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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 14, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Momltiy, Dctember 14, 1970 Joseph, Kraft U.S. best served if Allende succeeds Checking health costs Sonic of checking runaway health costs lias to be found. The provincial health ministers, led by Al- berta's James D. Henderson, have ap- parently convinced the federal auth- orities that a new financing formula is needed. Negotiations on such a for- mula will get under way early in the new year. At present the provinces get money from the federal government under a cost sharing formula to finance hospital and medical care insurance programs. Mr. Henderson has pro- posed that this be replaced with per capita grants. There has been a tendency for the provinces to spend money just so that they will get their share. Under a different formula for getting the money there should be greater care taken in the spending. It makes sense to argue that those closest to the situation know best where tlie money ought lo be expend- ed. And it makes even more sense to contend that the diversity in the country makes a uniform finance for- mula unfair. So long as the federal authorities can be assured that the economizing will not be at the expense of a high standard of medical care there is no reason why they should not accede to the wisnes ot me provincial health ministers. The agreement on a new formula for financing will doubtless call for it remaining in effect condi- tional on the maintenance of stan- dards set federally. By making the provincial health authorities fully responsible for ex- penditures, at least the temptation to think of Ottawa as an unlimited source of supply will be removed. The limitations of a set amount of money to work with should have some effect on curbing spending. CANTIAGO, Chile Fear that Chile might become another Cuba has centered on the Marxist background of the new president, Salvador Al- lende, and the Communist min- isters in his government. But the truly decisive test for Chile has been almost ignored. The decisive test is the ca- pacity ot the Allende govern- ment to meet this country's economic difficulties. H is there, far more than in (he Marxist bent of a few leaders, that the outlook is dicey. serve these consumers, prac- tically all the most advanced items aulos, electronics, wines, high fashion clothes, machine tools are produced here. But the market has never been large enough to sustain full development in any of these fields. As a result, economic growth has been arrested. Many in- dustries and farms are pro- ducing far below capacity. Un- employment, according to a sophisticated analysis by the Catholic University here, is Incompetent management Arthur Smith, chairman of the Eco- nomic Council of Canada, has been giving Canadian businessmen a down-to-earth message. lie told them in Calgary recently that "when it comes to competent management, there is quite a gap between the edu- cational levels of U.S. management and those of Canadian management. In fact, looking at educational differ- ences between the two countries, the gap is probably wider for manage- ment than for any other occupation." Although there are mitigating fac- tors for Canada's slow productive out- put hi comparison with other coun- tries, and the lack of competent man- agement is not the complete reason .for it, Mr. Smith's remarks ought to be taken seriously. Calgary alderman Ed Davis told the meeting that Can- ada's rate of productivity growth is in reality about 1.7 per cent per an- num rather than the "four to six per cent often stated." Canada in recent years has slipped to fourth place- after the United States, Sweden and Switzerland. This ought to give Canadian indus- trialists a good deal to think about, and it ought also to encourage young students who are thinking about a career in business to enter the schools of business management which have been proliferating slowly in Canadian universities. Some established busi- nessmen have shown themselves apa- thetic about taking time out for train- ing available to them in various short courses geared to their needs. There are still a few old timers around who can't be bothered or are inclined to think that experience is the only teacher, that modern busi- ness technology can tell them noth- ing they do not already know. Busi- ness management graduates too, are sometimes at fault. They, or some of them, believe that graduates, of busi- ness management schools should start their careers too high up on the executive scale. But Mr. Smith has laid it on the line. A general education, coupled with training in business and man- agement technology, is a must for the executives of the future that is if Canadian industry is going to re- tain its present rate of development in comparison with other countries. Cambodia survives Is there a prospect that Cambodia will fall to the communists? Corres- pondents who have travelled as far as they can without falling into the hands of