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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 12, 1910, Lethbridge, Alberta Monday, December THE LETHBRIPGE DAILY HEKALB AN ADI AN Christmas AND New Year Holidays FARE ONE-THIRD For the Round Trip Between all stations on the Main Port Arthur- to Vancouver and intermediate branch lines. Tickets on sale December 22, 1910, to January 2, 1911, final return limit, January For further particulars apply to S. B. MITCHELL Ticket Agent Canadian Pacific Railway Lethbridge, Alta. CANADIAN EASTERN CANADA Excursions Low Round Trip Rates to Ontario, Quebec and Maritime Tickets -on sale to'Decein- 31, inclusive, good to return within three months. Tickets issued. in conection with At- lantic Steamships will be on sale from Kov il and- limited to- five months from date of issue. Finest equipment Standard- First Class and Tourist Sleeping Cars ana Dirint? oars on all Through Trains. Compartment Library Observation on "Imperial Limited." bpress Trail B M j-3 THE "TORONTO EXPRESS" leaves Winnipeg t daily at 22.10k mak- ing connections-' at Toronto "for all points East and thereof. The "Imperial Limited" leaves "Win- nipeg daily at S.25k, and the "Atlantic 19.00k daily, making con- nections at Montreal for all --points East thereof. Apply to the nearest C.P.R. Agent for Full Information ,.._ a ANNUAL TO Low Round Trip Fares To ST. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS, DULUTH, Minn. MILWAUKEE, Wis, CHICAGO, 111. on .sale Dec. 1 to 31 Inclusive Good to return within three months. Apply-to nearest G. P. Ry. Agent for full information. Mr. Richard Hiiieks And his .local .associates in a series of farce comedies, one 'night only TUESDAY- Dec. 13th. ENTITLED "April Fools" Cast as follows: .Peter Dunbrown .R. Hincks James Smith..F. Waddlngtou Joseph Smith L. "Packing Up" Mr. Chugwater R. Hincks Mrs.- Miss Grace McLeod Baggage Man L. L. Aso.ulth "Little Tbddlekins" J. Robinson Bnrwnsmith. ...........Richard Hincks Barnaby Babicomb......... .L: L. Asquith Captain -Littlepop ........Frank; Waddingtbn Amanthis ..Miss G. McLeod Susan.....Miss Mary Hings' Annie Babicomb .........Mrs. A. L. Hings "The Fair Equestr- ienne" Lord Lovell ..L. L. Asquith Mark Kinghcrne ,...R. -Hincks Lady Kitty .-Miss Mary Hings ,25c, 50c, 75c, ELECTION RESULTS The municipal election turns should be known about tea o'clock this evening. As soon as the ballotn are count- ed the usual 'bulletin will be posted at the Herald office, and subscribers can obtain the figures by calling up tSe Herald editorial rooms, phone WHY 4. Macleod Backed Up Lethbridge (Continued from front their credit after the liabilities of 1910 and preceding years had been paid. The report oi the delegates to the Spokane Fair was read and adopted, jancl the accounts amounting to were passed. The President, H. Mackintosh Secretary R. I-l. Billiard were PERISHED 'iL ter hand. He was in control of the ituation at all times and in his man- (Cortinued from front pointed delegates to attend-the ricultural Convention TO be held Lethbridge in February. The Horse another party of rescuers Show Committee were for the purpose..oi organizing a Horse j The Hutton Case Fair under the direction of the Mac- Tor fresh air. McKeime was then re- moved to the pit mouth, and from mere to his home, where for several nours he was delirious and in a crlt- ical condition. Being the company's physician. he was extremely popular with the and more anxiety was expressed for his safety than for tnat of any other single individual. Fred Alderson, of Hosmer, B. C., was the only member of several res- cue parties, to "give up his life for another. He was equipped with a Uraeger oxygen helmet but it appears tnat' ,a member of his parcy be- came weakened, whereupon Aider- son attempted to transfer a portion of tne oxygen in his helmet to' that of his comrade. With a lessened am- ount of oxygen, Alderson was consid- erably and fell by the way- His party also succumbed to As-! trie effects of the gas fumes, and would probably have, perished had not come to and leod Agricultural -Society. A resolution introduced by J. E. Isaac Hutton, pit boss and one of the original number of miners en- editor of the'Macleod was the only one of a group jvertiser, namely, "That the Society of twenty-one mners found alive. He 1 recogniz-es the importance of having was aiso the only English speaking ''the Dry Farming Congress of 1912 man in