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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 16, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Faced with challenge of upholding liberties while coping with terrorism Wednesday, December 16, 1970 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 39 Law and order issue seems headed for long-term workout in Quebec By JOSEPH MncSWEEN MONTREAL (CP) The issue of law and order ap- pears headed for a long-term workout in Quebec, faced with the challenge of upholding lib- erties while coping with ter- rorism and organized crime. Justice Minister Jerome Choquette's suggestion that all Quebecers may be re- quired to carry identity cards is only one aspect of a situa- tion involving everybody from Prime Minister Trudeau to the cop on the beat. The issue transcends diffi- cult problems of law enforce- ment and involves relation- ships between federal and provincial authorities because of the emergency powers in- voked to deal with the Octo- ber kidnappings. Mr. Choquette advised Que- becers Nov. 10 that they had ''better get used to the idea" of greater police powers if they want to live hi a safe so- ciety protected from modern extremists and sophisticated crime. WON'T TOLERATE IT Premier Robert Bourassa told television questioners Nov. 15 that the new terror- ism of political kidnapping and kidnap-murder "means we should re-examine our lib- erties in Quebec the gov- ernment must protect itself." "We are not going to toler- ate this, terrorism, and we will not cede to said the 37-year-old premier who earlier had expressed his thoughts this way: "The government has no in- tention of imposing limits but it could be time to re-as- sess our freedom and the use to which it is put, and the dangers inherent in the use of verbal violence.. It was a concerted call by the governments of Premier Eourassa and Mayor Jean Drapeau of Montreal that brought the federal crack- down on terrorists. Mr. Drap- eau, who had warned of incip- ient revolution for a year, maintained that his total vic- tory in the Oct. 25 municipal elections showed Montrealers solidly behind him. Among other developments In the law-and-ordef field: Leader Real Caouette demanded return of the death penalty, and he also advocated firing sauads for terrorists. Bienyenue, 42-year- cld Liberal backbencher in the Quebec national assembly, suggested possible compul- sory military service for Quebec youth. Minister Guy Saint-Pierre announced new precautions against the "extremist pressures" of rev- olution-minded school teach- ers. Ever since the lid blew off Quebec's rigid old society in tilt early 1960s, liberty had been wildly proclamation of the War Measures Act Oct. 16. But observers had sensed a reaction long before the Front de Liberation du Quebec's Oc- tober kidnapping of James Cross and kidnap-murder of Labor Minister Pierre La- porte. By the summer of 1969, in- deed, one long-time French- Canadian nationalist had pre- dicted worriedly that the vio- lent antics of Maoists, Cas- troites and assorted activists claiming the banner of cause a rightist drive for strong-man rule. Such fears were lulled by the orderly aspect of last spring's provincial election in which the Bourassa Literals crushed the ruling Union Na- tionale while Rene Levesque's separatist Par li Quebecois won 23 per cent of the popular only seven of 108 seats. Federalists hailed the une- quivocally "one-Canada" poli- cies of the Bouurassa govern- ment. Mr. Levesque, on his side, claimed a moral victory and demanded electoral re- form. He predicted the rise to power in one or two elections hence of his young party, which wants asovereign Quebec in a Canadian com- mon market. MANY WERE AGHAST This comparative euphoria among Quebec's constitutional elements was brutally broken by the FLQ's venture into new as "in- human" by Mr. Levesque.' Quebec leaders enter the new year acutely aware that the quality of law enforce- ment in Montreal has caused' widespread mystification. Many citizens were aghast when word came out that three kidnap suspects eluded police by hiding in a secret compartment of a closet when Bernard Lortie, 19, was ar- rested in another closet of the same apartment Nov. 6. The newspaper La Presse carried a cartoon depicting a policeman struggling into uni- form while his exasperated wife digs into a closet and fires out his brogans with the comment: "He can't even find his own shoes in the closet." Mr. Choquette, who has de- fended the performance of po- lice in