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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 12, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta LETIfBRTDOK DAILY DECEMBEft iyor Hardies Frank Observation on Taxation Problem Facing the City LeObridge Herald I mat Umea later the speculation Kaleidoscopic nature of stated of the pious that aOme ffenta in city government aaoa M the thlag wool turn up that would Etofettrhm and Soldiers a movement which would make Inter the tlrat perhapa meritorious and change poMlble that would bring the second absolutely logic thd constancy In dteenesltig the tat iltuatlon in a city tkete almost Meai opinion nmil nee faaarily change or at least a mans iiental attitude meet be susceptible o adjustment If new tUuatloM are to Some ot us have been seiaed with lief to those who had overburdened themselves with Thin hope still efttita and IB far from where it is backed up by faith and ability to hold on until satisfactory results may In my opinion it the city gov ernments duty to foster this hope up by faith and I do something towardi ot ot bnwdenIM ot taxation tat the taxes on landicalfkty Ma M ratMtHiMltr back more rapidly on the singly tat than we propose to WtUlpeg baa adopted an extensive and ayttematlc incotrw we are iMet tar ob llgatlbn to onr bond M keep the city going in a respectable It la mual to took ufM Hie citys eurreat account under tM two head ings of uncontrollable Mi control atfle In the tint Are in clMed things over which the eouncll has absolutely no the belffg composed of what the council can so far AS the real control is tor tie peat three years city After the lire duclble minimum has been Arrived At In nil departments there ere not enough expenditures1 now that could be cut by the moat ruthlsea sleek to represent one Mill reduction ou the Last year saw about tfcs limit of cost reduction that can be the idea that utilities must supply think it has fulfilled this responslbllj permitted If the city Is to lie run In their products st cost but this has lever appeared logical to me on the unless they be put on the tame basis of a private corporation While there may be no limit to and faith there in a very dls tlnctive limitation to ability to fin a moderately respectable Thla irreducible minimum had to be modi fied to a alight extent to satisfy the implies that to be successful or finding very true the citys burdens which the may1 denmnds of the people until they could Ev Ihey must pay the regular taxes and Mnually a depreciation fund see that tliey were requiring more than or 1912 4ands In this city mnat go further thath b charged with 80 of the I corporaUon owning several enter d improvements rises as this city will Ipply the profits of one enterprise to fupport the deficits of another where inch Is the If tills reasoning be it should apply In this city tnd the street railway deficit of to should be sustained by At the present time and from 19111 the city as a was able to pay What would seem to be the fallacy m of the single tax Is now coming home with only This is as far j to us through the fact that the city wenttowards single i has been taxingvacant property As far back as 1914 It etruck me whatj yond its ability to It has not ever merits the plan it would not only led to that difficulty but it has work out satisfactorily in this olty uncreated another by misleading Im der the then present conditions and a provement owners to rely upon an ex fmm hIt WS8 made No further steP WM j emption from taxes that it is appar 5 taken until now when it is proposed ent cannot be sustained It to recede from single tax to at least a many alluring aspects but has not jo 48 raleed ts LMM M te fee reduced of to be but thM it amqement If steed tke new tWjtaBS If CI 19 or abftvt mentwJMeli i realty Ml mill e op M ttttfr At the 1HI1 amount to If Mr wMok relief ot Uttla of to upon wft it li only or tho on wblcfc Improvements have bMn hare suffered over assets figures are not it my command ft the present time rat a compromiM ratty be assumed until further which is rather at per annum which can be made tip M follows IncroMe on public on improvmnmtR poor taveetment that i in betaf pMAUietV hy Tkeae eittct flgu Increase on Improvements MM HMt then ortke M DMM Walialar fcfc ifca vwnwr Mni nuy vvv yBimily it fttMtor and a May to wMeft no etate Aflterteaa Union would be likely It to the duty of the ffovera MMi o do ita utmoet for its dtnens MM It M guided by the will ot tko MK It Is never justified la that tke will ot the people will lend Iteelf to dishonor and dls km etpacls to pay honest