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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 9, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD - Wednesday, December 9, 1970 Maurice Western Onus on government Just about everything that can be said about women and their status has already been said - loud and often. It was therefore unreasonable to expect that the Royal Commission on the Status of Women would have anything new to say. Why, then, was it appointed, and why did the public go to so much expense to finance it? Probably the main reason was to raise the status of the question itself, to move the debate out of the smoking rooms into the serious political arena, to try to determine once and for all whether women's grievances were real or imagined. One doesn't need to subscribe to the outlandish extremes of the "women's liberation" movement to admit that there is discrimination. Most of the laws and customs have been established by a male - dominated society, and the male establishment has not been sensitive to the aspirations and frustrations of a growing number of women. The commission was not organized emotionalism. It was a reasonable, objective, calm investigation of a subject heretofore dominated by emotionalism. While governments and parliaments are not bound by royal commission reports, they must have good reason for not following them. The onus for legislative and executive action on matters affecting the rights and status of women is. now clearly on the government. It has been told what should be done, by a responsible group solemnly commissioned to determine what should be done. The government should now say that what should be done will be done, and if it is not prepared to say that, it should produce some good reasons. The question of the status of women has now entered an entirely new phase, and an urgent one. Distorted values There is a good deal of talk today about distorted values. What is usually referred to are changed attitudes toward work, sex, appearance and institutions. But for an example of a really distorted value nothing can approach that exhibited by the people living on or near Scenic Drive in Lethbridge who objected to having a group home for disturbed young people established in their midst. This is especially so in regard to those whose objection was based on the notion that the home would lower property values. It is this giving of priority to property over people which has sickened a large number of the younger generation with society as it exists. Soma of the rejection of established ways is directly traceable to their disillusionment in finding that talk about values is largely vacuous. A community that is devoid of caring is not worth living in. If a group of neighbors cannot bring themselves to merely tolerate the presence of a group of unhappy young people, let alone reach out to them with positive acceptance, can much really be expected of society? Not much comfort is afforded in the realization that the people who rejected an opportunity to express a helping hopefulness may be typical of the majority of citizens in Lethbridge or any other centre. In fact the thought is depressing in the extreme. One way in which the blighting blot might be erased would be for a group of neighbors to invite the department of social development to seek a premise in their midst. It would be even better if several groups took such an action since it would give the department more chance of finding a place. Are there any takers of this proposal? A bad law? The law relating to illegal possession of liquor is possibly a bad law. There are too many instances when it can be linked with deaths. Recently this law was singled out by Coroner M. M. Cantor in connection with the deaths of two young people on the Alexis Indian Reserve. He pointed out that in many cases the law makes people drink what they have in their cars rather than running the risk of being caught. The intention of the law is just the opposite. It was hoped that it would discourage people from drinking while driving. But since that is apparently not the way it is working out, consideration should be given to changing the law. Banning liquor from communities such as the Blood Indian Reserve may lead to the same results as the law regarding illegal possession. It also may encourage the hasty consumption of what has been purchased rather than run the risk of apprehension. Of course, as Mr. Cantor noted, changing laws is not ultimately the answer to the problem of drunkenness. He suggested that people need some o?her forms of recreation than that of carousing. It is not only that more recreational outlets are needed in society-and especially in some Indian communities - but that the whole idea of drinking as a recreational activity needs changing. When society is prepared to give some serious attention to attitudes in relation to alcohol, a change in the picture of drunkenness - and death brought on by drunkenness - may be possible. Until then, laws are not apt to make much difference. