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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 13, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Study of a second language is valuable By Mrs. Johanna C. Vander local writer A few years ago many un- iversity faculties decided to abolish the foreign language thereby freeing students from having to include French or any other foreign language in their matriculation subjects. Educators made two predic- 1. That student enrolment in French in the secondary schools would decline. 2. That from now on only highly motivated students would choose French. These predictions have since been verified. The foreign language teacher is faced with the choice of either becoming very despondent over the whole matter of low or heeding to the temptation to sit back and glorying in the fact that his students are intrinsically while pitying his poor colleagues who have to motivate many of their students. The first choice is futile. Although seemingly more the second one is ignominious in that it covertly supports the myths that Anglophones are not generally endowed with the gift of language studies and that a foreign language study is good lor the academic elite. the question may well te asked whether the study of mother language has any at all in today's curriculum. And if Being a I relieve in the value of education. Every human be- ng is born with an innate lesire to an innate that demands inswers to the why and the low-come. whether formal or guides him in his search for he answer so that he will lave a beter view of himself md the world around him. In being a French I believe that the study of another language jrovides a unique experience 'or the student in that it allows him to go beyond the monolingual and monocultural boundaries. It will reveal to him that there are other people who feel and go shop- ping. He will understand that there are other ways of saying other values and al- titudes. the study of another language will create awareness and provide the student with insights which previously were impossible. By comparing what the student's own culture and the culture of the language he is studying have in common and how they he will by listening to conversations in that buying meat is a different experience for the French i.e. she will go to the butcher shop and ask for it rather than pick it out and that a French girl is just as eager to buy a new dress despite the fact that she may have hundreds of them in her closet according to her mother. By studying the way other people think and the stu- dent will change his attitude towards another culture and towards his own. There will be things that appear funny as well as things that are more pleasing to the ear. A mother- in-law is in French a pretty or beautiful mother the fact that the husband's mother is only a mother-in- law be the reason for the abundance of mother and daughter-in-law jokes in In this part of city dwellers tend to think of country people as be- ing their but the country folk of France are the object of many a joke. By studying the way language expresses meaning the student will understand that certain aspects of the other language are more others less exact than in his own language. When us- ing a certain the French cannot differentiate between a person or a there are no words available to express that some of these same pronouns point out to which class the noun belongs. This has lost its importance in English. In French the verb will show whether one a the or an show- ing that there are three kinds of involved. When using the verb pick French not only makes it clearer where the thing to be picked up i.e. on the floor or higher up. such as on a chair or on a but in addi- tion makes a distinction with regard to the size of that which is to be picked up from the such as a box or pieces of paper. To be English makes distinctions which are not present in French. Every student will recognize that one his a or his suitcase. I would like to add here that it always amuses me to see that students generally do not en- counter any difficulty learning to be aware and use these different verbs in but do find it frustrating to use one'verb in French when there are different ones in because then they are very much aware that there are different concepts involved. Book reviews So far I have not mentioned the acquisition of the language i.e. reading and writing. In an era where so much emphasis is placed on communication shouldn't at- taining mastery of these skills be the primary goal to strive The answer to that no. Being aware of other languages and other cultures is much more imporant. To expect a student to be fluent in another language after three years of high school French is unrealistic. Students have dis- covered long ago that near- native mastery of all foreign language skills is an impossi- ble dream to aim for in the time available to them. On the other some knowledge of another language obviously precedes appreciation of that language in its essence. Some knowledge must exist before the subtleties of meaning can be understood and new dimen- sions be added. But that is not the same as requiring the stu- dent to have mastered the language. It is best to draw an analogy with other subjects. It is a self-evident truth that not every student who is taking piano lessons does so with the view of becoming a concert pianist. Neither is every stu- dent who studies biology head- ed towards a career in science. Learning another language must be viewed in the same way. The most a stu- dent will get out of his high school French u an introduc- tion to language and an awareness of other cultures. From the foregoing it should be clear that the goals for learning another language are found within the nature