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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 10, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 LETHBRiDGE HERALD Tuttday, 10, 1974 MHIOKIALS Exhortations not enough Turner may be ready to renegotiate A professor at Erasmus University, Rotterdam, writing in a British magazine, has warned that unless the in- dustrialized nations reduce their con- sumption of oil before next spring there could be deep trouble. The reduction he sees as necessary is a third of present consumption not the 10 per cent suggested by U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. It is baffling to read warnings and yet witness the consumption of oil continuing at the same prodigal pace. National leaders do not seem to sense the need for policies of restraint or they lack the courage to institute them. At a recent press conference in the United States, President Gerald Ford re- jected the suggestion that there should be a 20 per cent increase in the gasoline tax as a means of cutting down consump- tion. His reason was that a poll showed vthat 81 per cent of the people do not favor increasing the cost of gasoline. Getting guidance from the man on the street on a matter such as this does not constitute the essence of leadership; it suggests foilowership, instead. Unless people are informed about what is at stake in the long term they will vote for their own short term comfort. Sometimes, indeed, they will vote for their own convenience goals even when they know the result will be disastrous. If there is a need for conserving energy resources and the weight of informed opinion is that such a need exists then lamely resorting to unspecific exhor- tations to cut down on consumption without imposing restrictions is an avoidance of the issue. Nothing much is going to happen anywhere in the world to ensure that essential supplies of oil are secured for the future until governments set standards for use and require them to be observed. That's the kind of leadership now required. THE CASSEROLE The man was obviously sozzled, when the policeman stopped him going the wrong way on a one-way street. "And where do you think you're demanded the officer. "Don't replied the drunk, "but I sure mush be late. Erryone elsh ish coming back." entertainers) bring them to town, because it saves them rent, but most of the inmates live in town with their families. The lone guard holds the once-a-day roll-calls in the front yard of his own home. All the developed countries know what the hungry nations must do about food shortages: reduce the demand, by limiting their pop- ulations. But when it comes to energy, where the shortages affect themselves, the last thing they want to consider is reducing the demand. If there were any lingering doubts about austerity in Britain, they can now be laid to rest. The final, incontrovertible proof of hard times is the fact that the House of Commons is no longer able to supply the specially made chocolate mints MP's have enjoyed for so many years. Those pitiful stories of maltreatment in Mexican jails contrast oddly with a recent report from Times-Post News Service, concerning the state prison at Mulege, Mex- ico. There, the "prisoners" please themselves whether they live in the prison or in the town, and must stay on the premises only when they misbehave, like when they're arrested by the town police for drunkenness or disorderly conduct. Two men sleep in their cells when their schedules night club The National Executive of the Social Credit party has gone on record as favoring a system of profit sharing as "the only way to fight inflation." Explaining, party leader Real Caouette said the scheme is aimed at ensuring that the profits of a business are shared equally by all members of that in- dustry. Whatever else may be said for this proposal, it certainly adds a dimension to the Social Credit of Aberhart, Manning, et al. ART BUCHWALD A gum-chewing statesman WASHINGTON I have just received the tapes from Henry Kissinger's conversation with President Ford on Air Force One, just after they took off from Vladivostok. "Mr. President, you were magnificent. You did in three months what Richard Nixon couldn't accomplish in five years." "I "Yes, sir. Brezhnev really knew he had come up to someone his equal when he started talking SALT with you." "I got the feeling he knew he couldn't push me around." "It was more than a feeling, Mr. President. I actually saw fear in Brezhnev's eyes." "You "When you said you would only allow the Soviets long-range missiles and bombers, he was thunderstruck." "You have to take a stand sometime." "And when you indicated that only of them could be MIRVed, he knew he was in a different ball game." "You don't think I overdid it, do you, "You were just right. Mr. President tough when you had to be tough, conciliatory when you had to be conciliatory. But through it all you let them know exactly where we stood." "I think you're right. By the way, Henry, where do we "Before we arrived at this agreement the Soviets could kill every man, woman and child in the United States 15 times. Now, thanks to your brillant negotiating, they will only be able to kill us nine times. Of course, the same holds true for us. We can only kill their people nine times, and you might get some flak from the Pentagon on thfc. They were hoping for no less than an 11-time-per person kill rate." "Don't worry about that. Henry. I'll take care of the Pentagon. Why do you think they made a deal with me and they didn't make one with "Because Brezhnev liked you. He never did like Nixon, you know. Nixon was too wishy washy for him. But the minute you stepped off the plane Brezhnev said to one of his aides. 