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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 13, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Lesson to legislators In the state of Washington a disgruntl- ed Seattle furniture salesman recently directed a shocking message to the legislators. It is a message legislators elsewhere should heed. Last Governor Dan Evans and his fellow law-makers in Washington state voted themselves a 193 per cent pay increase for their part-time jobs. Mr. Bruce the furniture thought the hike was excessive and set out get the enabling legislation blocked. A technicality precluded the organiz- ing of a referendum to override the pay legislation so Mr. Helm was faced with the task of collecting signatures in a month in support of an initiative a form of private citizen's bill. When word of his intention to collect the signatures got out volunteers came to his assistance and in three weeks more than people had signed the petition. The initiative was voted on last month and passed by a four-to-ohe margin resulting in the state's elected officials losing their pay increases. The limits the officials to a 5.5 per cent the figure recommended in guidelines issued by the federal cost-of- living council. As pay for legislators the Washington figures were low and the increases proposed only brought them in line with those in Alberta. The mistake seems to have been to try to bring the pay up too fast ignoring the mood of dis- illusion with now per- vasive in the U.S. as a result of Watergate. Legislators ought not to be expected to serve at considerable financial cost to themselves something that precludes all but the rich from running for office. But care has to be exercised to avoid big hikes that appear to sanction similar increases elsewhere and thus give a lead to inflationary tendencies. The answer would appear to be legislation that calls for regular standard increases rather than the periodic attempts usually made to grant reasonable pay. No longer fashionable Word that the lobby of the National Arts Centre will be restricted to non- that Air Canada is currently taking a marketing survey to see if more non-smoking areas are required and that super markets are ordering no smoking signs is indicative of growing public concern. But according to figures releas- ed by Statistics hardest hit by such restrictions may be teenage girls. Smoking among teenage females has increased sharply since 1965 in every province other than B.C. In Quebec it has increased 15 per cent to today's 39 per cent compared to 24 per cent in 1965. Miss Mary McCarten of the Ottawa Tuberculosis and Respiratory Disease Association blames this increase on the fact that young girls no longer have the of marriage to drift into but must face a bewildering number of demands upon graduation. Dr. Bob cigarette researcher and professor of psychology at Ottawa's St. Pat's college feels women's groups should take up anti-smoking educational campaigns aimed at young girls. According to Dr. must make it fashionable not to Perhaps the fact that smoking is becom- ing out-of-bounds in some public areas is the first constructive move. It was a letter from Mrs. Joseph publicity chairman of the newly-formed Non- Smoker's that persuaded the management of the National Arts Centre to make this move the fact they had been considering it for some It may require other concerned citizens speaking up in their individual communities to result in similar regulations. The myth that smok- ing is fashionable has had its day. Today the non-smokers want clean air. ART BUCHWALD A humdinger explanation WASHINGTON It seems the mystery of the 18-minute hum on one of the key presiden- tial tapes may never be resolved. Rose Mary Woods. President Nixon's lawyers and even Judge Sirica have no idea how it happened. Every possible theory has been advanced and rejected except one. The one explanation that no one has men- tioned is that the president was humming by himself for the entire 18 minutes. I was put on to this theory by a former White House aide who says that one of Presi- dent Nixon's biggest secrets is that he likes to .hum when he's struggling with the major problems of the world. mean the entire 18 minutes of hum on the tape could have been made by the I asked. I've seen the president hum for hours at a time. It relaxes him and helps him tough it out. He hummed all during the Viet- namese and I wouldn't be surprised if he's been humming ever since if the 18 minutes of humming was made by the why didn't he just say so and save us all from thinking the the president doesn't want anyone to know he hums. He'll do anything to keep people from finding I asked. is afraid if the American people know he hums they may think he's not cool. He .doesn't want to go down in history as the first American president who was known as a ner- vous nothing wrong with humming. of people do but the president doesn't hum very well. If you listen to the disputed you'll realize his voice is a terrible monotone. Can you imagine what the media would do to him if they discovered the 18-minute hum on the tape was actually made by the president of the United you think Rose Mary Woods was aware that the hum she heard was made by her certain of it. She's been trying to break him of the humming habit for 25 about the president's Did they not certain of that. The president only hums around people he really trusts. When he goes out boating with Bebe Rebozo he and when he screens 'Patton' with his family he and when he watches the Redskins he hums. he never hums around people he doesn't such as his a minute. On the tape there were two distinctive hums. One went for five minutes and was very and the rest of the time the hum was much lower. How do you explain president was probably doing two different things. He may have hummed loudly when he was reading The Washington and he could have hummed softly while he was working on his income I explains it. And to think Rose Mary Woods is taking the rap for the said the White House what secretaries are Britannia rules the knaves. Two-price system needed By Richard syndicated commentator The issue goes to the heart of this if not political- ly country. It may determine whether we are a country at all. or merely the lowest common denominator of agreement among ten petty principalities. Two dimensions frame the issue. The first is that as the only western nation self- sufficient in oil. we could gain a crucial and perhaps economic advantage by