Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 12, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
10 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, 12, 1974 t Canada still believes in NATO theory BRUSSELS (CP) Canada lined up with a majority of NATO members Wednesday against a suggestion that the alliance reduce its force of tactical nuclear weapons in Europe. Defence Minister James Richardson said Canada con- tinues to believe in the NATO theory that European defence against the Soviet Union rests on a balanced combination of conventional forces, battlefield-range tactical nuclear weapons and long- range, strategic nuclear weapons. The Dutch suggested in closed-door meetings of NATO defence ministers that tactical nuclear arms be de- emphasized. Sources said the suggestion won no support from the other 14 NATO members, but the issue might arise again today when Exter- nal Affairs Minister Allan MacEachen and other foreign ministers start their own two days of talks. Richardson told reporters that under the strategy of flexible response, NATO would use conventional forces first against Soviet aggression. It would fall back on tactical nuclear weapons if necessary, then finally on Downtown 5th Street YOUR GIFT HEADQUARTERS _ for Ti" 9 P-m "The Man in your Life" strategic missiles or bombers. Canada's men based with NATO in Europe have not been armed with nuclear weapons for several years. The Dutch were said to have proposed that NATO offer to cut its stock of tactical nuclear weapons in return for a reduction in the Soviet tank force, which is larger than NATO's. Another recurring issue likely to emerge in the foreign ministers' meeting is the level of conventional members trying to persuade each other to buck rising costs and maintain existing force levels. Richardson repeated that Canada has no plans to cut its contingent in Europe, at least until some multi-country agreement is reached. NATO Secretary-General Joseph Luns said at a news conference that Canada, West Germany and Turkey have in- creased defence spending this year. He did not add that Tur- key's budget seems aimed as much at fellow member of at the Warsaw Pact. The Canadian defence budget has been increased 12.4 per cent this year and is to rise another 11.2 per cent next year. "Our defence expenditure is Richardson said Wednesday. Despite the increases, only two NATO allies spend a smaller part of their national wealth on defence than Can- ada's 2.4 per cent of gross na- tional product. Tiny Luxem- bourg spends 0.9 per cent. Iceland, which has no defence forces, spends nothing. The United States, by com- parison, spends 6.6 per cent. Richardson said Canada has spread itself thin, contributing to NATO defence in North America, the Atlan- tic Europe. Most other NATO allies handle only one or two of the three NATO regions. Luns said outright war be- tween two alliance Greece and Turkey-could shake NATO beyond recognition. He said negotiations would start shortly on Greece's in- tention to quit the NATO mili- tary system, retaining membership as France has. Other problems forming a backdrop to the foreign minis- ters' meeting include rising inflation, energy costs and potential shortages, and con- tinuing tension in the Middle East. The Mideast war of Oc- tober, 1973, led to accusations between Washington and the European allies of insufficient consultation on the U.S. response to the war on the side of Israel. If you buy facts, figures and features, you'll buy a Mazda 808. If you're thinking of spending around for an economy car, you don't have to settle for lust great gas mileage. Or outstanding dependability. Or a interior. Or dozens of extra features. Or even superb styling. Instead you can insist on a car that gives you a perfect balance of all these things. And more. 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Hospital pay pact far off ht-equipment illustrated is a on the IXluxc SOh Gmpc EDMONTON (CP) Agreements are still far off in negotiations between the Canadian Union of Public Employees and the Alberta Hospital Association, union spokesman Al Cunningham said Wednesday. Mr Cunningham, a CUPE national representative, said meetings this week produced no results. The union once asked for an interim wage in- crease of a month but he said the position has changed. He criticized the hospital association for attempting previously to ignore "criti- cal" staff shortages. "They now acknowledge that hospitals are facing severe staff shortages and are wanting to raise wages im- mediately to stop workers from seeking employment in other fields." Mr Cunningham said the in- terim offer came too late and was too little. CUPE in- itially sought a a month interim boost. Negotiations were to con- tinue today and Friday and to resume after the weekend. The existing hospital con- tract expires at the end of March. CUPE represents about 500 hospital employees in Alberta. Indian hunting rights upheld CALGARY (CP) A Calgary district court judge Wednesday upheld the right of a treaty Indian to hunt on a reserve or unoccupied crown land at all times of the year. Judge E. R. Tavender up- held the acquittal of illegal hunting charges against Generieh Snow of Morely, a Stony Indian from the Stony's Reserve 50 miles west of Calgary. Mr. Snow had been charged with hunting out of season after he shot a female moose last may. He was charged under a sec- tion of the Wildlife Act but was found not guilty by a provincial court juuge in Cochrane on grounds that treaty Indians have year around huntin" rights on unoccupied crown land and forest reserves. The crown appealed the rul- ing but the acquittal was up- held. Judge Tavender said the issue at law was whether a treaty Indian had hunting" rights as specified in the Natural Resources Act. 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