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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 13, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD Friday, December 13, 1974 EDITORIALS It's all there is No industry has such reserves for statistical confusion proven, probable, potential, in place or recoverable as the petroleum industry. Very few certainties exist about petroleum reserves. Industry is accused of underestimating them to suit its own purposes. The United States Geological Survey is being accused, both from within and from without its organization, of over estimating reserves by an amazing rule of thumb approach. The Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists estimates reserves of which it is 90 per cent certain, at the low end of the scale, and those of which it is only 10 per cent certain, at the high end of the scale, thus bracketing a wide range of possibilities. The fact is that no one knows how much oil, in whatever state, remains un- derground and the quantities cited in any instance depend on the method of ex- trapolation and the data used. This is one area of confusion. Another one involves terminology. Quantities of oil or gas, for that matter may be stated in terms of proven reserves or in terms of those which probably exist and these, in turn, can be stated in quantities in place, meaning the total amount, or in quan- tities which are recoverable. And the quantities which are thought of as recoverable can be stated in at least two ways, those which are recoverable in terms of today's technology and economics and those which may be recovered with tomorrow's technology and tomorrow's price for oil. All of this leaves a wide latitude for op- timism or pessimism in any instance for any purpose by any one person or organization. This leads to much public confusion in trying to resolve conflicting claims and contradictory testimony in order to arrive at' a wise use of this resource. However, one certainty does exist in regard to oil reserves underground. No more are being created, since the geological time span necessary for such a process is too long to have any applica- tion to today's civilization. The amount that does exist, whatever it amounts to in billions of barrels, is all there is. And it must not be wasted. And the world cannot wait until it is gone to start look- ing seriously for substitute energy sources. Questioning counselling Whatever the separate school trustees decide to do about closed or open meeting discussion of the need for special school counsellors they can scarcely avoid a fairly full disclosure of the substance of their deliberations now that the public's interest has been aroused. The counsellors also will ob- viously be quite concerned to be kept in the picture, if not to get right into it. Any hint that an established specialty in the education industry might be con- sidered expendable is intriguing. The public is not accustomed to the elimina- tion of specialists in the school systems any more than in the civil service; accretion is what has become the familiar pattern. It comes as a bit of a surprise that the counselling specialty should be questioned. Nothing has been so widely accepted in recent times as counselling. Once a function of the clergy and of the friendly neighbor it has now become a profession in its own right. Counsellors are in private practice, in public service, in hospitals, in factories, and just about everywhere there are people. For them to be in the schools seems natural. As in any other profession, there are some counsellors who probably do not do a good job. Mechanisms are needed for weeding out the incompetents. The increasing difficulty of making the mechanisms work as a consequence of union protection is a worrisome thing. But this is not something likely to engage public attention; the doubt cast on the necessity of having special counsellors does warrant notice. The preliminary discussion of the sub- ject does not seem to indicate doubt of the need for counselling. On the contrary, the comments of the trustees appear to suggest there is an increasing need for counselling. That teachers might assume the counselling role when, as a whole, they have been steadily retreating from the acceptance of extra responsibilities such as lunchroom supervision, seems highly questionable. Unless something different from this emerges in future discussion, therefore, the public's interest will have been aroused for nought. THE CASSEROLE James Reston, the New York Times com- mentator, writing about Prime Minister Trudeau's visit to Washington observed, "The way things are going, Canada and the rest of the hemisphere may be more impor- tant to the future of the United States than anybody else, but he (Trudeau) ended up on the back pages, and having a sense of humor and a sense of history, he pretended he didn't mind." treatment for their health problems. Relatives, and even physicians, he claims, are far too quick to attribute health defects to old age, and not bother to treat them as they would if they occurred in younger patients The seven per cent of Albertans who are 65 or older receive 28 per cent of the care provided in active treatment hospitals. Ac- cording to Dr. J. Graham Clarkson, consul- tant to several provincial health departments, this could be reduced very con- siderably if the elderly were given normal Anyone who thinks telephone service is too costly might ponder a new installation that will extend Bell Canada services to natives north of the 51st parallel. The exten- sion will cost which works out to per person served. The cost is to be split equally between Bell and the Ontario government, which really means Jhe tax- payer. That's who finances Ontario, and un- doubtedly Bell will promptly pass its share along to the consumer, who is that