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON - The question of what " to do about American passenger railroads is still very much on the Administration's mind. There is no doubt that the railroads are losing money on passenger business. If they had their druthers, they would just stay with freight. At the same time, the public's need for passenger trains, particularly commuter trains, is great. What is the solution? Professor Heinrich Applebaum, who holds the Casey Jones chair of railroad philosophy at Pullman University, has come up with a radical idea that could save both the railroads and the needed passenger service. Prof. Applebaum says the solution to the problem can be found in large aluminum containers which are now being used for-freight. These containers are placed on trains already packed, and unloaded the same way. This saves companies money in freight handling, loss due to pilferage and breakage, and also saves time. Applebaum claims there is no reason you can't use the same containers for people. This is how it would operate: Let us assume that 150 people are going to take the 7:30 a.m. from Greenwich, Connecticut. When they arrived at the platform, they would be placed horizontally in the containers. (This would give everyone an extra hour's sleep to New York.) The container would be insulated as well as air-conditioned. When even-one was :;quecz.ed in the container it would be sealed. Then a freight train going through Greenwich would stop and the container would be hoisted on board a flatcar. The same tiling would happen all along the way. Commuters in containers at Fort- chester, Rye aod Larchmont would all be waiting to be picked up by the freight train. When the train arrived at Grand Central Station, the containers would be taken off by cranes and opened on the platform, and everyone could go to work. The reverse would happen in the evening, Applebaum said, except in this case, to break the monotony, the commuters would be loaded in vertically. The beauty of the plan, says Applebaum, is that by using containers, railraods could cut the cost of a ticket from Greenwich to New York by $3.50. They could also profit by the fact that they would not have to build new passenger trains, and they could eliminate the bar cars. Psychologically, they wouldn't have to worry about customer relations, as the commuter service would be run by the freight department. The big advantage of this is that once the railroads were able to legitimately treat passengers as freight, they would improve their service rather than try to discourage people from using the r a i 1-roads. Applebaum says that, at the moment, the container idea would only be practical on short runs, but he felt that as time went on a method could be developed for long runs to freeze people in lefrigerator cars and then thaw them out when they reach their destinations. The Department of Transportation, which is trying to find a solution to the passenger train problem, has expressed great interest in the Applebaum plan. A spokesman for the department said: "If nothing else, it could save the Peon Central Railroad.'1 (Toronto Telegram News Service) Benson budgets for a baffling situation r\TTAWA: Edgar Benson has yielded much less than might have been expected to the clamor for economic stimulants at the expense of the continuing struggle to contain inflation. The budget, in fact, signals a net increase in the tax burden since the temporary three per cent surtax on personal and corporate incomes, which was to have expired at the end of this year, has been reimposed for 1971-72. Even so, the government was already into the red ink before the budget changes. The forecast deficit is $320 million with cash requirements of $1,570 million apart from foreign exchange. The* anticipated comparable figures for 1971-72 are $600 million and $1,900 million. Thus the minister of finance was a man beleaguered with problems and with very little room for manoeuvre. The situation was made worse by the fact that the government had to sustain the casualties of inflation. Of the additional $400 million in budgetary expenditures for 1971-72, nc less than $223 million goes for social bandage programs; the interim ten per cent increase in unemployment insurance bene fits and the increases, already announced, in OAS and other pensions and guaranteed income supplements. With so little available for new initiatives, Mr. Benson was obviously subject to important pressures in the deployment of these limited resources. The first, underlined by winter unemployment figures, was the demand for programs yielding the earliest possible results. The second was regionalism, unemployment being particularly severe in Quebec, with 45.1 per cent of the jobless, and British Columbia, with 23.6 per cent. Letters to the editor Toynbee wrong in linking the Pope with Heath Archivists really must preserve Arnold Toynbee's piece on 'Pope and a prime minister on freedom' (Leth. Herald Dec. 1). It's a primary source of considerable merit in the insight it provides into the modern mind. Consider, for example, the following points: (1) Toynbee confuses the crystallized Tory conservatism of a Mr. Heath, with the moral and spiritual essentialism of the Pope. Heath, like many of the Tory breed, retains the outward ap- pearances of a traditionalist, but approves the capitalist fetish of the sacredness of profits, even in the face of inflation, pollution and urban and bureaucratic