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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 15, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID Tuesday, Dctombcr 15. 1970 _ Gavin Young Two million a year All article by David Loshak, the Toronto Star's special correspondent in East Pakistan, remarks that even if half a million people have died as a result of the recent disaster, "this is no more than three months' net population increase in what is al- ready one of the world's most over- populated areas." He says that popu- lation experts say that the only hope of meaningful reduction in the birth rate is a giant calamity and they do not consider the recent cyclone in that category. That's the ultimate in cynicism, written by the despairing specialists who watch the prolifera- tion of people, living on a bare sub- sistence level, a kind of hopeless mass of humanity with little chance to help themselves yet driven by the laws of nature to propagate the species in an endless, terrifying stream. There are many reasons for the con- tinuance of high birth rates in the countries which can least afford them. Many of these people really want many children because they af- ford a kind of hedge in the battle of survival as they see it. Fewer and fewer of them are opposed to birth control for religious reasons. In the impoverished countries of Asia most of the people go on having children because they do not know how to pre- vent having them. Many are quite in- capable of using contraceptive de- vices if available to them. When such devices are distributed, the recipients must be given very careful instruction as to their use by doctors, nurses and social welfare workers, trained in getting the mes- sage across. No easy task, even among the most co-operative and will- ing. Population control is at the top of the list as the world's number one problem. Private organizations, like that of the Unitarian Service Com- mittee are doing an extraordinary job in extending such assistance. B u t they cannot do it all. There has got to be determined co-operation by gov- ernments, by the United Nations, and by medical science to extend help on an even much larger scale. If the doctors can come up with a fool-proof medication, simple to explain, and lengthy in its effects it would go a long way in reducing the spectre of over-population. Coupled with propa- ganda guaranteed to reach the low- est in the socio-economic scale, there could very well be a change one of these days. But if that change does not come soon, the future for those on this earth, both the crowded and the uncrowded parts of it, is very dim indeed. Promoting tourism Tourism is rapidly becoming one of Canada's major industries. The Alberta Tourist Association estimates approximately a quarter billion dol- lars will be spent by tourists in the province this year. However, the association, which re- cently presented the provincial cabi- net with a brief to ensure the health of the industry is convinced Alberta has a far greater potential to attract and serve tourists than it is doing at present. They would like the govern- ment as well as private interests to work together to update existing fa- cilities, expand attractive programs and work out promotional schemes. Certainly Alberta has a great deal to offer visitors. Our beauty spots are renowned, our activities such as the Stampede, Klondike and Whoop- Up Days are unique in Canada. We could, and should, be a mecca for tourists all year long. At present in southern Alberta we haven't the facilities to accommodate a large influx of visitors. Around Lethbridge during Whoop-Up Days, camp-grounds are crowded, forcing campers to hurry on to other sites which are often equally as crowded. There is no doubt that the industry would be greatly enhanced through the provision of adequate conserva- tion and restocking programs, more park facilities, and a promotion pro- gram to boast of all our interesting assets. Of course this all takes money. But in an age of affluence when people are travelling about as they are today, sometimes it's econo- mically sound to spend money to attract it. It would be equally sound if the ATA initiated a "See Canada First" program. Doubtless it would get whole-hearted support from the other provinces who are all trying to at- tract the world's tourists also. There oughta be a law Pity the poor shoppers as they move about from store to store, anx- iously collecting items to complete their Christmas lists, but assaulted at every turn by the bellowing of repetitious Christmas carols. Pity the poor clerks who have to put up with eight hours of jingle bells and angel choirs, as they go about their business of pleasing the public. The music of Christmas is prob- ably the most seasonally popular of all, yet it's by far the most exploited, and for reasons which smack sus- piciously of over-zealous commercial- ism. When the street decorations go up and the festive spirit begins to stir in households, we look to our hymn books and our record albums to once again join in singing our favorite Christmas carols and songs. But since shopping areas in the last few years have subtly introduced the technique of hypnotizing the custom- ers into a spending stupor by' sere- nading them in song, the Christmas carols have been placed in jeopardy. And when they are used to promote the sale of cars, refrigerators and charge accounts there should be some type of legislation passed pro- hibiting this shocking misuse. Perhaps business establishments could be coaxed to help preserve the beauty and timeliness of the carol season by mutually agreeing not to begin their day-long carol marathons until at least Dec. 15. That still gives the