debts tkrontk honorable ways and means tfevtMd do so by the city govern The city government Is not arbi trary It doeer not wish to have IM own way it a better can be suggested tkat can be carried out by the limited HTM by a city s Yours very A The wife Of Judge Stanforth of Chat died after a long mop TO MMFBOMIMS llA special dis patch the fterald trom Ottawa Myt West Moint ed Police la to ttave Its jurisdiction extended front Krfrt Arthur to Vic Is understood that this important decision has been reached by the cabinet and that the necessary orderIAcouncIt will be passed fm CommkMloner of the police k OMMMMt ihle list teen The wovnted fsjlMi will enarne ot tie esrfdNtiMwt at tMirnl Ijwe frote the head the Ukes to jfritlfh Hie only sonit 100 tp ot the oenelstlM added tolM atoo 180 net i Baa been in Ottawa for the for David a In aupport ot her ItfnfS Idecy This is what I have in mind I ask the utilities to pay a advance toward helping to pay We desire them to meet the itreet railways annual This to nothing new iven in this In 1913 the city council applied an an ticipated earning of which did not to the reduction of tha mill There IB only this dif fertnce between and then that certain extent to meet the exigencies of the citys fiscal Very little building has been undertaken In this city since the first step towarda single tax was It therefore iealt with and nothing worse than Imall deficits occur and they only but deliberately because form Mr aurplusas allow the irreducible min imum in estimates with a possible de ttclt not being serious i After the foregoing It would appear its difficulties and the itudying It continuously for six to As has been pointed out and IB therefore largely which aJD must admit makes it both difficult fU to a certain extent indefinite from tee to In the years of ex ttvme depression the speculation con Mtted of anticipating a return to nor produced he results expected of In Lethbridge it has undAdbtedly proved a failure the increment would have been a better substitute for curb ing overspeculation and undue exten sion if such were ot city induced to build under the promise of and have been a befter single tax and will lose by the change j tax because of the greater back to the old The fiducial i The increment fax would confidence towards this city has been have had the same to a better on the increased if they were ot vacant property due to other and adjacent Since 191 single tax haa thrown 80 of the realty taxes oA the land and let improvements oft at whereas if the full assessment on Im provements had bfeen retained land would have paid 57 and improve ments 43 of realty pro vincial government although support ing single tax is disposed through the Board of Public Utilities o encour age us to recede from it in part by threatening to take outside lands period of critical times by the city being able to meet its obligations aa they came We must not destroy or even disturb this confidence in our own To sustain it we have to face the following conditions The vacant lands have become an exces sive burden to the owners on account of the high mill rate and the imposi tion o claim to the city even on inside pro V For Constipation ipa Lit Carters Little UrerPflU wOlaetyouriglit Ctrters Iron Pills Meton ootov to flw the council must follow tke of the city charter and take court pro Here many are not in the position to have to care much about how a court decision may and on this account too much vacant landis going to fall to the city for fiduciary Careful etudy of eastern Canadian nonmanufacturing cities and even some manufacturing ones hastaught us that when the assessment is over one thousand dollars per of population and the mill rate ia over sixteen mills tax collection difficul ties begin this too when no degree of single tax is involved in the tax system This rule applied to western cities and to our own city caused this council to reaoh the con clusion that with the larger optimism and opportunities our citizens could likely stand a 20 mill or even 25 mill rate a per capita of popula tion assessment if the taxing system were readjusted to the eastern sys How to accomplish this has been the great There is no question now about what tha as sessment and mill rate should be but there is a tremendousqueatlon of how they are both to be reached down Profeusor Halg when called in by the city of Medicine Hat could only give them the same that had been suggested yean to ad vance the price of public utilities which that city did at once with re spect fo the gas Every city west wll have to CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE iwim 3ft JOHN CaHTAlEAJO MONEY ORDERS For small remittance we the Money Orders issued by this They are payable without charge at any Bank to Canada except in the Yukon The cost is m not nceediac 030 S O80I0 6 run tammn BtMtPA Manager r Branch Manager Manager River Branch if Sending Money to Soldiers Tfcow who have friends or relatives at the nay wish to gend but poagibly do not know the best way to do If time the safest and most convenient method of making remittances abroad is the Bank Money Order or aa by The Merchants it is necessary to send money l without the Bank will arrange tbia by Cable MeKOIANTS BANK Inoome tax which will be etuat to a 4H mill re duction on the present leaving na with a 10 mill which is etill from five to ten mills too and iBdtcatea that the Ing of the beats ta not as liberal as it should be and la only a start towards the 20 mill rate on realty of per capita of population Do not here conceive a 80 mill rate on all property for nest Tke reduc tion will be distributed over the land vacant and Even part of this will in all llkeli hood have to be aacrificed in taking part in the care of returned soldiers if we cannot persuade the Dominion and Provincial Governments to do uielr full measure of duty towarda them and without our It must be admitted by all that the rents In this nre not such aa will pay Interest on the Insurance and deprecation and inch being the case die tenant must be looked upon M pAjrg no until the owner receives At least 12 on his money which la very low Many claim that WJfe is really requir ed to Allow that the tenant pays tax The 12 Is my own deduction and Is practically the lowest that could be No careful how would put his money ly Into this kind of An The commissioners are not aettnc tor more money to run the city than in but they Are Asking it from A source that is more Able to It is better that A new distribution be made now for be cause if the vacant lands revert to the city they will pay no taxes and an enforced Increase to be plac ed upon those who can pay the mill rate or assessment or both will have to go up to make up for the VACAnt property that reverie to the la it not better to the pay ments on vacant it not be better for Improv ed property to allow a reduction on vacant lands so that the1 owners might retain them and pay tha half that would otherwise fall on improved pro perty I have a piece of vacant property which costs me tcxjay with interest and taxes about f Thla I for an but Aa A matter of fact Instead of it being an investment I will give ft away to A responsible On thf other hand my improvement has Increued if the cost of materials labor lands on the border of the boundary line ot the out of the ordinary assessment and giving them a classification of If this policy is admitted to be correct I can not see why this action should be taken with respect to only jart of the vacant land within a I argue neither pro or con on this phaae of But Adam Smith after spending thirty years of his life get ting an being a graduate of both the Glasgow and Oxford Uni versities after upending years in the chairs gt Logic and later Moral Philosophy la the Glasgow University and still later being profoundly stud ied in the Theory of Moral Senti ment made a long into the nature and causes of the wealth of wrote The Wealth of Na tions which is a theory of In this he says The subject of every state ought to contribute towards the support of the as nearly as possible in proportion to their respective abil ities that in proportion to the re venue which they respectively enjoy under the protection of the The expense of government to the Indivi duals of a great nation ia like the expense of management of the joint tenants of a great who are all obliged to contribute in proportion to their respective interests in the In the observation or of this maxim consists what is called the equality or inequality of I give the above in detail because of the erudition and the great mental qualities of a man who was a pro found thinker and a thorough and cap able which ehould carry due weight with those dealing with tax If we accept the above basis of tax ation the single tax has been wrong to the as pointed out of our over taxing vacant lands at leatt 23 from and including 1913 and giving improvements d corres ponding uncntitled To meet this a gradual reversion must take place to full value on im Land assessment must be reduced at once in order to under reasonable the spontaneous payment of taxes on va cant It has even been demand ed that they be rebated the over charge