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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 16, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 20 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Monday, December 16, 1974 4s a contribution to International Women's Year Equal pay on the way for women in Europe By DAVID HAWORTH London Observer BRUSSELS The United Nations has named 1975 as Women s Year and the European Community will be making its own contribution by passing a directive in the Council of Social Affairs which will guarantee an end to sex discrimination in both pay and working conditions The principle of equal pay was laid down in the Treaty of Rome but 17 years later, no EEC member country has yet achieved this target although all have worked towards it The question is complicated by the different legislative patterns and social practice in the different countries and by the fact that none of them publishes any like for like statistical comparisons between wage rates for men and women doing the same work According to the Commission, a great majority of the women in European industry are employed in textiles, clothing, food and electrical manufacture It has compiled comparative figures of the hourly wage rates for men and women in these four industries, and found the average rates for the women were below the men by maigms ranging from 40 per cent in the Netherlands to 25 per cent in Italy In the small Luxembourg sample the gap was as much as 46 per cent It is clear that, despite the proposed move by the Commission equal pay in the Community will certainly take several years to be brought about There are two reasons for this Every Common Market Government is frightened of the inflationary pressure on wages which any swift implementation of equal pay would have Secondly, the matter seems less urgent than it was because the number of working women has diminished in recent years in every member State except France The tendency for girls to stay at school or university longer, plus the drop in the average marrying age, is part of the explanation But there is still markedly more unemployment throughout Europe among young women than among young men, even though the women may be better educated Women currently make up over 38 per cent of the Community's labour force 26 per cent in Ireland and the Netherlands, 27 per cent in Italy and Luxembourg, 34 pei cent in Belgium, 36 per cent in West Germany and Britain, 37 per cent in France, 41 pei cent in Denmark This percentage is generally on the increase as in most countries women are the only reserve in the labour force By now this is true only of married women because, unlike 50 years .ago, single women expect to work until marriage The numbers of working women who are married vary much more widely than the overall level 14 per cent in Ireland, 29 per cent in the Netherlands, 46 per cent in Luxembourg, 53 FT cent in Italy, 59 pei cent in Germany, 60 per ent in France, 62 per cent in Britain, 64 per cei m Belgium and 66 per cent in Denmark The two Community countries to come out best in the equal pay stakes are Luxembourg and Germany where the equal pay principle is invariably enshrined in all collective wage bargains To a greatei or lesser degree discrimination persists in all the other EEC member countries An investigation carried out by the European CommiisSion reveals that there is widespread and persistent discrimination resulting from the way in which jobs are classified In other words, wage rates are fixed on the basis that the only workers to which they will apply will be female This is particularly true of two of the new EEC countries, Britain and Ireland where many wage agreements specify separate rates for men and women In Britain's case, however, the Commission takes some comfort from the fact that the Equal Pay Act, now being gradually brought into force, will have to take full effect by 1976 After that date it will be illegal for British employers to discriminate in their pay scales between men and women In the third new member country, Denmark, employed women seem to be better placed as a result of trade union bargaining over the years rather than the enforcement of a specific piece of legislation But even when wage agreements specifically acknowledge equality, women's work is often geared into a lower category, at less money Dispersing women through every branch and level of industry, working side by side with men at the same jobs, seems to be the only solution The Commission is to urge all nine Governments to launch job projects for women workers particularly in the underprivileged regions of the community and it wants to see special training programmes established for girls and women workers There is some confidence here that the Governments will respond to these recommendations Although, as has already been pointed out, the achievement of equal pay is a painfully gradual process it no longer seems to be the pie in the sky ambition which was so grandiosely laid down in the Treaty of Rome Report concludes: 4No advantage in teaching French in primary schools' LONDON (CP) A report published today on an 11-year British experiment in teaching French to young schoolchildren concludes that there is no advantage in teaching the language in primary schools The report of the National Foundation for Educational Research says children taught French from age eight do not show any substantial gains compared with those who only start at age 11 It concludes that by the time the early-starters are ready to go to secondary school half have had enough of French get a sense of failure and arrive at their new school with a positive sense of -The Herald Family Ask About The NEW INVISIBLE Multicocal Lens (MULTILUX) hostility towards learning French The findings run contrary to the high hopes expressed when the experiment was launched in 1963, gradually ex- panding to cover one in every five primary schools Interim reports had been more optimistic although a study by headmasters some years ago suggested that while children were showing good verbal fluency their record in reading and writing French wa.s disappointing The report, written by a team under Dr Clare Burstall, deputy director of the government supported federation, finds no evidence that younger children are better than older ones in learning foreign language skills The sheer amount of time spent learning a foreign lan- guage appears to be the domi- nant factor affecting success, not the age at which the period of learning begins The report s main conclu- sion is that French can be taught in primary schools but that the weight of evidence tips the scales against further expansion The