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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 11, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, Decembor 11, Joseph Kraft, Bill of rights comes first Durini! the reci'in provincial elec- tion campaign the Progressive Con- servatives stressed the need for a meaningful bill of rifihts. Although there was liltlc detail on how it would be spelled out or applied, manv people felt it would mean the end of the discriminatory Commu- nal Properties Act which restricts the richt of Jluttcrite colonies to ex- pand freely. II seems that interpretation was unfounded. The new government ap- proved a certain expansion on the grounds of information supplied by The board in charge of administer- ing Ihe act, which information is now alleged to have been incom- plete, 'flie inference is that if the government had known then what it knows now. it would not have allow- ed Ihe expansion. The board has been dismissed and a new method of dealing- with ''the Hulterile prob- lem" is being planned by the gov- ernment. If it is still the intention to legis- late a bill of rights with teeth in it, perhaps the Hutterite question should be held in abeyance. A bill of rights worth, the paper it is writ- ten on will spell out areas in which the legislature and the government will not encroach on the freedom of the people to run their own affairs to sell land, to buy land, to live where one wishes and in the man- ner one wishes. If it is essential to limit these rights so far as Hutterites are con- cerned, then it would be hypocrisy even to talk about a bill of rights. To put it another way, the Com- munal Properties Act and its re- placement relate to any future bill of rights, and it would seem unwise to establish legislation, machinery or policies that would have to be abandoned when a bill of rights be- comes law. Call it power politics There can be little doubt that India and Tiussin have co-ordinated both military and political strategy in the current Pakistani-Indian con- flict. The terms of the "friendship" pact between the U.S.S.R. and India have never been fully disclosed, but they undoubtedly include specifics along with expressions of mutual admira- tion. The suspicion that one of those specifics is that Tiussia promised to any Seciirily Council condeinna- ivilion of India as Ihe aggressor when, rather Hum if, open conflict broke out between the two nations. India has counted on a quick vic- tory in East Pakistan, and the way things look now. she is going to get it. This will release Indian troops from the East front to continue the war in the West a trek of men and equipment over about a thousand miles of Indian territory. The Russians will probably lake their time in recognizing the state of Bangla Desh, but when an Indian victory in East Pakistan has become a fact, they may go along with a ceasefire resolution in the Security Council. But the Chinese are unlikely to go along. They have been lending their rhetoric in'supporting the Pak- istani cause, and there is always the danger that the belligerent talk can turn into belligerent action. The Russians are counting that Chi- nese aid to West Pakistan will be in the form of vociferous moral support and not much more. For one thing, as Dennis Bloodworth has pointed out in nn article on this page, Ihe supply road from China lo Pakistan is impassable for the iicxl few months. And further, the Chinese army has been going through a series of purges or motivational reorientation which has weakened its strategic effective- ness temporarily. On the one hand the Russians ac- cuse the U.S. "imperialists" of fo- menting war in the Middle-East by their support of Israel. On the other hand they support and assist war on the Asian sub-continent. It's not logi- cal, it's not compassionate, it's not morally defensible. It's called power politics. Weekend Meditation Loss of individualism WAJIUEL BARNETT. Warden of Toyn- bee Hall, observed one day that a number of people had come down at dif- ferent times fron: the West End with large blueprint plans for the transformation of the slums and did little or no good. The only real, lasting good was done in the East end by people who were willing to take time and trouble with individuals. The trouble with working with individ- uals is that it is unspectacular and re- quires a great deal of painstaking effort. Often also one is bitterly disappointed, es- pecially if he looks for gratitude. More- over this is a collectivist age when the in- dividual does not seem to amount to very much. All the public utilities like the elec- tric lights, waterworks, schools, highways, and the post office are collectivist and now welfare, health, medicine, and the care of the poor and aged are all being taken over by the government. Even the Community Chest is a collectivist matter. There seems to be a decreasing area for the operation nf Hie individual. Further, what can an in- dividual do against the organized evil and suffering of the times? Can he stop the oppression of Czechoslovakia, the Vietnam war. the horror of East Pakistan, or the conflict in the Middle East? Vet the whole meaning of life centres to individuals. When Bishop Asbury ordained deacons he used to pray. "Oh Lord, grant that these brethren may never want to be like other people." Asbury thought that the desire for social conform- ity was a moral weakness, though it is decidedly more comfortable as a way of life. When you think of it, however, all the people we admire have real in- dividuals. Take Ida