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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 14, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 10 THE L6THBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, December 14, 1974 Ask Andy PUFFBALLS Andy sends a complete volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Daphne Porter, age 11, of Pic- ton, Ont., Canada, for her question: What exactly are puffballs? The puffballs are the giants of the fungus plant family, big cousins of the mushrooms and toadstools. Some of these fungi are safe and delicious foods. Others contain deadly poisons, though maybe only at certain times of their lives. It takes an expert to know which ones are edible and when they are safe. And sometimes even an expert is mistaken. Some of the fungus plants wear fancy spots and pretty colors, though most of them cone in pasty white and brow- nish tones. However, not one of them comes in green for none of the fungi contains green chlorophyll. This is the magic material that the green plants need to use sunlight to manufacture their basic food from air and water. For this reason, the non- green fungi are in a class by themselves. They must de- pend on the green plants to prefabricate their basic food. We find them growing in soils rich in decaying plant material, such as fallen leaves and rotting tree stumps. The round, pasty- color puffball often grows in woods and meadows, where the soil is enriched with generations of decomposing grasses and other vegetation. The main plant is a mass of tangled threads lying just below the surface. This buried part of a fungus plant is called the mycelium. In warm, moist weather it sprouts a crop of fruiting bodies above the ground. Most of these fungus sprouts look like stubby umbrellas. The sprouting puffball is a smooth, round lump which grows bigger than a football. If you happen to kick a puff- ball on just the right day, it puffs out a cloud of perhaps 000 billion tiny, tiny spores. Most of them blow away in the breezes. Perhaps one in a trillion lands in a suitable spot and sprouts the mycelium to start a new puffball plant. Some people gather wild puffballs to eat which can be quite risky. Usually assorted insects and other hungry critters already are feasting inside. Besides, only a very young puffball is tasty and safe to eat. As it grows older it becomes tough and tasteless and like all wild plants it may be tainted with unfriendly bacteria or harm- ful chemicals. As a general safety rule, it is unwise to dine on puffballs or other wild plants. Oddities in the news LEXINGTON, Ky. (AP) Three-year-old Katy Enright wants a recount in the race for neighborhood balloon-flying champ. Katy and 16 other children launched balloons Sept. 21 with messages attached ask- ing the finders to notify the children where their balloons came down to determine the longest flight. Neil Bronaugh, 7, was de- clared winner just before Hal- loween for a 325-mile flight to Cumberland, Md. His prize was a pumpkin. But this week, Katy re- ceived her balloon from Mr. and Mrs. Armand Bourgeois of Moncton, more than miles away. She told her parents she would like a yoyo as her prize. NEW YORK un- known driver has inadvert- ently enriched New York City by A driver dropped a coin in a parking meter, but instead of a dime, his deposit turned out to be a gold piece, dated 1912, which is roughly the same size as a dime. The city decided Tuesday to sell the gold coin for its current market value, a city official said. PHOENIX, Ariz.' (AP) Nearly three years of student protests, lawsuits and haggl- ing ended Tuesday when the artichoke was recognized as the official mascot of Scotts- dale Community College. The Maricopa County com- munity college district board voted unanimously to recog- nize the vegetable, which symbolized student dis- satisfaction with spending for athletics over academics. Students twice selected the artichoke but college officials voided the elections, con- tending they were not official and did not reflect student body consensus. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN AND OMAR SHARIF 1974. Chicago Q.I South, vulnerable, vou hold: 4762 4AQJ103 The bidding has proceeded: West North East South 1 2 f 2 What action do vou take'.' vulnerable, as South vou hold: 4K103 AQ62 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 1 Pass 1 V Pass 1 NT Pass 3 Pass What do vou bid now? vulnerable, as South you hold: 4KQ83 The bidding has proceeded: East South West North 1 Dble. Pass 1 V 2 What do vou bid now? vulnerable, as South you hold: 483 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West What action do vou take? vulnerable, as South you hold: 4AK987 47 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 V Pass 1 Pass 2 Pass What do vou bid now? vulnerable, as South you hold: The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 2 Pass 3 Pass 9 What do vou bid now? vulner- able, as South you hold: 4AJ107 495 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 W Pass 2 Pass 3 Pass What do vou bid now? vulnerable, as South vou hold: 4108752 4J832 The bidding has proceeded: North East South West 1 Pass 2 Pass 2 NT Pass What do vou bid now? Your horoscope ly Jem Dixon SUNDAY, DEC. 15 Your birthday today: Finds you showing your better side to the world while striving for inner growth and perfection. What seems great to others is disorganized from your view- point. Relationships build strongly or dwindle abruptly but no middle course is likely. Today's natives are charitable, devote their energies to spiritual or social causes and occasionally speculate. ARIES (March 21-April You revise Sunday plans because local conditions change and you must consider older people and their worries. Don't let anything lead you to slight those you love. TAURUS (April 20-May Make the best of slow going. Participate as usual in com- munity customs, but don't linger. Serious study now brings satisfaction later. GEMINI (May 21-June You've done what you could about problems within reach; now forgive yourself for not managing the impossible. Seek the company of lighthearted people. CANCER (June 21-July Although your pet schemes are sidetracked for the moment, don't take today's delays and minor conflicts personally. Avoid haste in dealing with people. LEO (July 23-Aug. Take a break from business. If you normally work on Sun- day, get someone to replace you. Concentrate on self im- provement programs and favorite pastimes. Go out socially tonight. