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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 9, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Monday, December 0, THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD 9 Reputation and relevancy sagging Senseless rhetoric spoils UN's credibility Commentary By PAUL HOFMANN New York Service UNITED NATIONS Some sardonic futurists at this 'secular Vatican on the East River have a scenario going like this: The United States congress and government, tired of Third World dominance and habitual America baiting in the United Nations, yield to overwhelming public demand and stop all contributions to the organization's budget. Middle Eastern oil produc- ing countries hasten to plug the financial hole, a gaping 25 per cent of all UN expen- ditures. Following a general assembly resolution, spon- sored by Cuba and Equatorial Guinea and carried by a broad Third World and Communist coalition, UN headquarters moves to Algiers. Iranian and Saudi Arabian money scrambles to buy the East River complex, a highly desirable corporate site, par- ticularly because of its car underground garage. A malevolent fantasy? Whether the world body remains in New York or not, senior diplomats representing major powers do worry a lot HAMMARSKJOLD these days about the UN's erratic course and sagging credibility. If the present trend persists, they warn, the United Nations will soon be far less reputable and rele- vant than, say, the Inter- national Olympic Committee or the World Wildlife Fund. Idealistic The recent death of former secretary general U Thant revived memories of the UN's idealistic phase before his subdued 10 year stewardship, 1961-71. When the organization was founded in San Francisco in 1945 and Trygve Lie of Norway became its first ad- ministrative head, it was a club of the victors of the Se- cond World War. The United States, at the pinnacle of global power as sole possessor of the atomic bomb, had just to say a word and the 20 Latin American republics and other allies and client countries would rally to form a secure majority among the 51 member states. During the organization's first few years, the general assembly in its annual autumn sessions adopted several resolutions calling on all countries to reduce inter- national tensions and strengthen peace. But Cold War rhetoric soon characterized the assembly mood. In the late 1940's, the assembly was the scene of angry confrontation between the West and the Soviet Union. However, a turning point in the Cold War was reached in the Security Council, the U THANT power centre of UN machinery, when the Soviet delegate walked out after another vituperative ex- change with Western delegates, and the United States quickly took advantage of the situation to have the council approve military intervention in Korea. QPENTUES.TOFRI. 0A.M. TILL 4 P.M. ARE YOU I hard of Hearing? I CONTACT LETHBRIDGE 2 HEARING AID CENTRE Featuring UNITRON Canadian Made __ Hearing Aids 3 Hunt Building, 503 7th St. S. For appointment Phone 327-4989 Service to all hearing aid users Phone 327-4989. Give the gift of hearing for Christmas Hearing examinations in the office or the privacy of your own home. Elusive In the Korean War, 1950-53, American soldiers and allied contingents fought under the UN flag. After an armistice had been reached, the General Assembly exhorted all parties to achieve by peaceful means a unified, democratic Korea a goal that has remained elusive until today. In the late 1950's and in the 1960's, UN membership broadened as scores of former colonies became sovereign states and joined the organization. The Africans in their tribal robes made UN headquarters a colorful place and added to its tourist appeal. But the 18 acre complex on the East River also became a crowded place. Delegates' DOWNTOWN 606-608 3rd Avenue S. A Pre-Christmas CLEAR-OUT of Radios, Cassettes, 8 Tracks and Car Stereos. Limited quantities. Hurry! Many one of a kind items. 