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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 8, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, December 8, 1970 Bruce Hnlcliison Spanish kidnap The kidnapping of the .West Ger- man consul in Spain by Basque na- tionalists is a stupid and desperate move, just as stupid and desperate as were the recent FLQ kidnappings in Quebec. The abduction lias focus- ed attention on the Basque separa- tist cause, but it will not arouse sym- pathy for it. Even if the consul should be re- leased quickly, the trial of the ex- tremists whose freedom is demand- ed in exchange, will continue and the penalties for those convicted will probably be more severe, than they would have otherwise been. The Franco regime is not characterized by its forgiving nature to those who dare to oppose it, nor is it likely to be intimidated by fear of German reprisal. Last year, when a German ambas- sador was released in Brazil in ex- change for forty political prisoners, the West German government put a great deal of pressure on the Brazil- ians to give in to the kidnappers. But this time there has been little public outcry in West Germany demanding that the Spanish government accede to the abductors' terms. The Ger- mans must know by now that their diplomats will top the list of poten- tial victims, if Bonn is accepted by the kidnapping fraternity as repre- senting an easy blackmail deal. There is little sympathy in demo- cratic countries in Europe and North America for the totalitarian methods of the Franco government; there is profound suspicion that the Basques currently on trial have indeed been badly treated and that they have a basic cause in their quarrel with the regime. But the world has had enough of this vicious kind of violence. Gov- ernments, military, democratic, to- talitarian or shades between cannot afford to give way to it. NATO stands firm The NATO allies have made it plain to Moscow that until the Russians exhibit some indication that they honestly want European detente, there can be no reduction of NATO military strength. The U.S. will main- tain its present troop level until the Warsaw Pact nations indicate some willingness to reduce, rather than in- crease, their own forces. European members of NATO have indicated their willingness to pay more of the costs of the defence alliance, by con- tributing a further 900 million dollars to the huge expenses. NATO wants to discuss "mutual and balanced" force reductions with the Warsaw Pact countries, but it will not enter into such discussions until the Rus- sians behave more reasonably over Berlin. At the recent meetings in Brussels, the NATO ministers decid- ed that the Russian push in the Med- iterranean and elsewhere could not be allowed to continue, that it is a menace to European peace and se- curity and until there is some indi- cation that Moscow is motivated by a genuine desire for peace, there can be no scaling down of European de- fences. Berlin is the key issue, and until the Big Four talks have come to "a satisfactory conclusion" there can be no multilateral discussions about a security conference. The diplomatic chips are down. The next move is up to the Russians, who now know that NATO is not about to be weak- ened by U.S. troop withdrawals, or re- fusal by European nations to take a greater share of responsibility for their own defence. 'We can do with the money' Five and a half million dollars, the largest sum ever paid at a public auction for a painting, was given by an American dealer to a British own- er, for an oil by the 17th century Spanish artist, Velasquez. It is a por- trait of Velasquez' mulatto servant. The price has rocked the collectors' world, aroused a storm of resentment among British art buffs, and caused a spate of acrimonious controversy in the press. Under the terms of the export law, if the picture is not bought by a dealer, or consortium of dealers, for a higher price within the next three months, the old master will be exported to the U.S. Mr. Wil- denstein, of New York gallery fame, has not said what he intends to do with the picture, if, as, and when it arrives in New York. Prices for works of great art have been rising dizzily, on the internation- al market for years now. It is clear that they will continue to do so, and that dealers are using them as a hedge against inflation. There has been a suggestion that the British government should subsidize a pub- lic effort to raise enough money to keep the painting in the United King- dom. This idea will undoubtedly re- sisted. For one thing, the painting is not indigenous. It got to Britain by chance. For another, British taxpay- ers, under present economic condi- tions would hardly look with favor on paying such an enormously inflat- ed price for a work, which has now become a symbol of greed and pride of possession. The sale will, unfortunately, be bound to bolster that image of them- selves which so many Americans would like to erase, of the United States as a country where anything is worth its price, if you want it that desperately and if you have the money to pay for it. In this vein, and with underlying sarcasm, The English publication News of the World, comments that "if someone across the Atlantic has that kind of cash to chuck around, let the picture go. God knows, we can do with the money." It might have added that money frequently talks out of the wrong side of its mouth. Tibet, China by Joyce 17 ORE A Dorca is fourteen years old now. When I met her in Kathmandu this fall, her