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. Resolve not to get involved in complex financial moves. Your friends didn't consult you before getting into their difficulties so don't feel you have to pull them out. LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. Home and family concerns are indicated; stay in and deal with them. Take extra time for rest. Distant news is in- complete, puzzling. SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. Reconsider or postpone long journeys and major projects since conditions today and tomorrow will change. Take it easy, and associate with more cheerful people. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22- Dec. Money continues to be a topic of discussion, and even conflict. Keep impulse spending to a minimum; you'll have a better buy soon. Use candor tactfully. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. Your plans are dependent on circumstances surrounding those you love. Pray for guidance. Catch up on minor" repairs and maintenance of your home. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. The satisfaction you derive from pursuing personal projects is more important than the excitement of being in on big news. Be prepared for an upcoming project. PISCES (Feb. 19-March Make your appearance in Sunday neighborhood ac- tivities. Resist temptation to meddle in others' affairs. Accept delays in both social and romantic engagements. Lawrence Lamb M.D. (Look for answrrs (in Mondiiyj Dear Dr. Lamb I have been told that biochemists, as well as medical scientists, proved many years ago that synthetic vitamins cannot become part of human tissue, because they are inorganic and the body will reject them. And, the only thing that a chemical vitamin can do is to stimulate or nudge a sick or lazy cell. Is this true? Also, I have heard that the natural vitamins found in the stores are called "crystalline" or "altered" vitamins. In the preparation of these natural vitamins, ex- treme heat is used which destroys the natural enzymes and the entire molecular balance created by nature. Is this true? In any case, which do you think is best, the "synthetic" or "natural" vitamins? Dear Reader Gertrude Stein put it very well when she wrote, "a rose, is a rose, is a rose." A vitamin is a vitamin, is a vitamin. I might add your letter is a treasure trove of misinformation. Unfortunate- ly such ideas are widespread. First, chemists consider organic those compounds that contain carbon. This includes alcohol, table sugar, oil, gas, coal, plastic and thousands upon thousands of other com- pounds. Inorganic are the chemical compounds that do not contain carbon, such as table salt made from the two elements, sodium and chlorine. All vitamins are organic whether they are manufactured in a laboratory or extracted from a plant or other food. The body does not reject inorganic items. We use what salt we need, regardless of whether it comes in our milk, vegetables, meat or out of the salt shaker. Calcium, an inorganic element, is used to build our bones. So that idea is ridiculous. Salt mined from the earth is no different than salt ex- tracted from meat or a plant. We can't change the chemical elements. So it is with organic and synthetic vitamins. We know the chemical structure of the vitamins, including every blessed atom and how they are hooked together like a crossword puzzle. It makes no difference whether vitamin C is extracted from a plant or built in the laboratory atom by atom, so to speak. It is the same. Natural vitamins are not destroyed by processing. The package label must reflect the final amount of the vitamins present regardless of how they are obtained. And, vitamins are not enzymes. They are used to help build some enzymes inside your body. The form vitamins come in sometimes makes a difference. A good example here is folic acid In the leafy vegetables it is hard to separate and absorb through the intestine. For this reason the synthetic form, un- attached to other food elements, is more easily ab- sorbed and more effective. If you extracted the folic acid from the food and used it in pure form, however, it would have the same effect. I know this will not satisfy many people who don't want to be confused by the facts. These people will continue to pay extra money for "natural" vitamins or for a special brand name, but the truth remains: a vitamin is a vitamin, is a vitamin. Flashback By THE CANADIAN PRESS Dec. 14, 1974 Norweigan explorer Roald Amundsen became the first man to reach the South Pole 63 years ago in 1911. He beat Capt. Robert Scott in a race for the pole after a com- paratively easy journey. Amundsen scored another first five years earlier when he became the first man to navigate the Northwest Passage. 1799 George Washington, first president of the United States, died at Mount Vernon. 1895 King George VI was born at Sandringham, England. 1929 The federal govern- ment transferred control of natural resources to Manitoba and Alberta. I IT WHEN SOMEONE ANSWERS A QUESTION A SHORT RttS DEAR, SOMEBODY -TO SEE YOU. IF rTS ANOTHER BILL COLLECTOR TELL TO GET LOST HE SAYS THREE MONTHS BEHIND IN PAYMENTS I to NiA. He 1 M. Blj. US. fal Oj. HI AND LOIS NOW, WHERE ARE My I WISH HE MADN'T REMINDED ME OF THAT WELL I YOU TWO GO OUT TO Y IT A MOVIE TONI0HT. A VvOULD BE I'LL BABV-SIT BUGS BUNNY HOW C'N ANYBODY SLEEP WITH YEK, HOWLIN' LIKE THAT? HE'LL STOP IF YOU LET HIM IN HERE WITH ISN'T THAT COTE HE'S TWYING TO SHOW HIS APPWECIATION BLONDIE I INVITED THt MSSWERTLEYS OVER FOR DIMMER CAN'T STAND THE THEY'RE UOUD, DUL-L, 5ORIMG AND" I KNEW THERE WAS SOMETHING ABOUT THEM .IUKED ARCHIE DIDN'T THE PRESIDENT J THAT SAY "EAT WAS J LESS w AND IF IT'S GOING TO BE COLDER. AROUND HERJE, I NEED MORE PROTEIN TO KEEP WARM.' WHAT ARE YOU DOING WITH MY "WIN" BUTTON? ADDING LITTLE HAGAR THE HORRIBLE IF I'M PEAL- LATF5 BEETLE BAILEY 0H, WAIT A SECOND- MERE ISN'T HOME TO WOMEN'S1 LI'L ABNER TUMBIEWEEDS ;