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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 11, 1919, Lethbridge, Alberta Why MEN and Not PREHISTORIC MONSTE Giant Bouts That Developed Almost Human Arms and Hands, but, Not Brains Enough to Know How to Use Them. SCIENTISTS pond out a v_ry curious leason. of whit happens when things do not develop brains and use what they have. A running xnorurter known as iguanodon, in the Creta- age, millioas of years ago, in Belgium and en the Isle of "Wight. It developed, as its show, arms aod hands almost exactly similar to the human arm and hand of today, tut it never developed brain big enough to know'how to ;ise thaw. AD it did with them was tear and cut .ind Elay. The consequence was that after a few thou- sands of years iguanodon died out. If tiere lisd otly been a' brain would have enabled it to use its liands for mating fires And ED on, as man's primitive did, tfca say that the story of the dominant race 09 earth might have been very for this lived 'a million years before tha first which wag to tuns into IT.EII be- gan to appear on the face of the plar.st. The development of birds from prehistoric fly- ing creatures is aUo pointed out as a similar in- Tbe hind Krabs of are aunilar in stnic- tme those of certain dinosaurs that the infcr- inuit ha made that birds came up t.-xc- long-tailed ruonrng reptiles which, during coasted alone in the ah- by flap- THE FIRST riYDIlO-AIKl'LAXE Waa Nature's Opening Uid in This Field, and, According to Ihe Estimates of Scirnlisls, Ante- dated Human Efforts by Well Over a MilUoo Vrars. Jimts. Tl rroD front tiir.ba or nniis ivou.'d, of course, tw more effective if their breadth coy I1.! in some way be increased give a preaisr bearing Just the Fs.me vuy that, all things being equal, aero- plane can go through tho air better with bigger planes than smaller ones. increase in the size of the scales nlong the ami irnrs'n vtouH bti a ready means to this end. The fossils show such an increase ar'uaJJy toot place. Similar scales might develop along the mar- gin.! of the did. These scales would in time extend, lishlc-n and ulTmately evolve into feathers which not Increase the func- tion--? of flight but, acting as clothing, retain End md in ;he increase of temperature. This in turn would help lo improve both the mental and Ihe physical activities of these forma, mating them into hot blooded animals instead of cold, and this is sufficient reason tha dominance of birds over all other aerial rivals, such ea the bat, the fiying squirrel, etc., and for their survival after ihc extinrtian oE iheir dinosaurian kindred. As time went on Die scales would increase largely; at the same lime, as they Increased the animal would be more in the air than on the ground and, therefore, its hind legs would bfigin to grow smaller and more slender. The lime come at last when they would become largely adapted for hopping off the ground to give the crc.iLurL1 the impetus to allow it to fly and soar. Just as Ti-ould be expected under such con- ditiors'thore gradually came about the evolution of the rncdern bird, in which tic hopping Icqs of use dinosaur ancestor are reduced to the clutchintr. jumping- ones so familiar in all birds of today, and in which the fore limbs, by reason of their specialization, lost all semblance to tte 3csled members of the lizard form from which they sprang. In a way of speaking, the birds dcTdopcd uings and, feathers because they "had brains oncufih to use the scales which they acquired tl'jnr.g a certain period of devdopment. Million.! of years ago, during the age of rep- htfors the higher forms of animal life the thunder lizard. Ha Why CAVIAR Is So VERY COSTLY Caviar Is Made by Rubbing Flah Throiigh a Sieve, been kzovn for a ovK9fft lot tt u men- tioned In Shakespeare's "HirnM." It Is prt- u d rule, from the roe ol different spc- nts of the stnnreon. The caviar comes from Russia- The great Ruiinan rivers ar.d asas m centres of large fuheriej. The Erurgeon U tag-bodied fishirithGve rows of bony fields nin- Jirog lengthwise In its bodyi Tbe fish vary in ftci-. about 3 foot ip to M feet, the might be aj much m ton. H wag con- ridered ari CTIH greater hi utility it riOW In nd rranee, m mediero] times, every sturgeon tMlJit beloogod by right lo the rJ-r.. Tha most valuable part of the sturgeon nt presejit Jay la the rcw. Tlie U.