customer plenty of time to get tired of them, and it will also en- courage their help to think more kindly of the Christmas spirit. One man's meal By Joyce Sasse Cattle raising has seeped into my blood. I can't get it out. Give me a copy of "The Canadian Cattle- and I'll keep quiet till I've read it from cover to cover. Talk cows and I'm all ears. Offer to show me a herd of live- stock, and you've got a sure date. Though I tend to be choosy, you Here- fords, or even a cross with an Angus, When we were in India, the only feeling I could find for those white, scrawny beasts wandering the streets, was contempt. They, the undisputed lords of the country, were an embarrassment to decent "critters." Until yesterday, that is. when I discover- ed a few facts that made me sick. Did you know that India is estimated lo have more than half as many cattle as she has human beings (who number 500 mil- and has, in fact, one-fourth of all the cattle in (he world? The majority of them arc w o r .s c (hon useless. In the market places I hoy knock over btalh. and spread disease. They have to eat, though most of them look like a loose of bones thrown into a hide-sack. So far as milk productivity it is extremely low. And. of course, it is a religious taboo to kill the animal (no matter how crippled or sick it may be) or to eat the flesh. In recent years that cattle stock has boon thank.s to control, impntvcii trejilmciH of n directive principle in the con- ''ins.rnrtinp the Atatov -T; rrsmin- sible for agricultural policy, both to en- deavor to organize agriculture and animal husbandry on seientific lines and pro- hibit the slaughter of milk and draft cat- tle." So the world has on its hands not only a "people explosion" but a "cow ex- plosion." A few remedial efforts have been half- heartedly attempted. India's first Five-Year Plan set aside special areas where cattle could be left to cynics said, with some assistance from the tigers. Even though the scheme is being carried' over into the third plan, it is costly and rela- tively ineffective. So tTitrY tried a more direct method- birth control. Bullocks were to be Only there weren't enough qualified peo- ple to perform the operation, and fhosp who could had to constantly battle local taboos. Today, (hough government, leaders stam- mer about the "seriousness" of the situa- tion, no one has taken positive steps revoke the ban on cow slaughter in Hie di- rective principles. And in fact, when con- venient, the whole debate is used fo stir up Hindu sentiment against, tho Mntfpro mi- nority tvho does not adhere tn this taboo. This fiery superstition has been enough to ignite riots on a number of occasions. A threat as grave as this puts the writ- ing on the wall! Who is so blind Pail can we ever understand a belief that been born info the How ii'iie mi.n's mc.'.t is another man's Stricken Pakistanis elect a new P.M. Only three weeks after one of the world's greatest natural disasters struck East Bengal, the cy- clone has been momentarily eclipsed by an unprecedented victory lor the 75 million sur- vivors. Bengali (East Pakistan) na- tionalist Sheikh Mujibur Rah- man, Uic in u c h-imprisoned leader of the Awami League, has swept the board in the re- cent general elections on a fiery ticket calling for auton- omy for East Pakistan. The victory for poverty-stricken Bengal lias suddenly raised a dramatic possibility that East Pakistan might if not im- mediately secede from West Pakistan, from which it is al- ready separated by a thousand miles of hostile India. The elections in East and West Pakistan were the first national democratic elections since Pakistan was created for the Muslims of Britain's Indian Empire in 1947. The country der martial law administer- ed by President Yahya Khan, both of them soldiers from West Pakistan. Streets and buildings in this overcrowded, rather seedy city were festooned with political banners and colorful party symbols: boats, bicycles, scales, elephants and umbrel- las. The boat of the Awami League was Overwhelmingly predominant. Yet in the event there was little of the violence so widely expected. The left- wing National Awami Party of Slieikh Mujib's rival, Maulana Bashani, a shrewd militant who has called for complete independence for East Paki- stan, did not try to disrupt things after having retired from the contest. The right- wing Muslim parties were con- tent to fight it out peacefully at the polls. Just what will happen to Pakistan when Mujib becomes Prime Minister of the country has been under military rule with Ms majority of East for 11 years, first with Presi- Pakistani seats in the new Na- dent Ayub Khan and today mi- tional Assembly plus a few allies from West Pakistani parties is impossible to pre- dict. A long-standing politician, Mujib is still something of an enigma. "I am neither on the Eight or the Left but Awami League is a centrist he has said. His lieutenants say his is the party of the middle class. Still, Mujib's supporters are a mixed bag and include many intellectuals well to his left. Mujib is 50 He is above average height for a Bengali, has a resonant bari- tone voice and a remarkable temper. The day of the elec- tions he was at his office desk often pounding it and yelling at his aides like a sergeant- major. Since he entered poli- tics at the age of 22 as a stu- dent he has spent about nine years in jail, most recently put there by ex-President Ayub Khan who must by now in his enforced retirement in Islama- bad, the modern unfinished capita] in distant Punjab, be regretting that he assisted Mujib's victory this week by martyring him. Mujib's almost messianic popularity in East Bengal stems from his championing of fin enormous area of Pakistan that has