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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 12, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta .7 yor Hardie'^ Fra:nk bserv^ioB oh Taxdtioti pblem^ Faieing the Gity lietkbiidfa herald:. i|�l.Umei�; lifter the speoula^lott con- ------_______ . _ oTpmeat ..i., ^the first nerl>ai)|iineritorlous And �. c^uss poaBit>Ie tliat ^vould; bring the second �l>8olutiilr luat makes lotic Her .to those wbo had over'burdened ',kiid ooiutancr l^.disoawlnc the tax. thema�lvte >vitb realty, xiiis hope v atnatlon in a citr theie days, almost stilCeilatB and )� far from ezUnctloa. Impossible, glen's opinion nMiBt nec- where'it Is'backed up by^: faith and'{ I fsearllr change or i at least a man's ability to hold on until satisfactory nental attitude. mnst be susceptible iMuIts may accrue. ,; - Jo adjustment if new eKuatione are to njy opinion It was the city goy-. ke met ^ emnienfs duty to foster this hope I ^me of US have been seised with backed, up by faith arid ability. I he Idea fliat utillUes must supply think It has fulHUed this responsibll-i' their prodnots at coet but this has ity. "while there may be no limit to aayer appeared logical to me on the ho]&e and faith there is a very dis-Fl^ple, unless they be put on ythe tlndtv* limltaUon tto ability to fin-;^e basis of a private corporation ance the city's burdens which the may-PThlch implies that to be Bucceeetul i or is finding very true today. :i.f single' tax and Will lose by the change W��J ��t =,h"^.J- fhi^^ bick to the old system. The fiducial ik^*�HT^� coafidence.towarda this city has been ino esUmates are more scientifically _h,,_-,h n�nh vnar thrniieh fh� t^fd metL*^ o"Sg w^'thfta n^M'h ^m'jr^ r^sfr ,aofe at the hands of onetwho has been . �'?i".>f**^f ,^,*?ft l^X. Hgdying it continuously for sij year�, �* ^ ^ "ll^nnirahln Af; toat^^^^^ iiinS.fjWBor^^tiea oior citizens could JftelyJiSa mill �iTJ^^-mM!,^lt^o: per/icaplta of popula-';itd�:; assMsment^^^^^ the taxing syabm  W�� 5i?ead|tu ted: ^ tein. 'How to accbmpllah this hai) biseii the great difficulty. There is ;no>�Queirtloh.-5no1iV! about. what � the' aa.^: |'f||i|^:| . back more rapidly on , th� real control is concerned/to^ the /past -tfiree years in .this city after, the Irra-.ducible minimum has liaen arrlTed at in all departments "'tiiere ^we not enough expendltureavnow,^^^at could be cut out; by the moat ruthlwa slashing, to represent' one mill reduction on the rate. Last year'saw ^hout the limit of cost reduction that-can/be permitted if tlie city irf tO'be run in a moderately respectable- wy. This irreducible minimum had. to,be modified to a elight exteiSt to satisfy the demAnds of the people until they could see that they were reiiuirlngTmore than the city as a whoje, was abl.e: to pay for. � . . What would seem to 1^ ^^e fallacy of tiie single tax 18 no^Mr coming home to us through the fact that the city has been taxing Vacf nt pt'operty be.-yond its ability to pay. lit has not only led to that dlrticulty.but it has created another by tmisleading improvement owners to rely upon an exemption from taxes that it is' apparent nqw cannot be stistsined. It has many alluring aspects -but has not produced (be results expected of it. In Letiibridge it ha8>i&|d0tabt%dly proved a failure; the Incramentwould have been a {better Bubatitnte for curbing over-speenlatlon and undue extension if such were possible, of city boundaries, and have been a better tax getter, because ot the greater equality. The. increment tax would br^^^'Ae baais ot taxaUon 1 reduced irp Inati jopof railed placed Mad of'IftWc. ,w4ya not.oi&iit^ mt vUl mi ^roxtmatcly of fiomuf, H itla dhly th� on which Improvements have beonjaT poor ifiTmtment tihat have > �Mt(�!r�d. in hetaCup�MUa4-'hy over ..aaaeis-ment. Thaao-euct/figuros are not at my cftmmaad *t.';th6;preBent time but a compromise mijy: be assumed unftl further InTibBtlgiit&h. which is rathjir difficult, at $60,000^ per annum .wl|l?h can be made lip tm follows: ' 1;.. Increase' on public uttUitoR,. 