'Here's a man who can chew gum and negotiate at the same time.'" "You know, Henry, I hate to admit this. I really had fun in Vladivostok. No one was bugging me about inflation, the recession or the budget. These overseas trips are really a tonic." "That's because you do it so well, Mr. President. You're a natural-born statesman." "Most of us from Grand Rapids are. But you're too modest, Henry. You should get some credit for the SALT agreement." "I couldn't have done it with any other president. You're the only one who saw the big picture." "Where do you think we ought to go next, "Fasten your seat belt. Mr. President. Would you believe "Yes, sir. I'm going to work it out with the Chinese. We'll have you in front of the Great Wall by next October." "Wow. Wait till I tell Betty." "This is your pilot speaking. We expect some turbulent weather in a few moments Would everyone please put on his football By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA Despite three days of harassment in the House of Commons on the sub- ject of S1U election contribu- tions, Ministers have graver matters to worry about than the Shulman allegations. The one which probably looms largest is the deteriorating oil supply situation and its im- plications for the Government's programs. What may have been the most significant exchange on Friday had nothing to do with the waterfront or seamen's campaign charities. A Liberal back-bencher (J.-J. Blais-Ni- pissing) drew attention to a statement by Premier Lougheed indicating that measures would be announced shortly reducing the provin- cial take from oil revenues. In view of the statement, he askeJ, "will the federal Gov- ernment now consider that the moment is right for the federal Government to take initiatives and try to pour some oil over the troubled waters between the federal Government and that The question, planted or not, was interesting because Donald Macdonald, only the night before, had been enlivening debate with descriptive phrases such as "vicious" and "dripping with applied to ut- terances by Alberta Ministers. Even more interesting was the response. Mr. Turner, replying in his sweetest tones, observed: "I will certainly use the occa- sion of the meeting on Monday and Tuesday between provin- cial Treasurers, provincial Ministers of Finance and myself to explore that. Perhaps the occasion will arise in private conversations with the Alberta Minister." In the context of the parlia- mentary situation and the much more disturbing state of affairs in the industry, this looks very much like an olive branch or, at least, an indica- tion that Mr. Turner has olive branches available in his political cupboard. The Government is very anxious to secure early passage of the Petroleum Ad- ministration Bill which will enable it, among other things, to meet the costs of the cushion for eastern con- sumers after the end of the year. In its pre-election form, this Bill rested on the federal- provincial agreement of .last March although it contained, even then, a controversial veto clause (empowering Ot- tawa to act in the absence of With the agree- ment now scuttled, the veto clauses of a Bill enlarged to cover natural gas and tar sands petroleum, have become all important. So determined is the opposi- tion to Bill C-32 that the Gov- ernment almost certainly will have to invoke closure if it is to secure the authority it seeks in the time available. Liberal members have been attempting to apply pressure by emphasizing the price threat to consumers in eastern Canada. But the argu- ment was countered on Friday morning when Alvin Hamilton, the Conservative energy critic, offered at press conference to facilitate passage of a supplementary estimate, providing the sums required on condition that the Government suspend the Bill until there has been another conference with provincial Ministers. Why wait until May? asks Mr. Hamilton. In two respects the situation has become much more dif- ficult for the Government, despite its new majority. Formerly, it was a simple matter to drive wedges between the competing Op- position parties. But the New EASTERN SLOPES "Better take two pictures dear they may not be here tomorrow." Ghost of McCarthy appears in Canada By W. A. Wilson, Montreal Star commentator "I accepted political donations from everybody and I'm proud