the kidnapping crisis, announced Nov. 13 that his de- partment is preparing a white paper in which virtually every aspect of law enforcement will be examined. Tte study, to be made pub- lic early in 1971, will touch on means of preserving law and order in the face of terrorism and organized crime. STUDY ALL ASPECTS Mr. Choquette said the problem of individual civil lib- erties affected by police activ- ities will be examined, and he raised the possibility that Quebecers may have to ac- cept new restrictions on their actions. But the government did not intend to act in a "re- pressive way." The emphasis of the study is on the training, qualifica- tions, equipment and numbers of police in Quebec, but it also will go into the question of identity cards and the legali- zation of wire-tapping and bugging practices. On his general approach, Mr. Choquette said Nov. 10: "People had better get used to the idea that if they want to live in a safe society, with a certain security, the police must have more adequate GOREN ON BRIDGE BY CHARLES H. GOREN It ItTO: IK TM CMuv. TrlbvM] North-South vulnerable. East deals. NORTH 4 A 10 96541 0 K 10 9 7 5 2 VoirI WEST EAST 4KQJ V 10 7 4 3 2 9 Q 8 O AQ8 0 J6U 875 SOUTH V A K J 9 8 S 0 Void A K J 10 Z The bidding: Kail South West North Pan ftst 3 Pass 3 0 4 Pass 4 0 Pin 14 Pass Pass Pail Opening lead: Ace o( o North was obliged to give Mi partner preference at the level with void In both of South's suits. Sooth's holding qualifies 81 i game in hand according to method and the proper bid ij two North responded with two spades and South showed his club suit next, North recipro- cated by bidding three dia- monds. When South rcbid at the (our level, North coun- tered with Jour diamonds. The obvious misfit now re- vealed should perhaps have slowed down the tempo, but South was determined In reach a slam and he pro- ceeded without further ado to six clubs. North hud no true preference for cither of his partner's suits and he passed, tho not without misgivings. was fully aware that South was extremely short in spades and diamonds. Fear- ing that his trick might get away from him if not taken while the opportunity pre- sented itself, West attempted to cash the ace of diamonds, This proved to be a most unfortunate choice. South ruffed in his hand and proceeded to draw trump in four rounds, discarding spades and diamonds from dummy. West followed to the first three clubs, but then he was obliged to make a stuff. He selected the seven of spades. Declarer tested the hearts next by cashing the ace and king. When East's queen fell on the second round, South realized that he had a chance to endplay West provided ha could determine the latter's exact distribution. A spada was led to the ace on' which West followed with the jack. Next came the king, ot diamonds on 'which South discarded heart' and West played the eight of diamonds. Declarer now decided to come off dummy with t diamond, ruffing with his last trump. When West followed suit, the stage was set. South was down to J-9-6 of hearts, while West held the 10-7-4. Declarer- exited with 'the six, putting West on lead; however, the latter was now obliged to surrender the last two to his opponent. South's only loser on the deal was the seven of hearts. methods of control. Not to limit the freedom of individu- als, but, on the contrary, to permit law-abiding citizens to have their freedom and be protected against those crimi- nal elements who want to diminish their freedoms by crimes in the area of terror- ism and organized crime. Mr. Choquette saict Nov. 23 that the ID-card idea was re- ceiving "very strong, favora- ble response" from French- speaking Quebecers, but the English-speaking community "seems to have doubts about it." TKUDEAU OPPOSED Mr. Trudeau, who has op- posed such proposals in his writings, said Nov. 20 that he wouldn't like to see a province adopt the card system but he added: "Let's be realistic. We may have to go for such distasteful and unliberal measures as this." Montreal's crime climbed 153 per cent in the 1960s and accounted for one-quarter of Canada's robberies in 1988, the Dominion Bureau of Sta- tistics reported. Of 12 metro- politan areas, Montreal was llth in the rate of solving rob- beries, at 21 per cent. Only Quebec City had a worse record, 20.9 per cent. Defenders of the police record point to the peculiar and increasing strains of seemingly endless political ferment. But Commons debate indi- cated that some MPs felt pro- clamation o f wartime-type measures might