Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 7, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, 7, 1974 Who's on first? The department of lands and forests has not acted in a manner that would in- spire public confidence in its concern for the environment. Superficially, the problem may seem to be semantic. A freeze on development along the eastern slopes did not mean a freeze on explora- tion to members of that department because to them exploration is not development. But, regardless of the semantics, regardless of definitions, ex- ploration can be harder on the environ- ment than actual development and this is one of the disturbing aspects of the department's acquiescense in continued exploration. Deputy Minister Bob Steele says the department looks on coal exploration as a continuation of inventory resources. Does this mean hundreds of miles of bulldozer roads along the eastern slopes of the Rockies as that inventory is com- pleted? Nothing was said about reclaim- ing such roads, which can be the most damaging part of exploration, in the en- vironmental restrictions that are now known to the public because there was a leak in the security screen surrounding them. There is something equally disturbing about Dr. Warrack's comment, in defending this veil of secrecy, that the department cannot violate the trust it has established with industry. How about the public trust? It hasn't even been es- tablished yet and it is not unfitting to point out that in the long run it is more important. It is hard to take seriously the explana- tion that coal mining is a competitive business and that publishing en- vironmental restrictions might leak in- dustrial secrets. If Kaiser wants to know what Fording is doing, it can hire a helicopter. It is further evidence of a lack of com- munication and a lack of perceived com- mon interest among the various govern- ment departments and advisory bodies when exploration permits are granted for an area by one department while another, through an advisory body, is recommending that the area be con- sidered a wild river natural region. Small wonder that the confusion, the shuttling of responsibility, the secrecy that surrounds environmental matters in Edmonton tend to generate a sense of un- ease and a distrust of those who for- mulate policy and oversee regulations. Where the beefalo roam America's first exotic cattle breed has come to the attention of analysts who oc- casionally examine the woes of the cattle industry and contemplate the use of grain and whether it should be used to feed people or animals. A cross between buffalo and domestic cattle, called beefalo, has been developed by a California rancher after 15 years and more than ex- periments in cross breeding. The new exotic is three eighths buffalo, three eighths Charolais and one-fourth Hereford. The Californian now has a herd of 5.00C and not long ago, according to the Wall Street Journal, sold a bull to a Canadian for the highest price ever paid for a beef animal million. The Canadian, in turn, promptly received enough orders for semen to cover the cost. From the standpoint of those who are interested in resource allocation, the principal advantage of the new breed is that it reaches market weight in little more than a year on grass alone. This makes it viable for a world, possibly approaching, in which grain must be used for human consumption and meal animals must be raised on land suitable only for grazing. The meat is said to be more tender, leaner, and tastier than regular beef and to contain twice the protein. This is a claim that very few have had the oppor- tunity to test and many may doubt. But in this inflationary age, the prospect that, since it is cheaper to produce, it may cost as much as 40 per cent less than regular beef, is appealing regardless of quality comparisons. Speculation is that the meat will not be commercially available for three to five years. Nevertheless, the attention being focused on beefalo indicates the direc- tion in which the livestock industry is moving toward a lessening dependence on grain. It is doing so, not because of any philosophical view about consumption of resources, but from the sheer force of economics. THE CASSEROLE Sweet are the uses of well, let's say ex- pediency. For decades Australia has pursued a "white-Australia" immigration policy, resolutely excluding non-whites. That policy has gone by the boards. Nowadays the Aussies aren't just allowing Asians in; they're actually inviting them. It would be nice to report a change of heart, a new-found humamtarianism, but it's no such thing. Australian industry needs workers, and when the choice is between principle and profit.... A press report from Toronto tells of an apartment supervisor going through the effects of a deceased tenant, and finding in a sugar tin. Even at today's prices for sugar, it sounds like a fairly large tin. A modern-day prayer: "Lord, grant me patience right WEEKEND MEDITATION Remember the fuss a year and a half ago over the Canadian Development Cor- poration's offer to buy 10 million shares of Texas Gulf Sulphur Cor., at a share? Well, in case anyone's still interested, CDC did manage to acquire about 9.3 million Tex- as Gulf shares, and they're now worth about It's a great mystery A little girl pushing her baby brother in a carriage would deliberately stop every now and then and pinch him cruelly, making him cry. A curious passer-by asked, "Why do you do She snarled back, "Mind your own The passer-by made a point of in- forming the mother who insisted the little girl loved her brother. Cruelty and kindness are both great mysteries in human nature. The monstrous cruelties of this time curdle the blood. They need no recitation here. Yet as Albert Schweitzer said in his Memoirs of Childhood and Youth, kindness brings far greater rewards than violence and is the most far- reaching and effective of all forces. It puts