always felt brutally exploited by the powerful men of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. East Pakistan has certainly been milked economically for the benefit of the "West Wing" of Pakistan, less highly-popu- lated but intellectually more advanced. Only 10 per cent of the Army is East Pakistani but East Pakistanis must pay for it out of their taxes in equal Mujib was a bourgeois prob- ably financed by the Ameri- cans, nervous Army men were on the lookout for the secession of "East Pakistan and discuss- ing how they would forcibly prevent the break-up of the na- tion created by the revered Muslim leader, Jinnah, when the British left India. Mujib's political ideology seems moderate enough. His favorite authors are the Ben- gali poet Rabindranath Tagore and Mao Tselung. He rejects communism and talked to me proportion to Westerners. Now about the dangers of dictator- the proud West Pakistanis are going to have to adjust to tak- ing orders from a Bengali. Many West Pakistanis seem prepared for this. "We've got nothing against an East Paki- stani Prime most said. A number of intelligent politicians said the Bengal should have a say in national affairs commensurate with its greater population. Only on the extreme Left and the military Right did there seem to be doubts. The Communists or near-Communists dutifully said I'm a male ffii 1970 ly NEA, he, "What do you want fa Jo in your years.' You you're graduated iron high Letters to the editor There is no difference between Pope and P.M. 1 wish to reply to a recent letter of Mr. Peter Hunt's (Dec. wherein basically sound and logical reasoning is hampered by an abortive attempt at crit- icizing Arnold Toynbee's criti- cism of the social philosophy and policy of Pope Paul VI. If we examine Hunt's criti- cism of Toynbee from a de- tached frame of reference we can hardly fail to notice bias in favor of the Pope. I would judge that Mr. Hunt's tools of reason in the Pope's defence are mere dogmatical manifest- ations of irrelevance directed against Arnold Toynbee. For as I see it, he himself is the con- fused one, not Arnold Toynbee. He points out that Toynbee fails to see the difference between, what he calls British Prime Minister H e a t h' s 'crystalized and the Pope's 'moral and spiritual essential- ism' the simple truth, as Toynbee sees, is there is no dif- ference. Both the British prime minister and the Pope are heirs of grandeur, who's lingering vi- sion has only served to enhance a true insight into their ethical constitutions. (It's little wonder Mr. Hunt feels it necessary to defend the Pope, HE needs de- The Pope may be concerned with the distribution of wealth in the 'Third World' but his con- cern is barring the great Catho- lic segment of it from 'freedom to learn about the possibility of family planning and to obtain John Hoivard has good record I write to refute charges by Ken Osborno about the John Howard Society, I know from personal experience. First, Ken Osborne, hired by the provincial government to place ex prisoners, is asking a charity body to do his work for him. How ridiculous he expects a United Fund agency to duplicate a job he is paid to do out of our taxes. the John Howard Society is not primarily a job placement agency although I happen to know that, since Jan- uary 1st, 1970, it placed 261 in jobs throughout Alberta. That's a pretty good record. Thirdly, another government department. Canada Manpower, has a multi million dollar bud- get for such tilings as job place- ment. How come Ken Osborne expects less of Canada Manpow- er's millions than the under- financed John Howard Society? Accuracy in timing German Kealnrcs IJERLIN A German physi- cist believes he's found the solution to one of sport's most thorny problems accuracy in fiming and placement at the finish line. Dr. Siegfried Winter, of Ber- lin, has applied for a patent for an electronic system that could insure correct timing down to a hundreutii of a second while simultaneously picking win- ners, runners-up and the rest who cross the finish line with- out any chance of a flaw. The electronic inslrunienls would he set up at the finish line and stop the clock mid pick Hie winners in n manner simi- lar lo the way an nled.ric eys Winli'r h'S systrni would rosl ;ihouf. 12-V OKI dollars. The cost is not high when measured against the electrical timing system that was used at the Olympic Games in Mexico City That system cnrried price tag ami .still required timers a.s a check. It also called for film a still not entirely re- liable means for determining (ho final outcome of close fin- ishes. 'Hie possibility of such er- rors would be ruled out by his electronic system, Winter says. However, it is highly unlikely the new system will have won acceptance or be adopted by sporting officials in time for the 1972 Olympics in Munich, Germany. Winter's invention s I e m s partly, at least, from a genuine concern about photo-finishes: he's an enthusiastic light ath- letics fan himself. So They Say A recession is when your next-door neighbour is out of work. A depression is when your neighbour and yourself arc out of work. Mr. C. Jay I'arkinson, chairman of Ana- conda Copper. Does Osborne think he can phone up and commandeer help from an already overworked. John Howard staff and for cases that he is paid to help? How arrogant can a public ser- vant be. However, Ken Osborne has pointed up serious gaps in the after care system, but he is wrong in blaming the John Howard Society and United Fund for these lacks. H it was not for the charitable giving of citizens, there would be a more serious problem. I hope the result of Ken Os- borne's blurting out his frustra- tions will be more money to the John Howard Society so