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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 9, 1916, Lethbridge, Alberta sW-i'URbAY, DECEMBER 9, 191fi PAGE NINE 1YSM (Uy tho Military Correspondent of the London Tlmca.) "We must think of the: old British array us a perfect thing Vosolsche Zottimg. Tlio British array which loft our shores for France- on the fateful August of tho year 1914' was one 'of the most; perfect Instruments for battle of .modern times. It waX under distinguished com- mand. It was well staffed hy trained officers. Tho infantry were admir- able in physique and training, as good in attack as la defense, and possessed of a body of regimental officers of exceptional ability and without their equals in the world, as well as non- commissioned officers of .exceptional merit, the cavalry were mobile, supple and dashing, at home In the saddle and on foot, and led by the same brilliant young colonels ana brigadiers' who had been instrumental in tho reorganization of the army dur- ing the yeara preceding the war. The artillery were always the artillery, with .their mixture of science and con- servation, their professional charac- ter and tholr Imperturbable steadiness In battle. Tho engineers were ready to become tho stay and support other arms as they had always been while, the medical, army service anti ordnance..branches were very well manned.and most proficient in their duties. Thanks to-the .army reserve and s'psolal stood behind this army enough men to maintain' strengths for somo-months, while the! of fleers training had the young men in it to supply the wastage of the lower, commissioned ranks.' Yes, in Its .way and '.for its numbers-It was a perfect thing apart, and the rfolseless. rapidity with which it was carried across the channel and concentrated, in fighting trim without a word 'or.Warning to the enemy, was a very remarkable, feat.. L The' British, army of the post-Cri- mean' War days was shaken up and rejuvenated by the hard warfare of South Africa, but it had begun to re- form itself 10 years previously. Lord Wolseley 'at home and Lord Roberts in India had set the example of profes- sional effort- and all. that was best in the corps of officers had sat'at their feet and' had profited By their teach- ing. Old traditions died hard and In the late eighties .our 'officers were still Indulging in steady brigade and divisional drill in the dust of theLong Valley, somo In strapped overalls and Wellington, hoots, in choking tunics and absurd headdresses of all types. These steady drills and ceremonial parades were the tests by which offi- cers were judged, and it was much too rarely that they -were able to-train their men in more ,usefui work.' A Professional Arrny The first scmad- Mion'grid; there company introduced, giving .the, same .personal responsibility ;to' young officers of cavalry and infantry that the artillery had always enjoyed. A great change ca-me over tho army. Officers awoke to the fact that they had something serious to do, and that it was worth doing. Ascot and Goodwood, Sandown and Aintree, the moors 'and the coverts, the hunting field and the ball- room, became no longer the primary Interests that they once seemed. All the life of officers gradually changed. Expensive messes went out of fashion and with them went gambling and drink. Unconsciously officers became professionals, and the whole tone of the army changed. They went to the staff college if they cauld get there, and for two years Immersed them- selves in learning their-, business. Gradually and little hy little the pro- fessional spirit spread, and permeaten not only the corps of officers hut the cadres and the -men with whose in- terests officers became Identified and -whose life, tAprk nnd amusements they shared. It "was a golden time for the body and the mind. Nobody In narticular noticed that between 1878 "and-. 1902 the British army added to the.Empire an area oi territory equal to that of the United States, but the British 'Joldler natur- ally noticed it because he. din it. In the mountains, that girdle .the North- West Frontier, amidst the rocks ol Afghanistan, through the swamps and forests of .Burma and Africa, .on the and in the deserts ol the Sudan, an Empire was being carved'out by the old army in a quiet unostentatious, but methodical sort of way. In these wars there was no great fighting in the modern sense, -though there..were many warm cor- ners, but the experience gained by all ranks of men and things, the over- coming of inconceivable difficulties -with small means, anil the training of new levies, produced a volume of ex- perience and a strength of character which nave to the cadre's of. tho army au exceptional value. The path of Empire was paved with tho banes of tho fallen pf tho old array but enough good men remained to assist Lord