centralism. In other words, Heath, like most political leaders today, is putting the goals of the corporations before the genuinely human goals of distributed property and power. The Pope, on the other hand, in his recent utterance on population, contraception and wealth, stressed the need for radical changes in distribution of wealth, both within nations and between them. One, (the politician) is really a liberal progressivist; the other, (the Pope) is not subject to the fashionable trends of crying 'population explosion' and ignoring the distribution of people and wealth. One is a blend of nineteenth-century British imperialism and devotion to the capitalist status-quo; the other speaks for dynamic tradition. (2) Toynbee fails to see or face up to the fact that the Canadian control over finance There is no such problem as Canada wanting the benefits of U.S. capital without paying for it. We never have had a dollar of American capital, except in joint projects for which we paid our share. We have had a lot of private capital from the U.S. and I hope we have a lot more. Every dollar is here because we have a splendid coun- try with excellent investment opportunities. Money is sure to come to such a fine country. We furnish the climate to make investment profitable and do not owe anybody anything. The country of origin has control of that money while it is in their country. Once it comes into Canada it is under our control. No oth- Help 'Project Recall9 At Hamilton Junior High School we have a group of students who are studying the history of Lethbridge and southern Alberta. We call this, "PROJECT RECALL." Approximately 45 students, under the direction of Mr. Bruce Haig are exploring this subject. During spares, weekends, or holidays we have interviews with those who have lived here many years. Our objective is to build archives to be placed in the Gait Museum where this study would be available to all organizations and schools for use. We will be taking pictures and building them into m u 11 i - projector programs. Many organizations and clubs, as well as many individuals, have allowed us to photograph their material. Central School has asked us to help them set up a slide pro- gram showing the history of their school, before it is torn down late this year. We are presently doing a study of Diamond City and on November 5th a number of us took a field trip to Diamond City with Mr. Court, Mr. Kurze and Mrs. Lyons. They showed us where some of the old buildings were. We have had a great deal of help from many citizens and clubs as well at the Gait Museum. If you have any old pictures, or material that we could use, we would appreciate them very much. The pictures will be taken care of and returned. You can contact the school and leave your name and we will then contact you. Thank you. GERALD WALDERN. Student. Lethbridge. er country can be allowed to exercise any control whatever over money once in our country. We expect that investment to make a profit, if it is legitimate and handled properly. But we have every right and duty to expect that profit to be used for our benefit. As far as possible it should remain in Canada for further investment and development and the overflow should be balanced by inflow from Canadian investments and exports. We are not selling our resources or country to anybody else. We are merely selling the right to operate under our charter, for our benefit, always remembering that the investor must benefit if we are to benefit, but that does not mean that any other country has any rights. Their rights stop at the border, for either men or money, and if it does not then we should change any laws necessary to insure that we do have control, and shut up about foreign ownership. It does not exist unless we are foolish enough to permit it, no matter how much money comes in. rush towards centralism has destroyed and is destroying freedom and human values. North America is far, very far, from being overpopulated. It's the absurd urban trend, the huge numbers of people in what Mumford calls the 'anti-cities' which is the main cause of pollution and congestion. And the root cause of that is the notion of maximizing profits and its accompanying perversion of technology to waste economics. (3) To use the term "laissez-faire" to describe the policy of Heath on inflation and that of the Pope on marriage, is irresponsible. Heath represents political forces which favor government promotion of the goals of corporations. Economic laissez-faire is a thing of the past. The Pope has not preached laissez-faire at all. Toynbee ignores the stress on solutions other than those of contracep-lion and abortion in Pope Paul's statements. Thoughtful people should see that the basic causes of inflation and environmental problems are the same: an intrinsically unjust social order to which the human alternative is not state socialism but cooperative and decentralist humanism. PETER R. HUNT. Lethbridge. In accordance with venerable tradition, the government has reacted to the first pressure with public works programs. Federal departments and agencies will spend $23 million in the current fiscal year. A new loan fund of $150 million is also being established to finance new capital development projects