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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 11, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Institutions take note Lethbridge may soon have another small a convenience foods in- dustry which would freeze and distribute meals for institutions. It was reported by the group of businessmen investigating the city as a possible site that this type of business has gained a firm hold in the United States but this would be the first of its kind in Western Canada. They added that a new Ontario hospital has been built without a kitchen and purchases meals for staff and patients from a convenience foods manufacturer. The possible establishment of such an industry will be welcomed by the city not only because of the jobs it would create but also because it would provide a market for local products. it should be pointed out that not all institutions which have been built with this concept in mind are now satisfied with the type of service to which they are committed. There is for about the nutritional value of food which has had to undergo a multiplicity of handling procedures at varying temperatures in order to prepare the special meals needed by many hospital patients. If local hospitals are in the least interested in this kind of they should make careful investigations before converting to such an arrangement. Bonanza or wishful The first cry of since the oil crisis hit the front pages has come from the west coast of Africa. A British newspaper reports that Gulf Oil has discovered a major new oil field off the coast it company of- ficials are privately calling new Needless to say. Gulf officials have denied the story. The newspaper account reads suspiciously like an adventure story. It speaks of a map produced by Gull which reached its hands by an unexplained route and later refers to secret Por- tuguese military maps made available to it by a deserting Portuguese officer. It even goes so tar as to report the possibili- ty that President Nixon's serene at- titude toward the Arab boycott can be ex- plained by the size of the new Gulf fields. As factual verification of its it refers to seven unadmitted finds marked on thejjulf which also pinpoints the fields the company has been pumping for several and reports that the com- pany's own publication says that new wells in the area among the most prolific south of the Middle The reasons for if there is anything about which to keep are not hard to as the paper notes. The new wells are off the northwest coast of the Portuguese colony of Angola in a geographically complicated and politically sensitive area where the oil company is said to have been collaborating with the Portuguese and to have made secret arrangements with the president of General Mobutu. If Gulf has made a major it still faces the problem of laying a pipeline through country infested with not with whom the oil industry has had more recent ex- perience. Court orders are not likely to be effective. Whether the report is accurate or just wishful thinking remains to be seen. It is the first cry of but it will not be the last in the exciting days ahead for the oil industry. Cutting hospital costs How are Alberta's rising hospital costs to be Mr. Runo the finance commissioner of the Alberta Hospital Services thinks an educational program directed to the public to curtail unnecessary use could be the answer. Ordinarily it would be right to focus on the consumer when seeking the proper utilization of services. In this the consumer may not be the best one to educate. Hospital admission and discharge are not usually the prerogatives of the con- there is a the who effectively controls consumer use of hospitals. Even when a person has a hankering for doing time in a hospital and puts pressure on their doctor to ac- commodate him or her in their the decision is ultimately that of the doc- tor. The length of stay is also the doctor's decision. Since this must be known to Mr. Berglund it is possible that he thinks the public can be so aroused as to resist the doctors when there are doubts about the need for hospital care. But few people feel they are in a position to question their doctor's judgment about the need for hospitalization. So the conclusion might seem to be that the educational program should be directed primarily to the doctors. Maybe Mr. Berglund hasn't much con- fidence in such a direct approach and is counting on the doctors' sensitivity to public awareness of the need for caution in the use of hospitals to effectively curb unnecessary admissions. The doctors may need a public educated to this way of thinking in order to bring themselves to act in a way seemingly contrary to the delivery of the highest possible medical service. THE CASSEROLE Points to Grant Notley. In his recent TV Mr. Lougheed said that Alberta would use energy resources to gain concessions on such things as freight a suggestion the NDP provincial leader has been making periodically for several months. About 55 per cent of all immigrants to Canada settle in about 14 per cent each in B.C. and Quebec and about six per cent in Alberta. Nearly entered Canada in the first nine months of this year. Where did they come Only from the from the from each from Greece and nearly from from Hong from from the Philip- from from Trinidad. Red the Japanese Communist party has begun to report golf in its sporting to the dismay of old timers in the party who were raised on the bromide that golf is a rich man's sport. the party is trying to broaden its given the opportunity of the nation's deepening economic as the London Observer there are now 10 million golfers in Japan and each has a vote as well as a putter. The weekly Literary a Russian recently blasted Soviet business practices and praised those of American businesses. In a signed a Russian ef- ficiency expert said that Soviet spend too much time in party or civic projects unrelated to their jobs. of the activities we have become accustomed he not really work but only an imitation of The pathos of Europe By Joseph syndicated commentator BRUSSELS pathos of a senior American official exclaimed as the year-end meeting of the North Atlantic allies began here in Brussels. That almost twilight note does indeed express the tone of relations between the United States and its leading Euro- pean friends. For there is now an oppor- tunity to move from the backbiting of doctrinal debate to co-operation in solving the acute mutual problem of energy. But the odds are that the opportunity will be mis- and maybe missed because of political weakness here in Washington. The opportunity is very clear. For the past dozen years the