arm was encased in a wing- cast the grim reminder of a flight for freedom that occurred a decade before. Dorca is Tibetan. Like so many of her fel- low countrymen who experienced the op- pression of Chinese communism when it first overran her country in 1959, she and her parents set off across the mountains by night to find freedom in the tiny king- dom of Nepal. Her parents never made it. They were shot in the back, ambushed by Maoist troops. The child was hit, too, in the shoulder by a rolling boulder. Thanks lo the care of others she made it to her destination orphaned, exiled, disabled. (Only recently did a surgeon passing through Nepal see the child and offer to try to restore her dangling So Ottawa and Peking have established diplomatic relations! Unlike most of my Korean colleagues, I welcome the move. Yet, in the back of my mind looms I lie story of Dorca and her people. A few are still escaping lo Nepal, Kashmir and India. The stories they bring with them, according to the "Swiss Aid Organization for Tibet" are still grim. Very few vestiges of peace have come to what was once known as the most peaceful kingdom in the world. The talk of "mass of tiic "emancipated serf" "against natural calamities to win UxMr good han'est in and of religious leaders being forced to forswear their Buddhistic beliefs and attend only to the Thoughts of Mao. Yet, it is not only this prc.scnl moment we must weep for. It is the culture riwt is Sasse being forcefully destroyed, wiped off the face of the earth. The great Cultural Revo- lution moves like a gigantic steam roller crushing everything in an obnoxious, agon- izingly expert way its goal, apparently, to hasten that hideous era of Orwell's The Tibetan race is being "system- atically exterminated." Tiie manipulations of big business have sold countries out before in Latin Amer- ica, in Asia Minor, in Africa. Undoubtedly they'll do so again. But, as Canadians, let's not be fools. We still have the opportunity and power to intervene unless, of course, we prefer being a partner to genocide! I know how good those Chinese markets look. people are a tot of consu- mers. It would be very nice lo be able to take a decent crop off the field again and sell it. But do pretty colored bills in your pocket, a few more gadgets in your living room, and a new car justify the cost to others? It's tempting lo sell Tibet down the drain. She's one of those little coun- tries that has never made much of a noise. A lot of people even forget she's there. But I have more faith in Canadians than that. I believe our leaders should be ready to stand before the UN and we want Peking admitted to this Assembly, but only on the condition that she be held re- sponsible and be brought to task for these atrocities. A nation less responsible than this is not yet ready to accept lire condi- tions of the charter of this organization." I believe, further, that the people of our coun- try are prepared to stand behind their rep- resentatives with their pocket books as well as their mouths. It never has been found U> U: too comfortable selling someone out for thirty ot silver! Uncertain road ahead in seventies rpIIE Liberal parly, rcfresh- cd and glowing after its re- cent feast of democratic par- ticipation, intends lo be "the guardian and the instigator of change." This, officially, and in direct quotes, from Pierre Trudeau, who is himself the best guarantee that (lie prom- ise, or half of it, will he ful- filled. For surely no one in politics has changed so much as the prime minister during the last two years, and the change will continue. The real question is not the necessity and Inevitability of change, in him and the nation, but wheth- er he, or anyone, can be the guardian as well as the insti- gator of it: Change, yes, but in what direction, to what ends, good or bad? Here the great Canadian re- former faces certain difficul- ties, public and private. In the first place, most of the public knows, in its mind, that everything politics, econo- mics, the the whole way of Canadian life is going to change. That obvious fact is proclaimed, every hour of the clay, from the polluted earth to the pol- luted sky, from Parliament to the household fireside, from the affluent suburbs to the urban ghettos. Change, we say, must come if only because the existing worldwide situation cannot go on indefinitely with- out disaster for all. Yet, as Mr. Trudeau knows, and obliquely warns his party (if you read between the lines of his speeches) that many and perhaps most Canadians under- stand the fact of change only in their conscious thought, not in their subconscious selves where all the vital decisions are made. They agree that drastic, shaking changes, good or bad, are coming but they liope, personally, to escape them, or at least to finish their own lives without serious in- convenience. Change is won- derful, desirable, inevitable but unless it is pleasant it is for someone else. In the second place, Mr. Tru- deau, the private person be- hind the prime minister, has realized that change, however necessary it may be, does not move according to his earlier plans and youthful dreams. As a result, lesser and younger men in his party suspect, quite rightly, that he has slowed his march to the Just Society and, quite wrongly, that he has abandoned his search for the Grail. In truth, as his speeches say, or half-say, he lias merely dis- covered that his plans and dreams do not fit the facts, not yet anyhow. While a powerless young socialist in the medieval Montreal of Maurice