125,000 Increase on imprdvements ... 10,0i(>0 Income tax ____-"15,000 to be srU' but thU asBqsBineni .nOTV-'a rai^,; s leaves. id% or a1 ^ realty aa'm _ ide up in>' J. V. Steele, Manager which will be e(iual to a 4H mill re-; ductton on the' present assessafient, leaving us with a io mill rate, Mr|ilpb is etlll 'from five to ten mills too high, and Indicates that the broaden ing of the basis la hot as liberal as it should he and is only a start towards the 2Q mill rate on realty of $1000 per capita of p6pp{atlp;i2a8sesBmenty Do; not here conceive i 80 mill rfto on all property for neit year. The redvc-tion will be distribjited over the land vacant and Improved. * ' Bven part of this will in all Ilkelii hood have to be eaorlficed in taking part in the care of returned BOldiera if we cadnot perauade the DpminiOB and Provincial HQoremments to . do their full iaeasare'�ot duty toward! them and without ^ur aid. ~ J: It must be adnilited by all that the rents in this �lty-�iB~not such as will pay interest on the' money, repair^ Insurahce and depreeiation and tnoh being the case >tiie^ tenant muat be looked upon ae ip�yNis>no taxes, nutil the owner receive* Atsleaat 12%' on.bia money which is i.. .very low figure, Many claim tbat;40^ |s really reqatrr ed to allow that the ^tenant pays t^Xr es.. The 12% la my own deduction and Is practically ttie-lAwest that could, be considered. No .cj^reful man, boVj ever, would put hlsMtaoney dellbenite.; ly into this kind of an investm.ent. The co^mlsBloners^aVe not. fu^ng! for more money t^ run the city than in 1918, but ther^'^eaking it from a source' that is niore able to pay. It is better that a pew distrtbutiop be made now for |kUxe placed'upon thosA who.;can pay; theipiU-rate or asaeaBment oc l)oth will |ia^e to go . up to. make iip for the, ya�an^ property that reverte to the city:.>l8(lt; not better to encaqrue pow, the.pay-ments on vacant propwty> , ' - Would It not be better for. tpiproTr^ ed property to allow.')ia red^ctfofi'on vacant lands so that fliJoifie~#iDlgbt q^um them and pay the luilt that would otherwiae fall on improved prp^ perty? I have a piece of vacantrproperty which costs me today with piiodpali interest and taxes about |100D^-vT-his I bought for an Investment, biit as'(( matter of fact.instead'Of it beiaK ah investment I will give Tt*awayi;to a responflible |^payer.>' Ont thf* other band my improvement'has vincniaeed 50% if the costof.material8:Mid:ifhor alone are-considered and if:4he ^aaine reasoning applied that did ohf vacant property the acsessniept 'wo'^ld have gone up automatically. . AcJUil this U^2n'�^lkeJ(dty'Vl^t^(|'~ debater ai�r:Ni>^>� penalty uty of the' city  govern* iiiiit?cta'jie!^t�;utn)ojst:for^lt8''oltie6ns Jitt^ It^WiMti'bi fulded by^;the wHl^iOf MciiBle ^tti^tt^ ia h^ in aa^BlAC that th^.wiU ot the people Wlll^'lind^itaelt to/diBhohibF and dis-�Mcei but.'expJ|ot�.to pay honijist'. debts UkrouglL/ honorable'ways'i and I pteans l^yM'ed to do Bo by the islty govern-  nie'^olty' "fovemmept is hot' arbl-trarjf; ".^ft Idoea^not wifth to haye its owa way it a better bfn be suggested' [that can be .carried out by the limited powers glvenby a city ohjirter. .1 ,' - Yours very truly. , ,.tV W. D. L.;HARDIB, ' - - Mayor. �' ; The wife 6f Judge Stanforth of ChatT haniiOot, died after a long illness, v ' , . A special ^ Wt$dv,,$a..T!l�>i*I0iraW (ropx Ottawa says: Tie.jRwal^pr^h ^est Mount-ed JPollpe/jR;..