-t come Irom Uie ettrlet, i Email Rmslan stiirgcon; rte 1 the gmt white called U Russia tha beluga, which is one of the bigRcsl RnsjlMi srraks. A white jtnrgeon wcijfhinfr ptwfo will Uvc a rwj weighing over 200 pounds tmmSl jortune for [fie ftihcntiTi. Tlw Vest called in Russia Ikra, is inids ff nbbln? Ore eggs through a hair sieve, c-ilhcr tho or by beatcng with awitches. Thh ttnlning tiiroagh the frees the cgg.i from fatly matter and nbios, Thus dean.wd, the mlitd with from 4 to per cent, of fine trd [onu an almost liquid variety rf The larger the grains, the more fluid hi iubvtance, the fresher and less salted the ikra, Ike more blgnly U It prU-jd It Is difficult lo immi utd made only in vintor. h erdbwry kfad, and the mfLkkf li as foUom by a wriUr In Popular Science Monthly! ITio roes corered in wnodco troughs wilh hriM and rwcked In 1iuen bnps. The brine Is tfen in a wooden frt-s- Tha pressed an ai srr.all lined with linen. from six to seven eigMha THE ALMOST HUMAN DINOSAUR This Prehistoric Monster Is Thought to Have Developed Arms and Hands Almost Similar to Man's, bat Could Not Grow Brains Enough to Know How to Use Jhtm and, llierefore, Loel a Possible Chance of Becoming the Kuler of the World, of the entire Russian production, tho remain- ing eighth consisting ot the more liquid vari- ables. The substance re- mainine in the hair Eieres after the fine quality of caviar is robbed throagh Is an important article of food of iho native popula- tion. Astrakhan Is the great market for genu- ine caviar. The chief constitu- ents of caviar arts albu- men and fat. It is, there- fore, easily digested and noumhlng. Additional ingredients spoil .the delicate flavor of good caviar. Because of the demand for caviar, numerous There is what Is called i70 pounda- Sciwitista estl- ciato thot the animal In life must have in of Drawing lo Scale of the Upper Arm-bone, or of Man, the Elephant, and Great Brontosaurus or Thunder.Lizard. of largest quadrupeds that ever in- habited the earth. This prehistoric monster flourished in. the wnters find marshes which covered vast areas of Europe, Asia and western North America. Ac- cQTulng to scientirjc measurements, the hotly of the thnndeif lizard was G7 feet znd his whiplash tail measured another 1C fed. Stand- in? on all fours, he was 12 feet high. H he on his hind legs lie towered.over 30 feet into Ihe air. -The thighbone of the mounted skeleton in 40 tons. Vet, in spite of his rcmsrkriule size, the thunder iimrd was probably n liarinitss vcgotnrian, slow and t-luaur in his movements, seldom it ever romins up on dry land, but wading; about in the KIVK channelj nnd taci waters, where he was tnita from the attacki of fierce, predacioua thct inhabited dry land. The first successful mechanical flying boat or hydro-airplane appeared about 1911- The Inst successful natural flying boat vanished, according to scientists, one million years B, C., which shows how far nnlure is still ahead of man in his most modern inventions. The original flyiriE boat was the Rhnmplioi- hjTichus, which means in the two Creek wordj which compose its name, "heak-nosed" or "beaV- snouled." 'He (lew with nil the case snd skill oj a duck and in all probability ewam lite one, too. He WES no more a bird than is a bat which is related to tho mouse family. The Ithamnhorhynchus happened to be ii !fi- nrd and, therefore, of the tribe of reptiles. Aside from the practice of throwing himself off a mountain top or taking a dip in the- sea he had othsr peculiarities unknown Lo the modern lizard. For instance, he very likely had warm blood, like the mammals. Then he Fecms to bavc been lack- ing in the sr.nly covering that forms the casing or armor of the modem lizard. In lieu of that he must have had B cent of fur, wool or hair. Unfortunately, science, in spite of its Sherlock HOT WATER BOOTS for COLD FEET IP YOU suffer from literal cold feet, and at the same lime prefer comfort to beauty, yra irfll welcome this new hot-water boot which is a large, clumsy affair, like a German Eoldier's shoe, The inside casing, is made of rubber, end fiU Uie foot BO snugly that air 13 excluded from the between the foot and the easing, according to Popular Edence Monthly. In this way the foot gets the .full benefit of thc'hot water. To facilitate thlE the caling is arched and curved In just the places where f eet nrch nrid curve. Then cornea the layer o{ hot water, and then tht ontsidc cuinj. This oulcr cailnf IB rrpite the In- Ttntor'a idea being to gtt it >9 for away u poa- lible frcira the Inner cuing In order to girt the plenty of room to Sow about In. It