Ilaldane between the years 1006-and 1912 in creaking the '.'perfect thing apart" which, kept the flag fly- ing with honor in the present war while the new levies were being rais- ed, fashioned, trained and eventually armed. Most ministers and the public as a whole were utterly indifferent, it they were not secretly hostile, to the work, and they gave lose money in a year to croate this instrument than they spend now In six, days of war. The intellectuals snooped and stood aside; not one statesman .warned us of the coming danger; we were held to bo ill Europe, but not of. it; and a section, of tlie press palled those who regarded Germany as a menace by every disrespectful adjective in the dictionary. The voter was taught to regard his material comfort as tho only thing that mattered; the politi- cians one and all. pandered to him. Everybody refused to.see; but thtj old army went o'J gradually reforming it- self, and through its cadres preparing the Dominion .troops and'.the territor- once much-abused be the invaluable support of the regu- lars which this war lias shown them to be. The old arrfiT -went as far as it could with sparse means amidst the pro- found indifference, of parliament and the country. It' wanted to graft ua- tional trainjig upon the territorial stock. The army believed in Lord Roberts, Lord. Gurzon and Lord Miinei when they preached national service, but both great parties in the State stood nervously aside, and the war engulfed us before the best men in the old army co.uld .achieve the. rea- lization of their aims: It was tho deluge. The old army went out, fought gloriously, and died. .Not once, but many times, were some Its units completely renewed, officers and other ranks, and the hardest thing o ell was to find the trained officers and N.C.O.'s to "raise, train and com maud the new levies of the colors But from all parts of the world there came home officers and N.C.O.'s ol the old army who had been far afield when the war- broke out. India gave us many; every dugout was in khaki; the wounded officers helped; and this flotsam and Jetsam of the old army set about to Inspire the new armies the traditions, the manners and customs and the spirit of the old They did wbndet's. They worked and slaved at the :task. The New Troops The old army gave the' note of in tense reginental feeling which dis tinguishes the new troops It trained these IToops after its own fashion-im planted in them the sense of discip line and set them' an example on'the field of battle. It still has almost a monopoly of the higher commands and staffs, not because it has a dif- ferent of officer hut because of its greater experience.: It is not Diffi- cult for civilians after two years of war to master- trench warfare and the control of troops up to the battalion at least. There are men now in com mand of battalions .whs joined as privates at the beginning of the war and though promotions and appoint ments have necessarily caused pome jealousies and Heart-burnings, it can not be.said th'at merit has not heei recognized wherever .found. But the leading-and control of all the great mass of troops is still and always will be the business of professionals who have brought to their Work the hard study of years, amUare then not at a loss for 'expedients when difficulties arise. The' old .army retains the com mand of the new because it deserves it and for no other reason, hut as the war goes on we shall see the civilian of August, 1014, in high places, and it is from, the'ranks mainly that officers are now drawn. The old a caste. The new army is the nation. What sum of toil sacrifice arid devotion the..old army has given in this war, and what splen .did returns it has obtained, the records of the deeds-of these armies, old ant new, prove to us every day. only one army now- It is hard to distinguish' in the field an old regi ment from a new. The training: has gone on behind pur'lines with the fighting, and the genera tendency has been to bring standards of efficiency to a common level. If, in some respect, the standard has been in other' respects it has been raised and nest of all fact tha the spirit of. the fighters has never wavered, and that the 'cheeriness, in Automobile WE HAVE. INSTALLED A COMPLETE EQUIPMENT FOR .RE- PAIRING AND CHARGING STORAGE BATTERIES. NO MATTER WHAT CONDITION YOUR BATTERY IS IN WE WILL GUARAN- TEE TO MAKE IT AS1 GOOD AS NEW. Magneto Magnets Also Re-charged We specialize on Electric Generators and If your bothers you we cam fix it fur you. Studebaker Owners branch in Calgary, we are prepand.'ta furnish, any part for any model of Studebaker oar within twelve houri and will furniah a competent mtehanle to do the work at your home If STUDEBAKER GARAGE .322 St. S., Phone 1822 J T. Graham Established in Years Of Business Success The World's Largest Manufac- turcrs Of