Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 9, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID Tlmruloy, December 0, 1971 Peter Dt'xbarats The "HieviUibility1 of war II is an iiiconlinu'i'iibli; lact the United I'iiini'il prevent a war, oni-n have lie- cidtid that it The (.ien- eral Inr ceasefire in ihr but it lias no teeth riilVin'c it. iNor has the Sccurilv rniiriril. The tragic Kiel, is that the UN was powerless'to ship the conflict in Viet- nam, the conflict the Israeli- Arab war. the imasinn of Czechoslo- vakia either. There is no question lhal Mrs. Gandhi has been provoked by the refugee question and by the presence of of Pakistani forces on her border. Nor is there any doubt that the West Pakistan government has been brutal in its treatment of the Hindu population in Paki- stan. Mill there ore strong indica- tions' lhal Pakistan in spite of its dilhcrins and tnrning aside the issue of self-guveniiiu-nt for East Pakistan, was closer to poli- tical sclllcrnenl. Mrs. Gandhi sncuks ul "v.anlon and unprovoked'" by Pakistani troops, when Indian government troops have been constantly in- side of Pakistan prior lo the outbreak of lull-scale war. She knows lhal world opinion is against her. World opinion was alM> against, Wesl Paki- stan's brutality in East Pakistan. Both nations arc now counting on the short memory of the rest of the world. When it's over, one way or another, it will all be waler down Ihe drain or perhaps to put it brutally, thousands of gallons of blood soaked in Ihe soil. Blame lies on both sides and with a world which claims to hale war. and yet resorts to it as the in- evitable outcome lo national, racial and religious dispules. "The Indian Pakistani tragedy brings us back again to the falal flaw in the organization of world polilics. There is simply no effective world .instrument for enforcing peace or compelling nations lo settle their dis- putes by peaceful says James Reston. Mrs. Gandhi had a choice between war and relative peace. So did Presi- dent Yahya Khun. Each says the oilier first chose war. Both of them and their people must live with Ihe result destruction, hunger, suffer- ing and agony for the miserable in- habitants of their two countries. Tiwibs for the Shah Magnifying glasses are necessary to filid the two small islands called the Tumbs 'Greater Tumb and Less- er Tumbi situated in the Persian Gulf just off the coast of Iran. Until the past, week Ihe Tumbs belonged lo Sheikh Sakr. who rules a diminutive community at the north edge of the Trucial states. Sheikh Sakr wouldn't go along with the other oil rich Tru- cial rulers who have now formed the Union of Arab Emirates, and are independent of British protection since the treaty ran out recently. N'or would he have any part of the deal by which another Sheikh who owned another of these strategic gulf islands, called Abu divided his island with Iran which will have a military base there. Iran is going to pay him a million and a half pounds a year for this privilege. The day before Britain's protection treaty area ran out. the Shah of Iran sent his troops across to the Tumbs and took over the islands. It is reported that there were a few casualties on both sides. About 200 resident Arabs will he sent elsewhere. The Shah's claims to historical ownership of the islands is in doubt. His determination to hang on lo Ihe gulf islands with British assistance is not. He sent his troops in a day be- fore the expiration of the British pro- tective treaty because it would give him an opportunity to put some of the blame on Britain for failing to cany out its treaty obligations, which Britain could hardly have done in 24 hours. Nevertheless his strategy has work- ed to the embarrassment of the Brit- ish authorities, who are accused in the press of knowing all along of the Shah's intentions. Iran, equipped with both American and British military equipment, has now become the de- fender of Western interests in the Persian Gulf. In protest Iraq has broken off diplo- matic relations with both Iran and Britain, and Libya has nationalized Ihe huge British Petroleum Company interests there. As for the obstruc- tionist Sheikh of Sharjah, he shows no sign of worry about the loss of his little islands. He clings to his coastal enclave, talks of big economic de- velopments in the offing, and contin- ues to export stamps which occasion- ally turn up in breakfast cereal boxes. For health's sake Generally speaking. Lethbridge motorists stop at street