^ iye its J^ris^lcUon extepdgS .from Jgdrt Arthur to Vic-,torla, fi.Pti|tTi?^nder8tood thatvtWa' ImportantJkclsWri ha� been reached ^lia U�at the necessary order-l8i;,djuftoll-will be passed immediately/; J- . v CdminiM|onei;'-Perry, of the police force, ^atf Ttfe'en.'^iyj Ottawa for the reached. ,, .  '7,^*V5'V'iaM 9t th� M�^at9A 1 oopslatmc W 74l^''ji\e% add^d Uf.mi. � aleo 180 mett; exipiRWitKd louB to-Ain,tf.. a t^nr- oKiW^Jef in aupppirt of her for piir(iam(^iit. i'.'�re: w|tt� P�- w�r >d- oneyto Soldiers 1%otB who have friends w zelatives at the froDt; mas^ wish to send money, but possibly do iiot know the beat way to do so. If tim^ permits, the safest and most 'eonvenient mettioa of making remittances abroad is the Bank Money Order or Draft, as issued by The Merchants Bank. If, however, it is necessary, to send money . without delay, the Bank will arrange this ( ^hrCaUeXransiec' BANK .....j,..... ---, . Established 1864; .KCH, .  ,fi. /. DINNING, Mafeiser. their respective interests in -the estete. In the obslBTvation or neglect^ of this maxim conslets what" is called the equality or inequality of taxation I give the above In detail because of the erudition and the ^reat. mental qualities of a than who wa^ a profound thinker and a thoroughiand capable investigator, which.eho^ld carry due weight with those Ueajing with tax questions. If we accept the above basis of taxation the single tax has be^en wrong to the extent, as pointed out before, of OUT over taxing vacant lands at lealt 23% from and including 1913 and giving improvements i corres; ponding unentitled advantage. To meet this a gradual reversion must take place to full value on im-prorementsr Land aseessment must be reduced at once in order to induce, under reasonable circumstences, the spontaneous payment of taxes on vacant lands. It has even been demanded that they be rebated the overcharge of 23% made by single tax. Lands are now taxed too high to payj taxes which points out the necessity, ot broadening the basis, even before full Improvement values are "restored, if tUe city is to get enough money to meet its obligations. .But before dealing with that let u.s finish: the question of land and improvement tax. It was thought that without change .... _______^- , of assessment provisions should be | war. But since there are,' citlee jIn made that if from 1918 and onward i Alberta in much worse shfwe#2tl|an would not be a fair rule becaiiaej.Tenti have not gone up sufflclehtl7!:'to bom-pensate for such a raise because: Vag-es have not gone up sufficiently to meet the extra cost of livingn|[Br. The present taxpayer can sell bls On the sui^ace it would appe^^tbat'the C. P. R. is not taxed onfPnXrr^iAdam; Smith's dictum that apenoh or corporation should pay according/to hia^ or its ability to pay. But there; is-no way open to overcome the jdftticUlty^ excepting by a procese of refunding on vacant land, a process which will be more expensive in'tl^elqng'rUu to even the Improved property owners, than the plan proposed. In'niy opinion the debts of all western cities i^itl, have to go through a process' of" re-' funding unless a great ware ot);pro&-perity: rolls over the west after the 4CH,  V; A. BBPI^LY, Acting Manager. M. A- KILPATRICK, Acting Manager. each' year's current taxes were paid and one-tenth of all. arrears wjsre paid up each year the propertiee so paying would be exernpt from i.a:: salt*.! I.,ater it was thought that only