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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 14, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta AGE RIGHT DAILY HEtULD DECEMBER Ifl8 OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER Sweet Clover for Western Canada By Department of Field j Hie plant eventually dies with tho rip 1 University of Sag I nnlng of the This completes In the Farmers What Is sweet elotar Whence tvmes its bad and why In 10 much said about its possibilities anybody growing the crop In West ern Canada and what do they think of It Those and other ques tions are constantly being asked about this new crop that has fo recently made its appearance upon the prai and that is so often referred to In agricultural In the space at our disposal we will try to answer its life history and under no circum stances does the root survive the sec ond There are two leading kinds of gweot clover tlip whltofiowering spe cies Melllotup alba and the yellow flowering species Melllotue otflclna HsV Those differ chiefly In the fol lowing respects 11 The color of as incli catpd by the name one being white and the other 2 General The yel lowflowering species does not grow a few of these questions and add some so tnll and is somewhat finer stemmed observations on the culture of the and more bushy in I 3 Time of The yel Sweet clover la not one of the true lowflowering species with as Its name would seem to more uniformity and from ten days to but It belongs to the same famj three weeks earlier than the lly of plants ns red clover and i 4 White sweet clover i It a legume nnd to a much greater extent in nil the characteristics of leguminous America than the chiefly he It is a true making cause it produces more forage per leafy growth of 12 to 24 inches the In many the first The following spring latter has heen found to produce al growth begins from crown buds that j most If not equally as have been formed the previous In all other respects the white and This Is somewhat more stenuny and yellow sweet clovers are essentially less leafy of the first seai Under favorable conditions it progresses very reaching a height of fonr to eight depend ing on the moisture at Us The small flowers are produced on loose As the plant ma the stems rapidly coarse and the leaves fall away and Peace Hath Her Victories and Tht duty of erery mmnov it to provide living for himself and help in the tecon ftruction M the The great call is ttill for Other industries may col but FARMS 20 YEARS TO PAY Open the prosperity and lnde Prairie Land i 11 irricited land up to Get Land is Mn rapidly taken lor fret bookltu ami full 99S Appendicitis IMIORIABLI MOIHFRHUBBARDSHOE pT NI IN BABYS SLCIPiH OP BUGGY i HOW MANY BEANS IN THE JART Hudions Bay la Mng away a Ttctory Bond for the naariit CANADAS GREAT WINTERRESORT Mild bright with reasonable living ezpeniis and plenty of Invigorating out door Interaitlng golf and automoblllng throughout the Your Ticket Agent Publicity Commlaaloner HOW MANY YAWD8 OF 8ILKINE AMI IN Oim SHOW WINDOW A are tlving away a Fur Coat worth for tUs nearest Aieo three oMiar Tftluable A coupon with every of or So Clinch for a description of eweot Now about its bad reputa of Unpopularity Swset clover seems to have succeed ed admirably in making Itself odious In Eastern Canada and United by seeding itself down year atter year and growing luxuriously along the roadsides and all available waste it possesses a bit ter peculiar to mak ing it distasteful to Although not io objectionable while the plant is young and as soon as the flowers make their the bitter taste becomes more pronounc increasing as the plants At the time the stems become woody and Sure ly this is enough to incur the ever lasting displeasure ot the most ami able During the past few years sweet cloverjias not changed its nature or habits in the but we have learn ed to appreciate some of its better qualities and its vigorous growing and seedproducing tendencies have been turned to some Dealrable Qualities There are several5 qualifications that make sweet clover worthy of our con sideration as a and at the same time obviate to a certain extent Its reputation as an unpalatable Being a sweet clover pos sesses the same advantage aa alfalfa for obtaining and utilizing nitrogen from the This enables it to grow on toila too poor in nitrogen for other crops and at the same time it eu rlchnt the soil in which it grows by increasing the organic matter and ni trogen As a matter of sweet clorer has always had a reputa especially in as a re builder of poor or wornout No other legume has been