Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 8, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Vi IVIW A collection of brief book reviews Life in by John of Toronto 248 This book is a vivid example of the public concern of Canadians over the impact of industrialization and ur- banization upon their farming population. The questions it poses and attempts to answer and the social assumptions behind them reveal the anxie- ty of thoughtful citizens that the agricultural roots of their society are being eroded by the attractions of the new era. It is also an interesting period piece in Canadian social in that it reflects the prejudices and aspira- tions of the author and his generation. The study of the problems of rural life that were thought to underlie Eastern agrarian dis- content in the first quarter of this century was published originally in 1913 under the auspices of the board of social service and evangelism of the Presbyterian Church of Canada in an attempt to counter the bias of social historians who tend to emphasize the industrial and urban problems of a changing society. Most Canadians lived in a rural environment not so many years ago and their problems are surveyed here in the special context of the work of the country church. CHRIS STEWART Needlepoint by Barbara Fields and Lorelle Phillips J. McLeod 93 A complete breakaway from the traditional the contem- porary designs in this book will delight the experienced needleworker seeking new adventures in pattern and color. The colored illustrations are accompanied by instructions for tracing a cor- recting errors in starting the working with graphed color finishing the canvas and mak- ing a pillow or belt. It would have been a great help if the quantity of wool for each project were included since sales help is not always available. The patterns are unusual and challenging. ELSIE MORRIS King's Grey by Rosemary Hawley Jarman 448 The King's Grey Mare is the of the life of Elizabeth iVoodville. It tells of her relationship with icr marriage to Sir lohn Grey and to King Edward her of scheming to remain in control the monarchy and also of ler death. Elizabeth has a most nteresting life as she was witness to the rise and fall of .hree Margaret of Edward IV and Richard III. also the rise of Henry VII who marries her laughter Elizabeth. Many Lhought Elizabeth bewitched Edward IV to become there is an air of mystery throughout the story. The author portrays this era as a colorful and tragic time in history. It is very well written and easy to read. ELSIE GREY by Clark Howard 344 The Emperor is not wearing clothes. And heavy doses of sex and violence do not make quality literature The Killings is a tale of two detectives who uncover a bizarre double murder with homosexual overtones. In their search for the they frequently find of bedded down with pan- ting females. In this it is measured by a capacity for sex and a prqficiency in profanity. The Killings does for detec- policemen and other human beings what Portnoy's Complaint does for orthodox Jews and self-respect. DAVID B. BLY Israel Guide and 384 Amid squabbles in the tourists might be templed to dismiss a pilgrimage to the Middle East this year. But with Christmas close at many Western Christians are still likely to plan an Israel holiday. Available to help them plan their tour is this useful pocket guide to souvenir shops and restaurants. Moshe Israel's minister of writes an introductory chapter for the book. He notes tourism is now his nation's major export in- dustry. A careful reading and tim- ing of a holiday should be all the more enjoyable with tlnj volume in one's pocket. NOEL BUCHANAN Blade and the Black by Virginia Voight Mead and Company 157 Virginia Voight has written a delightful children's book combining her knowledge of Indian folklore and wildlife to create a heartwarming story of a motherless bear cub and a motherless Indian boy. Red Blade meets Moonin as a bear cub and their friendship grows through a series of crises at the hand of the white settlers. They both learn that the wilds of the forest and each other are the only things they can trust. Children of all ages will learn from and enjoy this book. SYLVIA JOEVEN7VZ2O to Save Your by Earl Ubell Canada 308 A helpful book for people who are unable to break bad habits like smoking or eating rich fatty foods. The book ex- plains how to work without how to sleep well and how many other life-giving changes can be achieved through behavior modifica- tion. GERTA PATSON Football's Kicking by George Sullivan Mead and 144 Pro football's kickers and the kicking game can be summed up by Alex Karras' remark about par- ticularly the imported Euro- pean they sit there on the bench and then come in for a few seconds and and then they run around 'I keek a This book has all the excitement of a field goal hardly any. It is a com- plete capsule on all the men involved in all aspects of the foot end of football. The book is a testimonial to the men who are making football the dull game it is becoming the field goal kickers. GARRY ALLISON by Chris Hurst Coach House 20 Most people's idea of a poet would be the image of a person with tremendous in- sight into human affairs his masterly skill in ing his findings. Facing You seems to run short of this ideal even when considered most generously. In its popular vulgarity it is to a certain extent it lacks the imagination of the the harmony