the" lot.' He-was discovered-by I held'in Alberta and-pledges itself ibrotner, Jack Hutton, of Frank, J-exert air-the influence possible toj C0nveved him to safety, as he Held there y executive officers: of adjoinng coal could not, or that there must still properties. Among: these were: Jas.. nave been an amount of .fresh air in Ashworth, general manager of the the chamber strong enough to coun- Jrow's Nest Pass Coal Company, and aventor of the famous Ashworth Benzollne Safety Lamp: Norman Pras- er, superintendent of the same com- pany's property at Michel. B. C.; Kaoul Green, mine superintendent at Jlainnore; 0. B; S. Whiteside, gen- ual manager of the International Coal and Coke property -at Coleman; Mes- srs. Finley and AspinaU, ,of the Maple Colleries: W. L. Hamilton, of the Leltch Colleries; Supt. James yulgley and Joan Brown and Frank Smith, of tne Hillcrest Collieries; Supt. Joseph Emerson, of the Frank mine; Genera! Manager Alfred Muel- er, of Frank; Supt. Wm. Davidson, of Joleman; Supt. Wm. Williams, of Ulle, Chas. Chestnut, of Blairmorre; Doty, of the Davenport mine, and acting Gen, Supt. Coleman, of the P. JEL with, offices at Calgary; Supt. of Cranurook, and Train- master A. C. Harshaw, of Macleod. Special Trains In Use Special 'trains were immediately- placed at the disposal.of the mine man ageroent by the C. P. R- and 'were placed into commission, carrying picked miners from all points along the Crow and for the conveyance of blankets, stretchers, rough -boxes and coffins, from .neighboring towns. Six physicians and surgeons did heroic work at the pit mouth and in the mine.- They are Dr. D. C. McKenzie, Believue; Dr., Ok, H. JMalcolmson, of Frank; Dr. j. McKay, Blairmore; Dr. A, Ross, Hillcrest; Dr. .Bell, Passburg, and Dr., A. E. W. Sny-der, of Lille. A coroner's jury consisting of Sam- uel Fisher and Archibald McKinnori, miners; .Thomas M. Burnett and Geo waiters, merchants; Philip Hart, but- cner, and Albert A. Cameron, coal mine inspector, were sworn in by Coroner F. M. Pinkney, of Lille. The rirst session 4.45 o'clock Sat- urday the remains of twenty-seven" victims were viewed, being the jaumfoer. of bodies re- miners fled from the explosion, while! it occurred, the the English miners plunged onward as j expect no fate 'but unless', by far as possible toward .the. month, every mine for the purpose of ven- tilation there must .be 'at least two openings out- er world. They are also intended as a means of escape in the event of, dis- aster, is not always advisable to seek escape through the entrance" unless one is close enough to reach the outside being overtaken.-by the gas .fumes. It is.an irrevocable rale In mining that. event of disaster the miner covered at that time., also investigate the The jury will circumstances JEWELER OLIVER BLK. ROUND ST. vital sparK. day morning leading to the explosion with a view- to determining the caiise if possible. jf'ate was Kind to H. A. Mackie, .a prominent Edmonton la-wyer. Mr. Mackie had been at Coleman in con- nection :wita 3. Compensation act case On. Friday afternoon, in company with H. A. Carter and Clement Stubbs, re- presenting the miners' union, he visit ed the Bellevue mine for the purpose1 of investigating the -working condi tions. Being pressed for time the party did not don. old -clothes and over alls, but entered the mine in ordinary street attire, merely to casually look around through the woridngs. They returned to the pit mine about 5.3( o'clock, just an hour, before the ex plosion occurred, and to this fact the] attribute the safety of life and limb Mad the old clothes been donned, anc had the original- intention of .making a thorough investigation, been carried out, the party would undoubtedly liave Deen. among the dead. Anderson and Lewis John Anderson and .Frank Lewis pit boss and driver boss respectively were among the heroes, of the day They did nothing of a startling nature in any specific instance, but labored constantly and spent hour after hour in the mine, rescuing their comrades They fought the gas fumes -by sheer force of knowledge in the (battle against the poisonous gas, their fa miliarity with mining and how to work in 'gas ridden channels or pass ages for the longest possible time without being overcome, standing tnem in good stead, in addition to which they are men of great physica stamina and unyielding courage. Anderson went into the mine at i o'clock Friday night, accompanied by