more success ful In this The roots are large and and decay quickly after the second are easily plowed and incorporated with the They also grow deep and are a valuable aid to breaking up a hardpau subsoil The leguminous nature of sweet clover atao accounts for the high am ount of protein that it Chem ical analysis and feeding tests show sweet clover to oantain practically as great a feeding value as alfalfa or red clover But wfll the animals eat it This ia the question most often For tunately we have the experience of hundred of farmers on this point and it may be considered beyond doubt that rweet clover is relished by all olasies ot both as pasture and aa if cut at the proper es pecially it acme care is exercised to Introduce It gradually to the dally ra Some difficulty is nearly al ways experienced In getting cattle need to the new forage aa Thii can be completely overcome by the Intelligent handling of the It will he found a good practice to start the stock on sweet clover pas ture the first thing in the and to keep the growth well eaten But will not sweet clover become a weed We think if properly Being a true bieVmlal the plants never survive the second win the plants are prevent ed from seeding they cannot On cultivated that ie plowed once a sweet clover can not pOBBibly become a It may be chat once It is grown and used on the it will always be found to a certain ex especially In waste but considering the nature of the plant there seems no cause for uneasiness on that Another consideration is the fact that its biennial character makes It suitable for short rotations such as are practised In this The Im portance of thig fact will be appreci ated when ws consider that In most parta of the West it IB necessary to i lummerfallow every third year to utore up and conserve moisture for subBa quent Experimental Work at the wan College of Agriculture clover hau been grown on the College of Agriculture experimental plots at Saskatoon fothe past At the present time there aru ten different varieties under observa These greatly in quality of date of maturity iind as well as In othur minor KxpejimrNis are uuilur way 10 determine UIK husf pruuticeti to tol low in growing iliu croii under Sask atchewan Thus fur the crop lias proven to bo relatively hardy umlfr our There has butn very linle winterkill ing until last KOHIO vari eties suffered ramo through the winter la perfect Tho yield for the past two for both white and yellow has BvprnRed over halt K ton more than any other perennial crop under tho FHiiio Culture of Sweet Tho following A few miggeatlotia Intended to those who are an xious lo Rive sweet clover a Some ot tho varieties being studied on tho experimental plots are not yet As between the white and yellovv species of swdot we inclined to favor the on ac count of it finer quality and earlier but white sweet clover ap on he whole to be more it to procure front the seed houses nny but white sweet clover When j it is advisable to ask for northernj jrnnvn teeil and seed that has been put through a scari fying machine for the purpose of scratchiiiR the seed cont to make It permeable to This usually en sures a much greater percentage of The seed mny be sown with a grass seeder or if the ordinary drill it will be necessary to adulterate the seed to give it A small quantity of cracked grain or roasted millet seed may be used for this Sow at the rate of ten pounds per not more than two inches in firm moist The best time to seed is the month of preferably soon after the first good The crop may stand some pasturing the first season and in favorable sea ons be cut for provided it is cut high enough to leave a stubblo that will hold a substantial blanket of If for any reason there is only a small growth the first it will be found more profitable to re frain from cutting or pasturing until the second There are two points to be remem bered in connection with harvesting the second seasons cut it early that as soon as the first blossoms make their appear ance or This is as previously to obtain a good quality of do not make the first cutting too The reason for this lies in the fact that the second growth develops from buds on the lower portion of the The exact height at which these buds develop varies with the thickness of the the etage of development and the About six to ten inches will be found Sweet clover is not easy to especially in damp and some skill is necessary to make the best quality of The object should be to preserve as many of the leaves as as these constitute the best part of the It is to rake the hay into win drows after the plants are well