to say I have done nothing for anybody." OTTAWA The leakage of police wire-taps as the basis of a political and anti-union smear campaign is far and away the most disturbing aspect of the row going on over the campaign contributions of the Seafarers' International Union. All the high-minded princi- ples paraded through Parlia- ment a year ago or less, when the protection of privacy bill was being debated and, at the insistence of the Opposition parties, being improved, were being violated last week. The smell of political blood seem- ed suddenly to have grown so strong that it overwhelmed thought and analysis. The Conservatives played an honorable part in ensuring that this country would have decent legislation controlling wire-tapping. So did the New Democrats and, it must be said, a large number of Liberals as well. If there was anything all those men would have agreed on last winter, across party lines, it would have been on the dangers and improprieties involved if police forces began leaking the results of wire-tapping and other eavesdropping for political smear campaigns. This winter, precisely that development is causing the Conservatives no concern. The Dornocr2ts equally untroubled by it. The outcome of this oper- ation, so far, is the acceptance of some very McCarthy-like tactics by both the Conser- vatives and the New Democrats, here and in Toronto. They have been singularly successful in putting over and getting acceptance of the implication that in some way there is automatic guilt involved in the acceptance of small cam- paign and seem to have been the usual the Seafarers' International Union. Both parties have nailed themselves to the guilt by association proposition on which Senator McCarthy thrived. Given the nature of Cana- dian campaign financing there is no automatic guilt whatever involved in acceptance of a moderate SIU contribution. The bad aspects of this affair are quite different. The Toronto police con- ducted a wire-tapping opera- tion against at least one SIU officer. It can be assumed that, if this had produced evidence of a crime, a prosecution would have has to be accepted if it is taken that the Toronto Metro police are themselves honest. No prosecution was undertaken. The information about cam- paign contributions was, how- ever, leaked to Dr. Shulman of the NDP, to serve his political purposes those of the police department source who gave him the tran- scripts. This is surely the very last use to which police wire- taps should ever be put. It was precisely to control this sort of danger that the Commons spent so much time in 1973 and earlier this year on wire-tap legislation. What is anyone supposed to think of political parties and their leaders who, deeply concerned about the uangers 01 wire-tapping a few months are rushing to make political use of one of the most blatant abuses of it that we have seen in years. It might also be noted that it was the head of the force in- volved in this leakage of wire- tap material who less than a year age was :n Ottawa, doing his utmost to get the protec- tion of privacy legislation watered down. Central to his whole position then was the proposition that the dangers of abuse were exaggerated and that the public interest re- quired the maximum looseness of control. There are some other points of consequence. The adminis- tration of justice is the responsibility of the provinces, with the precise responsibility falling on the provincial attorney general. Assaults are well within this is up to the local police force to investigate and the provincial Crown prosecutor to take action if there is evidence. There would only be a convincing case for a federal inquiry if some pattern of generalized violence disruptive of shipp- ing had developed or if there were sound grounds to be- lieve that federal officials, ministers or members of Parliament had been cor- rupted. Years ago, as a city editor I and some reporters on my staff were the first in Canada to draw attention to the pattern of abuse that had developed in the SIU. We did it when, far from being an easy target, the SIU was a sacred cow. It was important to prove your charges. Now, the level of proof needed seems to have gone down. That is un- fortunate. In the meantime, Hal Banks has been ejected from the country. Red McLaughlin- who succeeded him carried out his wide- ranging clean-up before going on to the International Labor _ 11 inajr UK meat unutri d new president, the SIU has done some backsliding. Members of Parliament should remember though that there are no legal charges against the SIU officers. Per- haps there should be, but the Toronto police obviously did not get the evidence. Nor are there any charges against Warren Allmand or John Munro. No one suggests these cabinet ministers ac- tually did anything in return for the small contributions made by the SIU. But the ut- most effort is underway to destroy their reputations in spite of that. No one has taken a more ho- lier-than-thou approach in this whole affair than Ed