of the beautiful. Published with the assistance of the Canada it makes one honestly question the as well as the interpretation of of this organization. HANS SCHAUFL Modern Parent's Guide to Baby and Child by Violet RN and Henry F. Lee. MD distributed by McClelland and Stewart 458 Parents who have worn out two or three copies of Dr. Spock's paper-backed Baby and Child Care will find many similarities in this new book but will be grateful Dr. Spock's book has always been available at reasonable cost. Both books are geared to reassure parents about their children's growth and both stress the value of common sense and the ability to relax and enjoy the baby. Practical advice is given in the new book about virtually everything one could ask about babies and their growth clothing. The authors update information by trying to take into consideration the mother who works outside the home and attempt to help her find fulfilment in her multiple role without depriving her children. Anxious parents will find comfort in this book. New grandparents might consider it a suitable gift for the ex- panding family. ELSPETH WALKER the Dead Dia- mond by Edward Hoagland 340 As I wrote when I reviewed a previous collection of Courage of Turtles review- ed July anyone who just wants to read without having to wrestle with profun- dities would be apt to enjoy a ramble through these pieces. These may seem even more serene than those of the previous collection because there are several nature es- says that move at a leisurely pace. A love Affair with the circus is evident no less than three essays deal with aspects of the circus. In juxta- aosition to the serenity of nature Hoagland offers tastes if the savagery of big city the first two essays are a irime example. Lovers of es- says and there must be a arge number judging .he number of collections be- ng published will give high marks to Hoagland's com- Msitions. DOUG WALKER THE VOICE OF ONE Dr. Frank S. Morley Hunting season's over Photo by Bill Groenen Book reviews Reminder of nature's laws More Upon a by Christie illustrated by Douglas Tait and Many of the Indian so beautifully told by the award- winning Mrs. include a warning an emotional reminder of what happened to a wealthy people who forgot to be worthy of nature's wealth and when they failed to keep the sacred laws of life. These moral lessons were reiterated through story telling at regular winter potlaches when the Indians' best many of which were long and were told to intent listeners. Most had their roots in nature or in the ceremonies and beliefs of the tribe. These stories were almost lost to modern civilization. When white men first arrived on the northwest coast with awesome terrifying guns and an arrogant assump- tion of the Indians were deeply shocked. Confronted with their own technological they lost confidence in all their old ways developed to meet the particular needs of their particular situation. The turned their backs on the old stories. Daily reminders of these stories began vanishing and even the unique totem poles were being chopped down. white men's laws banning the potlatch seemed the death blow to the old for without these great formal gatherings how could the young ever be caught up in the spell of the old tribal myths and Almost in great museums rushed scnolars to the northwest coast to record a unique native culture before it vanished completely. With the help of famous ethnologists collected the stories. But by now they had lost their most potent magic. There was the language barrier and the problem of the most sen- othnnlnoicK offfnrlinc the Indians and when this happened the latter sometimes misled the scholars to make them appear ridiculous. In spite of the difficulties the stories were collected with care and diligence and were saved for generations more appreciative of the values and wisdom of the old Indian tribes. One such collec- tion by Professor Franz Boaz is the basis of the tales in Once More Upon a Totem. Mrs. Harris has chosen three The Prince Who Was Taken Away by the which explored the mystery of the Pacific salmon their disappearance and return to the rivers of the Raven a story of the In- dian who in this Tsimshian version is an in- curable and Ghost which shows the Indian acceptance of the spirit of life after death and of the natural rhythm of life and death. Once More Upon a Totem is very enjoyable reading. It is a gentle reminder of nature's laws and their importance and the dire consequences of tampering with them a belief held strongly by the In- dian people and one we could well remind ourselves of today. This book should be in every school library and every home. CHRIS STEWART Respect achievements The Strange Story of Grey by Lovat Dickson. McMillan of Canada 281 Archie Grey Where does the fact end and the fiction What does it That's the question I add to the ones the author puts forward in this inquiry into the offbeat life of one of Canada's greatest writers. It matters little if he was white or it matters little if he innocently deceived people into believing he was Indian with some slightly exotic tales about himself. What really matters is what he accomplished in his 50 years of life. He left behind one of the most heartwarming children's books ever Sajo and Her Beaver and his other books dealing with the wilds of Canada and the animals therein are classics. Loval Dickson delves into Grey Owl's not as a but as