of 23 made by single Lands are now taxed too high to pay taxes which points out the necessity of broadening the even before full improvement valuee are even the improved property if the city is to get enough money to than the plan In my opin meet Its But before deal ing with that let us finish the ques tion of land and improvement It was thought that without change of assessment provisions should be alone and if the same reasoning applied that did on vacant property the assessment would have gone up Agiln this would not be a fair rule because rents have not gone up sufficiently to com pensate for such a raise because wag es have not gone up sufficiently to meet the extra cost of living and in creased But was this not equal ly true of vacant lands when the as sessment went up Right here te another The present taxpayer can sell his vacant property to an irresponsible owner with the final result that It falls to the city for nonpayment of With reference to the plaint against reducing taxes on I am quite in sympathy because it a business in Lethbridge and per which makes it quite able from this source to pay any tax es that are demanded of 4iut ia tax collection it is a question of equality that is required by our On tiie surface it would appeir that the is not taxed on Adam Smiths dictum that a person or cor poration should pay to his or its ability to But there la no way open to overcome the difficulty excepting by a of refunding on vacant a process which will be more expensive in long run to ion the debts of all western cities will have to go through a process of re funding unless a great wave of pros perity rolls over the west after the made that if from 1918 and onward each years current taxes were paid But since there are citlea in Alberta in much worse shape tkan Lethbridge It would be a pity If we I because it1 willonly be through the government and ita and onetenth of all arrears were paid should be the first to appeal for up each year the properties HO pay ing would be exempt from Later it was thought that only onei utility Board that any suck process could be I tfelnk It if the government will allow this pro is fouurtlcess until that these payments wculd bring in j last enough money to meet the proper j Ae long as the interest can be paid such a procesi can reasonably be de ferred until such time as there U not enough money In the treasury to meet debenture payments when new bonds may be issued to meet the just due by this procesn the time or Hfe of the bond is This plan has been followed in many the ifeost Uvontieth of bark Uses paid could be I tfcink woulrl be after due fonsUeratlon it is fouurt j cess until it may be considered 7the se payments wculd money to meet th share of the bonds falling due from time to i If the 23 spoken of before as is then onesixth of the taxes ou vacant lots would have to be because tho single tax I was started in j j If lands are dropped to their proper level Qf 57 of the assessment there outstanding ia The Metropolitan must be a corresponding increase to Debts of Boston ftnd Vicinity of I QAee Montreal OF 1 Established 1 Acting Acting ou improvements but Hlnce to j which is being paid off by do this last at a jump Is to make an new issues of equal annual aerial condition for the improve stalmertt because original ment owners we must make the ad1 bonds could not be met when they vaiice gradual over several years and became iu meet it we must in the meantime broaden the basis of But before daaline wlifeibe exact method But when the interest falta to be on due date the Olty is at in default and rauit be CITY OF LETHBRIDGE BYLAW x A Bylaw of the City of Lethbridge nthorisiiif the IIMC and sale of Treawrjr Notes for the sum of to be destfiwted Sories C and Whereas by Section 1 of Chapter 341 eluding the Capital In income bearing 332 7th Street by DONthy A M A 111 r ot the Statutes of Alberta passed In the year It is provided that the Council may by Bylaw raise money by way ot the City Treasury Notes up on any unpaid taxes due to the ex cept the current years and may issue such Treasury Notes to secure the said such loan to be payable Within a period not to exceed five and the said notes shall be a good Hen upon all unpaid taxes due the time ot the paaalng ot the said and Wftereas It Is expedient that all Public Elec tric Light and Street Railway of is of which no part of the principal or Interest there of is In and Whereas this Bylaw shall take ef fect on the day ot the final passing Now therefore the Municipal Council of tho City of Lethbrldge duly assem as For the purpose of proposition