it can help more men. DOUGLAS SOMERS. Calgary. Fall agreement With regard to Elbert E. Mil- ler's letter (December I am in full agreement with his ststcir.Cfit that we arc "like a bunch of sheep being lead to the slaughter" over the propos- ed y3.25 monthly charge for sewage treatment. On top of Uiis we arc already paying for garbage collection, and our taxes include a maintenance charge that has almost doubled in the past year. Yet when we need a water line repair ser- vice we arc again asked to pay. What is this city coming to? I for one will find it necessary to move and leave this "a city without at least by our home owner less! What can v.e homeowners do Ifl change this trend? W. KVANS. tathbridgc- the means for practising it.' If such a policy as this is not 'crystalized conservatism' I would like someone to point such a policy out to me. Mr. Hunt also points out. that he thinks Toynbee has failed to see the menace of urban and general societal centralizat ion (He obviously has not read Toynbee's book, Experiences, in which .Toynbee tells of his in- volvement in this But such a point as this is altogeth- er irrelevant, for how can one attempt to shroud the clear blight of an overcrowded, un- derfed, rapidly expanding sea of humankind behind the veil of North American urban trends? I think it wise to listen to the author of 'A Study of not for the supposed merits of his self proclaimed agnostic theology, but for the simple ben- efit to be derived from his keen insight into the ways of man- kind, nurtured by more than half of a century of studious in- quiry., MIKE MIRON. Lethbridge. ship of any kind. "Dictators, however benevolent, last just so long. Then there is counter- revolution, more counter-rev- olution and he said. He claims to be a democratic socialist, urging land reform, the breaking of monopolies in industry or "le Press' na" tionalization of banks, ship- ping, insurance and some in- dustry. Yet he has not spelled out his economic policies. He has also talked anathema to West Pakistanis about trade with West (Indian) Bengal: "We buy coal from China and Poland when we could buy it two-thirds cheaper Irom Cal- cutta." Cynics here and in West Pakistan are asking how Mujib will satisfy his electors, both in economic matters and also the question of secession, which some claim is implicit in a pro- pram of six points on which ilujib based his campaign. It is difficult to see how East Pakistan's desperate problems of employment and population people to tile acre to- day, in 50 years time standing room only, can be overcome or even held in check. But Mujib's vast following and his im- mense personal prestige may well keep secessionists in their place, provided President Yah- ya Khan does not clash with Mujib and frustrate him on the question of autonomy. Pro- vision for that must be built into a new constitution which the politicians have three months to agree on. The main points of difference could be Mujib's present insistence that federal taxation be abolished, which might create fears in the Army that East Pakistan will withhold funds for the heavy national defence budget; and Mujib's idea of separate cur- rencies for East and West. However, Yahya Khan, who will maintain control of Paki- stan through martial law until the new constitution is ap- proved by himself as well as the new Assembly, has said he approves of maximum possible autonomy for Pakistan's prov- inces. There are also highly plausible rumors of "an under- standing" between Yahya Khan and Mujib. Mujib was elected in an at- mosphere of remarkable ami- ability and peace. But search for a compromise con- stitution, the touchiness of Mujib and other Pakistani poli- ticians notably leftist ex- Foreign Minister Zullikar Ali Bhutto, who has had a relative triumph in the West and general distrust of t h e Army by all Pakistani politicians and of the politicians by the Army, means that Pakistan's troubles are not over yet. But East Pakistan's poor, neglected mil- lions have thrown off the shad- ow of their horrific natural catastrophe and emerged for- midably into politics once more. Behind the fiery figure of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, they have shot from spiritual shock to thrilling political vic- tory m only three weeks. Nei- ther he nor they are likely to stand for too much obstruction or compromise with West Pakistanis, whoever they are. (Written for The Herald and the Observer in Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Unemployment insur- ance as a means of dealing with present conditions is not practical and would take at least two years to establish, ac- cording to a report from. Ot- tawa. the first time in the history of the Canadian gas industry, natural gas from the Canadian Rogers Field in the Sweetgrass Hills area, has been exported to the U.S. jfiiO Miss Susie Bawden was elected to her third term as chairman of the public school board. She has been a for 15 member of the board years. 1950 An RCAF transport plane left Edmonton with 16 soldier survivors of Hie train wreck at Canoe River in which 21 persons lost their lives. The move was to military hospitals nearer their homes, so that they might be close to relatives for Christmas. 44.5 per cent of those taking government mo- tor vehicle driving examina- tions during November re- ceived their licences. A total o( took examinations, with getting The Letlibrukje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE IIERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1951, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspapsr Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY MrinfKjing Editor Associate Eldilor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;