of language itself and do not necessarily have to be pragmatic or instrumental in that they can be appreciated only if they help in finding a better job or travelling abroad. Although one national aim is many jobs are still available where a second language is not re- quired. And one can travel all over the world without know- ing another language. From the foregoing it should be clear that the essen- tial ingredient of a foreign language study is to be aware of other cultures. learning another language forms an integral part of a GENERAL hence is an educational experience for ALL students. Why study a foreign Because it expands the student's personal ex- perience of his environment. To him are opened up the sub- tleties of meaning which it is impossible to have knowing only English. Impressive record of RCMP Royal Canadian Mounted A Century of by Nora and William Kelly 318 This book is the saga of the world famous Royal Canadian Mounted Police. It is the best and most comprehensive of the history of this celebrated police force. The two authors have a close connection with the RCMP. Mrs. Nora Hickson Kelly wrote The Men of the Mounted some 25 years ago while William H. Kelly is a former deputy commissioner who spent 37 years with the force. This fine book appears to have been a labor of love. In many ways this is the most readable history of Canada that I have come across in many a day. The tradition of law and order that the original members of the then North West Mounted Police established on the Canadian prairies is in mark- ed contrast to what was Seven years before the Palliser sign went the first barrels of PalliserReserve CanadianWhisky were laid down. Today there is a proud new name in Canadian rye whisky. Palliser. The new Palliser distillery in Alberta has brought together the skills and the talents of as fine a team of whisky- makers as Canada has ever assembled. Even though our distillery is new and the product we sell is aged the full number of years. Our business began long before we opened our Lethbridge plant. It began with our bringing together the finest aged Canadian whiskies that go to make up Palliser a smooth and satisfying seven-year-old. Each year since then we have also laid down for Palliser Colony House Palliser Black Label PalHser Golden Special Look for them at all Alberta liquor stores. See how well we have started a new tradition of distilling excellence. PALLISER Palliser Distillers Alberta happening south of the 49th parallel. Here is the rich story of some of the most colorful per- sonalities that have appeared in the history of the nation. George Arthur the first assembl- ed the force of 300 inex- perienced men and made them into one of the most ef- ficient police forces in the and went on to become a general in the British army. James Farquharson Macleod actually led the force on its historic march from across the plains to the foothills of the Rockies where he constructed the military post named after him. Major James Morrow with only a few persuaded Sitting Bull and his Sioux who had defeated General Ouster at the Little Big to obey the law while they stayed in Canada. There are dozens of other names of Mounties which once were household words in Canada. The authors describe many of the memorable episodes from the Klondike Gold Rush days in the Yukon to the Soviet espionage case of the 1940s and the political scan- dals surrounding Gerda Mun- singer in the 1960s. This book should be made compulsory reading for those who appear to believe that all law enforcement officers are corrupt and The consistently impressive record of the RCMP and the dedication of its members to .the force's original ideals have never received the public recognition they should have. This that also contains 24 pages of historic photographs and several interesting is the first fully comprehensive account of the first 100 years of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Strongly recommended as a Christmas gift to any Cana- dian who wants to know more of our cultural heritage. ERNEST MARDON Books in brief Sides by Reubln Slonim Irwin Company 176 pages Both Sides Now was written by a Reuben who spent 25 years covering news of the Israelis and Arabs as a news correspondent. Much information and com- parison is given of the backgrounds of these their politics and lifestyle the Arabs and their two Ben Gurion and his orphan Nasser's down- fair in also how the Aswan dam does not come up to expectations. I felt the author was most fair and unbiased in his views. For reading this book proved to be a most interesting and worthwhile ex- perience especially since the recent renewed trouble between them. Damascus DATION 1947 JiARMISTICE LINES 1949 Cairo Cairo SAUDI ARABIA ARAB TERRITORIES SEIZED BY ISRAEL IN 1948-49 WAR Palestinian key to peace By Arnold London Observer commentator For half a century the Western world has been callously indifferent to the suffering of the Palestinian people until made to suffer itself by the embargo now imposed by the oil producing Arab states. The Middle East will not win a genuine and lasting peace until the Palestinian Arab people can set up a regime of their own choosing as the rightful masters of what is left of their former homeland. Jewish settlers were with British and American to establish the state of Israel in the best part of the Palestinian homeland. Most of the lawful Arab inhabitants have been expatriate refugees since a minority have become subjects of Israel. Since 1967 the remnants of Palestine the Jordan West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been occupied by the Israelis. Most of Jordan's inhabitants came from the West but they are not free King Hussein's regime is autocratic and maintained by a largely Bedouin army. Today the only