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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, Doconibor 16, 1970- Anthony Westell There is a difference Kidnapping as a method by ex- tremist groups to gain their own ends is reprehensible and cannot be excused on any terms. Most Cana- dians would concede that this is so, particularly since one of their most respected political figures lias been brutally murdered, and a diplomat held incommunicado for two months by a group of unprincipled outlaws, who sought to gain their own ends by victimizing the innocent. Having said this, it is well to re- mind the Canadian public there is a vast difference between the Cana- dian kidnappings and the Spanish one, where the German consul has been abducted and his life threat- ened if any of the 16 Basques whose trial has just been completed, are given the death sentence. The ac- cused were tried before a military court from which there is no appeal. The death sentence is usually car- ried out the day after imposition. Reports of foreign journalists say that at their trial "the prisoners were handcuffed, and some had even The abortion pill Present approaches to curbing population growth give very little en- couragement for thinking that the catastrophe of mass starvation can be averted. Even in developed coun- tries such as Britain as the article by Gerald Leach on page five indi- cates population growth is not slowing sufficiently. In many devel- oping nations birth control programs have scarcely made a dent. Until now the problem has been that most methods of birth control have either been too complicated or too expensive. The promise that seemed present in "the pill" has not been fulfilled. Researchers have con- sequently been seeking a useable abortifacient (an agent that induces abortion) that could be available without prescription. There have been reports for some time now that such an agent may some day be on the market. Hopes are being pinned on a family of chemicals called prostaglandins. These chemicals are found in minute amounts in the body, where they perform a variety of jobs. They func- tion in the induction of labor and if used early in pregnancy they cause abortion. The new wonder drag will not be on the market tomorrow. M u c h more testing is required before any marketable products can be made available. But the researchers do ap- pear to be on the right track at last. In a few years time the present debate on the subject of abortion will be looked back at with wiy amuse- ment. The opinions of doctors, theol- ogians and legislators will not mat- ter one whit. When the new pill is available there mil be abortion as desired without reference to any of them. Russian song, without words The Stockholm Nobel prize winning award ceremonies were haunted and dominated by an unseen presence, that of Alexander Solzhenitisyn, win- ner of the prize for literature. He feared that if he went to Sweden he would not be allowed to return to his beloved homeland. Solzhenitsyn loves Russia with unabashed emotion, in jspite of what its political leaders have done in an attempt to destroy him spiritually, emotionally and physically. He writes for himself for he has no eager public in Russia where his works are banned. In a transcript of a Soviet Writers' Union meeting which took place) in 1967, about the time the heavy hand of censorship was growing more weighty, the union refused him per- mission to publish Ms works, and accused him of being the tool of "propaganada" abroad. A quote from the tape of this meeting is part of his eloquent self-defence. "I have never been he says, "but I do know that I don't have time enough left in my life to learn about life there. I do not under- stand how one can be so sensitive to opinion abroad and not to one's own country, to pulsing opinion here. For my entire life I have had the soul of my homeland under my feet; only its pain do I hear, only about it do I write." And so in Stockholm last December 10 the audience heard a tragic Rus- sian song without words, broadcast- ing a message of political tyranny which the Kremlin cannot now deny. WASHINGTON The last person to laugh in the United States was Rob- ert Ketchum on Monday, Aug. 3, 1978. There was no law passed to prevent people from laughing; they just quit voluntarily. No one knows exactly when people gave up laughing in America. Tlie Republicans claimed it was during the Johnson Adrnini- stration, and Ihe Democrats said it hap- pened during President Nixon's terrn in of- fice. Putnam Toynbee, who in 1984 wrote "The Definitive History o f the '70s." claims Ihe first culture group to give up laughing was students. "There's nothing to laugh they said to each other in despair. 