Fine Cars Tiie Car of {Ac Goidtn Chaatii" THE DAY STUDEBAKER NEW SERIES 18 CARS, with seven new, special and exclusive improvements are FINE CARS, warranted by us to completely satisfy the most particular and fastidious persons. We be- lieve these cars represent the greatest automobile values ever offered to the buying public, and that persons accustomed to paying or S3000 for cars will, upon examination, concede that these Studebakers equal ANY such cars in quality of material, design, workmanship and finish, and also concede the truth of our statement that THE DAY OF HIGH PRICES FOR FINE CARS HAS PASSED. Sttidebaker has centered its great resources and experience on ONE BASIC DESIGN, with all parts interchangeable for both the FOUR and SIX, except the motor. One equipment of machinery, tools, character of manufacturing operations and quality of material suffices for both models. No revolutionary changes have been made in the basic StudebaUer design for four years. The same group of EMINENT ENGINEERS AN1) DESIGNERS are responsible for the evolution of the new Series 18 models, yet the many improvements and refinements adopted as the result of our experience have made th.'se new models decidedly the best cars we have ever produced. They are sold with our guarantee ol" prompt and efficient service and the replacement without charge for defective parts, if any arc developed, within one year from date ot sale. We guarantee our cars to give absolute satisfaction, provided they receive the care a highly developed piece of machinery should receive. The Series IS cars are leaders in the industry, history makers, which put Studebaker in the lead with new and greater values at popular prices. Studebaker has led the way in nearly every forward step in automobile construction in which the owner profited. STUDE- BAKER WAS THE FIRST produce a six-cylinder car selling for less than produce a 50 horse power car selling for less than a selling for less than a uniform, international service system-for owners; pioduce the now popular crown fenders; finally, Studebaker was the first manufacturer of FINE CARS to ofter its product at.medium the way to greater- valtiCb arid compelling "other (nanufacturers to increase values and reduce prices. has in the most efficient and mod- ern plants in which it manufactures all of its engines, axles, trans- missions, differentials, bodies and tops. profits (parts makers) included in the price of assembled cars and small manufac- are almost entirely eliminated selling prices. It is necessary to pay from 50% to 100fc more than Studebaker prices for cars of corresponding value. Seven New, Improvements and Additions GUN-METAL FINISH. Original, rich and exclusive finish of deep lustre and permanency, applied in TWENTY-FIVE OPERATIONS. No finer finish is possible than that of the Series IS Cars. A.perma- nent body finish depends largely on the slow and careful building up of the different coats of color 'and Sttidebaker way. Fenders and aprons are rich, black enamel. NEW AUXILIARY CHAIRS. Arm chairs, original and exclusive with Studebaker, patent applied for. These large, roomy and comfort- 1 able chairs fold up and slide under rear seat when not in use. They -dispense with the unsightly recesses in the tonneau floor and with slit carpets, commonly used in other cars. When these chairs are under- neath the back seat the Studebaker is a roomy, beautiful FIVE-PAS- SENGER CAR. REVERSIBLE FRONT SEAT. Original and exclusive with Stude- baker, the front passenger seat is reversible so that passenger, can sit facing tonneau or facing forward. Both-front scats are covered with, leather, have large and handsome robe strap, and are adjustable to all leg lengths. No more comfortable seats are found in any car, re- gardless of price. NEW STORM CURTAINS. Of the recent Blackmore 'design and patent, opening with the doors and thereby preventing crouching and crushed hats. Studebaker, we believe, is the first maker to offer this improvement as standard equipment. IMPROVED BODY AND UPHOLSTERY. The body is elegantly finished and and out. The handsome foot rail, wide scuff plates, wide, doors, handsome door trim, carpeting, etc., all demonstrate quality and refinement. The upholstery is semi-glazed, straight-grained, genuine leather, made to special Studebaker forms, with the best curled-hair and long coiled springs. Tonneau carpet all wool, bound with leather instead of cheap, raveling thread-stitch. The top is made of the finest grade silk mohair, bound with leather edging, a feature found on few cars at any price. The body materials, up- holstery and workmanship of Studebaker cars are unsurpassed, and the interior finish and detail of the bodies are LUXURIOUS and COMFORTABLE. YALE SWITCH LOCK. Gf-pm tumbler-type, Studebaker design, insuring convenient and safe protection