have been unnecessary if police had done a belter job. Prime Minister Trudeau seemed to come close to con- ceding this Nov. 10, under questioning, but modified his statement later by saying po- lice had not been as well trained in anti-terrorist work as "we with hindsight might desire." An even greater contro- versy involves the whole handling of the kidnap crisis at the political level. Some critics say an excessively tough policy was dictated from Ottawa by Mr. Trudeau allegation coldly denied by both the prime minister and Mr. Eourassa. ASKED NEGOTIATIONS The extent of the contro- versy began to emerge Oct. 14, one day before Premier Bourassa called in the army, two days before proclamation of War Measures by the fed- eral government and three days before Mr. Laporte was strangled by the FLQ. Claude Ryan, publisher of the Montreal newspaper Le Devoir, and nine other promi- nent Quebecers issued a state- ment Oct. 14. They asked the Quebec government to negoti- ate for the exchange of 23 convicted or accused terror- ists for the lives of Mr. Cross and Mr. Laporte, kidnapped Oct. 5 and 10 respectively. The FLQ had demanded such an exchange. Further delay would harm "the honor and dignity of all said the state- ment, read at a news confer- ence by Mr. Levesque, an- other of the in- cluded Quebec's biggest union leaders. "Another delay would mean the abolition of social and po- liberties in Quebec. The solution can be found here and not outside the province." A tough stand by Ontario Premier John Hobarts was noted by tire statement, which continued: "Certain outside attitudes, of which the most unbelieva- ble is that of Ontario Premier Robarts and the rigid and al- m o s t military atmosphere now seen in Ottawa, seems to risk ridicule for Quebec and its government in its tragic impotence." PASSED ITS PEAK Later in the month, rumors linked the name of Mr. Ryan with an alleged plot to set up a provisional government in Quebec, Mayor Drapeau stat- ing flatly that such a plan had been afoot among well-mean- ing but deluded citizens. This strange episode appar- ently passed its peak of inter- est Oct. 30 when Mr. Ryan wrote in Le Devoir of "The Plot that Never Was." A provisional government had been one of three hy- potheses discussed by him with his editorial colleagues no one day after Mr. Laporte was kid- napped, the publisher wrote. Also discussed then was the fear that Premier Bourassa would succumb to pressures and allow his prerogatives to pass to the federal govern- ment, said Mr. Ryan. On Nov. 12, Premier Bour- assa angrily replied in the na- tional assembly to Parti Que- becois charges that he caved in to pressures by the Tru- deau government, the Drap- eau administration, Quebec's- police forces and cabinet members who threatened res- ignation. Mr. Bourassa did say, how- ever, that information prov- ided by Lucien Saulnier, then chairman of the Montreal city executive body, to a Commons committee in 1969 formed part of the basis for the Quebec government's decision to ask for help. RESPONDED TO CALL Mr. Saulnier said at that time that police had seized terrorist plans for a four-step revolutionary lent demonstrations, bombing attacks, kidnappings and. as a final step, selective assassina- tion of public figures. "What are we supposed to our arms and wait demanded the pre- mier. The Bourassa and Drapeau administrations did not wait, but warned Ottawa of "appre- hended insurrection" at a time when agitators were meeting vith various ernps. Mr. Trudeau responded to their call with the only weapon War Measures Act, said Mr. Bour- assa. The whole question may be debated for a long time. Gerard Filion, industrialist and former publisher of Le Devoir, said it may be a cou- ple of years before the public knows exactly what the situa- tion was in October, 1970. "We've been living from generation to generation in a benevolent democracy which believes that the majority rules and the defeated accept their defeat with reasonable said Mr. Filion on tel- evision. "But this situation of people who don't accept the power of the majority, who feel that the majority has been ob- tained through means that are not acceptable in a real de- mocracy, this is something new and even our politi- cians who were elected last April didn't believe the situa- tion was so serious." Mr. Filion wants the benev- olent democracy to continue, but with stronger protection. ELECTED YOUNG Andrew Jackson was ap- pointed to the United States Se- nate in 1797 at the age of 30. GREGORY CLARK TELLS