same tax- payer. ERIC NICOL Spreading the Christmas spirits Harvard nutritionist Jean Mayer says Americans could feed millions of starving people by limiting themselves to one drink at cocktail parties. Most alcohol is made from grain, and Mayer says Americans drink enough beer and cocktails each year to feed 40 to 50 million people. (News item) A couple of weeks after the above item appeared in the newspaper, Fred and Vera dropped in to our house for their annual pre- Christmas visit. Fred is a great one for house-crawling, around Christmas. House-crawling is like pub-crawling only cheaper. Fred likes to plump himself down in the most comfortable chair beside the fire, and rub his hands together festively, his nose twinkling with bonhomie and free booze. Vera sits on the hard chair, and watches Fred. She does not appear to watch him as part of the joy of Christmas. She just stares at him, much like a farmer staring at a river that is approaching flood level. "Well, I said, knowing that Vera didn't indulge, "what can I get you to "Oh, anything's said Fred. Fred always says "Oh, anything's okay." That way he prompts the host to list his stock, and Fred, later in the evening, has a pretty shrewd idea of whether he has drunk the place dry. I said. '.'What about a Bangladesh Fred's eyes became wary. He is a scotch and water man, and I know it, and he knows I know it. He said: "What's a Bangladesh "Prune juice with a dash of fruit salts. Great for clearing the road block." "Ha, said Fred. "I'll have a scotch and water." I said incredulously. "You could swallow a drink that contains alcohol made from grain that would otherwise feed fifty million of the world's starving "I didn't ask you to make it a Fred said. Vera emitted a sniff charged with meaning, rasping: "He's already knocked off Africa. Now he's working on Asia." Fred shot her a glance that did not stint on communication. "I'll take a he said. "I've stopped buying I said. "Beer too is made from the malt that represents un- told lives saved from suffering." "Right snapped Fred. "Wouldn't it be a grand thing if all we North Americans gave up alcoholic drinks for Christmas, the grain saved going to the needy nations? What could be more in the spirit of the "You're sick." Fred had begun to pale visibly. "Nobody can face Christmas without the cup that cheers. Next you'll be saying we should celebrate New Year's with soda pop." "A great I said. "Fewer deaths for drinking drivers, in our part of the world. The staff of life for the hungry elsewhere." "I'll drink to said Vera. "Do you have any pleaded Fred. "Even in Bangladesh they don't eat cactus." "Sorry, I said. "All I can offer you is a glass of Tong." "You mean Tang." "No, Tong. It's made from mandarin oranges." Fred and Vera left, shortly after. One thing you have to give Fred: he knows when he's had enough. "Get up Henry... you'll be late for work-to-rule." Today's ultra secrets By William Saf ire, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON British actor Leslie Howard, whom generations of Americans remember as the gentle Ashley Wilkes in Gone With The Wind, boarded an aircraft early in the Second World War on a secret mission. The Ger- mans knew about it and shot down the unarmed plane. The British knew beforehand that the Germans knew, but to protect the secret of how they knew, British intelligence let the plane go down and the ac- tor die. On another occasion, Field Marshall Goering's Luftwaffe targeted the city of Coventry for saturation bombing, to show Britons the horror of continued resistance. Winston Churchill was told of the plan in time to have been able to evacuate Coventry; to protect the secret of how he knew, he chose to allow the name of Coventry to become syn- onymous with destruction. The secret that had to be protected at all costs was "The Ultra disclosed after 35 years in a book by Frederick Winterbotham, now 76, who had been an RAF intelligence officer. The secret was this, the British had cracked the seemingly un- breakable code of the Nazi high command, and were able to read their opponent's top- level messages throughout the war. The other night, the veterans of the office of strategic services predecessor to the CIA gathered in Washington to present the William Donovan award to export import bank chairman William J. Casey, who had been the American chief of secret intelligence in Europe during the Second World War. The room was fill- ed with aging, fairly successful men fellows-well-met who had led spying or resistance operations in a war against an undoubted enemy when they were young and daring. Casey told how information gathered by Ultra which not even the OSS knew about at the time was used to help protect Allied forces in the in- vasion of Europe. German General Von Rundstedt believed that "Overlord" the Allied in- vasions of Europe would be launched at Calais, across the narrowest part of the English Channel; General Rommel disagreed, predicting it would come in Normandy. Rommel was right but even after the Normandy landings took place on D-Day, Hitler would not commit all available forces to smashing the allied beachhead. That was because of a giant deception by the Allies, which had the Germans believing that the Normandy landing was a mere diversion, and that 30 divisions of Allied troops which never existed were poised to strike at Calais as soon as German Panzer divisions there moved south to Normandy. When Ultra intercepts showed that Hitler was torn between Von Rundstedt and Rommel, allied intelligence was told by Eisenhower and Churchill to redouble the flow of false information backing up the deluded Von Runstedt's belief. They did; Hitler would not send reserves to Rommel; the Allied beachhead was not driven back into the sea. Think of it- the Germans had stolen the plans for D- Day, and even