a friend trying to set the record straight. He paints Grey Owl as he not a but as a troubled man with human f iilinrrc anri nii ities He uses excerpts from short etc. to assist his story. Personal acquain- passing on thoughts about this great outdoorsman add greatly to the book. People such as Vincent King George and Queen Elizabeth a princess when she and Margartet sat in on a Grey Owl read into the Grey Owl story with the ease of the of the woods. The Grey Owl controversy has been raging since his death in 1938 when Canadian writer Gregory Clark exposed Grey Owl and his believe Everyone from an ex-wife to the CBC has been active in the expose business since that time. But with this writing surely the controversy will come to an end. Let us honor the man for what he accomplished and not soil his works and achievements in the field of conservation and writing with unmeaning details of his life. The photo of Grey Owl by Karsh .ippeiiring on the cover is n classic in the Karsh tradition. Bishop of the Western world Every civilized man in the Western world finds his intellectual matrix in St. Augustine of whether he acknowledges it or not. It was Augustine who broke the back of classical shaped a Christian founded a psychology of such astounding depths that it has yet to be fully developed the teachings of St. Paul into a massive theological laid 'the groundwork for Western political idealism and showed the basis for the Authority of the Scriptures as the authentic vehicle of the and established the authority of the Catholic Church as the pillar and ground of the truth. In Augustine appears the first truly modern man one excepts St. who separates the modern age from an- tiquity. He stands in magnificent triumph upon the ruins of Classicism. That he had Augustine himself was well aware. He was far too sensitive to the praise of men. He could be too easily provoked to anger. He could be intolerant. He warns a lady that when sexual desire is over- other temptations such as avarice lie in wait. His views on the fate of unbaptized babies are hard to as are his teachings on the and There is no reason to regard Augustine as in- but whenever you deal with him you are in deep water indeed. This is especially of in the matter of the Trinity. Here he soars right out of reach of the average man into profundities and heights reached by none other except St. Paul. In Augustine's controversies with your man on the street will side with the exhorter of the superficially to whom was given freedom of choice and whose chief virtue was self- control. To Augustine sin was a corruption of the will inherited from Adam and in this evil the whole human race is in- volved. Pelagius is back in the self-salvation and Stoicism of Augustine saw righteousness as the result of regeneration made possible through the gift of divine grace. Augustine has a great gift for express- ing truth in a striking for speaking of the heart he says that paganism teaches that God helps those who help but the fact also is true that helps those who do not help themselves in order that they may help Aristotle had taught that and vice are both alike in our own Augustine calls this since by his own power mankind was completely unable either to recognize the good or achieve it. that is beautiful virtue and wisdom has its residence in the yet it is not wise of itself nor strong of it is neither its own light nor its own In Augustine as in Calvin predestination took on a severity and inflexibility which makes it instead of it expressing the grace of God in action to all mankind. Yet both have hold of astounding truth of which St. Paul was so fully aware. Indeed Augustine quotes from 0 that the way of a man is not in his nor is it for him to walk and direct his own Predestination is the only alter- native to fate and those two Siamese twins who destroy civilization and per- sonality. Fatalism was the curse of Classical culture and is the curse of the modern man.. There are countless ways in which Augustine is relevant to man today and they obviously cannot be studied ex- hilarating though they but in no way does he bring a message more suited to the needs of this civilization than his of Even as the Eternal fell to the Goths and the whole world seemed doomed with its so modern civilization is collaps- ing and the heart of modern man is desperate- ly afraid and bewildered. Augustine taught his age and all ages that civilizations all serve their turn and pass away. They live a life of pragmatic just as God had used Egypt. and the rest There is one which will not pass away and into that kingdom any man may enter here in time. In eternity it will be revealed in its perfection There is a city whose foundations cannot be whose builder and maker is God. The University of Lethbridgv APERTURE Why Nixon should go Dr. E. W. Webking obtained Us MA and PhD specializing in the area of American and comparative government. Prior to joining the University of Lethbrldge faculty in he taught at the University of Alaska. This Dr. Webking was appointed co-ordinator of the U of L co-operative studies pilot project. It is apparent that Richard Nixon is deter- mined to it and hang on to the presidency of the United States regardless of the consequences. This should net be too sur- prising when one considers how long Mr. Nix- on has lusted after the presidency. It is not in Mr. Nixon's character to surrender all that prestige and