North Vietnamese invaders, seem reasonably sure that it won't, in spite of the fact that almost half of the country is under Communist control and that guerrilla forces har- ass traffic in and out of the routes supplying Pnom Penh. Of course one of the reasons for North Vietnamese lack of success in subduing the Cam- bodians is their own preoccupation with the war against South Vietnam. But there were few observers who thought in the beginning that the Cambodians themselves would put up the effective resistance that they have done to date. Their army was, and still is minuscule, poorly trained and pitifully lacking up-to-date mili- tary hardware. The people have had to cope with internal disruption, the departure of their king to China, where he loudly proclaims himself the legitimate leader of the Cambo- dian government in exile. His place has been taken by a military man, General Lon Nol, who has none of the spiritual charisma which many Cambodians attribute to Sihanouk. The reasons behind the stiff Cam- bodian resistance are varied. First, they are in control of the richest part of tlieir country, and they have plen- ty of food, both for the refugees from the north, and for the inhabitants of Battambang province which is still firmly in Lon Nol's control. In spite of guerrilla harassment, traffic still moves comparatively freely into the capital and vital oil supplies come in from the port of Kompong Son. There is a tiny Cambodian air force and navy and this, with the help of the South Vietnamese, gives Lon No dominance in the air and on the wa- terways. There are psychological reasons that militate against the communists in Cambodia. The people are deeply religious, and the two dominant Bud- dhist orders are solidly behind the government. Their priests are high- ly resistant to North Vietnamese pro- paganda. Even the trump card held by Hie Communists in the person of Prince Norodom Sihanouk, whom many of the people hold in semi religious awe, is so the correspondents say to lose some of his hold over the Cambodian mind. His rela- tives have scarcely added to his pop- ularity since exposition -of their cor- ruption and selfishness has come to light. Another reason for the lack of in- terest in Communist ideology among Cambodians is that there are few ex- tremes of wealth and poverty, mak- ing it difficult for those who preach sweeping land reform to make much headway. The peasants already own their own land, and although by our standards they would be considered poor, they have plenty of food. What a lot of this amounts to is that the Cambodians have developed a great sense of national purpose and cohesion, a determination to reclaim the land already lost, and a pride in themselves. In case this all sounds much too optimistic, it must be ad- mitted that the eventual fate of this tiny nation depends largely on the outcome of the Vietnam war. Lee Kuan Yew, prime'minister of Singa- pore has expressed the fear that when it's all over, Cambodia might be carved up between the two Viet- nams and Thailand. God forbid that this should occur to a people of such ancient, distinc- tive and proud heritage as those who inhabit the ancient land of the Khmers the people who built the magnificent temple complex of Ang- kor Wat, now occupied by the Com- munist troops. British c orrespondents who have recently travelled among tliem re- port in the London Economist that the ragtag military forces "riding to war in taxis and Coca-Cola vans are not veteran soldiers but at least they arc gifted amateurs. Cambodia deserves to survive. It probably will." The only comment left is to add a fervent hope that the correspondents are right and to add, that there is no force as unifying as the threat to national sovereignly by an alien intruder. Maybe Maybic By Doug Walker me ucuiiuniy in [jic- sents a case where nine mil- lion people are dominated by the actions of about, a million high grade consumers. To force. Two-thirds of the fami- lies in the country live on in- comes of less than ?2 per day. There is a severe housing shortage. Spectacular differ- ences separate rich from poor. The remedy devised to meet these conditions by the Allende government is nothing very new. It embodies a kind of state capitalism long familiar here in Chile and far less im- aginative and radical than t h e co-operative ownership schemes being pushed by the military junta across the bor- der in Peru. As a first step, the Allende government wants to expand demand by a round of wage in- housing program. Industries will then be pressed to meet the new demand by increased production rather than, as is typically the case here, by higher prices. To that end, the state will cx- t e n d industries guaranteed credits from the banking sys- tem which is to be national- ized. Once the economy is moving again, the state will use its muscle to concentrate investment in a very few areas where Chile car, com- pete internationally notably forest products, fruits and vegetables, and copper (where there is to be an accelerated nationalization