is, of couree, fastened at the top of the inner cat- ing, so. that no water spill over the edge. The two casings aro vulcanized together in several other places (toe, heel, and to that the outside one won't break when the wear- er is walking. Hot water is poarcd in through a hole In the toe of the shoe, which ia duly corked up when the thoe ia loaded. Straps >t the top of the boot insure a perfect fit in at least one place. As to what happtnn when the water coola off the inventor says nothinn- Probably Inn wearer uncoiks tie hoot, lets the water run out, and then puts his foot under the faucet for more. Or Hot Wulcr Tills the Space Iktween the Outer and Inner perhaps he will fall nalcep from the soothing effect of the warmth and be loo far off when the water cools lo care about it Holmes ncumcn ferreting out a l of life secrets fosjlls that left only a few faint clues, is unable to write s precise biography of its new-found pet, RhamphorhynrhuF. Scientists prj'inK into the earth in learch of the sccrcli of the world when y o u n g made tha strange fmJ of Rhamphorhynchua's fossil remains, writes Ilobcrt S. Pcnrce in the illus- trated World. From tie construction of his body, the- fact that he was a flier wafl at once apparent. He belonged to the branch of the lizarJ family dcEignuted as the pterodactyl- The pterodactyl was an order of flying reptiles, now extinct The wuifs were formed, like Ihoie of the bat, by a leathery expansion of the skin, principally sup- ported by the greatly enlarged outer or little "rjnsers1' of the "hands." Tlio remaining were- free, and being equipped with (Treat and terrible claws were lo irrasp the limb of .T tree or a stone, for support, or the body of their prey. But lhnt he flew there is no doubt; that he swam is reasonably certain; that he nte fish is A logical conjecture; nnd lhnt he had a bill much like that of the pelican, that held his catch, fol- lows as a plausible conjecture- The teeth in the powerful juws of the rtham- phorhynchus wore long ond sharp. He would Lave been a terrible monster for diminutive mnn in lhat day to have encountered, but fortunately there were no human beings then in existence; at least science asserts tbal nothing approaching n separate and distinct type resembling man had come into being. First Machine Invented THE first of all inventions, according to mechanicians, is tlic potter's wheel, that re- volving disk upon which the clay 19 placed to be moulded, by the skilful fingers of the pot- ter, instead of turninc1 arid twisting the pot is his hands. Tho first man set down as a great inventor is Archimedes, that WIBS old Greek mathemati- cian who lived in Syracuse (not N. Y.) nfler 2S7 B. C. lie was more or less ashamed of Ins in- ventions, calling them amusements of leisure hoars, unworthy of the philosopher nml pure mathematician. Yet it is stated that lie made some forty mechanical inventions, of cnormoug prArticnl value to Immunity. Among these are the endless screw, comhirmtions of pulleys, an hydraulic organ, a machine called the helix, or screw for luurchinp F.hipfi, and a machine called whirh appears to have consisted of forty pieces, which was usrd by the boys of his time for renn'jnbtirjnp what llu-y should. The story Q( Low Archimedes discovered a way to prove tJic difference between ;hc specific gravity of mclnls is known, for it will lo remembered that when talilnir :i balh he noticed how the water rose in the lul> when ho into it. Komeniljcn'nf.' (fold occupied space than silver, v. eight for weight, lie was UIETI nble to ciemonfitraic fo Hiery, Prince of Syracuse, how a ealctemiLh had cheated him by putting al- loy into the gold of which a crown been mode, ahd thereby gained the patronage and fricndeMp of tho prince. This was the occasion when in the enthusiasm of his discovery, ,-irul nbseM-mindedncM of scholarship, he rushed from the bath-house to hi.i home crying as he ran un- clothed through the streets, "Eurckn, the OrteV for "I hnvc found it out." The endless ncrew in still cfllliH after Archi- medes, for he invented it to pump the water from tho holds of and 1ms uol been im- proved upon since. It is a lung spiral, the lower extremity running down into the water, nnd as it is turned the wnler IE lifted, flowing out at the top. It is really a development of this Archimedean screw, reversed in action, which li cce.i in !he propellers of modern stoamshipg. imitations have Rpj red caviar, which Is made from the rocs of piles and carp. Along