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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 10, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE 1ETHBRIDGE HERAID Friday, December 10, 1971------ Joseph Kraft, The guilty The temptation to assess blame for the outbreak of war between India and Pakistan is very great; the will- ingness to admit complicity in this evil is exceedingly slight. Pakistan no cl o u b t provided the provocation and India seems to have responded but it was the suppliers of arms who made the military action possible. Who are the death dealers'.' Well, the big powers most certainly have been involved. But, they probably have not been alone in this biggest of all world business. Canada, despite all the peaceful protestations on the part of government spokesmen, may not be innocent. If. Canada has not dealt directly with either or both of the combatants it has probably been involved indirectly through its "de- fence" contracts with the United States. All governments of industrial na- tions seem to be engaged in the arms trade. Some do it more discreetly than others. The November issue of Saturday Night, for instance, has an article describing Ihe little public- ized arms dealing agency of the Ca- nadian government. It says the de- partment has agents in the various embassies who are responsible for drumming up dele n c e business. There is a 500-page, fully-illustrated catalogue of military material, which t h e Canadian government makes available to potential customers. Why do governments sell arma- ments to the developing countries when those nations can so ill-afford to waste their meagre resources on I hem1.' The usual answer is that it is part of the process of development for nations to take responsibility for their own defence against possible aggression. But the real explanation is simply that it is a profitable busi- ness and it is futile to refrain from engaging in the trade because some other nation will take advan- tage of the lack of competition. T.S. Defence Secretary Melvin Laird recently indicated that he views his country's limitation on arms sales to Latin America as a mislake. Instead of Latin countries altering their priorities and putting their money into greater food pro- duction and more adequate health suppliers they bought arms from ather suppliers. The others notably France have been happy to get" the business. So the U.S. to protect its interests will probably step up its military sales in Latin America. Should governments be castigated for engaging in this trade? The man- ufacture equipment pro- vides a lot of employment and good dividends for investors. In the final analysis it is the citizenry of the dealing nations who sanction t whole nefarious business through the demand for job maintenance and profitable industry. The question of how to bring about an end to arms dealing grows more urgent as impoverished nations go to war and threaten to engulf the world with them. Is there a solution? Locating the library While it is undoubtedly frustrating to the architect to be held up by continuing discussion of the location of the new library, it is worthwhile to take the time to investigate all the possibilities. The recent sugges- tion of using the site of the old Cen- tral school deserves careful consid- eration. There is more reason to have the library in close proximity to the Bowman Art Centre than to City Hall. Some kinds of business might find it more convenient to be estab- lished near the city administration than would be the case with the li- brary. The fact is that aside from the property being available on Fourth Avenue there is no compell- ing reason for the library to be lo- cated there. At any rate the argu- ment of the availability of city prop- erty applies equally to the site of. Central school. Despite what has been said about limitation of parking space near the Fourth Avenue site not being a prob- lem, the availability of ample room for cars has to make the Central school site attractive. Unreasonable as it may be, people want to park close to where they have business the popularity of shopping centres with their vast parking lots demon- strates that. Whatever decision is made about the location of Die library it should be made with an eye to the future. It would be tragic if cramped space prevented developments unforseen now which might be desirable later. ART BUCHWALD Campaign sabotage WASHINGTON Once again Congress is attempting to pass legislation which would infringe on the rights of people. The Senate passed a bill recently which would permit each taxpayer to donate Si of his taxes to finance the 1972 presidential cam- paign. The House has several bills limiting the amount of money politicians can spend on their campaigns. If any of these bills become law. it means the right of large corporations and labor unions to buy politicians would be abrogated, and the vested interests in this country would be hard put to finance the campaigns of congressmen, senators and the president. Terrence L. Bloodstone, president of the Washington Order of Loyal Lobbyists, an- grily denounced the new plans to finance politicians as a threat to the American political way of life. "The salvation of this he told me at a S500-a-plate political testi- monial dinner, "is big business' and