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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 13, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta A news analysis NA TO problems clearer now By FLORA LEWIS New York Service BRUSSELS The Arab-Israeli War has brought to the members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization a clearer sense of their differences and of their need to bolster their 24- year-old alliance. Although Secretary of State Kissinger may have held the personal limelight at the alliance's yearly winter ministerial which ended here the focus of attention was on the very real problems facing the organization in a changing world The first urgent the foreign ministers is for better consultation between the members Consultation has rather different meanings for the'foreign ministers who stood up one after another and called for ranging from mere communication to a serious effort to agree on rrfajor policies before they are put into effect. But the two major elements that were found lacking by virtually all the ministers were. closer and higher-level exchanges at times of crisis. recognition that threats to western securi- ty might come not only by direct moves against NATO but also by conflicts or power shifts in other places. The middle eait is a prime and painful example. All of this has created new problems for the alliance For the military the Arab- Israeli War for forced them to the conclusion that Soviet antitank missiles and new antiaircraft missiles used by Egypt and Syria are better than expected and that the alliance does not have a satisfactorily effective Answer to them The military questions came up in the defense ministers' meetings at the end of last week. Another problem is how to evaluate intelligence on the one hand so as not to be taken by surprise the way Israel and the United States were when the Arabs attacked Oct. 6 on the other so as not to as some allies thought the United States may have done at the time of its worldwide military alert on Oct. 26. For the foreign much of the lesson of the Middle East lay in appreciating how far they have slipped apart in calculating common interest when crisis comes and deeds must replace words Foreign Minister Michel Jobert of France seemed to be saying that the United States had strayed too far from its obligations to Europe when he criticized Kissinger in formal session. the very fact that the French represen- tative took such an active role in the council of the where it considers itself a member but not a was in itself a subtle change. The French have nothing to do with the military and technical underpinnings of and did not take part in the defense ministers' meeting. Once the suggestion that there should soon be a meeting of finance and defence ministers together was floating through the dreary corridors of the temporary headquarters the alliance established in 1967 after it was ousted from France Mideast peace likely to hinge on PoW swap ALGIERS U.S. State Secretary Henry Kissinger doubts there can be fruitful negotiations between Israel and Syria until they agree to exchange prisoners of war. a United States source said today. But the informant said Kissinger expects the Middle East peace conference in Geneva to begin as scheduled Dec. 18 after invitations are issued in the name of UN Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim The Lethbtrtdge Herald VOL. 3 DECEMBER 1973 -44 Pages 10 Cents Stark winter Britons LONDON Pnme Minister Heath today an- nounced a stark austerity program limiting commercial companies and some in- dustrial plants to 2v2 days of electricity a week to meet the country's acute power shor- tage He ordered an end to late- night television and urged Britons using electricity for warming their homes to limit heating to one room. Heath indicated a bleak win- ter the time being we shall have to postpone some of the hopes and aims we have set ourselves for expansion and for our standard of The prime minister spoke to a packed but subdued House of Commons against a backdrop of go-slow action by tram coal miners and workers in the electric power industry Heath said the sharp new re- strictions on the use of power will go into effect Monday From that big in- dustrial users of electricity will be limited to 65 per of normal use. Other and offices will be held to five days of electricity in any two-week i He ordered all television networks to shut down at 10.30 p m beginning Monday limousines must go U S government's energy boss. William an- nounced today he will order reduced lighting in commer- cial and industrial buildings as soon as Congress gives him the authority to do so. Simon also placed petroleum exports under a licensing system and told all federal agencies to get rid of their big limousines by Jan. 1. _J They were that bad Coral demonstrates the safe way of travelling Lethbridge's streets. The streets were like skating rinks Wednesday following freezing rain the night before. City police were kept busy investigating some 25 traffic accidents that resulted from the icy conditions. BILL GROENEN photo Unifarm favors one cattle group Seen and heard About town TARENE HARRISON tnrow- ing Christmas candy at a Lethbridge Community College board of governors meeting Canada Games sports chairman Ken Sauer saying he would put blinds on the buses during the so athletes couldn't tell how far it was to Bow Island Inside .30-.. 