one-Iwoiitieth ot bank ttites, paid each yt'?r would be sufiiclent. It win, if after .due fonsilerailon it is found that these payments wculd bring in enough money to meet the proper share of the bonds falling due from time to lime. \. If the 23% spoken of before as overchavged, is rebated, then one-sixth of the taxes on vacant lots would have to be rtbatpaBsing of this Bylaw except the poee of pJopoBltliin ''B" afoi-esald the ;Cnri9ht year's taxes, when collected; sum ot ivjklE;O00;0O shalli be borrowed by 'the City of Lethbrldge shall be � on the ip a^e' chartered Bank or Banks- to be I^oi^n as the "Treasury Note Trust bridge and for � those purposes the Mayor and City Clerk of the City; Of LethbMdge are hereby authorized'and Accounl^'' and'the: money, SO. deposited' dlrected>to':make, elgh and attach tbien in .the Savtage Bank Account shall be; corporate Seal ^of the City of'X>eth-lUsed-for the eole purpose of redeem- bridge to'^"111 treasury Notes for t|ig the Treasury: Notes '^ereby auth-pTlteAM they become due, and . Whereas the amount of unpaid, tax-.ei,^ar |he year 1914 ahd prior thereto dpeftip thjB Clity of .Le'Oibrldge is $62,^s;itoffPrbposltlon '^1^ ihey^arfaJl.! be riumbjej^d from. 1. to 15 inclusive aggregati^: the sum of $16,000.00 and to-bear interest at. the rate of (6%)-six' p"er''cShfuni" per\ anhuiin, payable half 'yearly and having ooupone attached th^to for the payment of interest.? ^aclv of, the said Treasury Notes aiid the coupons attached thereto shall, be; .payable in gold coin of; Bentley .who^ la .appointed-Deiittty Re-tumlnK Officer to. take: the Nmtes. ^ 8. The Mayor of the City fhall attend at his otftce invite City Hall In the City of Lethbridce. on Saturday ihfa 4th day ..of Jjwusry 1916 at the hour o( 11 o'clockin the foreuonn and if .reqiiefted' wlll^appplnt'liyi writing slfned-\bytalm,vtm:peraoiie ito attend at.the/'flnalennmBfvp.rpt the votes and ou� iwrtnia to attend at each' polling place ^on:behUf fft 11 o'clock in' th0^forenoon on- the 7tfa day of January A.D. 1919 and shall sum up; the number ] of votes for and agaiuBt the Bylaw. . - - Read'a firet tiine this 11th day of Pecember A,:iD.rU18. � W. D. b. Hardle, Mayor, Doaeld A A ^ Ponald A. IJatff, ? ' �" City-Clerk. Head a third U;n� and passed: la open council this : daykot A.D. 191 Mayor, City; Clerk. ' " Oenada Province of Albertf City of Lethb'rids*. i ,l?erlep "C" TReiABURV NOTK: '. Under the authority.cOt;ihe Leth palofflce if :tlie, Bank of Ifontrbal in London,v Bngland, and in eao^ of the. Cities, of tfiethbrHge,Tord|nto, Montreal, Canada;or in gold' coin of the United States of'America, of the present standard of weight and fineness at , ,, , . , , - = . . .^,i the jDffice of the said bank in the City bridge Charter and of B^layr No. 328. of New York in the State Of New "'^ft^ City of Lethbrld�e^,MBBed on York in,the,.Unlted States of America, i the day of > a�18 tUe ��ld City o� at the holder's option. , , Lethbridge/4iereby promlMA'to.pay to 2. 'l^e' ^aiJi Treasury Notes shall bearer the sum of-OflK lliouBana that a supply of purer water be pro-, bear date the first day of February PoHare �� �oW qohi ot laWffil money ., - , ....----------. jgjg ^-^j g^^jj ^^^^.^ g ^ ^^^^ of Canada^at the otflfe*.pt the Bank the da�e:of the samp, and thfe interest thereon sliall b^ :payable- oiT'the first or If tbe C}trorth(3retb;. auditor t^e.ye^ able by the Council to issue Jong term and for the year 1916 and for the year ^ecomedui..............." debentures for the purpose of paylng^Sl? atitlw; t me'pt the pa^^ SSe said Treasury Notes,Vbut.thaJ|ur- i ByJ�wMind.^ll such^i^imild^t?