in the provinces. As prescribed by the new regionalism, money will be distributed according to a formula based on unemployment levels. An effort is to be made to co-ordinato these projects with the programs of Jean Marchand's department of regional economic expansion. The same emphasis is appaiv ent in other relatively small programs: $20 million for access roads and other services surrounding Montreal international airport special incentive grants for a designated region in three adjoining Ontario counties; and assistance, with obvious regional implications, for the shipbuilding and competitively crippled footwear industry. The one striking innovation in the budget - not subject to regional limitations - is the special concession permitting manufacturing and processing businesses to value new investments in machinery, equipment and structures at 115 per cent of their actual cost as a base for earning capital cost allowances. This is a short-term measure, expiring March 31, 1972. Its purpose is plain; to achieve the greatest possible employment results in the immediate future by speeding the capital outlays of private interests. Some of the sunnier passages in Mr. Benson's obviously difficult text refer to the gratifying state of our international trade. It is the more depressing that the minister missed an obvious opportunity to bring some relief to consumers and many producers by reduction of the customs tariff. With inflation still admittedly a serious concern and with the expressed anxiety of the government to reverse a protectionist trend in the world, Mr. Benson had very much greater freedom in this respect than in doling out tax concessions and incentives. The tariff, it would appear, has become the great untouchable in Canadian politics. This is the more puzzling because no government has had more to say on the subject of change. The very budget itself has lost its old quality of permanence. In Mr. Benson's words: "The government has engaged in what has been virtually a continuous adaptation of our fiscal policy." Dwelling at some length on post - budget developments of the past year, he showed that a projected increase in cash requirements of $750 million had grown to $1.5 billion. So much then for projections. But in that case what is to. be made of Mr. Benson's present estimates? The prospect is that we will be $600 million in the red next year and that the government, as the minister said, will face difficult borrowing problems all too likely to generate a new burst of inflation. Hence the far from obscure warning that Ottawa may have to invoke price and wage controls. Even the forecast must, however, be accepted with caution, for continuous adaptation is to remain the order of the day in the finance department. The long-term outlook is cloudy. There is perhaps one consolation for the citizen: if he finds the situation baffling, so manifestly do Mr. Benson's high-priced economists. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Magrath, J. A. SPENCER. Statement corrected We wish to correct a somewhat erroneous statement in November 30 Lethbridge Herald which said that "Meals on Wheels had been in operation since Sept. 1970 without requesting money from any organization." Had it not been for the request sent out to many organizations for money and volunteer help and the ensuing support received, Meals on Wheels could never have begun this service. So far we have received over $2,000 from churches, clubs and individuals, for which we are eternally grateful. Without their continued support and interest we would not be the success we are. MRS. P. II. WALKER, Chairman for Meals on Wheels. L. C. HALMRAST, Vice-chairman, Meals on Wheels Lethbridge, Uiigrammatical I do hope newcomers or strangers to the city do not think some of the things they hear on a local radio station arc representative of the state of culture in Lethbridge. The ungrammatical ladies that phone in to a local "talk" show - the sports announcer with his "real good" - these make me wonder about southern Alberta. Not to worry about citizens of these parts ever having to become bilingual . . . they have a bad enough time with their misuse of the English language. G. W. LOCKWOOD. Lethbridge. THROUGH THE HERALD 1920-Fine December weather has decided the men of Magrath to have a "road bee" similar to the successful one held four years ago when the only good work on Magrath's main streets and roads leading into the town was done. 1930-That Park Lake is destined to be not only a pleasure resort in the summer, but also a place of amusement in the winter is seen in the number of parties who journey there to enjoy the skating on the sheet of ice covering the lake. 1940 - Up to their elbows in grease and loving it are 52 Lethbridge girls, who are taking the motor mechanics course at a local garage. 1950 - President Truman's knuckle - cracking letter to a critic who panned his daughter's singing, provoked chuckles and some sharp criticism in Washington. i960 - Improvements to Indian Battle Park, costing about $7,000, may be included in the city's winter works program. A proposed plan of action for developing the park was approved by the parks and recreation commission. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;