baleful spirit of Gen. de Gaulle has imposed upon transatlantic relations an in- vidious polemic. That ugly spirit has animated all recent disputes about nuclear sharing the burden of defence fair trading terms and monetary reforms. These petty disputes thrived in the past decade as a luxury afforded by the absence of tru- ly grave problems. But now the Europeans and North Americans are both burdened by the energy shortage. The problem is particularly grave here because the Europeans are so dependent upon Arab oil. The who have made no secret of their sympathy for have been cut off from Arab shipments altogether The West heavily depen- dent on the great refinery at Rotterdam for are on the brink of economic dis- aster. Even here in and in such relatively favored countries as Britain and the lights are going there are restrictions on and unemployment is beginning to show. Mutual effort by the Atlan- tic countries could plainly ease these burdens enor- mously. If nothing a pool- ing of research efforts could considerably speed the day when Europeans and Americans could bring into play new sources of energy such as gasified coal or shale or nuclear power. In arguing with the Arabs even a joint stand by the consumer countries would be far more effective than the in- dividual rush to surrender which at present characterizes the Europeans in the British and the French. But two maladies poison the possibilities The under the spell of French leadership and Gaullist still have a thing about the United States as a malevolent superpower. Dur- ing the last war in the Middle the French and the British and the Germans to a lesser put obstacles in the way of helping the United States offset what looked like a big Soviet grab for power in the eastern Mediterranean. They also chose to divorce themselves from the United States on the better to appeal to the Arab oil- producers. On the American there is a sharp division of aims of a highly personal nature. Secretary of the Treasury George who wants to maintain currency exchange rates which are so favorable to American has been currying favor with the leading European finance ministers. Secretary of' Defence James Schlesinger has been encouraging the Europeans to get on with the job of organizing a more conventional force. And Secretary of State Henry Kissinger has a per- sonal stake in wringing from the Europeans the declaration of Atlantic principles which he called for in his April speech proposing a new Atlantic Charter. He has also com- mitted his full prestige to a settlement in the Near East. Now he is lashing out privately and publicly at European reluctance to help him in the Middle East and to be forthcoming with a ringing declaration of principles. He was so furious when Prime Minister Edward Heath of Great Britain rebutted some of his criticisms in a mild and indirect way that he almost called off a major speech scheduled for London this Wednesday. All this petty bickering could now be subordinated to the larger challenge of the energy crisis. My strong im- pression is that the European like the American would respond vigorously to a call for generous sacrifice. Dr. with his vast might well mobilize the European public to push their governments to less ignoble positions. But so far there has been no sign from Dr. Kissinger of such a large purpose. Which is why the spirit here in Europe is so melancholy. Oil to make Alberta Canada's richest province By Richard syndicated commentator Just over a week Prime Minister Trudeau and his cabinet suddenly realized that the oil crisis is about to as one minister put it to Abu Dhabi in and also will unless something is done about perhaps million in mostly unearned profits onto. Canada's multi-national oil companies. These or more belated recognition of facts already well- came just as the cabinet was trying to make up its collective mind about Energy Minister Donald Macdonald's national energy corporation in time for the deadline of yester- day's no-confidence test. The result was a series of cabinet meetings which for intensity and frequency probably have few equals since the Quebec crisis of 1970. Trudeau announced a new oil policy based on those meetings. The cabinet settled two except for a pipeline to Montreal and Macdonald's corporation. Within a divided cabinet the national corporation led by though they a number of feathers in the process. Instead of the comprehensive energy corporation Mac- donald the company will be responsi- development despite some will be at least initially. A major tar sands investment is but that will depend upon Alberta's approval. The problem that sent the cabinet into a space of six of one kind or over a span of eight was that of the im- plications of a Canadian Abu Dhabi and of huge new profits for the oil companies. When the cabinet minister referred to the Arabian state he was not about its politics but about its wealth. Which is what Alberta is about to in abundance. Because of the price freeze and the federal export Canadian oil is selling at about a barrel below market value. When both restraints are the value of Cana- dian at a little more than 700 million barrels a will jump by about billion. and U.S. will pay the That gigan- tic sum will be divided between the oil and last and Ottawa. Alberta's share is impossible to calculate because the details of Premier Lougheed's new royalty scheme won't be announced until January. A minimum assuming of the present 22 per would be million. This sum likely it will be and quite separately Alberta' will pick up extra revenues from higher gas is equal to one-third Alberta's present revenues from all sources of billion. Today the second richest after Alberta will tomorrow become easily the wealthiest. Lougheed is entitled to the flood of money. Alberta's conventional oil reserves will last only 10-15 years. To hedge against the future he will need to invest in the tar sands and in petrochemical secondary industry. Alberta's new much of it coming from the pockets of Canadian oil will make it a province unlike the with great latitude for independent action. That's a problem for the future. In the because Ottawa gives equalization payment to disadvantaged provinces on a formula bas- ed on revenues of the rich provinces the jump in Alberta's revenues will require Ottawa to pay out at least million more. The only source for it will be whatever Ottawa can get out of that billion. How much the tax will amount to depends on what the multi-national who can bore tax loopholes as easily as oil declare as taxable income. The balance of the billion goes to the oil companies. They claim they need higher revenues to cover exploration costs. In