Scudder whose father was the son of a missionary in India, and who himself was a medical missionary. Ida lold hmv sl'o used lo pray that, she might never a missionary. Thru when she was a young woman a Brahmin came and asked her to help his wife in child- birth. He refused to allow Ida's father, the doctor, to touch his wife. The same night a Mohammedan and a high-cask1 Hindu came for the same purpose, that Ida might assist in childbirth. So she went back to Women's Medical College in Philadel- phia and Ix'came a doctor that she might undertake midwifery in India. At the Medi- cal College in Vcllore sire trained others in midwifery and also graduated hundreds of medical practitioners while she founded and established roadside dispensaries. One could continue this list indefinitely because it has been individuals who have created the creeds, founded institutions, and ori- ginated the battle for causes winch con- tinue long after they are dead. Everyone knows about the famous Warden of Sing Song Prison, Lewis E. Lawes, whose bat- tle for saner and more humane prisons was terminated by a tragic accident. His wife Katbryn Lawes is not as well known though equally heroic, after her husband's death she continued in the prison going about like Jesus Christ doing good. For seventeen years she did not let one day go by without going through the prisons, into the prison hospital and the workshops, brightening the lives of despairing men. When she found the man was distressed ever his family outside the prison in need, she took food and clothes, if she found one lonely she brought friendship, or if some- one wanted letters sent, she sent them. Men who were freed from prison went out with a few dollars from her meagre purse to make a new start in life. This certainly is not spectacular, but of such people as Ida Scudder and Kathryn Lawes one can say, "Of such is the Kingdom1 of God." An In- dian saint once said that the highest good- ness is like water, for water seeks the lowest places which men abhor. There are a great many things that can only be done by governments and on a collectivist scale. It is a sad thing however when peo- ple come to think Uiat large organizations alcne are important and that the individual doesn't matter. Jesus said few more valu- able things than that nothing is more valuable in the sight of God than the in- dividual, and that the individual is not at, the mercy of a world-proross which rnnde liislory a rmirrrncf of meaningless cycles and ('rushed Ihe Rood, the true, and the beautiful. .Such thinking leads to disillu- sionment and destroys the soul by which alone great collcclivist achievements are ixjssiblo. Without greal, magnanimous in- dividuals no high sociely is possible. PKAYKK: "Oh Holy Spirit make me willing lo be u.si'd without any desire lor fame or fortune bill .simply for Ihe of (M and the good of my fellow man.1' F. S. M. Making the. gender dear Il.v DOUR Walker thought, slio was saddled "lie doesn't seem to know why lie is world's most reluctant shopper she said, "so 1 have to take over Anno McCracken Lessons from India show U.S. indecisive WASHINGTON A bizarre e o m b i n a tion of moral blindness and political unreal- ism has characterized the han- dling of the Indo-Pak- crisis by the Nixon administration. Even so the United States is relative- ly immune from the conse- quences of this folly. For vi i t h the Communist world divided, almost nothing that happens in South Asia can adversely affect American se- curity in a serious way. But similar folly in other areas could well blow the president's hopes for a generation of peace. The present round of trouble in the subcontinent goes back to the decision made by the Paki- stan government in mid-March to suppress by force the sep- aratist movement in East Ben- gal. The result of that decision was moral crime on the grand scale. Hundreds of thousands of innocent people were murder- ed by Pakistani troops, and millions were forced across the border into India as refugees. Moreover, the decision was not only a crime, it was a blun- der. With its government and forces centred in the western part of the country, Pakistan was unable to sustain repres- sion a thousand miles away in East Bengal. Among the refu- gees in India, there began to grow up an insurgency the Mukti Bahini determined to separate East Bengal from Pakistan in a new nation to be called Bangla Desh. These developments present- ed a golden opportunity to In- dian nationalists eager to settle old scores with Pakistan once and for all. They had rebuilt their army since Ihe debacle of the war with China in 19C2, and were confident they could whip Pakistan in an all-out encoun- ter. Thus secure, they saw in the East Bengal situation an opportunity to put steadily in- creasing pressure on Pakistan. To that end they armed and trained the insurgent East Ben- gali forces. They brought their own armies up to the frontier of Pakistan. They were thus acting as a kind of escort force for growing incursions by the insurgents against the Paki- stanis in East Bengal. At that point the United Slates still had some leverage. This country is the mainstay of the international groups that provide foreign aid critical to the development of both India and Pakistan, and there was an obvious way to avert the devel- oping trouble. That was to have President Yahya Khan of Paki- stan open negotiations with the East Bengali leader, Mujibur Rahman, who had been jailed back in March. But Washington was never sensitive to the moral enorm- ity of Pakistan's