charging ourselves less for our own oil than we charge to at the prices they 'would have to pay on the world market. But Canadians don't own the oil Albertans do. And that establishes the second dimen- Whether national oil prices and policies will be determined by Alberta's needs or by those of Canada as a whole. Alberta accounts for 85 per cent of Canadian oil produc- tion. There are Quebec produces almost 100 per cent of Canadian Ontario and Saskatchewan account for all Ontario and Manitoba for all the nickel- But none of these com- modities is as as ex- or as impossible to buy elsewhere. As a Quebecer was the first to spot the con- stitutional implications. may be Natural Resources Minister Gilles Masse said the other fundamental change in the way Canadian Confederation Premier Lougheed of Alberta was almost as quick off the mark. quebec thing in the '60s was the major social and cultural confronta- tion of Confederation. Depending on how it works out. the Alberta situation could become the major economic confrontation of the 70s. It already has. Lougheed has begun state- with the big consum- ing Ontario and Quebec. He has invited these governments to invest in Alberta's tar and while Ontario so far has been non- commital. Masse has in- dicated an interest in doing so. through Quebec's state-owned oil company. Precedents can be found for one province investing in but they rank really as historical oddities. The Saskatchewan through its Hydro Com- owns some Alberta natural gas Premier W. A. C. Bennett loaned Quebec million in and today the B.C. govern- ment holds some Hydro- Quebec and Laurentian Autoroute debentures. Lougheed has said also he wants concessions on freight rates and tariffs in return for any price deal. Through the '60s. successive Quebec governments used the im- plied or explicit threat of if- you-don't give us-what-we- want-Quebec-may-separate to win greater autonomy and more money. Alberta is using the lever it has in exactly the same way. But because it is so and is without a roman- tic culture or history. Alberta doesn't attract the same sym- pathy. Some objections to Alber- ta's plans are not particularly convincing. In Edmonton last Ontario Energy Minister Darcy McKeough makes no sense at all to attempt to strengthen the economy of Alberta by upping the price of That's another way of ex- pressing chagrin because On- tario industry is going to shift to Alberta. In the On- tario found it perfectly sensi- ble that Ontario-made automobiles should cost more in Alberta. The real is not the needs of Ontario or of but of Canada. And these must be determined by in co-operation with the not by Alberta alone. Lougheed. wants to do it all by and at least just be able to do so. His new marketing board will control all of Alber- ta's production and thus can determine to whom it and at what prices. The constitution gives Ot- tawa jurisdiction over inter- and of course trade. But Alberta may have more scope than at first seemed likely. Alberta owns its oil in the literal sense of the it comes from leased but not sold to the oil companies. Precedents can be found for provinces controlling extra- provincial trade in com- modities they own as opposed to those which simply or are manufactured a particular province. In Ontario successfully applied extra-provincial regulation to limber cut on crown lands. There's no question Alberta deserves a fair and has every right to bargain hard for it. But domestic oil pegged as McKeough put to those of the cartel blackmail-ridden world when they need to be. would mean that Canadian consumers would be subsidiz- ing Canada's oil and Alberta. At the time this column was the Trudeau govern- ment was still struggling to develop a national oil policy. Part of that policy must be a two-price one for ex- one for the oil we buy and use ourselves. For Ottawa to do anything less would be to abdicate its and to turn them over to one of the principalities that make up this nation. Changes in values needed if Americans are to make do with less By Anthony New York Times Commentator BOSTON A main theme in the rhetoric of the energy crisis is the need for American self-sufficiency. That is the goal of President Nixon's project independence to as he put it. that by 1980 will not fcave to rely on any source of energy beyond our Self-reliance is generally an admirable trait. But in discussion of worfd resources and energy it can have disturbing overtones. It sounds a little too much like the economic nationalism of the with its disastrous influence toward international ten- sion and war. II we think past the present concerns with scarce heating oil and closed gasoline we recognize that the long-term energy problem poses a profound threat to our whole system of international economic and political. It could break down the network of trade that has been one of the world's great post-war achievements and br- .ing on atavistic attitudes of plunder and economic warfare. Stuart the Oxford has put in a few words what it is we fear. The successive crises over wheat and he suggest that are entering a period of nervous competition for scarce nmnnu anrt allianrpc a period in which every group of countries an- ticipates that the weak will be cut off from the diminishing resources necessary to sur- vival. Each group therefore a Darwi- nian The Arabs' use of oil as a crude political weapon gives us a taste of the barbarous world we could find ourselves in. Some American intellectuals have now talked of withholding food and manufactured goods from Arab countries as a counter-weapon a sad indication of how quickly economic dis- course may be brutalized. In terms of America's energy can imply two very different things. It can mean an selfish program designed to continue an extraor- dinarily wasteful style of regardless of international consequences. Or it can mean an attempt to adjust America's profligate use of energy and other resources to the realistic necessities of international peace and order. President Nixon has made it clear that he sees restraint and conservation in the use of energy as only temporary requirements for Americans. By 1980. he will once again have those plentiful supplies of inexpen- sive energy which helped to build the greatest industrial It ic harri trt finH avnart thinks the United States can recapture the age of cheap by 1980 or any other foreseeable date. But even setting the goal would have large consequences. It would be a commitment to continue the energy-intensive direction of our