'Everything is rotten. The government, the establish- ment, the system and life itself. We're doomed to a plaslic existence, and we'll be damned if we're going to laugh about it. If we show in any way we're happy, it will be a sign of weakness." Toynbee points out that anything youth did in the United States was eventually picked up by the adult population; and when young people stopped laughing, older people starled to emulate them. Scowling became very fashionable in the "with it" crowd. Articles began appearing In the clue magazines Uiat laughter was out. Pretty soon the word had filtered to the hinterlands that anyone who laughed about anything was a fool or a knave. Advertisers, sensitive to Ihe mood of the consumer, cancelled all comedy shows on television; the networks put out memos ordering all laughter bleeped from their programs, and newspapers dropped any stories or comic strips which might pro- duce a chuckle for the reader. Toynbee says in his book that it was dif- ficult for a certain segment of society to give up laughing, but these people did it privately in their horr.05. where no one could see Uicm. A group of friends would get together, send the children off for the night with relatives, and then laugh for two or three hours amongst themselves. There were certain key clubs where people could go to hear a comedian or see a funny motion picture from the past. But as the older generalion started dying out the clubs went bankrupt, as there were no young laughers to take their place. Laughter in public buildings was forbid- den and considered exceptionally bad taste. Anyone who laughed in a restaurant or theatre was asked to leave. If someone attempted to laugh on the street or in a park lie was met with stony stares or assaulted by angry passersby. The government contributed to Ihe anti- laughtcr campaign by issuing pronounce- ments every day that things were worse lhan they were the day before. To make sure that people wouldn't go back to their old ways, Washington raised taxes, passed outrageous laws, told of in- ternational threats and gave out grim economic reports. Life indeed presented a dismal piclurc. Toynbee claims the last person in the United States known to have laughed in public was Robert Kclchum, who lived in Salem, Mass. Ketchum was standing on a street corner when a friend of his, A d o 1 p h Green, walked by and slid on a banana peel. Before he realized whal IK was doing, Ketchum burst into laughter. An angry crowd gathered and grabbed Ketchum and dragged him to the centre of the square where they tied him lo a post, threw branches from trees at his feet and burned him at the slake. All Ihree networks covered the event, and the lesson was not lost on the populace. Toynbee feels it will be some time Iwforc anyone laughs in public in tho United States again. (Torcmlrt TclegrajB Newt gtvmcc) Report more explosive than time bomb had their cars plugged. The court admit led as evidence statements which the defendants say were ob- tained by torture; it treated defence lawyers almost as contemptuously as if they were conscripts." Further, death sentences were demanded for six of the accused conspirators al- though only one of them was al- leged to have played a direct part in the killing of the chief of the sec- ret police of San Sebastian. In other words the accused are not being given a just trial in the common acceptance of justice as it is known in this country and in other nations which do not live under a military dictatorship. The Spaniards have no constitutional means to draw attention to their grievances. Canadians have always had these means and we hope, always will. But even so, the Spanish kidnapping cannot be condoned, for it has vic- timized an innocent man and has done nothing to contribute to the cause it seeks so earnestly to establish. ,0'n'AWA At p.m. in Uie House of Commons one day lust week (he Prime Minis- ter rose, bowed politely to tho Speaker, and tabled a bomb, al- ready primed and ticking. The bomb is called the Re- port of the Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Can- ada, and it is packed with more explosive potential than any de- vice manufactured by terror- ists. As a call to revolution, hope- fully a quiet one, it is more per- suasive than any manifesto ot the Front cle Liberation du Que- bec. And as a political blockbus- ter, it is more powerful than that famous report of the con- troversial Commission on Bi- linguah'sm and Bicultural i s m. This 488 page book hi its discreet green, white and blue cover, demands radical change not just in Quebec, but in every community across Canada. It is concerned net merely with relations between French and English, but between man and woman. The history of the problem it describes and seeks to solve is not 100 years of Confederation but the story of mankind. First attention focusscs nat- urally on the commission's 167 proposals for practical action, from reform of the law to pro- vide abortion on demand to re- writing of sclioolb o o k s that leach sexual discrimination to our children. But controversial as some of. these proposals may now seem, they will quickly be accepted in substance, if not in every detail. They are reasonable an- swers to real problems that can no longer be ignored, and gov- ernments and public opinion are ready for reform. The B and B Commission was mocked and reviled for years and its report was shocking to political conservatives. But the recommendations came just at the time when governments sensed the rising revolution in Quebec and were anxious for advice on just what to vice which a year or two be- fore would have seemed outra- geous. Governments today are sen- sing uneasily the rising ferment of the movement for women's liberation. Just as tliey turn to look for practical ways to tho discontent, here is the commission with its blueprint. So let no one doubt that much of this report will pass into law, and soon. But as the commis- sion warns: "To implement the recom- mendations in this report is only the beginning." The 167 proposals are simple justice, as the report says, and are designed only to clear away the obstacles that now restrict Women. They will, for