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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 10, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Thursday, December 10, 1970 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 23 Senate committee recommendation Tress Ownership Review Board' for news :ested OTTAWA (CP) Concluding that the advantages and disad- vantages of group ownership are "finely the Se- nate committee on the mass media Wednesday recom- mended the creation of a Press Ownership Review Board "with powers to approve or disap- prove mergers between, or ac- quisitions of, newspapers and periodicals." "The board should have one basic guideline, spelled out in its en abling legislation; all transactions that increase con- centration of ownership in the mass media are undesirable culi'uai'y iG t-liO public ITittr- shown to be other- wise." Referring to the fine balance of advantages and disadvan- tages in group ownership, the committee report, tabled in tlic Senate, said media monopolies seem to operate against the public interest only when the owner allows it to happen. "But if the owner has a genu- ine commitment to public serv- ice, if he places his readers' in- terests ahead of his own divi- dends, he can readily offset what the committee has come to regard as the intrinsic dan- gers of ownership concentra- tion. ONUS ON OWNER "There is no such thing as a only good and bad owners." The biggest newspaper chain in Canada, says the report, is FP Publications Ltd., with eight dailies and a combined circulation of It is fol- lowed by the Southam group which has 11 dailies and a cir- culation of The Thomson group has 30 dailies with a circulation of The Desmarais-Pari- siene-Francoeur group has four dailies in Quebec with a com- bined circulation of and industrialist K. C. Irving 'owns all five English-language dailies in New Brunswick. The total circulation of the five is While group ownership can nrl fn "the sort of numbing journalistic conformity that characterizes the Thomson it can also confer Highlights of media report OTTAWA (CP) High- lights of the report Wednes- day of the special Senate com- mittee on mass media: The government should es- tablish a press ownership re- view board with power to bar further ownership concentra- tion of the media unless those involved in a proposed dea could prove that the public would benefit. The government should sel Pubs plentiful; hours too short LONDON (AP) England and Wales boast tav- erns and bars, but at times it's almost impossible to get a drink. They keep closing at funny hours. The government said Tues- day, however, it may do something to change the situa- tion. "I have long thought that the law on liquor licensing in England and Wales was archaic and in need of a thor- ough overhaul to meet mod- ern Home Secre- tary Reginald Maudling told Parliament. He said a special committee of inquiry will review the law and recommend whether to keep the drinking places open longer. British pubs are open from 11 in the morning until 3 in the afternoon. They reopen at p.m. until or 11. After that me only place to get a drink is with food in a restaurant or in a private club. Many a drinking Briton isn't hungry, and doesn't be- long to a club. The tourist industry, other interests and ordinary drink- ers have long demanded a re- vision of the opening hours. Most drinking laws date to Victorian England, when drunkenness was appalling and gin was known as "moth- er's ruin." The main opponents of the scheme to revise drinking hours are the pubkeepers themselves, who argue they will need to hire extra staff and work longer hours. NOTICE TO ALL LETHBRIDGE HERALD DISPLAY ADVERTISERS TO ENSURE THE UTMOST ACCURACY, PROVIDE SUFFICIENT LAYOUT AND DESIGN PRODUCTION TIME, AND TO GUARANTEE PUBLICATION ON THE DAY OF YOUR CHOICE YOUR ADVERTISING COPY MUST BE RECEIVED NOT LATER THAN 12 NOON THREE PUBLISHING DAYS PRIOR TO PUBLICATION (IF A PROOF IS REQUIRED) AND NOT LATER THAN 12 NOON TWO PUBLISHING DAYS PRIOR TO PUBLICATION (IF NO PROOF IS REQUIRED) Those requiring proofs are reminded the minimum ad size for delivered proofs is 42 column inches (Vt Proofs of ads smaller than 42 column inches will be available for viewing at The Herald until p.m. She prior io publication. For Courteous, Professional Advertising Assistance, or Further Information, Just Call flic Letlibridgc Herald 328-4411 Display Advertising 'up a fund of at least million to subsidize promising, new journals. Advertising in Canadian edi- tions of U.S.-owned Time maga- zine and Reader's Digest or on U.S. TV stations near the Cana- dian border should no longer be treated as a deductible business expense for tax purposes, thereby reserving that treat- ment exclusively for Canadian- owned media. Government scholarships should be provided for post graduate training in journal ism. Media owners should im prove the quality of theu service even at the expense d reducing profits. "Everybody in the media'1 should get together and estab- lish national and regional press councils as.methods oi assembling the public's ideas and The Canadian Press, na- tional news-gathering co-oper- ative, should consider more direct news-gathering abroad. Universities should set un more full-scale journalism and TV faculties. CBC television should offer the same degree of diversity from commercial stations as CBC radio does. The Canadian Radio-Televi- sion Commission should re- consider its rule that cable TV systems must black out pick- ups of U.S. programs sched- uled for screening on Cana- dian TV at about the same time. The general public should become more involved in the media through participation in community TV and continu- ous reaction to what they read in their newspapers and see and hear on TV and radio. The fundamental conflict between public rights and eco- nomic demands in the media should be resolved by com- promise involving limited gov- ernment intervention, self-im- provement in