Duplessis could imagine grand solutions and overnight reforms, an older man with t'ao hideous re- sponsibilities of power sees that the nation is not as easily reformed as he had hoped; is not, after all, precisely the na- tion that he had supposed. Hence the change in Mr. Tru- .deau himself, or in his policies, enforced by an almost immut- able law of politics. Like near- ly all democratic leaders who grasp power, he is forced to do. in many respects, the very opposite of what he intended. If anyone doubts that slatc- ment let him observe the rec- ord. A prime minister elected as" a liberal considerably left of centre and an economist of the avant garde enforces the most conservative, orthodox and, in- cidentally, the mast cou- rageous economic policy against inflation in the Western world. A progressive elected with enthusiastic labor support quarrels outright with the big unions because he sees that they arc damaging the workers as a whole. A passionate libertarian ap- plies the War Measures Act at lour o'clock in the morning. A party leader faces an ab- surd "accountability" session among Ins followers who know that without him they would not have won the last election and probably couldn't win the next one. And what does he tell them? He tells them they are asking for many things finan- cially, physically and political- ly impossible for a long time to come. This reversal of hopes and plans has been common every- where to men newly in Woodrow Wilson, Franklin "I'd like to exchange it for the Robin Hood one in the window Roosevelt, Lyndon Johnson, Harold Wilson, even Charles de Gaulle, and others innumerable who had to accept the eternal cussedness of tilings. But Mr. Trudeau's case is less sur- prising than most since he al- ways told us that he was a pragmatist by temperament, a Liberal politician more or less by accident. What then, in view of the changes engineered already under his leadership and tha changes assuredly ahead of us, does the great Liberal Charter for the 1970s really amount to? It is good, healthy exercise ior the ardent new participants in democracy and a rough sort of road map for a journey leading no one knows where through untravelled country. No more than that, It can be no more than that. It could not bind a prime min- ister responsible to the nation not the party, to events not theories, even if the nation were exemnted from the blind hurricane forces now sweeping over the world and exempting nobody. So at best the Charter is like those old, wildly dis- torted and largely blank sea maps that guided the first ex- plorers across the Atlantic and into the Canadian wilderness. They got there somehow but the maps didn't help much. Still, Mr. Trudeau, the prag- matist, has an odd faith in maps, flow charts, task forces, white papers, computers and all the mechanical apparatus of decision. In a Teal pinch, however, he must consult his own secret daemon, a more reliable authority, as he did in the case of the War Measures. In short, he must deal with the facts not as a party confer- ence projects them but as they occur from day to dav in de- nial of all projections. The only thing he, or we, can count on for sure is that tomorrow will be as different from all present expectations 'as today Is dif- ferent from yesterday's infalli- ble prophecy. Mr. Trudeau's favorite au- thor is Lord Acton, who said that absolute power corrupts absolutely. A good man for a prime minister to read. But Mr. Trudeau could also useful- ly read Thomas Carlyle, who i said that no true artist could ever understand how he creat- ed a masterpiece, and that if he could explain his method then his work was not a mas- terpiece. Mr. Trudeau is a skilled craftsman of politics all right, with his own unique methods and few equals in the trade anywhere. Whether he is a true artist we don't know yet and probably he doesn't either. For only a small corner of his canvas has been painted up to now. (Herald Special Service) Maurice Western Consumer pays in supporting shaky industries fYTTAWA: The onset ot a period of unemployment has traditionally been signalled by demands inside and outside Parliament for greater protec- tion of Canadian industry. What distinguishes pur time is the absence of any serious re- sistance in the House of Com- mons. Nothing could better illus- trate this than the reception accorded Jean-Luc Pepin's shirt tax. This is overt and plainly recognizable protection intended to supplement the co- vert and camouflaged protec- tion of the "voluntary" agree- ments. It will be recalled that these were imposed (originally on the Japanese) by Donald Feming and extended subse- quently by Walter Gordon and his Liberal successors. As government house lead- ers frequently complain, opnos- ition members are often deaf lo pleas of urgency from the ministerial benches. An obvious example is the slow progress on the Temporary Measures Act. Recently, how- ever, the House moved with quite remarkable celerity and with only one dissenting voice to give its approval to the surtax order. Why the haste: The original order effective on June 2 last was to have expired on Novem- ber ,'50. Various importers were holding quantities of non-quota shirts in customs warehouses. 