crossings when a pedestrian standing at the curb looks as if he were about to step out. Sometimes the pedestrian simply crosses, looking neither to left or right, bringing Ihe molorisl lo an abrupt halt. The law provides thai pedcslrians al crossings where there are no lights, should indicate his intention of walking across the intersection by extending his arm. In other words please stop, I'm about lo cross. Whether Lethbridge citizens consid- er this embarrassing, or whether they have forgotten that this signal is provided for in law, doesn't matter very much. It's a safety provision and all pedestrians should be en- couraged to use it for health's sake. Schools: a part of education Bv Van Van Orman TF there is one single idea that has dominated education and the language of educators over the past feu- decades it has been that of chance. Tlie, pressure has come primarily from vocal elements of our technolcgical society who have insisted that the innovations of industrialism he transferred to education. Schools are heing requested to put curriculum units on a cost-analysis evaluation sheet, to put Ihe entire educational program on systems- analysis, or related concepts, in order to justify procedures. Responses to these pressure have resulted in tile introduction of gimir.ickry in methods, proliferation in titles, positions and job descriptions of those engaged in school systems. The ra- pidity of change in technology must he duplicated in the school system, This is not education. Any thinking, educated person is fully aware that changi: is iucvitahle and con- stant in all societies, ft should he equally apparent that the basic problems which face mankind are relatively changeless. If Socrates, Plato, Seneca. Christ, Aboard, Comcimis. or any educator known to his- tory, were living loday he would he (jiiilc at home on Ihe topics IM arc of primr.ry social or political concern. The questions of man's relationship lo man, his relation- ship to his society, his responsibility for the welfare of others, these have not al- tered greatly, only the context in which tho questions ,ire. asked, or the answers given. sjinii! people would be lost, confused, fnistralcd, completely oil! of their riement in our leehndlogically oriented v.orld. The conclusion is clear, education in tbe mores and social conscience of a society is not to be equated with its technology. Much of the blame for the attempt lo do so must be placed at the doors of gov- ernment officials, much must also placed at Die doors of our neighbors lo the south who have permitted this philosophy to take ever the schools. This take-over is evident in the publishing business, in the media developments, and llrc graduate school and professorial levels where "pub- lish or perish" is the criteria of education. II is high time for us to review our school systems and our educational expec- tations. Are we to become the victims of our machines or are we to remain the masters? If it is the lalfer then wr must recognize the only single educational re- search fact that has never hem success- fully challenged in any nee the mnsl important item in any child's education is (lie teacher! Kecognition of this lead us to lhal we arc a cultural entity that is unique, as all cultural entities arc, and could prevent us from becoming "edu- cational colonials" of outside forces who wish to use the schools for purposes that are not truly educational. It would lead to prealcr intellectual honesty in ihc schools, greater freedom In explore 1 h p purpose; and expectations of :-n- riety, greater appreciation of education by thopo who atloiuf school. More Mnce-re dia- logue about this concept (which I main- tain i.s the only true concept) of wlucation is essential if the schools are lo reir.ain Ilic facilitators of education and not Ixv conie the wasteLind of technological gim- mickry niul imposed philosophical .sophis- Stanfield: the next prime minister? 0 .N'urnalisni i s prone to fiid.- anil fashions. For polilieal jminiiilists in Ot- tawa, one of Ihe MKIIT fashion- able storie.- of the moment lie- gins something like Ihis; "Slanfield a- prime minister? A year ago. il seemed ridicn- lous. Nov.- mure and moro pert- pie are savins Variations on Mils theme have. been published with increasing frequency since last summer. Vriih the'crai.'