A afoiesald the sum of Bentley who is Appointed Deputy Re turning Officer to take the The Mayor of the City ahall at tend at hla office in the city Hall In the City of on Saturday the 4th day of January 1019 at the hour of 11 oclock In the forenoon and if requested will appoint by writing signed by two persons to Attend at the final up of the votes and one pereon to attend at each poll ing place on behalf of the peraons in terested in promoting the pawing of shall be borrowed on the credit of the this Bylaw and a Ilka number on he arrears of taxes due at the time of City of Lethbrldge for the purj half of the persinflTnterested in op the paesing of this Bylaw except the poee of Proposition B aforesaid theipoaiiig the paaving ot this AurMItt tavna vrhnn cmm rtf vViall n current years when collected sum shall be borrowed by the City of Lethbrldge ahall be on the credit of the City of Leth The City Clerk ahall attend at his office in the City Hfll In the City deposited in Savings Bank bridge and for those purposes the of Lethbridge at the how of 11 oclock In some chartered Bank or Banks to Mayor and City Clerk of the City of be known as the Treasury Note Trust Lethbridge are hereby authorized and Account and the money so deposited directed to sign and attach in the Savings Bank Account shall be used for the sole purpose ot redeem ing the Treasury Notes hereby auth orised as they become and Whereas the amount ot unpaid tax corporate Seal of the City ot Leth bridge to 111 Treasury Notes for proposition A for the sum of each and 15 Treasury Notes for the sum of each for es for the year 1914 and prior thereto Proposition B of the City of Letli dne to the City of Lethbridge is bridge to be designated as to Propo and to D and as sition A as Series C Proposition B a4 Series and Whereas the amount of unpaid tax es for the year 1915 due to the City to Proposition A they shall be num of Lethbridge If and bered from Number 1 to 111 Whereas the amount ot unpaid taxaggregating the sum of es for the year 1916 due to the City and as toeProposition Ihey siail of Lethbridge is and Whereas the amount of unpaid tax es for the year 1917 due to the City of Lethbridge is and Whereas all moneys heretofore bor rowed by way of temporary loan to be numbered from 1to 15 inclusive aggregatingthe sum of and open council this in on the 7th day of January 1919 and ahall sum up the number of votes for and against the Read a tint time this llth day oC December Donald City Read a second time thia llth day o December ponald City Read a third time and passed id to bear interest at the rate of j six per centum per payable half yearly and having coupons at tached thereto for the payment of in meet current expenditure pending Each pf the said Treasury collection of the taxes for the year 1914 and prior thereto and for the Notes and the coupons attached there to shall be payable in gold coin of year 1915 and for the year 1916 and i lawful money of at the princi tor the year have been office of the Bank of Montreal In and the purposes for which the said unpaid taxes for the year 1914 and prior thereto and for the year 1915 and In each of tho Cities of Mont Canada or in gold coin of the 191 day oC and year 1916 and for the year United States of of tho preej TREASURY NOTB City Canada Province of Alberta City ef Series C 1917 were imposed and have been met satisfied and discharg and Whereas it necessary in the in terest of the public health of the in habitants of the City of Lethbridge that a supply of purer water be pro vided and that a filtration plant be in at an estimated cost of and Whereas plans and specifications of ent standard of weight and fineness at Under the authority of the Leth the office of the said bank in the City Charter and of Bylaw 328 of New York in the State of New of York in the United States of i at the holders clty of Lethbridge passed on the day of 1918 the said City of Lethbridge hereby promises to pay to Thesaid Treasury shall the bearerthe sum of One Thousand bear date the first day of February ln of lawful money 1919 and shall mature in 5 after of the office Of tke Bank the date of the and the interest Montreal in the City Of thereon shall be payable on the first or In the City day of February and the first day 6r in the City of A In Hliv UTAMtABl the proposed works including the Fil August In each year during the or In the City of tration Plant and an analysis of the rency The coupons attached or the sum of One Thousand water have been submitted to and to each of the said Treasury Notes Dollars ln cotn of United approved of by the Provincial