wilted but before the leaves have become thoroughly After drying for a while in the it would be made into wheYe it is allowed to Some people prefer to make these small enough eo that they can be handled la this way a mini mum of leaves are Sweet clover is available for pasture fairly early in the spring and remains green in the fall for a month after annual crops are frozen The essential thing is to have the pasture sufficiently stocked to keep the growth well eaten By so doing the plants are induced to send out num erous succulent shoots which are more relished than the older If the pasture is not sufficiently grazed it is sometimes advisable to go over the ground with a mower and clip it For some Veason swaet clover is com paratively free from A few au thentic cases have been but these have been the Hogs do well on sweet clover pas making gainf comparable with other For tills purpose it Is used as a twoseason but it is a mistake to overstock the first when the plants are making their root development The second year it may be pastured fairly It is usual ly necessary to ring pigs to prevent them from digging up the The sweet clover plant produces an abundance of seed the year follow ing Yields of five to six bushels per acre are commonly ob When a crop of seed is de only one cutting can be obtain ed the second Unless the growth has been exceptionally rank the grain binder is able to handle the The greatest difficulty in con nection with harvesting it is the loss of seed by and it is doubtful whether any machine can he devised which will handle this crop without more or less The sheaves should bo stocked and threshed with the or dinary In the object be not only to sep arate the seed from the but to hull at least ninetenths of it at the same By threshing close enough to do this the seed is more or less scratched In the process with the re sult that thn percentage germination will be greatly Sweet clov er sofid that has been flailed out by hand is usually unsatisfactory unless it is hulled and scarified by some means before This may not be true under other climatic condi hut we have invariably found ft to be the Sweet clover ie a crop with which our arc not but one j that posHPKKes qualifications that make it well worthy of a serious Only by trying it out in a sufficiently i largn and practical way under a var1 iety of conditions will it he possible to i correctly estimate its valuo this and to determine the places j anil where It will prove J the greatest Disinfect The Stables Keep Quarters Clean The fact thnt regular of the atables Is not a common prac tice in Cftnada IK sufficient thnt we M farmers are hot tfeorAttth or do we Appreciate the Importance of the health of our Ai in other illsoave of responnrble tortho loos to farmers of tunny millions of dollars Such as hog take nnormoni toll from our rerenuer Clean Again such as each jrear cause the waste of enormous amounts of expensive feed to say nothing of the losses in pro duction Of mont nnd young Farmers of It Is your and your business to stop these Dont wait till animals die 6t disease or are enunciated And hairless from parasites before discovering Diseases are spread more rap Idly when animals are confined In win ter One of the most Important factors in cheap and healthy wintering of animals Is clean and no quarters can be kept clean and free front disease and parasites without disinfection at least twice The basis of disinfection Is direct Disease germs under a layer of straw or cannot be killed by average Hence the first step is the thorough cleaning out of the scraping and wash if all walls and and sweeping dust and cobwebs from walls Wood floors should be repaired and earth floors renewed with a layer of clean What to is the cheapest and one of the Every stable should have at least 6 square feet of glass per mature head of horses and and onequarter this amount for calves and mature Sunlight Induces comfort and greater good whitewash applied hot to ceilings nnd walls cov ers and kills germs and Add drug such as carbolic if barns have housed diseased Apply with sprny pump or bnMhv Drug and mangers should receive extra Disinfect by soaking thoroughly with one of the coal tnr diltMlates such as Zou applied In water solution 3 per to 6 per vary ing with strength of Ap ply With spray pump or sprinkler nnd brush tm Instructions Given The flealtp of Animals De partment of run supply free Instructions in selecting and preparing whitewash and disin Thoroughness in the nbnve disin fection Is most The Intelli gent intent on maintaining healthy finds It wise to disin fect mangers and feed