oil company profits are already at record and production costs are six cents a barrel less than a decade ago. To pick up some of the and to hold down price increases as the NDP have Macdonald in a hastily written put a range of options before the cabinet. These include a phasing-in of the particularly for heating oil. He also proposed a partial continuation of the ex- port with the proceeds to be re-invested in the tar sands. Lougheed already has said he is prepared to defer part of the provided Ottawa lowers certain tariffs and railway freight rates. These are the kind of concessions Ot- and the rest of the are going to have to get used to making. Because Alberta approval is Trudeau was only able to advance on price deferments anrl rofinina in nil nnmrunv nrnfite ON THE HILL Joe MP for Rocky Mountain 1 am writing this column shortly after the prime minister's announcement which he described as setting basic for a new national oil The principal promises in that speech were Extend the price freeze on western crude oil. Establish a National petroleum corporation. Start construction im- mediately of an oil pipeline to Montreal. Abolish differentials based on the Ottawa Valley line. Approve construction of the McKenzie Valley natural gas pipeline. Spend federal money on research into oil sands development. Two of those in will cause alarm in Alberta. the energy minister had promised that the price of crude would rise after February 1. That promise has now been and petroleum spokesmen fear that the extended freeze will divert significant investment from Alberta. there will be some concern about the idea of a state petroleum corporation. In the long the most significant result of the prime minister's speech is that we will have a national energy policy that was design- ed for reasons of politics not and not energy. Prior to the prime minister's there were growing signs in Ottawa that the NDP was go- ing to withdraw its support of the Trudeau and seek an election fought on energy. The NDP strategy was sim- ple and they expect to lose seats in the next but they thought they would do better in an than on any other foreseeable issue. Their hope was to cut their losses. The prime minister wanted to avoid an election. His strategy was clear and simple he took away the NDP by adopting the NDP platform. That means this Parliament will carry on for a while Letters to the Editor longer. More it means Canada is now com- mitted to a jerry built national energy which was designed primarily to achieve political goals. there has been no long-range planning. The policy was patched together on the run. Consider these examples. The Montreal in Donald MacDonald told Don Getty that Ottawa saw no im- mediate need for a in the federal energy paper assigned a pipeline no on September the prime minister suddenly an- nounced a pipeline would be four months construction had not begun. Ottawa announc- ed a freeze in on November in his national TV the prime minister said the freeze this would end February Donald MacDonald repeated that un- dertaking in on December the prime minister said the freeze would continue through the winter. Proceeds of export when the tax was first an- without consultation with the minister in- dicated that less than 100 per cent of the proceeds would be returned to producing under questioning by Eldon Woolliams in he said there would be a total return to producing although part of that would be via directed investment within the producing province on December the prime minister announced a That indicates the pattern of change and uncertainty which has characterized energy statements so far. It is clear that no long-range plan has been adopted. the government is responding to the strongest pressures of the moment. At this unfor- the strongest pressure is in order to the government must court the NDP. That means we have signifi- cant energy policies ap- parently permanent policies based upon ad hoc reactions to the pressures of a minority party. Ridiculous claim I was saddened to see the same old nonsense written about university which one has encountered so many times from the pens of the ill-informed and unimaginative. An hour of meaningful and inspired teaching is only achieved as the result of many years of education and specialized training and is only main- tained by constant research and preparation for which of sabbatical leave is designed. Synonymous with the one hour of teaching are the many hours of not to men- tion the individual con- sultations which all students quite rightly demand. The nine-hour a week claim is so ridiculous as to be and the a year claim is unfortunately nothing more than a pleasant Personally I know nothing about any and can only assume that my hus- band might be able to indulge in this when he can find a way of squeezing more than 24 hours into a day. I do wish that the ed could take over my husband's job for one and I guarantee he would find himself less about the fate of his taxes and more about his own physical and mental strength PKOFESSOR'S WIFE. Lethbridge. Dogs before humans There is something very wrong when city council okays for an animal shelter without protest but balks at in- stalling traffic lights to ensure the safety of human beings. That certainly puts us in our doesn't I was par- ticulary incensed by Mr. Kotch's remark about time pedestrians smartened up in this town and realized they are not the only users of the I would be inclined to replace the word with as a mere I have on many occasions been made to realize that I was only a nuisance getting in the way of the almighty driver. Many tin.es I have been almost knocked down on inciden- many drivers ignore completely. Even at traffic lights there are many im- patient drivers who try to sneak round the comer on the regardless of the safety of the people stepp- ing off the curb. I am far from being a reckless but I feel I am taking my life in my hands every time I cross the and I am quite well able to interpret the glares and the under-the- breath mutters of the drivers who obviously resent the fact that I am daring to take a whole minute to cross the street on my own two legs. in that they could travel six Or There may come a time when Mr. may have to and let us hope that not only will he get to see the other side of the story but that he will also get to the other side of the street. MERE Lethbridge. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD.. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO W Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROYF MILES Advancing Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. KENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;