.crviitives annual meeting as a background, it's an apprapr time to a.sk: Who is saying it'.' Win are they saying it? I.s there any evi- dence that it is true'.' The principal spokesman is the Conservative leader him- self. Stanfield has come a long way since when, as leader of the opposition in Nova Sco- ita, he was asked tor a predic- tion on the forthcoming provin- cial election by a new political organizer called Dalton Camp. "Oh, I don't know." drawled Stanfield. don't expect to win, but we expect to do better. (Pause) Somewhat." Compared with this lypical reaction, and iiis conservative forecasts in the- years imme- diatelv after Trudeau's 1968 vic- tory, Stanfield's current pro- diclions arc exuberant. "I'm now convinced that the government can be defeated, and that the Progressive Con- servative party can do he said last niontji. In a luncheon speech here in September, lie gave a more forceful gastro-polilicat analy- sis: "Canadians are recogniz- ing that they are suffering from a long diet of meringue anil mf-y desperately crave some good meat and pota- toes." Stanfield's new confidence is now backed up by a relatively harmonious party chorus. Prai- rie Conservatives who were talking about dumping him in the fall of 1970 have now joined ranks with him for the election expected next year. The party line at all levels is the "viable alternative" image that Stan- field himself is working hard to project. "Canadians are starting to look at him as an alternative and to listen a little more care- fully to what he's saying to listen to the song rather than watch the singer." said Liam O'Brien, the party's national di- rector. lie believes that Slanfield's heavy schedule of travel within Canada "About every third day, he seems lo lie on the move" is having a noticeable effect. O'Brien also claims that the new confidence is just as evident within the party as it is in public. "I've seen it in discussions on he said. "I've seen him say no, we can't ac- cept that, as prime minister 1 couldn't live with that. ''There's a delinite change in attitude. Perhaps it's always been there but it's very evi- dent now. He cracks the whip." This analysis is hardly sur- prising when it comes from Stanfield and his party as they gear up for an election. It is more significant when a grow- ing number of journalists agree with it. Most newspaper readers are aware that this has been hap- pening for the first time, or even tbe second. The media's initial discovery of Stanfield-the-nexl-prime-min- ister was made, with a great deal of assistance from Dalton Camp, prior to the party's leadership convention. T h c image went into eclipse after Trudeau's 1968 victory but started lo emerge again in the spring and summer of 1970. This brief flowering also proved lo he abortive when Trudeau's handling of the FLQ crisis in October Ifi70 sharply increased his popularity while damaging his political oppo- nents. It wasn't until last, summer that the more positive image started lo re-emerge. There was a spate of stories about Siaiifieid's adroit use of humor- ous material in his speeches. Columnists came away from interviews confessing that, this lime, they really had perceived a prime ministerial aura about the man. These comments are more significant than those by Con- servatives; but motives of self- interest are also at work among the journalists, perhaps unconsciously. Stanfield once observed: "A lot of the press fellows are to some extent frustrated sports reporters; if they don't sea some blood flowing every day. it's not much of a game." As elections approach, the "game" aspect of politics be- comes stronger. Elections are time when political journalism War is hell, Cynthia! is most exciting and often more inaccurate, and when it does most closely resemble sports reporting. In the fever of an election campaign, almost every candidate becomes a strong contender and every contest becomes unpredictable. The recent. Ontario election provided a striking example of this type of distortion. Part nf the current re-evaluation of Stanfield is due to the same "Stephen Lewis syndrome." Is there more substantial evi- dence? The most frequently cited Is the Gallup poll published last Oct. 20 which showed that 32 per cent of the respondents sup- ported the Conservatives com- pared with 38 per cent for the Liberals, 23 per cent for the New Democratic Party and seven per cent for the Socreds and others. This equalled the Conservatives' rating at the time of the IWii election and was the highest rating that the Conservatives had K i n c o achieved. Their nadir was a rating of 22 per cent in Novem- ber 1970. in the wake of