big labor's financing of political campaigns. For years we have made it possible for every polifician in this country to be elect- ed. There isn't one congressman, senalor or governor who doesn't owe a debt to us. Now Congress wants to take that away." "It does seem I admitted Bloodstone stabbed his fork into his lob- ster thermidor. "We've been buying and selling politi- cians for years. They trust us, (hey be- lieve in us, they'll go to ba.t for us." "Many of them are even in bed wilh I said, trying to be helpful. He ignored this remark. "Look around at this dinner. Every table of 111 people represents Who bought these ta- bles? Corporations, bankers, manufactur- ers and public-minded millionaires. We don't ask anything for ourselves. We just want the man elected to the best job. Do you think people who contribute one lousy cellar from their taxes will have any idea who the best man "I should say I replied. "You have to contribute a lot of money to know what is gccd for the country." Bloodstone started (earing bis duck a 1'orange apart. "Do you know is going to happen if these political fund-raising schemes be- come law? The politicians aren't going to be responsible to anyliody. They're going to figure it's the taxpayer's money so they don't have to answer for their actions." "It's I said. "At least now a poli- tician knows who gave hirr: the money and can react accordingly." "The Democrats are sore." Bloodstone said, "because they can't get anyone to come to their dinners. But I say if a poli- tical party can't sell out a din- ner, it shouldn't be in polifics. Just be- cause they don't have an Agnew or a Martha Mitchell is no reason to sabotage all of the campaign fund-raising methods of this country." Bloodstone was now gulping down his foie gras. I said, "It seems a pity that after all the seed work the lobbyists have done lo get politicians in their pocket, that a group of senators or congressmen woukt destroy it with some self-serving legislation." "Don't think the fight is Blood- stone said. "The Senate bill has to go lo the House and then il has to go to the presi- dent. Do you think any Republican presi- dent would sign a law that would help the Democrats finance their "I should hope I said. The waiter brought our cherries jubilee. Bloodstone belched. "Besides, we have lo think of llx1 economy. What's going lo happen to all the hotel banquet rooms if they do away with political fund raising "What a blow- lo Conrad Hilton." said. (Toronlo Sun Nous knowing smile fly Doug Walker garbage collector is a very nice remarks from the rest of us, "he didn't chap, according lo Elspeth. lie smiled suggest I jump "nf she admitted, "I did think he, said .ludi. "that's said Elspcth anticipating bright probably why he The significance of Nixon's China trip In descnb- inc I1 re s i den t Nixon's forthcoming (.'liina trip, Henry Kissinger Mid ubcre would be no agreement on "third-parly problems." That effectively rules out significant dipiomatie actions on Ihe immediate war- peace issues involving Indo- china, Taiwan, Russia and Ja- pan. So what's the big deal? Why is such a fuss being made about llic China visit? The answer lies in something that is far more significant than diplomatic action inter- play of domestic politics. The Nixon visit figures in this coun- try's internal affairs, and far more importantly in China's domestic business. The impact within this coun- try is no mystery. President Nixon will gain credit at home by his visit to China. In ways visible to all Americans, he will be seen binding up old wounds. His reputation as a peacemaker will be advanced, and in the process he will pull at least some part of this coun- try's right wing off its unthink- ing ideological anti-commun- ism. As to the Chinese side, the inlerworkings of Ihe regime are too little known in the West for confident judgments. Still, a feel for what is at stake can be gained by arguments from analogy. In dealing with the Soviet Union, this country and most other Western nations have ex- perienced excruciating diffi- culty. Many Soviet officials have shown themselves to be doctrinaire to the point of fa- naticism, suspicious to the point of paranoia, and rigid to the point of sterility. But suppose the West had es- tablished e n d u r ing relations with Moscow before the com- ing of the second generation revolutionary leaders Stalin and his heirs. Suppose an open- ing had been made with the more cosmopolitan and idealis- tic leaders, with Lenin and Trotsky and Bukharin and Radek. What would have hap- pened then? While no one can say for sure, it is at least think- able that some of the worst excesses of recent European history might have been avoid- ed. In Communist China now, the revolutionary process has reached the moment of generar tional turn. There remain a t high posts yet a few early revolutionaries reared in the mandarin tradition. Chairman Mao Tse-tung is perhaps such a man. Premier Chou En-lai certainly fits the mold, and no doubt there are others. They are men, not machines. They have human hearts, a love o[ life, a sense of humor (even about power) and a feel for the world and the past. With them Ihe oubide world can deal'. But just behind them a different set of men is emerg- "Thank heavens they're in bed for the newscasts." ing. In the recent leadership