alter the landings began, would not act on their information, because allied intelligence had con- vinced them that the stolen secret and even what their eyes were telling them was not to be believed Breathtaking stuff. Master- ful deceit. And the ruthless decisions ot Churchill to let men and cities die rather than expose the secret was justified in history. But the alternatives faced at the time by Churchill, F.D.R. and the handful of men making the decisions to protect the secret, must have seared their souls. A long generation later, we are still making what we now call without the drama, certainly without the heroics, and without the courage to explore the con- scious choices we are being forced to make. We have chosen to throw millions of men and women out of work so that inflation can be curbed and our economy brought back from the brink, and we must now choose whether to adopt the official democratic line of ab- solute economic dictatorship. We have chosen to throw more than a hundred billion dollars over the next decade into the direct purchase of nuclear arms, which we call limiting the arms race, because we hope that any agreement to race shoulder to shoulder with neither side leading will ensure human survival. We have chosen to try to feed starving millions without demanding stringent popula- tion control, salving our con- sciences today but probably causing 10 times the starva- tion in the coming generation. In today's world, Coventrys still have to be sacrificed, but we shut our eyes to the life and death consequences ot the choices we make. We kill collective bargain- ing in the name of stability, we finance an arms race in the name of equality, and we induce starvation in the name of humanity. But these are decisions being made in peacetime must we treat them now as "ultra Overtures from a minority By Carl Rowan, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON When I first visited "Southern Rhodesia" almost 19 years ago, I thought this bit of southern Africa to be as close to paradise as any place I had ever seen. Small wonder, I thought in later years, that a mere 000 Rhodesian white settlers would try to seize it as their own, claiming the most gorgeously temperate areas for their residences, the most productive farmlands for growing their tobaccos and other products. Even as they used the most draconian police powers to reduce 4.5 million Africans to serfdom. Maybe the British would give up the mosquito ridden bogs of West Africa, I thought, and the Belgians under duress might even relinguish the copper rich slopes of the Congo, but Salisbury is too beautiful, the rest of Rhodesia too delightful, for the Europeans ever to let Africans rule here except after the pain of terrible bloodshed. Then I visited South Africa just over four years ago, and I saw something more of the incredible beauty, the fan- tastic climate, the mind boggling wealth (diamonds, uranium, etc.) of the southern end of that remarkable con- tinent. I saw first hand the police-state apparatus which whites in South Africa had built up to keep tabs on 13 million blacks, 000 Indians, two million coloreds all to make sure that whites would always rule this bit of nature's magic. This southern tip of Africa is still an area of potential crisis rivaling the Middle East. Apartheid in South Africa, brutal repression by the white minority in Rhodesia, are still depressing realities. But things are stirr- ing in this veritable Garden of Eden a lot sooner than I ever dreamed possible. Meetings are underway in Lusaka, Zambia Rhodesia" when I first visited which could soon produce the incredible result of black majority rule in Rhodesia, where the white breakaway government of Ian Smith has heretofore seemed unbendable. Prime Minister John Vorster and other South Africans have been in secret negotiations with black leaders of the Ivory Coast and Zambia, seeking to arrange a sort of "detente" between whites and blacks on the southern end of the continent. The South Africans have been saying that Lee Elder playing golf and Arthur Ashe playing tennis and maybe even jour- nalist Carl Rowan moving about the country unimpeded must be taken as a sign that apartheid can give way to the new times. What does it all mean? Man is too selfish a creature to surrender the beauty I saw in Salisbury, the splendor and riches I saw in Johannesburg and Cape Town, out of any sudden sense of right- eousness. So why these over- tures by these white minorities? Tiny, smirked at Portugal has a lot to do with it. When Portugal conceded it could not go on fighting a bankrupting, devastating war against guerrillas in Angola and Mozambique, the message was clear to Vorster Co. in Pretoria and Smith Colleagues, in Salisbury: they could come to terms early with black Africans, or they could engage in a generation or two of warfare which would estrange them from much of the white world and expose their children and grandchildren to ultimate calamity. A lot of people enjoying the delights of Rhodesia, the sweet life of Durban, might say: "To hell with our grandchildren; let them fight for themselves." So a measure of praise may be due John Vorster and Ian Smith if they really have seen the light, if they really have decided that only the vultures can benefit from a generation of human slaughter. The southern end of Africa is big enough, and beautiful enough, and rich enough, for many millions of blacks and whites to live there in splen- dor given a n.easure of equality, of trust, of mutual respect. Could that be in the cards in my lifetime? It is almost beyond belief, but a beautiful prospect, nonetheless. Letters Incorrect impression This letter is to correct an impression left with readers as a result of a letter by Professor W. B. Lambert which appeared in The Herald Dec. 7. Professor Lambert was