of the largely If the Allende regime can bring off this scheme, Chile will develop the mass market and growth industries neces- "S'il vous plait, Marc, explain to me again about our great moral victory." sary for sustained develop- ment a truly impressive achievement. In those condi- tions, the genuine Democrats in (he government including President Allende himself can probably hold the line against Communist efforts to burrow from within. And the achievement is not impossible, given the solid base laid down by the Christian Democratic regime of former President Eduardo Frci in the past six years. But the scheme could easily fall apart. The wage increase can only promote demand it the line is held on prices something never done hi the past. A d m i n i s taring the scheme requires great mana- gerial skills. But these are very rare in the Allende re- gime, especially at the top. If the economy does turn sour, however, the scene will be set for trouble. An enor- mous clamor will go up from those expecting goodies. The Communists will undoubtedly blame the trouble on lack of co-operation from private firms, and press for totali- tarian controls over the econo- my and the means of com- munication. The armed forces would al- most surely resist any step across the bounds of legality, and the odds are that they could win out. But the Com- munist bully boys grouped in trades unions and special elec- toral committees would cer- tainly fight back, and maybe they would emerge victorious. What all this means is that the idea of a Communist take- over in Chile is not pure moon- shine. Failure in the economy could produce civil strife which might have, as one possible re- sult, a victory for the Com- munists. The American interest, of course, is to prevent such an outcome. But that means, paradoxically, that the United States has a stake in the Al- lende regime. Washington's pin-poses are best served if the Allende government enjoys a modest success enough suc- ces to keep going until there can take place a transfer of power by democratic means. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Who will speak for Palestinians in peace talks? By Flora Lewis, in (he Winnipeg Free Press ATEW YORK: Israel having received more promises from the U.S., the aborted Mid- dle East peace talks are now to be renewed, probably early in the new year. In the perverse way of his- tory, the fighting in Jordan this fall and the death of President Nasser seem to have given the talks a slightly better chance of success than when they were scheduled in August. This is be- cause the Palestinian militants have lost ground, for the time being anyway. They never endorsed the idea of negotiating even an interim Arab Israeli settlement. Their proclaimed goal remains the li- quidation of Israel and the cre- ation of a new Palestinian state. They say it should be secular and multicultural, with Arabs, Jews and Christians, but the Is- raelis aren't interested in what might replace their nation. They are determined to preserve it. Compromise between those aims is inconceivable. There is no compromise between life and death. But the political power of the Palestinian militants has ebbed in a sequence of events stem- ming directly from then- spec- tacular hijacking of planes to the Jordanian desert, a desper- ate exploit intended precisely to establish them as a potent po- litical force. It got them into a civil war with Jordan's King Hussein, who hasn't altogether won yet but who has gained a determined upper hand. The foray of Syrian tanks into Jordan led to a coup in Damas- cus, and the new Syrian strong- man appears more moderate and less inclined to go along with the vehement militants than the previous regime. Lebanese opinion has shifted against the militants and the danger of their provoking vio- lence with Israel. And Presi- dent Nasser's death has forced the new Egyptian leaders to concern themselves with con- solidating tlieir position on the home front. That means less belligerence in noise and deed, which the militants seek, and more atten- tion to Egypt's real needs. So the Arab countries are now a little less susceptible to the guerrillas' demand for violence and victory. Negotiation is less dangerous for their leaders. Nonetheless, if the talks are to get anywhere they will have to be about Palestine and the fate of the Palestinian Arabs. It has become a commonplace at the UN for diplomats to in- tone that the Palestinian voice must be heard. That is right, but nobody has yet suggested an answer to the crucial ques- tion in the whole conflict: Who speaks for them? The Israeli occupied Gaza strip and the west bank of the Jordan are the only places where Palestinians live in their own organized communit i e s. Elsewhere they are scattered Energy policy required J MAY have been instrumental in meeting he was attending, he was invited launching Jim Maybie on a second to the group with a song, career as a singer. Ucccnlly I let it be Ma-vho Jim wi" ln bc (lc- known, in one of Ihe.so fillers, "that he is a mami ns