passages moro A light spraying monthly will Practise proves that disinfection le cheap insurance nnd an yielding a high rate of If Canadian farmers unitedly will hut realize our animal disease nnd losses therefrom would decrease 25 per cent per Farm MARSHAL FOCH AT London In the Jesuit Father related nn in cident on the authority of a chaplain in On the eve of the great of fensive Marshal Foch had called to gether the generals of division to ex plain his plans for tho On taking leave of them he I have n6w done all I I leave you to do the rest now I beg to be left undis turbed for the next An urgent message came soon after for the Gen Marshal Foch could not be found at till the who i knew the conducted the mes senger to a lonely chapel where the Marshal was found on his knees In The death occurred of Rob wife of pas tor of Lnndys Lane Methodist From Our Own MILK a meet Ins of the ratepayers of thn town of Milk River for tho purpose of nomi nating councillors for tho coming year the following wore nominated for mayor oiled and Tho school election for school trniitees will be hold the first of thn Wlor was called to Winnipeg through tho serious illness of his Frank Rllert madeLethbrldge a business visit over tho Milk River no need to worry over shortage of coal for the winter as vrti havo tbfoo mines all turning out flrsKMnss coal equal to any coal shipped McAdoo nnd Ellort were LolUibvlrtge visitors the beginning of tho Penny Tennant hasreturned from Toronto after tfcktaf tltf ftomft OT fWMi 4ltfMM no Interest or but thennhM ft upon thmuelTH thMr fflfi which M who U at ft ha hopM MW wfll some Action ynMt IB Father OoMMl WM ft Milk River visitor oft OPPNMtlON arriving fiwm tioulariy 4Mtan that in of the tmrt MM war nominally thji eentlnua to iMMreat the rMMHni In thM Vlllaga on IIMk mtf in habited wltly fey hit been itt on Sf tMlgarlam Saskatchewan government in oreaslng taxes on and trust THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE SIR EDMUND PreHdent H V Anl GenL Manager m JOHN V CAPITAL PAID T Resewe SAFETY DEPOSIT The Bank recommends the use of its safety deposit boxes for the keeping of valuable Our charges are ww Lethbridge Manager Warner Manager Milk River Manager OF CANADA Cooperative Saving s facilitated and en couraged by the open Ing of a Joint Savings Account in the names of Husband and Father and Brother and or any two or more members of the Either can deposit or withdraw money at and the Interest accrues to the credit of Ask the Manager for full Manager CABOSTON Manager BARONS BRANCH Manager THE ROYAL BANK OF CANADA INCORPORATED Capital Reserve and Undivided Total 520 Branches In British West Porto Dominican Costa Rica and SAVINGS DEPARTMENT Accounts may bo opened with an initial deposit of One Interest is credited Business Accounts carried upon favorable terror LETHBRIDGE BRANCH Manager MAGRATH Manager CARD8TON Manager Fires Break Out and thieves break Dont risk the or invite the by keeping money in the Put it in The Merchants where it will be safe from always earn interest at highest current i MERCHANTS BANK Head Office OF CANADA Established LEI HBRIDGB MONARCH Acting NOBLEFORD Acting Prosperous City worth of Grain anc other field pro ducts pass annually through the City of are you putting aside a little for the lean years which will come Buy a Victory Bond or two afid see that your Will is properly the British Canadian Trust HEAD 315 FIFTH STKEIT ALBERTA PHONE 1B4S TH e ESTD 18T3 RABBIT SKINS tliaii Australian ruhhit aklnH will on salt next it Was announced hero Tho to havo boon sold in Improved shipping facilities and lower freight rates arts mild l havo boon i for transferring UK trade to this STANDARD BANK OF1 CANADA HEAD OPriCK TORONTO Savings A Savings Account a mine of Those with money in the bank are always prepared when tunities Acquire the Deposit your surplus earnings regularly in our Savings Interest is allowed at current rate and added to principal or compounded half 383 Manager 13th G Manager 4th Avenue BIU Manager New Accountanliacharge Theres A Reason Why YOU should make YOUR WILL and appoint us Write us about Tiie Trusts and Guarantee limited CALGARY AND ALBERTA LETHERIDCE OFFICE BANK OF COMMERCE Public Administrator and Official Atiljnee for the Judicial Medicine Rtd LUND SON Wholesale and Retail Dealers in LUMBER Moulding and Finishinf Lunbtr Builders1 Supplies of All Kinds CONSULT US REGARDING WE BUILD HOUSES TO ORDER HEAD OFFICE AND DISTRIBUTING CORNER THIRD AVENUE AND SEVENTEENTH BRANCH YARDS AT CHIN AND BARN AT THESE POINTS WE HANDLE FENCING MATER HARDWARE AND FARM BOX OR PHONE LETHBRIDGE ;