concerned about CIC ac- tivity with respect to opening up the meetings of the Univer- sity of Lethbridge board of governors to public scrutiny. He mentioned that Mr. John Andrusiak spoke as a member of the Committee for an Independent Canada on this issue. Professor Lambert's remarks about the CIC have given us some concern. At no time has the executive board of the Lethbridge chapter of the Committee for an Independent Canada authoriz- ed Mr. Andrusiak to speak on its behalf on this issue. In fact, the Lethbridge chapter has taken no stand on the open board of governors meetings issue. We are concerned with national issues involving the survival of our country and this issue is not one of them. We have checked our membership records and there is no Mr. John Andrusiak listed as a member of the CIC. It is therefore suggested that Mr. Andrusiak was acting on his own behalf consistent with his own per- sonal definition of what democracy and the university means. It is true that Mr. Andrusiak approached the Lethbridge chapter with the idea of forming a CIC club on the university campus but he was not able to do so and he long ago ceased activity. His job then was strictly one of organizing, with no policy responsibilities whatsoever. The CIC, in its fight for national survival, must take a certain amount of criticism but we do not expect to be criticized for what we have not done. ROGER RICKWOOD Chairman Lethbridge CIC White Australia Policy I noticed some very mis- leading information in a casserole item, (The Herald, Dec. There was absolutely no connection between drop- ping the WAP and Australia's needing Asian labor. Australian industry has been seriously short of manpower for several decades although the shortage in 1974 is no longer acute and is perhaps non existent. The WAP was introduced over a century ago for pragmatic reasons. In recent times the policy has been a source of shame for most Australians and the abolition has been long overdue. The Whitlam government recently withdrew the policy, with the backing of almost every Australian citizen and I repeat, the White Australia Policy was abolish- ed for no necessity of Asian labor but merely as a matter of principle. DENNIS CONNOLLY Lethbridge Zorba was no saint I disagreed with Ms. Van Luven's review of Zorba in part when she overlooked the fact that the sound, though seemingly loud to her ears, was consistent with the recorded insert and one had to listen intently to realize that it was a recording. Also, she didn't say anything about the set design and the use of the stage. However, that is past history. I wasn't going to say anything until I read the letter (The Herald Dec. 9) relating Zorba to a spiritual ex- perience. I can't let that one go by. The character of Zorba, to me was a 'devil may care' and novel individual, but to say that Zorba was a saint and one who "touched the hem of God" made me cough through my Christmas shortbread and milk. Zorba was a loose, live today... die tomorrow person who romped in bed with every promiscuous woman who swallowed his line of guff. I am repulsed with the idea that he is a saint and his actions are given the blessings of above. IAN G. MANDIN Lethbridge Pincher Creek arena Regarding The Herald arti- cle Dec. 9, on the town of Pincher Creek, I feel obliged to make some clarifications. While it is true that the town is undertaking the renovation of the arena for the upcoming winter games, it will be foreign to the truth to take the credit for the work. This pro- ject could not have been done without the help of Coun- cillors Robert Neish, Roland Cote, and the town superintendent, Joe Malanchuk. Also included is the co operation received from Shell Canada Ltd. both at the management level, and the personal participation of many employees Indeed, there are many persons involved. We are thankful to Moon Construc- tion, who believe, with us, that by hook or by crook, we will have the project com- pletely finished by games time. JUAN J. TERAN Mayor Town of Pincher Creek Solar energy research I am very much concerned about the direction this country is taking in respect to oil and conservation. Our national and provincial leaders seem to be haggling over who will subsidize the oil companies the most, for more of that black pollutant that the companies will then use to blackmail our leaders in order to get more subsidies. Considering all the damage done to our soil by the excava- tion of coal and oil, causing all sorts of problems with air and water pollution not to men- tion the health hazards to mankind, animals and birds, including all of nature, I think it's about time we started searching for a new energy, namely solar energy. It is already used on a small scale in various ways and all that is needed is to re direct our will and our money, to expand this inexhaustible and clean energy on a national scale. I know this will take some time, but we have to begin to ex- tricate ourselves from the clutches of the polluting oil and coal companies sometime. Most of the problems that we have today would simply disappear if we had solar energy now. These oil people who always bring up patriotism when they want to use someone for their own profit, could really do something patriotic for this country if they would divert their huge profits into making solar energy a reality and clean up our environment. M. BILLECK Coaldale The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Letlibrldoe. Alberta LETHBRICMSE HERALD CO. LTD Proprietor! and f Second CtoM Mall Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS, Editor and PublWwr DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Adverting Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Edttor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT BueMeM Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;