Board shall be signed by the City The 8tateB America of its present of Health and a certificate of such j signatures on such coupons may be ard weght and fineness at the of approval Chairman required by the Public Health baa been issued to this and Whereas a Bylaw has been passed and Treasury Noted Jiave been issued lithographed or The Treasury Notes hereby au tice of the of Montreal in the of New York in the state of New thorized to be issued may be in the York ln the United States of America form set forth in Schedule A hereto at tne holders option on the First day or to the like The Council may issue and sell And sold for the purpose of paying the Said Treasury of February without days grace and to pay interest thereon in the meantime at the rate of six per for the above mentioned work and j The said Treasury Notes shall C8ntum per annum half yearlyon the the said Treasury Notes are now j And It is not deemed ad vis bo a first charge on all unpaid taxes due to the City for the year 1914 and prior thereto for the year 1915 ret ot February of August in acn to the bearer ef the an coupone upon presentation Able by the Council to issue long term and for the year 1916 and for the year any of the said Offices as debentures for the purpose of paying 1917 at the time of the passing of this become the said Treasury but thqt furBylaw and all such unpaid taxes shall ther Treasury Notes should be issued when and as collected be deposited In for the eaid which shall bo called Proposition A ami Whereas it is deemed advisable by a Savings Bank Account to be known This Treasury Note is one of A ser ies of 111 Treasury Notss Numbered l to ill both inclusive of like as The Treasury Note Trust Ac tollor and Wect alt count to be in some chartered of wnich liability of the the Council for the protection of the j Hank or to be approved by a Clty of Lethbridf e and are also A first Treasury Notes hereby authorized to be issued and Tills Bylaw shall before the final passing thereof receive assent of day property of the City from fire to pur chase a new fire engine at an estimat ed coat of which shall be called Proposition B and Whereas the Council of the City of Lethbridge deem it expedient for the purpose of proposition A aforesaid i twothirds of the duly qualified bur to borrow the sum of and voting thereon as to each pro for the purpose of proportion B aforesaid borrow the euni of That Donald the Clerk by the issue and sale of Treasury j of the City of Lethbridge be and he Notes for the sums bearing interest j is hereby appointed ft perform the at the rate of nix per centum per I dutiee of Returning resolution of Cguncil and shall be charge all unpaid taiea due the used for the purpose of redeeming the City for the 1914 Prl01 thereto and for the yaar And for the year and for the year Dated at Lethbrldge this NOTICE City payable half yearly which is of the debt intended to be and Whereas it 46 expedient to make the That tho votes of the burgesses Notice In hereby given that above in a true copy of a ed qualified to vote on this Bylaw shall Bylaw which bas been Introduced and be taken on this Bylaw on Monday which may be finally passed the the day of January 1919 m principal of said Treasury Notes between tho hours of Nine oclock in council of the City of Lethbridie in the event of the assent of the bur payable within a period of five 6 i the forenoon and eight oclock in tha being obtained thsrtto vaava TIAvt ilntn u 9 years next after the date on the Bylaw takes and Whereas it Is expedient to make such Treasury Notes a first cburge on all unpaid taxes due to the City for the year 1914 and prior thereto and for the year 1915 and for tho year 1916 the year and which afternoon tho polls shall beopen one month from the first publication Bd andI the votes shall be taken at the of the proposed Bylaw and of ol owing p aces and by the Deputy Notice in the Lethbriilge Hsrald news itelurnlng Officers hereinafter paper published in City of LaUi bridge uni that the data of first a for that portion of the lying e of e Pacific Railway at the Gymday of January 1918 and at the nlaca e naca Whereas the amount of the assoas naslum Building of the Westminster flxed tot the taking rt the Votes of able property in the City according by llarry who U ap the buriei t being the Roll for the year 1918 is the i ramble portion Of Which is and Whereas the amount of thu exist ing debt of the City iu h iln the re0oon and 8 oclock la b For that portion of the City afternoon lying Bouth of the main line of tha Canadian Pacific Railway at the City office in the City Hill ;