behavior. Hence tile willingness to let military spare parts go there for months after the massacres of East Bengal got under way. Neither was the administra- Alms race tion alert lo the cold-blooded logic driving the Indians to- wards war. Thus the adminis- tration did not apply truly heavy pressure on Pakistan for an opening of negotiations be- tween President Yahya and Sheik Mujib not even after Prime Minister Indira Gandhi of India visited Washington and named that as a price for peace. With Washington going less than all-out on the negotiating front, Mrs. Gandhi had little reason to control the Indian hawks. Slowly and deliberately, they applied pressure around Pakistan's borders. In the end, Pakistan felt obliged to re- spond with what is now open warfare. Containing the fighting now devolves upon the other great powers in the area the Rus- sians who are backing the In- dians, and the Chinese who support Pakistan. The duel be- tween the Communist Big Two thus dominated the United Nations debate, and whatever the result (and the most likely outcome is for a new Bangla Desh state) it will not cause any serious trouble for this country. Still, there are some hard questions the Nixon adminis- tration should be asking itself. Wasn't the administration blind and deaf to the moral crimes committed by Pakistan? Didn't the administration miscalcu- late what India would do? Weren't both these judgments an expression of President N i x o n s personal prejudices and preferences? Weren't these personal inclinations enormous- ly overweighted because of the emasculation of the state de- partment? More important still are some long-r a n g e questions. Couldn't such a woeful per- formance jield serious trouble in coming encounters with the Communist giants? Even if the United States is insulated from the worst difficulties by the di- vision in the Communist world, what role should this country be playing in the southern con- tinents of the Third World? Does this country want forever to be the patron of regimes in Asia, Africa and Latin America that make up the pillars of the unfreo world? (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Dennis Bloodworth China stays on the side-lines of Indo-Pakistan war SINGAPORE As Indian and Pakistani troops strike at each other with in- creasing violence and a new act opens in the tragedy on the borders of East Bengal, the Chinese vice-premier, Li Hsien- nicn has warned yet again that Peking will come to the support of Pakistan against any foreign aggressor. But the Chinese are not even going through the mo- tions, only the words. In November, another senior minister made China's position plain when he condemned India for "crude interference" in the "internal affairs" of Pakistan. Since they were "internal af- he added immediately, "a reasonable settlement should be sought by the Pak- istanis themselves." This is a simple variation on the Maoist theme that all peoples should fight their own "wars of liber- and it carries the same unspoken message China will stay on the sidelines. That docs not mean that the Chinese have no contingency plans, and although ex-Foreign Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Pakistani service chiefs, who recently visited Peking, appear to have come away satisfied" but completely empty handed China may still send arms to Pakistan if she can. China alone came to the aid of the Pakistanis during their 22-day war with India in 1965, supplying them with 19 jet lighters and enough heavy equipment for two divisions, and it was reported that they followed that up with a credit of nearly million to enable Islamabad to replace weapons lost during the fighting. Experts point out, however, that the main delivery route along the new Pakistan-China Friendship Highway, which at one point rises to feet, will be snow-bound until next February, and even if kept clear by bulldozers would be Team sportsmanship trophy until she heard alxnit shepherding .lack through several men's recently. Antic iliick looks en more Iw- vuldirred usual when ho is in a sloro. ami lell the clerks what he After several fruitless sorties inlet stores they ,'irnvrd ;il ,'inothcr (.no. In Dver I he uhch1 business Anne said lo Jack, "THIS TIMfc YOU UK THK I would like to congratulate LCI on the fino basketball tour- nament run recently. As a spec- tator I enjoyed it very much. I was glad to sec the south re- tain tire trophy this year. I would like to have seen LCI win it, and agreed with one LCI teacher in the hall who f-fiid, "Wr> are lived of being good hosts, and would like to win for a change." However, I was happy to see the Cougars win; their team is no doubt one of perhaps Ihe best in the .south this year. The U'l cheer leaders great! They wciv certainly crowd pleaser.s. Their whole .school participated, and were beln'nd them 100 per cent, As a spectator I was glad lo them win the cheer leaders tro- phy. I thai, l.lirso nw arris nre based upon some things, perhaps, thai, the crowd is not auare of, but would certainly like to know on what basis the "Team Sportsmanship" trophy Is awarded. Is it for stamping foot when a foul is called against you'.' Is i! for jumping up, ready lo tight a player falls on you'.' Is ii for Iwing so angry when a foul ii called against you that your teammate has to hold your hand up for you? Maybe its for what goes on in the dressing room, as was suggested by the officials of the cheer loading contest. But it soems to me good sportsmanship should come through lo the spectator, aiul (.lie crowd. I certainly feel the LCI team failed in this area, and could not understand the awarding of this trophy. A BASKETBALL FAN "Raymond. 