Supt. J. B. Powell. For eleven b.ours Doth, men labored incessantly, picking up a 'body here and there and endeav orlng to bring life back -to the victim whenever evidence appeared of th- existence of even a semblance of the At seven o'clock Satur both men were carried out of the mine unconscious and ap parently at death's door. They rallied quickly, however, in the crisp clear air at the pit mouth and plunged back to tneir task as quickly aa they regained tneir senses and were able to work intelligently. Practically the whole o Saturday was spent underground b: tnese men, who defied sleep, hunger fumes of poisonous general superintend- Never Sour Phone 1027 GILMOKE THE erbalanee the proportion of gas umes. In view of the fact that twen- men perished in the same spot wnere only one man lived, tne gen- erally credited opinion Huttous s a man of physical stamina prob- ably unequalled in any mine in the' country. Why Foreigners Perished Another notable fact in connection with the disaster is that among the dead were English or Eng- ish speaking miners'. Eliminating Anderson, the Hosmer miner .who of the thati-int shed in rescue work, there is left but one Englishman as against thirty for- eign miners. An explanation is offered in J.he statement that nearly all the foreign 'tne the men confined-In Another portion of the mine would perish by reason ot the diverted course of the air and the growing such an or more were blown out toy the force combustion. Even though removed a considerable distance from thj? scene fof the explosion, the afctuaYT cnance therft still 'remained onougn air along the working face to suBtkin Hie until escape could be made loathe main entry or some other air entry. _ Theory of ignition in the case of the there seems to no ctoubt concerning a faU-ctf' thebiy is advanced that in coal may have created suffldeat; Mo- tion -to ignition, or cornbuitlon, resulting in the of against air." ln: "other :ivoraB, it the j gas to outweigh, the main current of air comes from the j air In circulation in the outside from "a, certain a tf the course- o! this :alr; miner should fa-ce the inrushiiiK j natural bent along ttie_ and fight his way :the [the mine.'aided; in rumes to get to good air. If he turns j rani. and tnrbugh a passage in which, the air is following Mm; un- less iie is-very near another point', of exit from the mine, the percentage of pure air foilowing'.bis course of pro- gress is lessened and" in ihottter theory; it. is that.a fail ,'of; coal may, lodged one ot the Btoppinis loot of an abandoned If so the-air current -would chute to weighed by.-the proportion of not then being worked aid: which .case; the miner "mar, per: J which no. miners were 'ejoiaged; -iThui haps .within." a few yards from safety, in a. short but yet unable to reach it because tfie pure air passes over him and the current along wcn-Une .face mine would :be would gradually" feel. floss ot s.ii? and the natural amount of gaa in mine with >Ir, greatest enemy, moved, would be in'coinJnandV Slaw- which surrounds him IB usually, strong enough to .cause death. It is reported that when the explos- n occurred the foreigners stainped- ed .turned -their backs on the -but v, of'aii- trom the' main overcome Dy the, 'and if not. conscious olvthe, tfie -course 6r-air, 'might working unconscious ,61. theibr impend- ing Jate until sucn "time :as tt- wotild be impcwsible to Kxpert; minins; engineers on. the scene to accept either one for .the second.entrance antil conxe flight by the fas fiimeg. The English, -miners ,on the> other hand faced the inrush of air, or "went against it" as the saying is, and'of the entire lot only one man succumb- ed. Their progress was" .'blocked 'by. tall -of coal, 'but the. men stood, by or these two Examination." their-places .and-the inrushins the mine has as yet failed, to :s'how. swept over them, carrying with -it as where any of the -stoppings nave-.been it travelled the deadly fumes which, removed, which would, of di- travelled, overtook the "fleeing, vert .the air .away miners.Vitn fatal results. -The-Eng- race. That" there was coal iish miners, while to a certain extent nas been: the stop- in a gas ridden'chamber, escaped the pings are ,the.