'Hie fear was that these minht go on the market at the begin- ning of December, thus in Mr. Pepin's words "disturb- ing the sales of Canadian prod- ucts during t h e holiday sea- son." How many consumers, other than those connected with the industry, wore disturbed suf- ficiently to petition Parliament for action averting this awful fate? To his credit one western Liberal, David Anderson (Es- did make a stand for the Christmas shop- per. He stood alone. The Con- servative spokesmen beamed on Mr. Pepin and expressed commendation..NDP and Cred- itiste members scowled at the minister, complained that the policy was inadequate and la- mented the plight of other in- dustries in similar circum- stances. Except for Mr. Pepin, one member from a textile area, and a Parliamentary sec- retary who had to reply in line of duty, none of the Lib- erals said anything. There were, however, a num- ber of obvious things to be said. On the evidence of the speech- es that were made textile plants are going doivn right and left and need to be sira- ported by such devices as the shirt lax. At the same time, however, Mr. Marchand is pay- ing out money to set up new plants for regional develop- ment. How soon will we be faced with the choice of prop- ping these up or watching them go down in the same fashion? The surtax is temporary. So was the last one. So were the quotas temporary since I960. In fact guvmiiiieiiis have been extending temporary help to textiles, at the expense of con- sumers and taxpayers, for the heller part of a century. If the industry, as one imaginative spokesman put it, is "in the vanguard of technological pro- gress throughout Hie when will we be liberated from shirt protection? The usual assurance is that some great scheme of modern- ization or rationalization is just around the corner. Whv does it never materialize? This time as on the last occasion action is being taken "pending the full implementation of the new textile policy." At the moment the policy is a gleam in Mr. Pepin's eye. It is to be recom- mended at some time to the government by the textile and clothing board. We can only surmise its nature from cer- tain remarks volunteered by Bruce Howard the minister's Parliamenlai'y secretary. The government is to make available to the industry a full range of programs. In particu- lar, Ottawa officials will help the shirt industry with style promotion, thus enabling it to develop export markets which do not now exist. With government sponsored styling, the shirt manufac- turers will be happy at last and there will be an end to de- mands on the consumer. Any consumer who believes this deserves to lose his shirt. The trouble with the argu- ments made for shirts is that they can also be made for other protected goods. Indeed, they were. Mr. Sallsman spoke of desperate conditions in the shoe industry, as did one of the Creditistes. Tears were also shed for the electronic, chemi- cal and furniture industries, all of which have been dependent on protection since ancient times. But surely we must have some inefficient industries which the consumer ought not to be required to support. Or is this merely a quaint notion of economists? Mr. Howard said: "In gocd conscience we cannot see established industries wiped out by a program of freer trade." Thus if they are established they must be ef- ficient, even if we do have to go on propping them up, year after year and decade after decade, especially at Christ- mas. The situation is complicated by the apparent fact that the governments' right hand does not know what its left hand ii doing. For, as Mr. Anderson pointed out, the present mea- sure is aimed not primarily at the United States or Japan but at the poorer countries. As such, he noted uncharitably, "it is contradictory to the Ca- nadian government's white paper on foreign policy with re- spect to external aid." A colleague from Quebec, Mr. Yves Forest, introduced the concept of an "irresponsi- ble import." Unfortunately, he failed to definn it. What is there about an irresponsible import, other than an attrac- tive price, which would serve to identify it to the responsible consumer eager to adjust his purchases in accordance with the wishes of style-conscious Ottawa officials? It does appear that an alert opposition, seeking to perform its critical duties, might with- out too much difficulty have found reasons for resisting the shirt tax on Canadian con- sumers. The only conclusion to be drawn from the absence of protest is that the opposition preferred to be uncritical lest it sacrifice potential votes. Mr. Pepin's motion passed, without so much as a cry of "on divi- sion" a fair indication that while protection may be wrong in principle, it arouses a mini- mum of indignation in particu- lar cases. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward THROUGH THIS HERALD 1820 Lethbridge is to be created a full district office by the Alberta government tele- phone department and will be on a par with Calgary and Ed- monton. which recently caused five post-operative d e a t h s at an Edmonton hos- pital, have been traced to inef- ficiently sterilized linens. A faulty adjustment of steam control is blamed and the hos- pital chief engineer has been discharged. MID Three new Lockheed Lodestar airliners will go into service on the Lethbridge-Van- couver air route in the near fu- ture. Hospital board at a special meeting, unanimous- ly approved a contract with the City of Lethbridge, whereby a a day hospitalisatior, plan will go into effect Jan. Dag Hammarskjold took urgent measures to avert threatened mass reprisals against Belgians by the supporters of Patrice Lumumba, deposed and impris- oned Congolese permier. The LetKbridge Herald 504 7lh St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audi! Bureau of Circulations CtEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;