tho MeditCTTHnean rtd cftTiar la mada from the tunny and Ihe mullet. Norwegians salt the roc of cod. In the United Slnlcs caviar ia made in the fishcrica on the Mississippi and the great lakes. TheHard-WorkirigHeart human heart beats 72 times a nilnute, I times a "lay, times a year. If a person lives up to his 70th year his heart-bonta, estimated according lo the various averages during approximate .Physicians eay that nt every honrt-btat of an adalt about five cullc inchea o( blood h forced out from eich of the into the lungs and Into the rest of the Ixxly. In other with every ctrokt of this bodily pomp abool 10 cubic inchea of blood is expsited from the amnunla to 43 cubic Inchoa In en hour and to a million cubic inches ;n a day. Az an illustration of the work done by lne heart, (he iwircrful pump tha left ventricle performs during 24 hours an amount equfel to mising one tori to the hdght of 92 feet. A MOTOR CAR That Is a Real HOME on WHEELS M r ANT caravan bodies have been devised for motor truck chisis to provide Tiring Ac- commodations on a mobile vehicle so the locality of the n.uorlcra could be changed as con- ditions demanded- Some of thcpc modern "prniric schooners" have been very simple, others have been nitcfl up luxuriously. Among the most that have been brought to the attention have been us eumptuoos of Ihcie hotels on wheels ii o.ie owned by the executive of a large automobile manufacturing compflny- An eiterior view of 'he cnr shows that is practical end pleasing In apnearnncc, the interior rleplcU the comfortable furnishings e-vidcntly based on Pullman car practice lo some extent. It Ig complete lo tho last detail. There are sleeping compartments for four people, with glass windows that can be raised and towered, in the aide of the body. Beneath each Bleeping compartment Is n commodious cheat for clothing. At the rear of Iho body is o com- plete, kitchen equipment. The rear la >IM equipped with a motorcycle used an lender may be employed for special errands that may Uke the driver of the truck off the main line of trmvel. A complete standard lighting system which fumiihes 25 electric lights Ii utilized with ballerlea, ftnerntor and motor. MI oulsids of the (ruck contain tools, ropra and various other ilcms of equipment that is likely lo he needed. The Iruck is efjuipprd with water tanks nnd pumps and mod- ern Ennitary plumbing. It rides on very largo, pneumatic Iire3. 'A large Icnl fly can be slrelchcd from the lop of the truck to s distance of 10 or 15 fc-.'t The use of pneumatic tires not only makes (he vehicle more comfort.iMe liut fives it greater ipccd nnd permits of maximum fuel economy. The driver sleeps on n specially devised seat which can bo turned into a bank nt night. This Unique body is mounted on a two-ton truck chassis, the frame having bun lengthened to niret Iho body requirements and cqnippc'd with shock obsorbers. Touring In Ihid way Ihe toui-- isl to pet off the mnin line of travel and visit al will nny spots that may occur to him nnd be fiee from dependency upon hotels or railroads. Why You See VIOLET After LOOKING at the SUN TUB nun is distant earth, but the sun yo Ihe TOA! sun. nt mllc3 from lha you ice is only a port of Do you know that tho sun Is composed of sodium, iron magnesium, cobaH, hydrogen, nickel, (Itanium, chronium, find ft few' other things? There arc movements in the sun, but TJO of it being burftt out or exhauatcd, Recording to aslTonomcrs, It 's not the heat (hat dives you sunstroke, but the Invisible violet rnya of Die sun, nTid ba3fe of your skull Is Ihc vulnerable spot. Sunburn is really tho rupture and inilnmma- il on of the liny veins of the skin. And you wear w'nitc in the Fun timt not bc-cnnse it looks cool, but bemuse while resists the heat rays of Iht Bun better than colors. The violet tinge over ercrythinf; after you have looked nt the sun is there because violet tha accidental color of Fun's color. You cannot really look at the sun, but hird.i can, because they have DTI extra eyclij which can drawn (fown tc art AB A screen or shield, The sun much Inrgcr nt sunrise although It never pots nor be- cnuse it Is then nearer tha terrestrial objects, and to galr.t by comparison. A red sunset {3 snid to portend Tint iTcathcr' a retl sunrise indicates vapor in Iho air being already condensed to clouds. Finally, tho hottest summer sun will never, by itself, natural and for all the germs it with its light, (t as many more into exist- ence with Its HIc-givJnK warmth. ;