the FLQ crisis in Quebec. But there is no concurrent, survey to indicate whether Stanfield is helping or hinder- ing the party's renaissance. The most recent Gallup Poll on this point was last February when 51 per cent of the re- spondents gave him an "excet lent" or "fair" rating. This rat- ing has remained almost con- stant in recent years. Stanfield has never achieved the fiO-plus ratings which both Diefenbaker and Pearson obtained during their careers as leaders o( tile opposition. A small but Interesting poll was conducted here recently at three shopping centres by the local Progressive Conservative Youth Organization. It showed a pro-Liberal margin of only 49 In 47 compared with a 69-24 Li- beral edge in a similar poll last spring. Bu! only 27 people, fell, rjial StanfHrl would make 3 good prime minislcr compared with G7 who .-aid that he would not. Provincial election victories by the Con.servatives in the past year arc also mentioned in support of a reassessment, of Stanfield. Bui this is an uncer- tain given tJie Canadian habit of voting for different parties in provincial and fed- eral elections, and the unknown effect on Slanficld of specula- lion about the federal ambi- tions of Conservative lead- ers, particularly Peter Loug- beed of Alberta. The tola! picture Is one of very little substantial evidence I hat Canadians are making a "meat and potatoes" decision in favor of Stanfield. It may be happening but until the polls in- dicate a change, tbe new image of the Conservative leader would seem to have a fair amount of meringue in it. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Bruce Hutchison Next election will not answer basic question AT a certain level of poii- tits Premier W. A. C. Bennett is Canada's oldest and most successful practitioner, the last of a vanishing gener- ation. When he predicts the Trudeau government's defeat next year and in front of the news cameras, naturally bet Si00 of his own money on the prediction, it should not be taken lightly or ill-advisediy in Ottawa. Besides, there are other por- lents of (he same sort in var- ious local elections, public opin- ion polls and, more significant, the obscure but obviously troubled mind of the man on the street. But if I ho govern- ment is nearing the end of ;i short, interesting life, as i! may be, that fact alone lells us no- thing of real importance no- thing, i moan, about the na- tion's future. To answer IV truly impor- tant question we must look far beyond parly politics in their visible, conscious manifosi.a- lions, thrjr electoral apparatus and their temporary agents like. Mr. Trmleau and Mr. Bennett. We must try lo understand what i.s happening in the col- lective Canadian subconscious, the subliminal region and com- mon denominator which finally decides everything. This, o! course, is aluays a difficult and usually an impos- sible finest, even for Ihr skilled psychiatrist, esecpt in hindsiphi. No goneralion e v r r knows is happening In iLs inner spinl. nnlil after ihc event. Yet ue run begin, per- haps, to sec. rather vaguely, whal, i.s happening lo Ihr na- tion's merely pnlilieal ju.st. beiow Ihe chaotic surface. As il to I his non-ex- perl, observer, I ho bask1 prob- lem ol Uic gpvcmineul, and the opposition also, is a problem of liming, a judgment of speed, an estimate of the people's will to change their society. And there, through his own mis- judgments or misfortunes, the misjudgments of others and the eternal perversity of human na- ture, the prime minister and his plans have gone sadly wrong. So have most of us. es- pecially journalists. When Mr. Trudeau won the election of 1968. single-handed, by a feat of histrionics thai no dramatist would dare to put on the stage, he made no specific promises whatever. His Just Society was not a promise, only a phrase dropped into a speech here and (here, a fragment of rhetoric, a distant goal and handy slogan for Liberal pro- paganda. Or so he thought, hut if turn- ed out. Otherwise. In politics the man. Ihc policy for Ihere was no policy repre- sented (lie promises on record, l.ho highest, faith, the wildest Mirmise. Mr, Tnifleau ean say, quite accurately thai. lie did not give a single pledge, that lie warned the people against false hopes and was horrified by their excessive ex- pectations. No doubt he was, iinri is. Nevertheless, the unspo- ken covenant between man and nation, Ihe public's implicit in miracles, Ihc glamor of his personality have caught up wilh him. lie cannot