doubling our consumption of energy every 15 or 20 years. It would be a signal to ordinary citizens to go on expecting a life of limitless energy and to create demands based on that expectation. To follow that path would mean immense capital investment in new energy sources. It would mean accepting severe environmental damage in the short serious risks from proliferating nuclear fission generating plants. But the more profound implications are for America's relations with the rest of the world. With six per cent of the world's pop- we now use 30 per cent of its energy. To continue on that road in an age of declining resources and technological strain to per- sist in the dream of two large cars in every garage when our friends fear paralysis of their societies can only alienate us from the rest of mankind. the visions must be of a fortress America. The idea of withdrawing into a fortress it is not only wrong morally because so much of the developed and de- pends on economic relationships with the United States. It is also wrong as a matter of self-interest. We learned in the nineteen- thirties that no country can wall out the rest ol the world's economic distress. And even the richest country may be endangered if dis- tress sets loose violence. There is one real alternative to the vision of limitless energy and luxury as our credo. That is the ethic of not saving by such marginal notions as turning down home thermostats but conservation through fundamental social requiring changes in values. The symbols of necessary change are at hand. To take just does it make sense for the United States to go now with an enormous highway-building Changing our attitudes toward energy use will be a long and complicated rais- ing tough problems of how such decisions should be made in a capitalist democracy. But there is only one way to by leadership. That means politicians who do not give us empty promises of plenty but teach us that we must and can make do with less. That is the only way to dispel that Darwinian night- Letters Government betrayal When Mr. Lougheed and Mr. Leitch undertake to invalidate the contracts made in good faith between the petroleum industry and the government of Alberta they raise ques- tions that aren't going to be answered by glib references to and the special status enjoyed by designing politicians. The oil industry requires highly speculative in amounts to stagger the imaginations of most small-thinking Canadians. In any gathering of self-styled energy experts just how many are there who have ever invested even one dollar in Socialist idealists are a dime a dozen but they haven't any money in the bottoms of any dry holes. Governments are big but always with other people's and unless they propose to finance exploration with their money printing-press they had best consider the elementary facts of business. When the signature of a government official comes to mean nothing on a lease contract is his signature any good on a government When he goes to New York to borrow a hundred million dollars will his signature be any good Land grazing water bank charters and car licences are all signed by someone in high authority. Can all or any of these be void- ed on a moment's notice at the whim of some politician just because he needs more money to float a new vote-buying ven- And that's all it in Edmonton and in just one more fat to be paid in the end by us fools who work and produce. How about the signature on a bill or one of these government insurance schemes that are so popular these Then there are such niceties as the income tax act and assessments made un- der it. If the government can slip out the side door why shouldn't we all do the Maybe this country can run forever on debt and inflation and maybe our leaders have convinced themselves that they can keep our economy afloat with waste and give- away programs. If the truths of the unemployment in- surance scandal can be swept under the political rug by the same people who are nationalizing the oil and if they can keep some of us working and perhaps they can motivate just about everything on the strength of their mythical planning. But you can't burn waste and extravagance in a kitchen and cars and trucks even official cars and trucks won't run on precedents and official privilege. Anybody who plans to use public or invested for something as vital as the development of energy resources must be reminded that there has always been a relatively short span of time between a government's first betrayal of and the total collapse of viable in- dustry. L. K. WALKER. Milk River. The good and the bad A concerned taxpayer' thinks the university professors are all a well-paid lazy bunch of people. It is not true. Many of them work very hard and deserve what they get. I that there are some who do not do much and are getting free rides. Among the four profs I have this semester I would say three of them are OK. The other is not. We all feel sorry for him. I asked a prof why the university doesn't fire him and was told that he is a full professor and he has tenure and that means nobody can touch him. I think society has the obligation to support a good university but not a bad one. The same is true with the the good ones should be encouraged but the bad one should be eliminated. A CONCERNED University of Lethbridge Highly opinionated It would seem from a letter written by Mr. Jeff Lickiss of Hardieville that he' is prepared and willing to tell others what to write. His com- pletely unjust accusation of Mr. Rickard is a true indica- tion of the nature of this highly opinionated person who insists that everyone should share that opinion. I for one enjoyed Mr. Rickard's efforts to rouse a BERRY'S WORLD bit of interest in what to many of us is the essential of allow- ing something to exist on this earth in a manner which nature intended it and not merely for the diversion of man. Like I am cer- tain that Mr. Rickard and others whom Mr. Lickiss chooses to misname will not be too concerned with his opinion. Milk River G. D. LEE C 1973 by everybody was my and everything was scaled we wouldn't be in the mess we're in The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. letnbndge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD.. Proonetors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration NO. 0012 CLEO w. MOWERS. Editor Publisher DON H PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. KENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager UCDAI GCBWCO Tuc oni ;