free Palestinians are Yasser Arafat's Palestine Liberation Organization a Palestine equivalent of Ireland's illegal Irish Republican Army and some other more intransigent guerrilla formations which are like the more aggressive Provisional IRA men. Egypt and Syria are at war with Israel because they have intervened since 1948 on behalf of their Palestinian kinsmen. It will not be enough now to liberate only the Egyp- tian and Syrian territories occupied by Israeli forces. Unless and until life has been made tolerable again for the neither these nor any other Arab people can be recon- ciled to Israel's existence. At the recent Arab congress at Algiers Arafat was recognized by the participants as the sole representative of the Palestinian but it seems improbable that most of the Palestinian people would choose Arafat as their spokesman. It is therefore im- perative as and when Israeli forces are withdrawn over the 1967 armistice Palestinian territory outside these on the West Bank of the Jordan and in the Gaza should be occupied simultaneously by neutral UN and that a UN com- missioner should be appointed to arrange for free elections. Palestinian expatriates should have the opportunity to return and take part in deciding Palestine's though they could not all be guaranteed a permanent home there. .Peace with security is no doubt the aim of most Israelis and and the UN peace-keeping force would secure this for both. A militant minority in both com- munities has the opposite objective of making a lasting peace settlement impossible. These extremists are the Middle Eastern counter- parts of the Protestant and Roman Catholic extremists in strife-torn Northern Ireland. The Israelis are now being required to CEASEFIRE LINES 1967 withdraw to their side of the 1948-49 armistice lines. The Arabs are being required to accept these lines as permanent political frontiers between them and Israel. The Palestinian Arabs are still being asked to make a perma- nent renunciation of the best part of their ancestral homeland. It is much to for before Palestine was conquered from Turkey by the British in the First World Palesti- nian Arabs formed at least 90 per cent of the country's population. Israel's current title derives from flie award-made by the United Nations in when they voted to partition Palestine into Arab and Jewish states. The UN decree was stillborn. The Arabs rejected it at the and Israel the following year conquered con- siderably more territory than the UN decree had awarded. If Israel's title under the 1947 award is then so is Arab Palestine's. But Israel is not being required to withdraw within the narrower limits of the UN decree. In any on the UN partition map the territories proposed for the Arab and Jewish states were so closely woven with each other that the plan would have been practicable only between two people that were in unusual- ly trustful and cordial relations with each other. But it would give a liberated Palestine a juridicialbasis for seeking to negotiate free- ly with Israel some fringe benefits beyond the 1948-49 line. One such benefit Israel might be wise to concede for the sake of amiable co-existence is first-class citizenship for the Palestinian Arab minority living in Israel. A second benefit Israel might be wise to concede this is not extracted from Israel in a peace would be rights of way for the West Bank liberated Palestinian territory across Israel to the Gaza Strip and perhaps also to the Israeli ports at Jaffa and Haifa. In these two Israel might perhaps give free Palestine a free zone are precedents for this at Salonica and These two suggested for Free Palestine would require no unaccep- table sacrifices on Israel's they would help to reconcile the Palestinians to Israel's permanent presence on former Palestinian and the suggested rights of way for Free Palestine would be hostages for ensur- ing that Free Palestine would co-exist with Israel as a good neighbor. Amicable co- existence be a necessity of life for both countries. In this they have an iden- tical and we may hope that this will be recognized by most of the people of both sides. Free Palestine's first need is for national self guaranteed by a United Nations and if relations with Israel take a friendly Free Palestine may provide the much-needed link of friendship between Israel and the Arab world as whole. LINES 973 Cairo EGYPT SAUDI ARABIA LAND OCCUPIED ISRAEL IN 1M7 BY LAND OCCUPIED ISRAEL IN 1973 ON THE USE OF WORDS By Theodore M. Bernstein Word oddities. A reasonably common word is meaning like an uncle. But asks Lillian Aronoff of is the parallel word that means like an There seems to be perhaps because one is not needed. Webster's unabridged dic- tionary in its second edition gives aontlsh and auntllke and in its third edition mysteriously gives only auntly. So score one for the male chauvinist pigs. On the other there is a word that means a female homosexual Lesbian but there seems to be no word that means a male homosexual. That evens the score for the women's liberationists or does gotten. Doubts are often raised about the acceptability of have got and and asks for an opinion on the subject. The words have as in have got a really good have long been put down by schoolmaster sticklers as an but most authorities agree that it is not. At worst they find it colloquial more common in everyday speech than in literary language. The of refer to mere possession and the got could be easily omitted. The words have gotten refer to the act of have gotten enough bread to last a That is what Americans would say. The don't like the word they would feel compelled to substitute bought or acquired or obtained or some other word. As with the word gotten is acceptable in spoken but one of the more precise words would be in At A A ;