escape his personal ily and myth. The .lust Sriciely, lhal falal ealdiuTHvl, rides him like ,T I'Yankenstem's monster. Why IKIVC lhe.se misfortunes overtaken fortune's beamish hoy? the nation, and Ihc world, are nnl whii! I hey ap- pi'ured In he al Ihnl mo- ment three years ago. Canada wns then pearly for a change, at least A change in politics, but as we surely see now, not for the social trans- figuration and organic rebirth implied, though never specified, in a transient mood called Tru- deaumania. The public wanted a better society, even a just one, if such a thing can be imagined, but wanted to buy it on the cheap. When the first bills arrive, with more to come, few men arc eager to pay them, and still fewer realize tlie opposition carry a higher price lag. I! e n c c Ihe government's deepening ordeal, the new gleam in Robert Stanfield's solemn Maritime eye and Mr. Bennett's reckless wager. Now, I am not saying and have no means of knowing, that Ihe government will lose its sec- ond election, since Mr. Trudeau has hardly begun to fight yet. I am saying only that. lie can- not win again on personality, glamor or slogan, that he will have to clarify, or invent, a specific, popular issue which, one supposes, ho is already pon- dering in a leaky cabinet, cham- ber. Certainly I am tml .suggest- ing that society will stand -still or retreat. No out1 except n fool in Ihc most advanced stage of folly can douhl. lhal sociely, hero ami throughout (he world, is moving, somew h e r e, at breakneck speed and will ne- ver return to nnrmal. there heing no norm lo rHnrn to All I am is the government may I vivo hern right in judging the speed nf ;i worlrlwidp movement hard hut. v.a.s wrong in judging Canada's willingness lo aecepl il, pay for il in money, in change of daily hribils, in fulure shock and in votes. T h e ;iiivc parly's judgmenl proluihly was no hel- its filralegy worse and that of the New Democrats astro- nomically wrong. In the unjust commerce of politics, however, an opposition can reverse course overnight, as Mr. Stan- field is doing with unsuspected agility, and still seem to be consistent because it does not have the reponsibility of gov- erning, tax collecting and an- swering for its sins. Anyhow, as he re-judges his achievements, mistakes and prospects, Mr. Trudeau will doubtless see that the practical question before him simply comes down to this: How radi- cal, progressive, leftist, egali- tarian, noble and Christian are the Canadian people in fact, not in rhetoric and brief self-hyp- nosis? How fast are they pre- pared lo go, how much incon- Looking Through The llcrnld Ifilt Managers of theatri- cal troupes have said that there is no theatre building in Canada in a town of Raymond's popula- tion In equal it. number of visitors to Watcrton Lakes National Park in was approximate- ly 1.200 people, all of whom we.re purely local. In there wore over visitors to Iho venience change and future shock are they prepared to en- dure and how much are they prepared to pay for social just- ice, real or imaginary? Not so much, I venture to suspect, as they and Mr. Tnideau ima- gined when he refused to make any promise and the voters re- fused to accept his denial, Hence our psychic hangover, Politics, despite their present. confusion and sham battle of party slogans, will turn on that question of liming and speed. But it will not be answered for a long time yet and then in erratic jerks and twitches, three steps forward and two back. Assuredly the next elec- tion will not answer it, no mat- ter who wins, if any party does, special service) backward park and wore ropre.sfnfalives of many foreign countries. irm Realizing that flip. YMCA was in real danger of closing, h.'ivn donated generously. The first day of l.hft campaign yielded over l 1 1 I hhrirlge fit voted loday for city councillors and lo decide whether or not, lho civic employees of bridge should have a pension scheme. The Letlibndcje Herald .101 vtli St. S., Lclhiinrljjp, Alhcrla LETirBRIDGE HKRALD CO. Prnpnolors ,nvl Publishers Published IMS-mil, hy Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN pmMiri, Publishers' Second ClflJO Mflll Rcoislrfltir.n No nfll? Canaaun m- Can.ini.-ln Daily Association the Audit Curc.iu ol Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS. Pdltnr flnd piilMrnpr THOMAS H. ADAMi, C.cnnal M, nior .I0t OAII.A will, AM HAY A'nnafiinfi A-'.oii.ilr rdilor ROY r. K. WAI KHR Aovortismo Mannoir rrlilonnl TaQo Edilor HERAID THE SOUTH"