamps, said Sally, putting a one dollar bill on the counter. "Five cent, eight cent, and three cent." Sam sighed. "How many of "I don't replied the girl. "Dad told me there'd be 20 cents change." You figure it out! (Answer tomorrow) Friday's answer: 3272 in base- 8 notation, read as "three'two seven two" (not "three thou- sand two hundred and We normally use base-10 notation. often suspected because of the nature of the fever and the absence of other causes for the fever. The diagnosis is established by finding the germs. The infection may cause almost no symptoms or severe sudden symptoms. It can also be chronic, causing persistent low grade fever. The germs can be eliminated by antimicrobal treatment. In chronic cases, two or three courses of treatment may be necessary. The disease is also called Malta fever because it was first described in British soldiers dying on the island of Malta from this infection. They got it from goat's milk. A Dr. Bruce described the disease, hence, the name brucellosis. It is also called Bang's disease, particularly among dairy men, after the name of the man who first discovered it in cattle. Others know the disease as undulant fever, describing the undulating nature of the body temperature of the patient. A small number of infections are caused by the germs getting into a break in the skin from infected carcasses, usually in slaughterhouse workers. In infected raw milk, the organism can live under refrigerated conditions about 10 days, and in cheese as long as three months. When a person gets infected, the disease may become apparent within days or months after the germs enter the body. Pasteurization of milk kills the germs. It is important to realize that milk is excellent food, not only for us but for germs, too. Many diseases used to cause epidemics as milk borne diseases. Pasteurization and strict standards have eliminated the massive problem. There are still isolated areas in the United States, however, where uncontrolled raw milk is available. This is even more true on a world wide basis. The traveller in foreign lands is wise to avoid milk unless it is pasteurized. Also, you should avoid drinking fresh milk from your friendly farmer neighbor. He just might have an infected cow and not know it. ANf> I PONY EVEN LIKE HOW OWE V3U STEAL TARTS, KNAVS.' HI AND LOIS LET'S WHO'S VOUR SEE FAVORITE COMPOSER, WELL, I 0UESS THE ONE WHO'S SIVCN ME MORE SHEER JOX THAN ANY- ONE ELSE IS RICHARD RODGERS. POOR UNLESS A GUY LIVED BACK" THERE WJTH MOZART AND BEETHOVEN, HE NEVER HEARD OF BUGS BUNNY HELLO, ICEPRICANDI P.ESENT YOUR INSINUATION CONCERNING OUK ECONOMIC HOWEVER., THERE IS NO TIME FOR CHIT- WE HAVE A LUNCHEON WE HAVE A RESERVATION FOR. TWELVE -THIRTY LUNCHEON APPOINTMENT YOU MOOCMERS THIS I GOTTA BLONDIE JUST CHECKING TO SEE IP THE CHEF HAD HIS SHOES OFF WHAT WERE J YOU 1UL.SE RIGHT BACK THIS MEAT TASTES LIKE A GROUNJO-UP SHOE ARCHIE MAAM WHAT A ARCHIE CHIC CAAAE AS SHEIK "ARABIAN NIGHTS JUGHEAD j HIS CAAAE V DANCING AS A A IS PRETTY RUSTY, KM IGHT fl ANYWAY.' ARCttf ..YOU'RE AN ARAB... WHAT BUGS HIM. IS, HE CAN'T EVEN RAISE HIS ARAAS TO YOU SPARE A _, DROP OF OIL HAGAR THE HORRIBLE JoURNEY oF A STARTS WITH" A BEETLE BAILEY MERE, BEETLE PUN TO COMMAND CENTEK WITH WOULD IT 3B IP I. JUST in TUMBLEWEEDS WILL YOU RELEASE IM MY CUSTODY 2- WE WERE BUDDIES OM THE -UNTIL. A WE WERE 1 you SOfH BELOMG VOSETHER. STUPIDITY, EVERY CLUE LED TO FLOWER SHOP rr- 'J.-I6 I IN THIS GARBAGE YOU, NATURALLY, BEHIND THE i-Jt j I Ir YOUR JAWS CWT LOCK ;