against theft or unauthorized use of the car. NEW WINTER TOP made exclusively for Studebaker cars. Noise- less. Quickly and easily put on or taken off, and fitting perfectly. Mechanical Improvements Improvements have been made in the Series IS Motor, insuring greater 'smoothness, flexibility, quietness and economy. _A11 notice- able vibration has been eliminated by superior piston design and the stiffening of the motor frame. .The Studebaker-Schebler carburetion system has been developed so .that both the FOUR and SIX are the most ECONOMICAL motors "on the market in ratio to power. Studebaker lubrication has been further improved. The system is positive and eliminates all lubrication troubles. Waste through the exhaust is overcome and practically no surplus oil reaches the com- bustion chamber to burn and form carbon. The chassis frame is the same strong light construction which has characterized all Studebaker cars. The perfection of our chassis de- sign is convincingly proven by satisfaction given in over Stu- debakers produced and sold. The full-floating rear axle construction remains the same in principle as heretofore, but has been further improved and strengthened. This type of axle is used by practically all leading manufacturers, thereby, p'roving its mechanical superiority. The best quality of steel and alloy is used throughout. Every gear U of CHROME NICKEL STEEL, specially cut by Studebaker. In the differential, which has four bevel gears, Tiniken bearings are used throughout. Only eleven of the three hundred different cars on the market use as many Timken bearings as Studebaker, and the average price of these cars is The Wagner Lighting and Starting System is individual to Stude- baker cars and has been further improved by increasing the cranking power The Willard Storage Battery is absolute assurance against ignition, lighting and starting failure. Studebaker uses a 100 AMPERE houj battery. The Four-Cylinder Car Still Remains a Forty Horse Power Car The Six-Cylinder Car Still Remains a Fifty Horse Power Car The Most Powerful Cars in the World at Their Prices FOUR-CYLINDER MODELS FOUR Chasm FOUR Ro.diter FOUR Touring Car FOUR Evejy-Weathcr Car FOUR Landau Roadster I 1280 129S 1570. 157S All Prices F..O. D. IValkcnillc. STUDEBAKER Wolkerville, Ont. Calgary Factory, Branch, 830 Itttu Ave. W. Lethbritlgc Branch, Stiuleliaker Garage J.T.GRAHAM, Phone'1822 ,.322 SIXTH STREET SIX Chajsis SIX Roadster SIX Touring Car SIX Landau Roadster SIX Every-Weather Car SIX Touring Sedan SIX Coupe SIX Umbuiine g vincible good humor, and determina- tion'to succeed which were, the hall mark'of the- old army iiaye been pj-e- serve'd" iiiflfdft the war.'A sublime, confidence -in' themselves dis- tinguishes armies, and while the. morale of the enemy 'is still able-as-a that of oiir armies is decidedly Superior. We... are. beating the enemy in all elements, with bky- onet and rifle, with bomb and bullet, with guns and machine- guns and gas, In tho air.and under the wiv are.-sHowing.tBe and. powerful ;eiie'iny that we have ever encountered what it. costs to have England and her do- minionsfor. aajjiieray. If tho ius'truulent ys the nation in arms, .army which created rthe walclied over its birth, endowed it with its spirit, and still -presides over its fortunes. In the old .manner of Chatham, while turning the batahcc of the continental war to our side by helping our allies and striking-hart-'in Europe, we have not.been unmindful of onr oceanic em- pire, and tho million miles of the G.efman Empire is'-a' thing of the past. The legions- which sot out for Prance have vanished silently and are a memory now, but their soul re- ana will remain for ever, in the great national .army Em- pire which will ever adorn the., pres- ent generation and the history of our tiroes'with an aureole of glory unsur- passable in legend- ary-Koms. HOBO KING WINS IN WALL ST. investment In- "War Babies" Gets Fat Roll for Jeff Youngstown, in made for him by a New York broker friend and- ex-hobo has won for Jeff: Davis, "king., of the in cold cash, de- clared Davis here today-soon after he had dropped off the top of. a'n Erie passenger coach to seek a temporary job in YoungstoWn tnills to gather1 material for his proposed boo V Conditions as I Have Found .Them." Davis declares he had only a small amount of money before his >Jew York friend started to invest in the early stages of'the war. "The hobo always will the tramp won't, work even lias a chance, and 'tho bum- can't work even if he wants explained Davis. MORE BRITISH GOLD ARRIVES New York, Dec. re- ceipts of British gold from Canada wore announced by J. P. Morgan Co. today? being sent to the assay office' and to the PliiladVfpliia miiit. nils makes a to- tal of about received thus far this week and a grand total from all sources thus far this year of about ;