example, change the perception which young girls are given of .their sex as passive and submissive, free women who wish to bo freed from the' servitude of motherhood, provide equal- ity under the law, better oppor- tunities in education and work and a fairer share in the na- tional wealth. With these freedoms, women will emerge into Canadian so- ciety to meet men as equals rather than masters. Then must come the real revolution. Uie revolution in attitudes. "The three principal influ- ences which have shaped west- ern society Greek philosophy, Roman law and Judeo Chris- tian theology have each held, almost automatically, that woman is inferior and subordin- ate to man and requires his records the com- mission. This is what has to change. Not just the law and the regu- lations about equal pay for equal work, but some of the ba- sic values and beliefs of our civilization. This is what the commission is seeking and this is rcvolu- tionaiy by any measure of his- tory. It will be a bitter struggle, perhaps a civil war within the family and society, as women fight for a place in the power structure controlled by men. The depth of male chauvinism has seldom been more obvious than it was when the commis- sion chairman, Florence Bird, met the gentlemen of the press who are not only her friends and acquaintances but suppos- ed to be alert to current trends. The first question about the incredible possibility that, under the report's proposals, women may fly airliners and stewardesses may not all be young and sexy. The second question was pre- faced by the gratuitous com- ment that the report seemed very logical, as if it were re- markable that a report by wo- men could be logical. The third suggested that women will nev- er play a full role in public life because they hate and refuse to work for each other. Will the politicians be any bct- bpr? Specifically, can a prime minister who is a bachelor, which limits his relations with women, and who commonly re- fers to girls as blondes rather than as real people, understand and respond to the demand for revolutionary change in male altitudes? Consider this eloquent state- ment of the case for liberation: "Women are revealing t h e m- selves. And what do they have to say, at their best, to the high priests in business suits, tweeds or cassocks, to the popes of the pipe and the candle? "That they are capable of ev- erylhing that men are capable of, except for certain strictly muscular performances; that physiological determinants are infinitely less important than education; that the servitude of motherhood is largely dictated by the present.structures of so- ciety; that all human intelli- gence is one; that, from the point of view of liberty, their conception of the world is iden- tical with man's; that human thought will remain incomplete as long as it is deprived of wo- man's contribution; that eternal woman is in perfect balance with eternal man and not more mysterious than he is, and that both together constitute the et- ernally human, as equal and complementary sides of single reality; that male and female psychologies differ only peri- pherally; that to bring the sexes closer together through equality does not destroy woman's po- etry, nor man's, but obliges them to enter into a dialogue in the full light of consciousness, that the couple has never been realized in complete and open truth because men, who have remained younger than women, nurse an adolescent fear for their own virility, that women have outrun men in self-knowl- edge and are waiting for them. "And, to sum up, that the pro- found result of feminism has been to set up a variety of mu- tation in woman that will neces- sarily lead to a corresponding mutation in man The words were written m I860 by Jean le Moyne whose book Convergence is briefly not- ed by the commission. Le Moyne has been friend and mentor to Pierre Elliott Tru- deau for 20 years and today works for him as a special as- sistant. So there's hope. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Joseph Kraft Kidnapping in Brazil engages main political forces DE JANEIRO From a distance, the kidnapping of the Swiss ambassador by ter- rorists here must seem a mere episode. In fact, it engages all Uie main political forces in Bra- zil. For the snatch was the work nf left wing intellectuals act- ing against a not unrepressive military regime whose harsh tactics have drawn the censure nf the Calholic Church. All three of these groups, moreover, are doing what they are doing as part of a not very successful effort to keep up with the su- preme reality in this a driving push toward econo- mic development. Brazil's development push has been going forward in fits and starts for more than 30 years. But the present phase is different. It is frankly based on a freeing up of incentives for private enterprise, and the results have been extraordinar- ily impressive. Economic growth is now ad- vancing at the rate of 9 per cent a year. While the big gains have come in profits, both real wages and agricultural produc- tion are now on Ihc rise. Erur- mous investments are being made in education, roads, elec- tricity, and Ihe development of backward and remote areas of the country. A thriving stock market lias developed as a means of tapping public sav- ings for investment. Inflation is coming down slowly but stead- ily. For left uing intellectuals, tile roaring success nf a pri- vate enterprise develop m e n t program creates