-theory of majority of, the -poisonous fumes, liv- a diverted .air current, is" .shattered, ins until rescued, on air poisonous to leaving as the only a certain extent, but not sufficiently the suggestion of' cornbuo- strong to overcome the fresh, air in the passage. Cause of Explosion The cause of the explosion is attri- buted to half a dozen sources, even the mine experts differing "in their views.' On Thanksgiving Day there was a small explosion1 In the mine, but no fatalities resulted.' The fans were put to work and tne mine was apparently cleared of but among the working miners there is a etrong feeling that the mine was not entirely cleared of 'gas, as was generally sup- posed, and that the first explosion may nave had a bearing upon the sec- ond and disastrously fatal one. Many of the miners explain the affair with a bald statement that perhaps the mine has struck a "jinxr-' or hoodoo, but this theory is of course .held only' by the superstitiouely inclined and is certainly not credited by thinking people. in every coal mine there is always a proportion of gas. is greater in some than in others, but in all mines it is considered so great as to make absolutely compulsory the se ofr" safety and the deadly gas. Kaoul Green, ent of the company with headquarters at Blairmore, also spent the whole of Friday night and the great part of Saturday in the mine, returning to tne pit mouth only when self preserx-a- tion so demanded. Influence of Gas The power of gas is wonderfully de- monstrated in a technical statement to the effect that three per cent, o! predominating a quantity of pure air is sufficient to cause death within a period of fifteen minutes. Thus if miners are entombed in. a g-as cham- ber into which no air could penetrate the miners would almost instantly perisft. Were they sealed up in a cnamber in which tliere was some air they might live until such tne amount of air was outweighed by gas to the extent of three per cent., after which, according to statistics, taey would perish within fifteen min- utes from 'that time. Tne finding of Isaac Hutton, the only man alive in a group of twenty- one, gives rise tu room for argunaeut. -by: which, is meant lamps so constructed as to 'be proof against gas. Occasionally a miner is said to be so careless or so ignorant as to expose the flame of this lamp, but as a general thing when tms is done the miner seldom lives to tell the tale, so that it is almost an impossibility to prove a charge of exposing a lamp. is an. ex- pressed opinion that some miner, pos- sibly a foreigner, 'may have carelessly or ignorantly exposed a lamp, tout This act is so positively criminal that no miner hag dared, make such aa awful ctiarge against a companion, even. tnough tnat companion may have per- ished ty reason of Ms foolhardraess, so that this theory is one requiring irrefutable evidence before it can be accepted. Diverted Air For the purpose of ventilation there are placed at bottom of every cftute leading to upper workings a "stopping" which is merely an ob- struction contrivance for the purpose of shutting out air from that particu- lar shoot in order to force it up an- other chute and along the working race where the miners are employed. were one of these re- moved and air diverted up an aoned chute, the men working in an- the proprle'tor a hotei. otner portion of the mine, and de- pending upon another chute for air, would lie deprived and would in tinfe amount of ticn and ignition by means of friction of falling coal upon the.-walls of-.the mine. Only spark would.be 'neces- sary in this and that if tion occur there could not have more than a mere.spmtk, M ,the. mine, while -perhaps "on fire'! nlcally so in the strict-sense oof the-term, the coal itself Is not burning-, which.would be the case were The K Fred. A. Auterkt G.'Basse F. Beignan J. Bonato J, DrewniskJ 8. Darcoli M. Geia P. Geiga M. Korman C, Telftl Jehn Robe F. Roberts H. -Saave B. Trfpodl V. Tripodi H. Teppo F. Ullvinin J. Ulivinin J. F. Martini M. Contrattiehan Mike Nikesunmc Nils Maki M. Puymo M. Quinteiia M. Weilwerg M. lorio M. Sah Lernata J. Bornnta The Rescued: C. August A. Basaana V. Doubak R. Emerson. F. Ford J. Hutton 1. Hutton Dr. D. C. McKenzie J. McGougan A. Watson Mike Nichfore Sam Patterson D. Roberts James Daniel Harris, a colored man of Windsor, was sentenced to six months In the Central for they.tenins to shoot Electric Restorer for Men would deprived ana woma m ume every in the-bod3 be subjected to the predominance of rnospnunm tn it9 praper tension restores gas over air with fatal results. Spontaneous combustion Or the igni-, a now maa. Price box. .turn of to occur in any. portion ;