advantage even though the national interest of the United States requires that he should go. In any it is futile to expect that a man who's entire political career has been constructed on self- seeking advantage should all of a sudden begin to think or act in anyone's interest but his own. If the present political hemorrhage in the U.S. is to be stayed and confidence in the governmental process Mr. Nixon must go and that decision should be taken by the duly constituted the United States Congress. The nation can no longer afford the luxury of allowing Mr. Nixon to satisfy his personal ambition by remaining in office when he has sacrificed his moral authority and lost credibility in most areas of the country all of which affects his abjlity to govern effectively. How is it that one year after winning re- election by one of the largest vote margins in presidential election Mr. Nixon should have plunged to the present The of is Watergate. Watergate not only represents the specific act of political sabotage against the Democratic National Committee by Nixon- campaign per- but it also has come to that awful and oppressive atmosphere of moral pygmyism and political perversion that has so characterized the Nixon administration. Although American history is not devoid of in- stances of government and political corrup- everything pales in the face of the enor- mity of the ubiquitous corruption that seems to infect the Nixon administration. The examples of wrong-doing and amorali- ty constitute a catalogue of corruption. Mr. Nixon's personally hand-picked running mate and vice-president is forced to resign in ex- change for a suspended jail sentence on charges of extortion and failure to pay in- come tax. A former law personal ad- viser and former attorney-general is under indictment. A former cabinet member and campaign director is under indictment. Two senior level presidential advisors have been forced to resign and one is under indictment. Six other White House aides or ad- ministrative officials are under convicted or have pleaded'guilty and seven more have resigned or been It has been revealed that these people have either been directly responsible for illegal operations or have had knowledge of such activities. The entire White House has been afflicted with a case of moral myopia. Nixon's own record of impropriety and violations of the law Is equally as staggering. The president gave approval for what became AII knnwn ac Ihp Hnslnn nlan a fir-hemp tn r-nm. bat radicals that employed all manner's of il- legal means. He established the unit which employed illegal methods and burglary' to protect In the name of Nixon interfered with tiie investigation into the activities of the In the midst of the Ellsberg trial. Nixon hinted at a federal job for the presiding judge. He withheld the liforrnauoc surrounding the Ellsberg burglary for cearly four weeks. In his executive clemencv was offered to some of the Watergate defea- dants. Some of his staff diverted campaign contribution money to pay off Watergate defendants. This rampant amoraliry began before Watergate and even the 1972 election. The jailed teamster boss Jimmy Hoffa had his sentence suddenly commuted by the presi- dent and the teamsters made a healthy- contribution to the Nixon campaign Then there was the anti-trust case and then the milk producers receive a subsidy increase and make a contribution to the Nixon cam- paign. Then there is the in cash from Robert Vesco. There is the matter of public funds being used to enhance and im- prove the president's private property in Florida and California. Then there's the matter of the president's income tax or lack of it. Then there is the tactic of using regulatory agencies to reward friends and punish enemies. The list goes on ad nauseum. Whether Nixon is directly involved in all of this may be debatable. Whether directly in- volved or Nixon must be held responsible not only for the actions of his aides but also for the standards and moral environment in which these actions took place. White House personnel are not likely to do things they know their would not wish them to do. If he really did not know and then did not bother to seek out the he is a derelict and incompetent executive. If he did not it can only be because he did not want to know and it is this permissive at- mosphere coupled with the documented record of Nixon's own political amorality that gave rise to the carte blanche mentality of the Nixon crew. Nixon created the Nixon White House and must bear the responsibility for what his administration has come to represent. The real tragedy in this drama is that there should be any hesitation at all as to whether or not Richard Nixon should go. This hesita- tion is the consequence of being unable to conceptually separate the man from the of- fice he holds. This reverance for the presidency becomes a reverance for the president which causes the man holding the office to be invested with an almost sacrosanct aura. Nixon is aware of this reverential attitude and attempts to play on it at every opportunity. This attitude has led to what Arthur Schlesinger calls the in which of the mill brought by fortuity to the White must be treated thereafter as if they have become superior and perhaps godlike In the final whether Richard Nix- on remains as president depends upon the American people who are ultimately respon- sible for the kind of eovernment thev Ret.