Broad- bent, the acting NDP leader, did on television. Could Broadbent possibly give anyone assurances that his party's candidates in Quebec took no campaign money from the highly controversial construction unions? Before making an assurance of that sort he would need to remember that the Quebec Labor Federation publicly an- nounced its support for the NDP. He would want to do some careful checking about the sources of QFL campaign contributions. Equally, no issue in this country is more sensitive or important than oil. Could the Conservatives offer assurances that none of their members speaking on the issues of oil and resource tax- ation touched any money from the petroleum industry back in May and June? Could the national treasurers of either the Liberals or Conservatives give that assurance, that no oil industry money went into their campaigns'1 If the Con- servatives have proven any- thing in this assault it is that perhaps we should lift the rug right up off the floor and see what has been swept under it. They have also, however, proven the dangers of poor controls on eavesdropping and police leakages for a political smear campaign. Democratic position, in con- sequence of recent events, has hardened notably. One in- dication was the heated re- joinder of Tommy Douglas on Thursday evening to a warn- ing about filibustering from the Government side. "This is a very important piece of legislation and I, for one, am not going to be deterred from discussing it because someone threatens that, if it is not pass- ed quickly, the price of oil and gas will be doubled." The second problem is that the Conservatives are now concentrating overwhelming- ly on the supply situation. Events have presented them with a formidable case. On this ground too they are being joined by the New Democrats. To quote Mr. Douglas again: "While the provinces, the federal Government and the oil industry are arguing about how to cut up the pie, we had better make certain there will be a pie to cut up." Mr. Macdonald, in debate, has attempted to play down the difficulties of the resource companies and the flood of un- welcome recent an- nouncements (such developments, for example, as the curtailment of ex- ploration programs, the ex- odus of drilling rigs and the Syncrude Thus on Thursday, touching on the implications of the inter- governmental dispute, he said: "However, we believe that the return to ihe com- panies is adequate in order to continue the exploration and development that they have under way." He has also applied the term "blackmail" to moves by the oil com- panies. It is improbable, however, that the Gove-nment is quite so confident (or complacent) as debating responses would suggest. Blackmail implies a threat which, if removed, would leave matters much as they were before the pressure was exerted. The Conser- vatives have cogent reasons for arguing that this is not the present case. The parliamentary timetable is very much less important than the timetable set out in a report of the National Energy Board which in itself reflects the more op- timistic outlook of some months ago. If shortages are to be averted, we will need production from two oil sands plants in 1979, three in 1981, four in 1983 and five in 1985. But there have been two ad- verse developments; the esti- mated costs of these plants have mounted with most alarming speed and Syncrude the next in to be falling apart while still in the plan- ning stage. Everything requires time, including the immediate problem of putting Humpty- Dumpty together again. At the moment, however, there is not even the incentive to make a beginning. But the collapsing consor- tium already represents a substantial investment. In such circumstances, it seems almost academic to talk of the other Humpty-Dumptys down the line which do not even possess names yet, being referred to as Mining 4. Min- ing 5 and so on in the report of the National Energy Hoard. In other words, whatever more or less cheerful assur- ances are" offered in debate, the federal Government can- not look with equanimity on the deteriorating situation. Nor can it regard with any particular relish a debate be- ing daily shaped to its disad- vantage by developments in the industry. How much can be read into Mr. Turner's comment of Fri- day is a matter of speculation. It suggests, however, that the Government is unhappy with the present deadlock and would be relieved to find itself back in negotiations. There is a great deal to be said for ex- plorations of the sort suggested since it is obvious that neither confrontations nor constitutional contests will warm our houses or main- tain even public trans- portation on Canadian roads. The Lethbtidge Herald 304 7th St. S. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD. Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS. Editor and Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R. DORAM General Manager ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E. BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;