1 ONLY 2964 ROSS RADIO 40NLYRZM188E RCA PORTABLE RADIOS and SW110 V and battery operated Luxury Black color. Reg. SPECIAL 20NLYRZC1061W RCA TABLE RADIOS 110V Reg. 95 SPECIAL 1 ONLYT2310A G.E. TABLE RADIO 110V Reg 95 SPECIAL 2 ONLY RZA207W RCA TABLE RADIOS AM 110 V.Reg. 3 ONLY RZC270W RCA TABLE RADIOS 110V Walnut gram finish. Reg SPECIAL 2 ONLY RZS 477Y RCA DIGITAL CLOCK RADIOS 110V. Snow Teak grain. Reg SPECIAL 3 ONLY RZA203T RCA TABLE RADIOS AM 110V Brown finish Reg 95 ..........SPECIAL 5 ONLY RCA 1060W RCA TABLE RADIOS AM 110V Reg .....SPECIAL 10 ONI Y PO 28 STRAUSS SOLID STATE PORTABLE RADIOS 110V. Battery operated Earphone and >95 SPECIAL 195 S1495 M RADIO 69 PORT ABLE CASSETTE PLAYERS Qormrslcir Cnn finish B bands Reg ............SPECIAL 20NLYT2105 G.E. TABLE RADIOS AM'AC only Reg 6ONLY1046E RCA PORTABLE RADIOS Black, AM, Handstrap and earphone mcl Reg SPECIAL 3 ONLY VZP39T RCA PORTABLE PHONOGRAPH AM RADIO CASSETTE PLAYER RECORDER Reg 4 ONLY YZBS17Y Recorder Fog finish Reg 95 SPECIAL strap mcl Reg SPECIAL 4 ONLY 8CA374NP SANYO PORTABLE RADIOS AM 110 V. or Battery 8 transistor dual speakers Reg .........SPECIAL 6 ONLY R70 PANASONIC RADIOS AM battery operated portable Reg ...........SPECIAL 1 ONLY HS725 SANYO PORTABLE RADIO 7 Transistor AM battery operated. SPECIAL 1 ONLY VS323 RCA PORTABLE RADIO Solid state AM battery operated _ SPECIAL 0 1 ONLY RZG133E RCA PORTABLE RADIO Reg. 95 SPECIAL Reg 95 2 ONLY 2A14B LLOYD'S AUTO B TRACK STEREOS For car Speakers not included Reg 95 SPECIAL 1 ONLY M148N SANYO CASSETTE RECORDER PLAYERS Portable Automatic lever control. Res S34.95....... SPECIAL 2 ONLY 3508 CRAIG CAR CASSETTE STEREOS Automatic reverse. Reg. SPECIAL 2 ONLY YZB1201 RCA CASSETTE TAPE RECORDER Players Reg 95 SPECIAL 1 ONLY M1102 SANYO CASSETTE TAPE RECORDER PLAYER Reg. SPECIAL 1 ONLY YZB1209Y RCA CASSETTE TAPE RECORDER PLAYER Reg 95 SPECIAL 1 ONLY 2Y59W LLOYD'S SOLID STATE 8 TRACK STEREO TAPE PLAYER Reg. SPECIAL 1 ONLY MR411F SANYO RADIO CASSETTE PLAYER RECORDER seats, desks, even flagpoles started jostling one another. By now, the colors of 138 member states are run up on First Avenue every morning. The General Assembly to- day has become mainly a Third World forum where the demands, complaints and resentments of un- derdeveloped countries in Africa, Asia and Latin American are aired. In its 29 years, the assembly has developed a style of long winded, often inane, oratory that takes up much time and accomplishes little, if anything. Most of the resolutions that the assembly approves are documents that cannot be en- forced and are filed in archives where tons of similar texts are moldering. The change in UN ways of operating is reflected also in the personalities of the organization's administrative heads. Vision Lie's successor, Dag Ham- marskjold of Sweden, had as his posthumous papers have revealed an almost messianic vision of his peace making role. His prestige was unequaled at a time, but his decision to send UN forces into the troubled Congo caus- ed vehement protests by Moscow. The Soviet Union was clear- ly out to oust Hammarskjold and replace him with an ineffectual troika of three top officials one Western. One Communist, one Neutral when the secretary general died in a plane crash during a peace mission in Africa. U Thant of Burma became his successor, because the gentle Buddhist and former school teacher seemed to represent a guarantee to Moscow that he would refrain from any of the flamboyant initiatives that had marked Hammarskjold's secretary- ship. Thant's tenure was overshadowed by the Vietnam War. It showed up how powerless the United Nations was in the face of a major conflict. The cease fire negotiations that were finally initiated entirely bypassed the organization. China's entry into the UN in 1971 started the present phase of the organization, with Kurt Waldheim of Austria as secretary general. He is still trying to develop his own style of shuttle diplomacy. The most constructive achievement of the Waldheim era so far is the UN peace keeping system. About soldiers from all continents are at present acting as buffer forces between Israelis and Arabs in the Middle East and between Greeks and Turks on the island of Cyprus. Invented The possibility of quickly mobilizing international con- tingents into trouble spots provides an instrument for putting out brush fire wars between smaller nations