study examined students at 125 schools involv- ed in the original pilot scheme It now is estimated that more than 4 500 of the 700 primary schools in England and Wales teach French As an aside the report found that the farther pupils lived from the French coast the more their interest in French waned 5 GALLON SHOP VACUUM Removes bulky .debris in workshop fireplace garage and basement All steel drum 6 x 2Vi flexible hose nozzle dolly set of wand and con- version unit included in 1 package CHRISTMAS SPECIAL TURNER TORCH KIT Dependable all brass torch for hun dreds of uses around home work- shop or campsite Model CLP-666 CHRISTMAS SPECIAL WEN SOLDERING GUN KIT Solder gun delivers 100 watts, heats in 2Vz seconds Kit complete with solder gun extra tip 5 ft rosin core solder soldering aid tool and flux- ing brush This kit is 4 95 value priced at II BLACKS DECKER Vz" DRILL Model 5718 Well balanced general purpose drill for home or workshop use high torque drilling al power ONLY W You always do better Take advantage of these Special Buys at Hoyt's on GIFTS for MEN EGS6DISSTON CORDLESS SHORT HANDLE GRASS SHEARS Lightweight fingertip push button control One overnight charge trims the perimeter of an O95 average lawn SPECIAL I O WELLER SOLDERING GUN KIT Everything you need for fast easy soldering electric soldering gun copper tips tip changing wrench flux brush, soldering aid tool solder, plastic carrying OT9 case SPECIAL I W 11 PCE. COMBINATION WRENCH SET Best quality steel drop forged hard- ened and triple chrome A95 plated size by 16th I 5r STANLEY SCULPTURE KIT-NEW Do-It yourself sculpture kit for the whole family Kit contains file pocket tool coping saw wood block with design outline templates and full instruction SPECIAL I DOWNTOWN 606-608 3 Ave. S. Call Hardware 327-5767 Use Your Chargex or Hoyt's Own Charge Account Population increasing OTTAWA (CP) The Cana- dian population was estimated at on Oct 1, Statistics Canada reports The October estimate was greater than that for a year earlier and greater than the last quarterly esti- mate, on July 1 Net migration accounted for about half the increase m the last year The Oct 1 estimates by province were New- foundland, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alber- ta and British Columbia, Community calendar Tau Chapter, Beta Sigma Phi will meet at 8 p m Tuesday at the home of Virginia hoopfer The program, Obsolete or Precious, will be presented by Sharon Rooke and Caron Moss Prior to the meeting, there will be one hour of carol singing at the Devon Nursing Home Please meet there at 7 p m X 1 Woman giving up R I children to get I back into army WALTER KERBER photo Christmas treats from Santa The children of Dorothy Gooder School were en- tertained last week at an annual Christmas party, spon- sored by the Kmette Club of Lethbridge Santa Glaus made his arrival, bringing gifts and candy for all the children Sitting on Santa's knee, is Gordon, left, and Larry Nielsen, looking pleased with their presents TWIN FALLS Idaho (AP) Ann Stowell says she will put three of her children up for adoption to get back into the army Mrs Stowell enlisted in the army last year with a son The Christmas Shop at "the store where ladies shop for Leo suggests... TURTLE NECK SWEATERS byWOLSEY GINO PAOLI and INGO in Wools and Orlons In doubt about size' Give 3 Gift Certificate! J MEK'S WEAR LTD. 2 stores to serve you 314-7th Street South Phone 327-2232 331-5th Street South Photic 327 2620 army said then it was the first time a mother and son had ever enlisted together She was discharged earlier this year She says the army told her there was an irregularity in her enlistment and she should accept the discharge then re enlist But she says they refused to allow her back in because she had three dependent children and the regulation now required that they be put up for adoption or placed with their legal fathers "Her intent at this moment is to pursue the adoption route said a member of the army recruiting station here, asking that he not be identified The problem with placing them with their legal fathers was that each child had a different father Mrs Stowell has had five husbands Mrs Stowell said one of the tormer husbands, Patrick Kelly Twin Falls, had agreed to adopt his legal daughter, Annett Michelle 7, as well as Paul Kevin Andrews Davis, 14 and Walter Erland Thome, 9 She said the adoption papers should be completed by Jan 15, alter which she is too old for the army s 34 years maximum MANSFIELD IN CHINA HONG KONG (Reuter) United States Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield met Chinese Vice-Premier Teng Hsiao-ping in Peking Thurs- day during his three-day visit to the Chinese capital, the New China news agency reported Women's fights trivial? WINNIPEG (CP) The president of the Manitoba Council of Women criticized Winnipeg Mayor Stephen Juba last week for questioning the legality of separate washroom facilities for men and vvomen June Menzies of Winnipeg said Mr Juba s request last week for a legal opinion on the question had made the whole issue of women s rights appear trivial 'The mayor's remarks show how htt'f spnsitivity he has to rights that really matter she said No feminist I know is saying there are no differences between men and women only that women be treated as dignified human beings Mr Juba raised the separate washrooms issue at a meeting Thursday and asked the city solicitor to investigate whether designating men's and women's rooms in city buildings violates provincial human rights legislation Meanwhile, Harvey Moats, executive director of the Manitoba Human Rights Commission, said that while the law prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex, u also inaktia for special cases PUBLIC BINGO 16 GAMES BLACKOUT (Played Until Won) LETHBRIDGE ELKS LODGE ROOM EVERY p.m. BINGO Mon., Dec. 16th IN 57 NUMBERS Gold Pay Double Door Regular Cards 25t or 5 for 13th St and 6th Ave "A' N No Children under 16 allowed BINGO RAINBOW HALL 5 Ave. N. Tuesday, December 17th p.m. JACKPOT IN 56 NUMBERS First 11 Games 12th Game All other Games as usual THIS IS THE FINAL BINGO FOR 1974 NEXT BINGO TUESDAY, JANUARY 7th 1975 Free Cards Cards and Games, 25C per Card, 5 Cardt 00 Door Prize No Children under 16 Years Sponsored by A U U.C Association A.N. A.F. Veterans Club Unit 34 PUBLIC BINGO EVERY TUESDAY at 8 P.M. NEW ANAF HALL Members and Invited OutiM In the Clubroomt JACKPOT In 52 numbers or less increasing numbw week until won1 Consolation Jackpot 16 Games All Bmgos Doubled on Green Card No Children under 16 years of age WEEKEND ENTERTAINMENT Friday and Saturday, December 20th and 21st Entertainment in the Cantten Saturday For Members ana their Invited Guests onlyl ;