struggle, two groups in particu- lar have been evident. One group is associated with the radical Red Guards of Cultural Revolution. It in- cluded Chiang Ching, who Mme. Mao, and two party ideologues from Shanghai Chang Chun chiao aral Yao Wen-yan. By all the signs, they are uncompromising ad- vocates of permanent revolu- tion, a continuous turn of the wheel, class warfare without cease. A second group are the mili- tary men linked with Marshal Lin Piao. They see the role played by the people's libera- tion army in China as a model for revolution around the world. They've put China into sympathetic harmony with in- surgency movements directed against Washington and Mos- cow in Asia, the Near Africa and Latin America. For the time being, the more sophisticated leadership around Chou En-lai seems to be hold- ing in check the would-be lead- ers in the party and the army. Chen Po-ta. the chief of the party ideologues, i 5 in dis- grace, and Lin Piao has fallen from power, and may well be dead. Mr. Nixon's coming visit is plainly mixed up in all of this. Chou himself is prominently linked with the trip, for one thing. For another, the mere presence of the American p r e s i d e nt in Peking goes against the revolutionary inter- ests of both the party ideol- ogues and the army militants. By itself, helping to sustain Chou in power is no small achievement. But the Nixon visit has a larger and more hopeful goal. The idea is to set up a pat- tern for doing business, a web of lasting connections, a tradi- tion of contact and negotiation. In that way cards will be dealt to China's sophisticated men of the world, for the future as well as for now. A barrier will be started against the worst ex- cesses of the second-generation revolutionaries whose hour is bound to come round eventual- ly. At present, nobody can confident that the president can achieve these aims. But the value of the effort cannot be seriously doubted. Even a little success in favorably influenc- ing the evolution in Chinese leadership will be a very large achievement, indeed, (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Maurice Western Revision of immigration legislation required at her when she delivered our bagged re- fusc Ulc lrlldi- QTTAWA The immigra- tion statistics at first glance, suggest a paradox. On the one hand, immigration is dropping steadily. On the other, the backlog of appeals to the immigration appeal board is rising at a frightening rate. It is usual to attribute the decline to employment condi- tions in Canada and im- proved conditions in the tradi- tional supplying countries. In fact it has been quite steady since the peak of new-- comers recorded in 1967. An important cause, presumably is the integration of immigra- tion and manpower policy which would naturally mean the suliordmation of the for- mer to the latter. But the appeal board is being swamped with cases. The situation was completely out of hand more than a year ago when a report on the subject by Joseph Scdgwick was tabled in the House of Commons. At that time the backlog was about -1.000 with new cases coming in at Ihe rale of about -too a month. The ap- peal board can handle about a year. Things have not improved; they have grown worse. The backlog, at latest report, was 7.-M3 (Oct. .11, Mr. .Sedgwick had no doubt as to Ihe nature of the prob- lem. 11 has been created by wholesale evasion of the nor- mal immigration procedures. If a person applies lo Cana- dian officials abroad find is turned down, that is Ihe end of the mailer. But he may. in- stead, come to Canada as a visitor; then apply for landed immigrant status. In that cvenl be has rights nf appenl against an adverse decision; rights which may in practice permit bini to slay here for a long time. Evidently lias be- come for m.'iny persons, a preferred mode of entry. Persons applying inside Can- ada may lake their cases lo a special inquiry officer, then go on lo Ihe appeal board, and beyond Hint lo the Supremo Court. When Mr. Scdj-uii'b re- ported, the whole system was riioked. Ma found that, in To- ronlo, in August of last year, cases were pending, with 300 coming in each month and the special inquiry officers struggling to handle 15 a month. The practical conse- quence was that an application might not even be examined for seven months; if appealed it might not reach the board for three or four years after that. Even this may be an under- statement. Work permits are commonly issued to persons who have passed the special inquiry stage and are awaiting the outcome of appeals. David Orlikow complained last March that some could not ob- tain permits because they had not reached that stage al- though they had been in Can- ada for 12 months. Not long after the Sedgwick report appeared, Otto Lang, the minister of manpower, de- scribed the specific recommen- dations (for limiting rights of appeal) and "our own decision" as of "urgent importance." It is believed that Ihis is slill his view. The urgency may, how- ever, be less apparent to some of his colleagues. A year has passed and the amending legislation is not as yet even on the order paper. Allan Mac- Eachern, government house leader, replying recently to Jed Baldwin, hinted that it might appeal- before the end of the session hut discussion will be deferred until next year. The .situation is particu- larly