that could degenerate into larger conflagrations. If the system didn't exist, it would have to be invented. Yet, it obviously works only if the big powers are in agreement, and would inevitably break down if they SPECIAL KM your CMAMEX or Hoyt'i own dUfM ACCBUHt -U0UJSS DOWNTOWN 606-608 3rd Avenue S. LETHBRIDGE WALDHEIM themselves were to clash. The United States and the Soviet Union have lately collaborated in the UN Securi- ty Council to use UN troops in their blue helmets as their joint global fire brigade. China ostensibly spurns the peace keeping system and doesn't pay her share of the expenses for the blue helmeted troops. But Peking doesn't use its veto power in the Security Council either, thus in effect acquiescing in the buffer force operations. If anything worthwhile is performed in the UN, it is done in the Security Council, the directorate of the five veto wielding nations the United States, the Soviet Union, China, Britain and France and a changing group of 10 nonpermanent members. Practically, some sort of transaction between the two Communist countries and Washington must be worked out, if only tacitly, to get any Security Council action. When the council functions, as it has done in renewing the mandate of the man disengage- ment force separating Israel and Syria -in the Golan Heights, it is quite useful. If it cannot bring about peace. It can at least manage cease- fires. Rhetoric While the 138 country assembly has become a fac- tory for processing Arab oil money and Third World frustrations into tedious rhetoric, what little power the United Nations wields is firm- ly vested in the security coun- cil. The council has been helpless in the face of such major world confrontations as the Vietnam war. but it has lately again proved its value as a device for administering superpower deals. MacEachen to visit Korea OTTAWA (CP) External Affairs Minister Allan MacEachen accepted Friday an invitation extended by .South Korean Foreign Minister Dong Ko Kim to visit South Korea. Mr. Dong left for home Fri- day night after two days of talks with Mr. MacEachen and Trade Minister Alastair Gillespie. The two countries signed a treaty, effective Jan. 1, under which double taxation would be avoided. APPOINTMENTS TO VARIOUS COMMITTEES Vacancies occur occasionally on City Boards, Commissions and Committees as a result of appointments expiring, resignations and of a By-Law which does not allow a person to be re-appointed on a Committee that they have served on for the preceding six con- secutive years. This will be the case in the Community Services Advisory Committee. Interested persons wishing to participate in civic affairs-by serving on this Committee are invited to write to the City Clerk, giving a short resume of themselves. For further information please call the City Clerk's office at 328-2341. JOHNGERLA, City Clerk GiveacBoQk0 Harness in the Parlour Audrey Armstrong writes about Canadian Life as it existed from the late 18th century into the depression era 8 Cook Books for the price of 7 All 8 titles for the price of 7 A Basic Guide to Cheese The Salad Bowl Easy and Elegant hors d'oeuvres and entrees The Backyard Chef Fish Recipes from Quebec Two's Company easy cooking for two A Basketful of Apple Recipes Clay Baking To order copies for yourself and friends use this handy order form and send your cheque or money order to The Letlibridge Herald Focus Books P O Box 4090 Station A Toronto Ont M5W 1M9 I enclose my cheque c- order in the amount of S Name __ Address Apt No City Prov Code 65 S3 95 fj 95 rj 95 Q 95 Q S3 95 Q S3 95 fj 95 Q Pro-Hockey 74-75 S1.95 This 7th annual edition is a "must" for any Hockey Fan Contains section on WHA Peter Gzowski's Book About This Country in the Morning S795 Reminiscences by Peter Gzowski and his listeners of CBC Radio's most popular pro- gram "This Country in the Morning" Beauti- fully illustrated Check items requested and send coupon to The Lrthbndgc Herald P O Box 4090 Station "A' Toronto. Ont M5W 1M9 Harness in the Parlour 4 95 [j Pro Hockey Prourtfoot 95 Q This Country in the Morning 95 Q I enclose my cheque or money order in the amount of Name__ Address. Apt No Prov. .Code______ ;