^^ 111 TreM^ry mM^Nttnbered ther Treasury Notes should be issued jwhen/aiidas collected be deposited in ^ iii both IncliiBlve of like Mmount. a Saving*iBank Account to be known '^.V..*."^^ as. Myj^^^rTreasury Note Trust Ac- ^"^^^jf^^g^^^SS^S the oount"^#ibe.kepjrin some Chartered St^L-�i^P^� ��-Bt Bank.or,^apks, lo^be ^ov;^,>X.^: ^g^^^^^Am the reap Htlon :ot Cwncll aud shall M- .cjty for"tUe years",' 1914' and, prior used for the purpose of redeeming ttte It'^rato an^or tlie year M '^^^^^i^aw^Illu betore U.e fit^l^^g^^^ *t Lethbrld?^.^^ . passlng^^herebf^ repelv^ fihe: assent, otJ*^W ' '-  jfor the eaid purpose, | which shall be called Proposition and ' Whereas it is deemed advisable by the Council for the protection of the, property of the City from fire to purchase a new fire engine at an estimated cost of $16,000.00 which shall be called Proposition ^^'B" ind , Whereas the Council.of the City of .liethbridge deem It expedlen t for the purpose of proposition "A" atore'sald | tWo-thlrds of the ^Huly qualified bur. to borrow the sum of $111,000.00 and'B^ssepi voting thereon as to each pro-Ifor the purpose of proposition "B" I position. due; by this process the time the bond is extended, ThI�;:.^plM'.'jb|f|i been followed In many 'casesVthe'i^Bl^'i outstanding is "The ^ .iMetropOlitaii Debts of Boston and Vicinity''of'I^^O.-f 000,000 which Is being, pali'^t-by new issues of equal annual sei^al'Juri stalmenf bonds, because tl^eJiprlgln^l' bonds could not be met when' they ?| became due. "'' But whei^ the Intereslr faiW* toS'fr^v (pald on.due date the City lelfj^tfjp'iic^l 'in default and something iWust? be; I 'rr , foresaid borrow the eum of $15,000.00 .'by the issue and sale of Treasury Notes for the sums beting interest at the rate of (6%) six per centum per l/innum, payable half yearly which is theyamount of the debt intended to be'erected, and Whereas it.4^ ej^pedi'ent to make the 6. That Donald A. Duff, the Clerk of tile -City of Lethbridge be, apd he is hereby apppittted ft) perform 'the duties of Returning Officer. " 7. :That the votes of the burgesses �,_.,M�yov,' 'pity'Cleric. Notice is hereby-given' that th*. .....- ,----------above Is a tru^;Jci3pj^;of'a^;|i^ qualified to Vbt^' on thi^ Bylliw shall Bylaw whichJ)aB;beeri;4ntB�j^^ be taken-'on this Bylaw on ;Mibnday Which'may be finallysjpaBsfld ,by tfte Ice the! the sixth day of January A.c. 1919 Council of the City Of |,ie>h^rtdKe Ih nrlntloal of the said Treasury Notes j between the hours' of Nlnp o'clock in the event of the assent i pt the bur-navable within a period ol five (5) i the foi'eppon and eight o'clock Ip-the gesses being obtained t)ier|pto after vSirs next after the date on which I afternoon ftnd^ the polls shall be'open- one month frpmthe/flriit-publicatlop. tho Bylaw takes effect, and led and +h.,:vnt�� -------� ------ .\.Whei;eaa it is expedient: to make dtjipiich Treasury Notes a first charge on ji^U ~UApaid taxes .la $11,030,910.00, and "Whereas the amount: of the existing''debentures debt of the City in- ed and ihe votes sliaU betaken at"the of the proposed By.l�y %�d" W th|p' ^ following places and by, the Deputy Notice in the X^othMdge'Herald news-Returning ptticers hereinafter named,'paper pubHahed in tb^ fCity'Of I^to-naoigly:^ ; - ;v,|:bridge and that :the date of th* first (a)' .For that portion of the City publication Is thejitli 4fty�t?J>�oeJU-, lying'l^brth^f the main line of the ber,;A.D. 1918 apd that; upo*.;the 6tb. banaaiaiJ pacific Railway at the Oym- dayof ,^nuary J9l9'aj�^ att^if place? nasium building of the Westmineter, fixed for the ta\ilng 'of the yotes pf > School, by.H^ry. Dawson, who Is-ap-. the burgesses, th