disturbing because of its implications for security. Some doubts on this score were ox- pressed, by Mr. Raid w i n ;imong others, when the pres- ent legislation was passed in At the time, these were more or less brushed aside be- cause it was expected that Iho royal commission on security would have specific recommen- dations on Hint score. So it did, in June, but nothing as yet has been done about Iheni. The ,'i r r a n g e m e n I .s for .screening, as described the commissioners, seem very loose. Sponsored dependents it was found, are normally not themselves the subjects of se- curity examinations. Instead, it. is the sponsor who is checked against subversive records in Ottawa. However, there is full screening of independent appli- cants. It appears, nevertheless, that responsibility is generally eon- fined in these cases to officials of the manpower department. In sensitive or contentious cases, the department may, at its discretion, make a refer- ence to an ad hoc interdepart- mental committee. But the usual procedure, as described, does nol seem to in- volve the department of the solicitor general, who is re- sponsible for the RCMP. In- deed, in a later paragraph, the report says: The royal commission urged thai a decision on security cases be laken by a security review hoard and that jurisdic- tion in Ihis field be taken away from the immigration appeal board. Mr. Sedgwick concur- red, suggesting that the pro- posed new board, given the na- ture of its work, should sit hi Canada. At that time, Mr. Lang was quoted to the effect that the r e c o m m e n dation made sense to him. According to the best advice we have, the security threat re- mains serious despite political changes in the world. In one respect it may be worse, for extremist groups in various parts of the world have been lurning increasingly to tactics of violence, and terrorist or- ganizations, such as the have operated on our own soil. Rul. conlrol must necessarily be difficult when deportation can be resisted over such long periods of time. Under the law, wilh its dangerous loop- holes, there have been deportation appeals in four years and the rate has been in- creasing almost in geometric progression. But the security risk is only a small pnrt of the slory. The system, as il presently cxisls, is an open invitalion In the rackelrers who have .il- iraj's preyed on immigraats. There are comparatively legal ways (legal at least in over- seas countries) of organizing indentured labor operations. But tile illegals who come as visitors, fail in their applica- tions and then attempt to stay or simply disappear, are wide open to victimization both by agents of the rings and un- scrupulous employers obtain- ing kickbacks from minimum wages. Other possibilities are sug- gested iji a question asked recently by Mr. Baldwin. "I s the government aware that Canada is being used as a depot or staging point in con- nection with large-scale illicit traffic in smuggling aliens into the United States through Can- ada, and is any action being taken in this If this is so (and there is certainly precedent for no one should be particularly surprised. Plainly the intent of Parliament is being circum- vented when 65 per cent of "visitors" who are denied land- ed status, remain in Canada to exhaust their rights of appeal. At the rate at which the situa- tion is worsening, the govern- ment will probably be forced into another wholesale amnes- ty, as has happened three limes before. Indeed, a partial measure of this type was urged by Mr. Scdgwick, who recom- mended last year that the board review all pending ap- peals and grant clearance to all who would probably suc- ceed either on compassionate or on humanitarian grounds. II. is unfortunate that Par- liament has been unable to tackle problems of admitted urgency (if the cabinet, as some doubt, is of one mind about them) because its time has been wholly occupied with other matters. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through The Herald tail Among the Railways which will build through this portion of the Province next year is the CPR, which early in the spring will undertake the construction of the Letlibridge- Weyburn branch. 1921 Remember, boys and girls, there is a Rotary Min- strel matinee on Monday after- noon. It will be an afternoon of "funnies." 19.11-Thc National Emergen- cy Appeal Drive was formally launched today. The foodstuffs, clothing, and money collected will be given to the Red Cross. 1941 Lethbridge municipal electors voting in yesterday's C.G.A.-Labor contest for three members of the council, return- ed all three retiring members of the council, Mayor David H. Elton, Aid. A. W. Shackleford, and Aid. R. E. Knight. 1951-TIic Toner Civic Centre drive for funds being sponsor- ed by Hie Taher Lions Club, gol off to a good start with dona- tions totaling The target is The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN u. .Second Class Atoll Registration No 001! a The Press ano me Canadian Daily Newspantf Publishers' Association and Ihe Autlll Bureau ol Clrculjllons CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Piibll'her THOMAS H. ADAMS. General Man.uitr JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Editor ROY F. MILES POUGLAS K. WALKPR Advertising; Manaoir Cdilorlal Paon Eailo'r "THE HSRAID THE SOUTH" ;