A CHRISTMAS STORY. When Gregory Clark tells J Christmas story, you can be sure it is very special. This Saiurday in Weekend Magazine, Greg describes what happened when one of his friends called Christmas a myth and Ellie, their waitress-friend of six years, over- heard. Don't miss Gregory Clark's story about the true mean- ing of Christmas. IN YOUR LETHBRIDGE HERALD WEEKEND MAGAZINE EATON'S THURSDAY, FRIDAY, SATURDAY Warehouse Store Hours During This Sale: 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Thursday and Friday and 9 a.m. to p.m. Saturday. Open During the Noon Hour. I 4th AVENUE SOUTH EATON'S FURNITURE, MATTRESS SPECIALS CHESTERFIELD AND CHAIR by Towne Hall 4 seater chesterfield, wooden arm rests. Bronze, Green, Marine, Aqua. Foam cushions, 4 QQ QQ SAIE, set.......................... IO3.33 3-PIECE TABLE SET. Walnut finish. 2 itep OQ QQ tobies, 1 coffee table. SALE, set RECORD CABINET. Walnut finish. With 4 Q QQ sliding panels. Two only. SALE, each I 3-PIECE BEDROOM SUITE. Wolnut finish. Double dresser and mirror, 4 drawer chest. 1 d.Q QQ 54" panel bed. Suite 4-SEAT SOFA AND CHAIR. Good choice of colours. All nylon. 4 QQ 1 7Q QQ covers! SALE........ llO.OO, and 209.99 4-SEATER SOFA AND CHAIR. Nylon cover, foom filled cushion, wooden arm rest. 2 in pepper 1 6Q QQ and 2 in bronze. SALE, Sofa and Chair I TRIPLE DRESSER for the young lody. One only French provincial style in unfinished QQ birch. SALE......................... 3H.33 5-PIECE KITCHEN SETS. COQQ 7QQQ SALE, from 00.33 (3.99 7-PIECE KITCHEN SET. Arborite table top in walnut finish. High back padded vinyl choirs. Q 4 QQ SALE, set............................ '33 1 ONLY. SOFA AND MATCHING CHAIR wooden arm rest. Ribbed nylon cover in turquoise. 4 CQ flfl Reg. 209.99. WW.UW SEAIV REDI-BED waffle pattern, nylon cover. Spring, filled mattress. One in Hale Rust, one in Ofl7 Cfl Hale Gold. SALE, each.............. CU I 36" BUNKBED. Candleglow finish. Quilted mattress. Steel slats. Mokes into 2 single bedi. Complete with ladder and guard rail. QQ Cfl SALE, each 33.3U Gaiaxie Continental Mattress, box spring, set of legs. 39" Size. Sole, 48" Size. Sale, 54" Size. Sale........................ 67.99 79.99 MIRROR to match dresser. SALE, UNFINISHED POPLAR FURNITURE timited Quantity DESK, may be used as dresser. BOOKSHELF. 4 C CQ One only. SALE, 3.33 4-DRAWER CHEST. O? QC "33 5-DRAWER CHEST. OC QC SALE, ..........C3.33 3-DRAWER CHEST. SALE, 22.85 MATTRESS. One only. Reg. 37.99. 54" size. SALE CRIB AND MATTRESS. Two only. SALE, each 15.89 49.99 29.99 49.95 Firm Quilt Continental Unit. 39" mattress and box spring. Set of legs, QQ While vinyl heodboard. SALE............ OfciWW CARPETING Excellent for your rumpus room or bedrooms. Priced way low as they have cut-outs and have some slight defect which should not mar the appear- ance or affect wearing quality. UNFINISHED FIR FURNITURE This is an new line of good grained fir plywood that has proven popular. NITE TABLES. SALE, each 3-DRAWER CHEST. SALE, each 4-DRAWER CHEST. SALE, each 5-DRAWER CHEST. SALE, each 8-DRAWER DOUBLE DRESSER. SALE, each 9-DRAWER TRIPLE DRESSER. SALE, each............................. SINGLE PEDESTAL DESK. SALE, each DOUBLE PEDESTAL DESK. SALE, each BOOKSHELF, 1 only. SALE, STORKCRAFT WHITE CRIB. Size OO QQ Limited quantity. SALE, each............ Size Green. Ord. 186.94. SALE, 125.00 13.29 22.29 24.39 29.69 34.69 41.49 29.69 40.39 16.99 CRIB MATTRESS. Size SALE, each 12.98 3-PIECE BEDROOM SUITES. Double dresser, 4-drawer chest and bed in arborite tops. 139.99 MATCHING NITE TABLE. SALE................ 21.50 TV CLEARANCE A large selection of trade-in TV's in portable and console models. Carnpletelyoverhauled........... RECUNERS. Vinyl covered. 4 colours to 7Q QQ choose from. SALE, each................ W.WO COFFEE, STEP TABLES. Walnut finish, with 4 4 QC an orborite top. SALE, each "3w KITCHEN CHAIRS. Padded vinyl scat with high backs. Chrome or bronzetone legs. Q 4 Q SALE, each O. I 3 Size Turquoise. 9CO flfl Ord. 394.49. SALE................. COJ.UU Size 12'xl9'. Brown. 4 OC flfl Ord. 188.48. SALE, fcw.MW TWO PIECES One H'x23' and one Sond. 269.00 CARPET REMNANTS save up to Choose from a wide selection. fiR flfl. SALE, each, 3 f> to 33.UU 3-PIECE BEDROOM SUITE triple dresser and mirror, 4 drawer chest, 54" bookcase bed in 4 CO flfl walnut finish. SALE................. OO.UU MATCHING NITE TABLE. SALE, each, 4-DRAWER CHEST. Walnut finish. SAtE, 25.95 36.95 Eaton's Warehouse Store 4th Ave. and 4th St. South Thursday Through Saturday. ;