obvious prob- lems. Unable to win support from masses who are experi- encing at least the promise of bolter things, Ihc left wingers have been left only terrorism as a means of making dramatic protest. That explains the kid- napping of the Swiss ambassa- dor, and (he similar actions against the Vial am- bassador, flic Japanese consul- general in Sao Paulo, and Am- erican Ambassador Burke El- hrick over the past 14 months. The military who dominate the regime are less obviously troubled by the economic boom. Many officers at the top are participating in the to the point of playing the stock market. But the core of Bra- zil's army is a group of provin- cial backwoodsmen imbued with the notion of the military as saviour of the country against subversion and loose living. This aroup sees the passage of prestige 'and decision mak- ing authority to civilian minis- ters and private business men with grave misgivings. They Letter to the editor have seized on the terror i s t campaign as an excuse for em- phasizing the army's role as the guarantor of national security. Many have acted with extreme harshness including un- doubted cases of sadistic tor- ture against those suspected of helping the terrorists. While apparently not approving these measures, army leaders such as Gen. Garrastazu Medici, who is now president, have been reluc- tant to crack down hard on the torturers for fear of bringing fo the surface the incipient split in the military on the issue of civ- ilian control of economic devel- opment. As to the church, it has been casting about for a role ever Parliamentary increases since its patrons in the old land- ed aristocracy of Brazil col- lapsed in the great depression. One current of Catholic thought has emphasized social action on behalf of the rural poor. That cause has brought many priests into alliance with left-wingers, and into conflict with the army repression which Hie hierarchy itself has felt obliged .to con- demn. In these circumstances, the kidnapping of the Swiss ambas- sador set everybody in motion. The mililary backwoods men immediately pressed for stern measures. In deference to their pressure, the government first carried out a massive dragnet operation. Then a raid was made on a building supposed to be the hiding place for the kid- nappers. And it is possible the regime will be obliged to adopt a new set of punitive restric- tions to satisfy the rank-and- file hi the regional commands for a tough stand. But the basic instinct of the top men in the government, and particularly of the economic masters in both the public and private sector, has been to fin- esse the issue. Their disposi- tion, now as in the case of past kidnappings is to meet the ter- rorist demand for release o( prisoners in return for safe re- lease of the Swiss ambassador. For they have a well founded fear that the one thing that could compromise Brazil's big bet on economic development is a policy of stiffer repression which would make martyrs of the terrorists and draw the Catholic Church into active op- position. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) We doubt if many of our old age pensioners have been for- warding congratulatory mes- sages to Ottawa expressing thanks for Uie recently an- nounced increased pen s i o n s. Whereas, for the last few years they have been getting a two 'Crazy Capers' I won't keep her out late Mrs. Hobbs, I've sot, another dale later en. per cent annual cost of living increase hi their basic pension, they are now to get an increase of 42 cents per month, or one half of one per cent only, and no further cost of living in- creases. We understand a committee is presently appraising the fed- eral members salary scale which is now of which is tax exempt. It will be interesting to sec just how many of our- hard wurking members, who always have the interests of their constiluenls al heart, will go on record as rc- jecling any increase in excess of one half of one per cent in their own salaries. It lias been said (by a mem- ber) Uiat back benchers gener- ally, even those of the party in power, are about as useless as an udder on a sleer, but we rather imagine that this will bo ono time when they will be in attendance in the House, and sufficiently awake, (o vole in favor of a pay increase, if it is substantial enough. A. F. SMITH. Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD windows are now beginning to herald the coming of Christmas and Fifth Slreet and Third Avenue present a cheerful appearance. 1930 The General Eleclric Company in Lynn, Mass, will discharge more than 100 mar- ried women in an effort to pass along employment to those who need it. .1310 Numbers of Holland- born residents of the Monarch- Noblcford district have been called up for medical examina- tions for war service with the Netherlands army. those who wonder- ed whether that was really a Norway ral Ihey saw, all dis- trict agriculturists offices in the province have one on dis- play. I960 The Prince of Wales Hotel, in Walerton Lakes Na- tional Park, is included among Great Northern Railway prop- erties which have been pur- chased by an Arizona business- man. Tlic Lethbrukje Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 001! Member of The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE 8ALLA WllllAM HAY Managing Editor Assccicte Editor ROV F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Ediiorisl Pagu Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;