28 Classified Comics Comment District Family Local News Markets .30-33 15 13. 14 ..29 34 Theatres.....6 TV 6. 7 Weather .......3 Youth 26 LOW TONIGHT 0-5 BELOW HIGH 5 ABOVE COLD By RIC SWIHART Herald Staff Writer EDMONTON Unifarm Wednesday passed a resolu- tion favoring establishment of a single cattle commodity organization. Under the Unifarm the new commodity group would have the right to collect a non-refundable check-off of 10 cents per animal sold in Alberta. The check-oil lee would be used to finance the operation of the commodity group and would cause the phasing out of the Alberta Cattle Commission which is now promoting the cattle industry Any check-off fee above the 10 cents would be refundable upon request The original plans called for Alberta to be divided into nine d to equalize the cattle population in each An elected representative trom each zone would com- promise the board of direc- tors Pdrt of the Unifarm resolu- tion calls for five additional board members to be elected trom producer groups for only two years After the two-year terms are the board ol directors would come from the ranks of the commodity organization The producer groups involv- ed are Unifarm. Western Stock Growers Association. Alberta Cattle Feeders Association. Alberta Cattle Breeders and the Alberta Dairymen's each to provide one director. A similar resolution is ex- pected to be debated at the an- nual meeting of the stock growers in Calgary Feb. 4 More Unifarm on pages PLIGHT CONSIDERED The University of Lethbridge is still being considered for funding above the million it was already provided with this year. John Anderson' Lethbridge was told in the Legislature Wednesday Jim minister of advanced told Mr Anderson the government had receiv- ed a brief from the U of L which requested another While Egypt has swapped prisoners with Israel. Syria has refused to do so until Israeli troops pull back to positions held Oct 22. the date of the first UN ceasefire in the October war. Kissinger flew here for talks with Algerian President Houari Boumedienne The secretary is on his way to Mid- dle East capitals for a series of consultations in advance of the peace conference He also is renewing his efforts for an end to the Arab oil war. Kissinger was met at the Al- giers airport by Boumedienne and Foreign Minister Abdel Aziz Bouteflika Kissinger opened his second Middle East tour in five weeks after a speech in London in which he proposed that Western Europe. Japan and Canada join the United Stales in a crash program to develop new energy sources and ways to conserve what they have. In remarks obviously in- tended to remind Saudi Arabia and other Arab oil countries of the potentialities of Western technology. Kissinger likened their current oil advantage to the challenge presented by the Soviet Union's first successful space flight in 1957 outcome can be the Kissinger told the Pil- grim Society this time the giant step for mankind will be one that America and its closest partners take together for the benefit of all mankind i Kissinger flew first to Algiers for his first meeting with President Houari Boumedienne He was to stay three then go on to Cairo He will also visit Saudi Arabia. Syria. Lebanon and then go to Geneva for the opening of the Arab-Israeli peace conference next Tuesday There was speculation that Kissinger and Boumedienne will announce the restoration of diplomatic relations between Algeria and the United which Algeria broke during the 1967 Arab- Israeli war Algeria has been a highly- vocal supporter of the Arab cause against Israel although it has contributed little else to the fight In his speech Wednesday night. Kissinger said the energy shortage not simp- ly a product of the Arab- Israeli it is the inevitable consequence of the explosive growth of world- wide demand outrunning the incentives for supply He proposed that 'senior and prestigious individuals from the nations of North America and Japan form an Energy Action Group to develop an initial program within three He promised very major financial and intellectual from the United States Kissinger's credibility damaged By HENRY TRANNER New York Times Service CAIRO Western diplomats said Wednesday that the confidence of Egyp- tian officials in the personal credibility of US. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had been badly shaken by a mis- understanding that developed during his last visit here a month ago. The they centers on the issue of a minimal withdrawal of Israeli forces within their bridgehead on the western bank of the Suez Canal and on the phras- ing of the six-point cease-fire agreement that Kissinger negotiated with President Anwar El-Sadat and then per- suaded the Israelis to accept In the view of these the first task that Kissinger faces on his arrival here Thursday will be to remove the Egyptian suspicions. There is a strong feeling in Arab diplomatic circles here that the withdrawal clause of the agreement was lawyer's enabling the Israeli forces to stay in their positions although the spirit of the accord required their withdrawal from around Suez City to lines they had held at the cease-fire of Oct. 22. The Israelis had expanded their bridgehead southward between that truce and the one that went into effect Oct. 24. Fund nears mark Never have we seen such a heart-warming response to the Cup of Milk Fund' This is truly wonderful' This is going to be a memorable year for the Unitarian Service Committee of Canada. The USC is going to put a star beside southern Alberta and southeastern B C. in its list of friends. Yes. dear we have now surged close to the mark in our drive to the 000 goal Truly a great response in the early days of the Cup of Milk Christmas campaign. Thanks. St. Luke's Anglican Church Women of Blairmore. We have in the fund and special thanks must go out to Hie 1st Lethbridge Girl Guide Company Twenty- two aged 10 to 14 held a to raise money for the Cup of Milk. All ol these girls went without food for 18 hours. Most of them went the full 24-hours without a bite to cat These Girl Guides sent to the Cup of Milk Fund. They thank all the people who spon- sored them. They write hope the money will help end the starv- ing in Bangladesh and we realise iheir starving is not a 24-hour exercise ended by a large satisfying meal We know it is a continuous fact of lite which can only be alleviated by our help Please accept our humble thanks for vour gift Thanks also to the wonderful 12th Lethbridge Girl Guides. Thank you. Father Joseph O'Reilly of Magrath and St Joseph's CWL for your kind gift. Thanks. A C. McLeod grandchildren in the U S for giving us a boost Any bets we don't go over the The Cup of Milk is go. ing to overflow this Thanks a million. J. C Barclay and daughter Penny ui Lfthbi luge Thanks. Kcmovision. for umr support We must not fail to mention business option class of the Isabelle Sellon School at Bldirniore Thai s a great sent and it's going tu buy a lot of milk for hungry little children in Bangladesh Allan Hagen of we re with you Don't say it can't be done It is being done It is being done by Canada's with a Heart We re going to buy 1 3 carloads of powdered skim milk for the children of Bangladesh And you're going to help. Pitch in and help hand in hand with iiidm MHuiieFn Aibei tans and Ine'nds of the USC in southeastern B C we'll reach out goal Write Cup of Milk. Lclhbndge Herald The diplomats said that the Egyptians had accepted the text proposed by Kissinger in the belief that he and even their view that Israeli forces should start an unconditional withdrawal to the cease-fire lines of Oct the diplomats said The Egyptian officials were said to have been encouraged to do so among other his public statement that Israeli forces had made important territorial gains after the cease-fire Kissinger is understood to have repeated this statement in more precise terms during his talks here Israeli forces reached the outskirts of Suez City on the western bank of the canal and cut off the supply lines of the Egyptian III Corps in the eastern bank during the first days following the called by the United Nations Security Council The text that Kissinger the diplomats con- appeared to reflect the security council resolution of Oct. which called for a return to the previous day's lines. when Israeli and Egyptian generals signed the cease-fire agreement on the Cairo Suez road Nov. diplomats here expected it to be carried out immediately. the diplomats pointed it took four days of bargaining to settle the relatively simple issues of supplies for Suez city and the Egyptian III corps and for agreement on prisoner ex- change. Then when the military talks turned to the withdrawal Maj. Gen Aharon Yariv of Israel rejected any thought of an unconditional withdrawal toward the Oct 22 lines. invoking the agreement inspired by he linked this im- mediate issue with the long- range problem of ment of in the Sinai. Violence flares NEW YORK Violence punctuated by yuiislioU. seveieu air hoses ana missiles hurled through windshields flared today as many truckers began a two- dav work halt in the United States ;