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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 13, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta BAGHDAD AND THE MESOPOTAMIA CAMPAIGN Armistice Day in Baghdad. (2) A'Birdseye View of Baghdad. (3) A Naval Monitor, Red Cross Launches, and an Arab Gouffa on the Tigris, at (4) Herons' Nests on the Domes of a Mosque, (5) Mr. Con. Hammett, who .was in Mesopotamia during the war. (6) Entrance to Mosque of Golden Domes (1) The Prince of Wales at White Sulphur Springs. (S) Sisters' Quarters above Baghdad. (9) The Prince of Wales in New arriving from Battleship Renown to Inspect British Guard oi Honor of Great War Veterans. (10) A Mosque in Baghdad. r THE PRINCE IN THE UNITED STATES. The Prince of Wales cap- turrd the hearts of ihe people Oi lie United Slates just aa be did the hearts of. Ihe Cnna- (jiaiis. ISoihiisiaslic recep- tions greeted 'aim everywhere he went. In Washington he made a profound impression amcngsl-Americaa statesmen, and in thst capital as ivell as in all the oilic-r cities rlsi'ed tie Prince was idolized by Ibe people, who were slad to learn that an English Prince can be as democratic as the humblest oi bis coiiTilrymcn- The Prince was made a free- man of New York cily. When leaving there lie promised lo sec tho United Stales soon aguin. The visit just com- pleted Trill no doubt add lo the friendly relations that exist between the British Em- pire ?rrt the great American THE BRITISH With the eyes of ibe worJd con- ccDtrated on that all important area known za "The Western the arena or Ihc Greatest crusade In Ihe world's hisiory. ihe prcgress of Greai Britain's lesser carntaizns have passed almost unnoticed. Yet the successful occupation of Meso- potamia was Ibe termination of all (Jcrmauy's topes in the East; and in no other area of the war has British prtstise suffered greater vicissitudes. With the surrender of that ill-fated band of heroes under General ToRnshend our preside in our vast Eastern possessions W-T at ils lowtst, and In no instance it been more brilliantly upheld than in the subsequent route- of the Turks and the iJrilish occupation cl all that vast territory. No other cam- paign has exemplified with greater claritj the pertinacity of British troops in the face of almost ucsur- iDountablc difficulties; no other cam- paign in proportion has placed bigger toll on ihe lives, he-alth and reason of the Empire's defenders. It Is uot my purpose In Ihis short article lo describe the military operations In detail, thcso .are al- ready, or .rill in time be adequately' recorded hi literature. I can, how- ever, Iry lo visualize to all who live under Ihc prelection of ihc British Hag the untiring and heroic efforts which have been made to reduce these vast dcserla peopled by nomadic and often recalcitrant tribea lo Borne semblance of taw and order. The rise and fall of civilization in Ihia country has been affected morn than any olhcr liy tne energy or the lalssez fairc of Ils various conquerors, oi which the Dryish is the addiiinn of but one more lo a list which corn prises all the preceding Kmplrc.s which arc recorded in hisiory. Like a from the liislory of Ihe pieal lander's triumphant wars In ihc the Itrilisn occupation Las been marked by the Fame remorse- less fizhl3 against Ihe cntmy, the continual dcprcdallons of nomads on Its line oi march, the nn- ccasln? on Ih- lives o' braver men by r-ir. bcal and lacl: of water find iranaport, and the waal- aso of every scourge and disease that the of man Is heir lo Following in (be wake of our dls emaciated bul, >k- lorloui (roorn, have gone the. firel Inculcalors of British rule. Intrepid missionaries of Krlliah law order. At ihc call of duty, these whom none arc have carried Ihe Initial propaganda of the Empire's political policy Into the of tho descrl; here galnlne tho allreiAnrc of OTIC clcrfng irlbe, there licir.R foully rnur- rtcrcd (infl his body subjected lo all Ihe 'Indecencies which, religious fana'.iclern can prescribe. It la In byways of tlio world Ihe Errjpfro Its grcnleal tcet on Ihc oyalty of IM subjects, AT BAGHDAD. A contrast of ihc conditions In Baghdad under Turkish and Ilrillsu rule la in itself K conclusive lesli- mony lo the beneficial results which nave accrued lo Ihc population of Ihis town under our regime. Need- less to say Ihe Baghdad of today is very different lo IUE same cily In ihe time of the Great Caliph. It has that worn and dissipated lonk whicb is somcLiiries seen, in a man who alter a prosperous yout1! and prime Tmudlc-agc drags out Lis rc- maluiug jcars in poverty and make- believe. Any romance which nay have existed among its dilapidations, ibe rigors of martial lair have suc- cessfully C'lcrniinatcd. The Jia- aL one time the richest in Ihe Kaal, consist now of Ions gloomy alleys of more holts in Ihc walls. pun ciliated by of brilliant liplit f. where the roofs hire fallen In; these spaces only serving lo accentuate T the lawdrincss of Ihc wares and the F filth or the merchants. Handicrafts I are confined to the crudest only of E TvorkraaashEp, a sufficient, indication J i( the centuries of poverty which >y a miracle Ihc place has been ible lo survive. At the taking of the city the ;lreet bazaars, houses and people In an apailicg condilion too oalhsome to describe. It la re- markable (hat aoy-onc who entered i Turkish hospital uvcr left It alive, lor on our arrival the patients were slowly beins devoured by parasite n the most objioxious atmosphere and flllh II i.i possible (n imagine. Conilllinns In this last rcspct-t are FO entirely different HOTT, that I can truthfully say t.hat with nr rr-v reservalioDS Iho Lospilala of this (own can compare very favorably with our homo Inbtilulion.i. The streets and bazaars are now clean, wholrsnmc, and moderately passable1. There arc special sanitary pcilicc, attend lo and prevent the ntcc" 'sily for scavenging, a condition vtry different lo affalra under Ibe of the Turks, when Ihc streets were the rcccpfable for Ml rubbish find tho scavenging left lo and crowa. Since our arrival tno tnafn streets, principal housca, JiospJlaia and public biilldlngs arc III through- nut by electricity and rurnlahcd 'hi electric fans for the flmt llmo In thcfr Jong anrj varicri history, Thlf> area of Mcsopotanila, which under nn old nysleni of trrlcalion long rlncx; destroyed, enjoyed great prosperity and ranked na iho treat- cut grain producing country of tha then known world! Is with the com- pletion by British engineer.! of the dam across tho Euphrates on n fair way to a return of aoms of Its old rrnnrteur. EClcfcntlj governed fLi population conserved by morlcrn hygiene, lift communications opened up by railway construction, H rnny finite easily bcc-omo once the bnir-w-ay house hctT7prn lh> markets of Ihc J'ar L'ast acJ the HAM MUTT. I I jfO- V ;