the media and stronger public pressure. Four escapees jleacl guilty on robbery CALGARY men who escaped from Prince Al- jert Penitentiary Nov. 25 leaded guilty Wednesday in magistrate's Court to robbing a city bank. Magistrate L. A. Justason re- manded them to Dec. 15 so he could study their backgrounds before sentencing. The men, Ralph Cochrane, 43, of Vancouver, Hubert Boll- man, 38, of Edmonton, Mickey Hleboff, 25, of Kamsack, and George Leclerc, 30, of Mon- treal, were among 11 who es- caped from the penitentiary. Three of the men, except for Cochrane, were arrested with- in minutes of the holdup Nov. 27 at a branch of the Cana- dian Imperial Bank of Com- merce. Only of ta- ken from the bank has re- covered. Before the escape, Cochrane was serving a 10-year armed robbery sentence, Hleboff an indefinite term on a number of auto thefts, Bollman six years on possession of stolen property and Leclerc 15 to 19 years for theft of an aircraft. All except Cochrane have been convicted of previous prison breaks. Cochrane is also charged with the Nov. 30 robbery of a branch of the Toronto-Do- minion Bank. He and another man, James Chomlau, 32, were remanded without plea to Dec. 16. i benefits, such as preventing more newspapers from dying, the report stated. "When two group-owned dail- ies are competing in the same town, the result is usually 'Truce' instead of a winner-take- all struggle for circulation. "Indeed our best hope for more daily newspapers seems to lie with chains.. In recommending the estab- lishment of an ownership review board, the committee said the country should not tolerate a situation "where the public in- terest in so vital a field as infor- mation is dependent on the greed or goodwill of an ex- tremely privileged group of businessmen." CKTC IS MODEL The review board would func- tion in relation to the print media as the Canadian Radio- Television Commission does hi relation to broadcasting. It would not interfere with owner- ship changes resulting from gifts and bequests and it would not have the authority to inter- vene retroactively. "Beyond the broad guidelines we propose, it would be up to the board to define its own cri- teria of public interest. But we recommend that any such defi- nitions should include considera- tion of (a) whether the proposed merger would lengthen the odds on survival of a newspaper that might otherwise die; and (b) what would be likely to happen to the editorial character of the newspaper to be purchased, in view of the purchaser's past performance on the newspapers he already owns, in relation to the profits they generate. "The onus should be on the purchaser, in other words, to demonstrate that he is in as good or a better position to serve the public interest than is the present owner." While 77 of Canada's 116 daily newspapers are already owned by groups, the committee re- jects the suggestion that the creation of a review board would be akin to locking the sta- ble door after the horses have gone. The stable door is still wide open. Many more news- paper mergers are still possible and it is possible to imagine many combinations that would have serious effects on the pub- lic's access to diverse and an- tagonistic sources of informa- tion. "Suppose K. C. Irving wished to buy (he last remaining inde- pendent newspaper in New Brunswick. Suppose Southam and Thomson deemed it expedi- ent to join forces. Suppose FP Publications Ltd. wanted to buy the Columbian. "It seems almost inarguable that the stale should be empow- ered to watch over the public interest if any such transactions were proposed.. Even if the proposed board were to reduce chain ownership in Canada, says the report, "we doubt that this would have much effect on the kind of jour- llicm Ilio nnhlif iwoivoc TTw- excellcnce was "rather more likely" to occur under group ownership but neither type of ownership was a guarantee of this. In supporting its argument for an ownership review board, the committee said the principle is well established that the state has a right to safeguard the public's right to information by approving, disapproving, or dis- allowing various property trans- actions within the broadcasting industry. "We think the findings of this committee demonstrate that concentration of ownership has to ttlo nnint lllKa- idence suggested that editorial I some form of intervention bylolhc the state is desirable and neces- sary. "The freedom to publish is crucial to all our freedoms." The board would not make regulations involving the con- tent or conduct of publications. "It's sole the source of its constitutional au- be the investiga- tion and regulation of ownership concentration in the printed media." While the ease for group own- ership is finely balanced, the committee said, mixed media holdings and conglomerate hold- ings are "a bad thing" unless Kcferrini'. to the conglomerate holdings of K. C. Irving hi New Brunswick, "about as flagrant an example of abusing the pub- lic interest as you're likely to find in the committee also points out that New Bruns- wick has more newspapers per capita than any place else in Canada except Prince Edward Island. "Even in the case of mixed- media ownership, it is easy to find extenuating circumstances. In London, Ont., good man- agement and responsible owner- ship have avoided the abuses that could result from what we nopoly situation." 'TIS THE SEASON... TEENS' and IADIES' JACKETS CLEARING OUT AT JOFF ONE RACK CHILDREN'S DRESSES lk Price AND LESS ALL TEEN COATS CLEARING AT CHILDREN'S TO; SNOW SUITS CLEARING NOW AT 3 AND i OFF CHILDREN'S JACKETS CLEARING AT off FINAL REDUCTIONS GIRLS' WINTER COATS Reg. Values to 19.95 CLEARING AT....... GIRLS7 DRESSES In sizes up to 14. CLEARING NOW AT GOBY'S FASHIONS 322 13th St. N. Phone 327-5687 TEENS' and LADIES' PANT SUITS DRESSES SWEATERS CLEARING AT 20% OFF 1 Town Country CHElfc for CHEVr 3rd Ave. and 8th St. s. Phone 327-8548 Open Daily to p.m. Open a Firestone Budget Account or use your... ;