'Crazy Capers' passable only to truck, not tank-transporters. The Soviet Union has been flying a stockpile o[ spare parts for jet fighters and bombers to India, and in November des- patched tons of arms by sea. But although President Yahya Khan has declared that China will pour weapons into Pakistan if there is full-scale war, Peking's principal object is to preserve the peace. Peking, backed the reaction- ary military government in West Pakistan against the left- wing "liberation movement" of the oppressed people of East Pakistan when rebellion broke out last April, and Cliou En-lai explained unblushingly. "We must distinguish between the great mass of Uie people and a handful who think only of sa- botaging Pakistani unity." There were several reasons for the decision. The Pakistani Maoists involved in the insur- rection were Jn a minority. The uprising was led by "bourgeois nationalists" and members of the extreme left in Pakistan liave themselves accused its leaders of failing to prepare the masses for a protracted "peo- ple's war" and therefore of being responsible for much of the subsequent misery. The Chi- nese on their side are interest- ed in a revolution master-mind- ed by Pakistani Maoists and believe in fighting only when they know they can win. Their dav is yet (o come, and in the meanwhile (hoy have liltle lime for a civil war in which Mrs. Indira Gandhi plays fairy god- mother lo ideologically-suspect lUukii Bahini guerrillas, let alone for Ihe emergence of nn independent 'but feeble Bangla Di-sh thai could become a pawn of India anil a plaything of Ihe super-Powers. for Peking it is not just a quasi ion of rejecting a revo- lution as unripe, and the in- surrcclionisls loday find them- selves facing Pakistani troops equipped from an ordnance fac- lory in Oarca lhat was built, wilh Chmrer aid. I'Yicndship with Ihe Pakistani government, has been a corner-stone of Chinese foreign policy. It has offset HIP hostilily of India, provided Peking with a geophy- sical buffer ami counterpoise, perverted Siniih Asia from being toin bclwecn Iwo suspect. Kuper-INnvors, and opened for China an outlet into the Ara- bian S'ea over the strategic Friendship Highway and through the port of Karachi. China also wishes to preserve a balance and to extend her influence so that the world is not at the mercy of a pernicious love-hate relationship between the imperialists in Washington and the "social-imperialists" in Moscow. The Chinese have been slanging the Indians for their "bare faced aggression against Pakistan" and for their "subversive activites and mili- tary but beneath all the noise they have been trying to patch up their own quarrel with New Delhi while blaming the Soviet treaty of friendship with India for the present ugly situation. At the moment they are not giving any specactular military aid to Pakistan, they ar not moving their own troops about menacingly on India's north- east frontier in order to dis- tract the Indian Army, and they are ignoring rather than reviling the creation of Bangla Desh. At the same time, they Looking Through The Herald Tile future townsite of Scranton Al b e r t a has the world's two greatest staples, the most reliable of all pro- duels of the world, products lhat an: consumed through good times or bad, products that will furnish work at all times for those engaged in their production, both wheat and coal. debaters arc now champions of Ihe Soulh, win- ning hv four poinls against Ma- gralh.' Hellcvne Bulldogs heartily applaud Yahya Khan's expressed desire for negotia- tions and they are urging the guilty and the innocent of South Asia to settle their differences peacefully among themselves. For if there is a full-scala war they will have to abandon their cover story lhat the agonies of East Bengal are an "internal affair" and will bo obliged to come to the aid of the Khans; they will shock the peace-loving admirers in the United Nations and not only perpetuate Sino-Indian enmity, but almost certainly find them- selves watching the Indians win, anyway. China, therefore, Is a force for peace and perhaps the most important, one in the whole miserable mess. For it may be only to Peking that Pakistan can turn for military help, and much may depend on whether the Chinese continue to re- spond with a warm, friendly, reassuring, sympathetic, ex- quisitely polite and infinitely- sobering snub. (Written for The Herald ami (lie Observer, London) backward trounced the I'incher Creek squad by 11 3 in the opening fixture of the Crow's Nest Pass Hockey League. mil _ Warmer weather was forecast for this area today fol- lowing a 21 hour period dur- ing which the mercury dropped to oarly this morning. The number of men out of work this month is high- er than the number of jobs available in Lethbridge. Tho Lrthbridge office of the Nation- al Kinployniont Service reports 4m unemployed males, and only 29-1 job openings. The Letltbridge Herald 50-1 7th St. S.t Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1005-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 001? Member of Tho Omadhn Press nna me Daily Nowspapw Publishers' Association ar.ii tfio Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Etlllor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Gcncrfll M.irt.ifl" JOE RALLA WILLIAM MAY Managing EOirnr Editor ROY DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising AAanagir Ltutorial Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;