to flight mistrust and misunderstanding, dispels prejudice, relaxes strained relations, and changes the climate of the world for good. The Greeks and Romans did not think highly of kindness. Plato's list of cardinal virtues fortitude, wisdom, temperance, and justice did not include it. Aristotle enunciated an imposing "doctrine of the mean" and thought highly of magnanimity, but ordinary kindness did not impress him. Aristotle could never have agreed with Wordsworth that the "best portion of a good man's life is "His little, nameless, unremembered acts of kindness and of love." There is so much misery, sorrow, and suf- fering in this world that kindness is desperately needed everywhere. It is true that every man is fighting a hard battle and, as Thoreau said, the mass of men live lives of quiet desperation. To be kind is to be like God for "the heart of the Eternal Is most wonder- fully kind." To pay a visit, to extend a cheer- ful greeting, to give a gift without being ask- ed (the man who waits until he is asked has waited too and to say the right word of encouragement, may seem like little things, but they can make all the difference between life and death. The practitioners are few. As an old Scottish proverb says, "The greatly sanctified are sair to seek." It makes a great deal of difference in what spirit kindness is shown. Scholars have suggested that the Greek word for "kindness" had a root meaning "respect." Thus kindness can never be shown as if giving to an inferior. It is a privilege since God has made you a steward and you are responsible for the use of your stewardship. This is the only answer to life's inequality. Why should one have been born to a privileged Western home rather than a backward jungle tribe? Why should one have a cultured home, or have wealth and power while another be poor and ignorant? The answer can only lie in stewardship. Aldous Huxley did not like the Old Testament. He called it "this treasure house of barbarous stupidity." He claimed that the God of the Old Testament "was wrathful. jealous vindictive." On the contrary the constant reference to God in the Psalms and the prophets is as a God of loving kindness. "Thou, 0 Lord, art a God full of compassion, and gracious, long-suffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth." "As the heaven is higher than the earth, so great is His mercy toward them that fear him." Quotations could go on endlessly. Deuteronomy is emphatic that to love God is to love your neighbor. There are many appealing, unusual commandments, such as "Thou shalt not see your brother's ox or his sheep go astray, and withhold your help from them; you shall take them back to your brother." The commandment goes on that if you can't find him, take care of the animal until you do. Deuteronomy is an amazing book. Kindness has a whole family of virtues, such as courtesy and humility. Dr. Temple, like St. Ambrose, equated kindness and justice. Pearl S. Buck in My Several Worlds, has a most delightful story illustrating kindness. The Chinese audience began to walk out when her father, the missionary, was preaching too long. A kindly old lady in the front seat rose and harangued the audience, "Do not offend this good foreigner! He is making a pilgrimage in our country so that he may acquire merit in heaven. Let us help him to save his soul1" This so astonish- ed Mr. Buck that he drew his sermon to a close. PRAYER: O God, help me to be kind even when it is hard to be kind. F. S. M. Letters "Rodney decided not to budge on his resource taxes and has been allowed visiting privileges of half an hour once a month." The Shah discusses oil By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator TEHERAN Most ac- counts of the Shah of Iran stress the pomp and sycophancy of his court, the vastness of his wealth, the playboyness of his past, and the ferocity of his secret police, the Savak. But in an interview here in Teheran the other day I was impressed, as I had been in several other meetings, by the Shah's ex- traordinary blend of broad views and detailed knowledge. He spoke lucidly about the gains Russia was making everywhere, about the weakness of the United States and the disposition of Europe to "commit suicide." He mix- ed with that talk about the relative merits of jet engines and the exact prices of such commodities as oil, sugar, copper and wheat. By current standards anyhow, the Shah is one of the most sagacious and ex- perienced rulers in the world. Particularly on the difficult subject of oil, his views are worth the most careful con- sideration, and so I will set out some of them in detail below On the matter of cutting present oil prices, the Shah sounds almost weary. He reels off a litany of reasons why the price will stay up heavy demand; high produc- tion costs for other fuels; the need for producing countries to make it now or never with an irreplaceable asset. He believes the price is more apt to rise than to fall, and he gives the impression anybody who talks about bringing it down much is either a knave or a fool. The Shah is, however, very definitely interested in sweep- ing away the miasmically complex system of posted prices, royalties and taxes which now governs oil pricing. He has called for a single price for oil. He hopes that the single price will be adopted when the producing countries meet again next week. he says of the single price, "we'll know exactly where we stand." Without actually say- ing so, he gives the impression that with the single price it will be possible to stabilize oil prices, thus facilitating a settlement of. two other big issues. One is indexation of oil prices. The Shah would like to have the price of oil linked to the average price of a basket of some 20 or 30 other items, including foodstuffs and machinery. That way he believes the oil-producing countries can protect themselves against inflation. He indicated that he was ready to have the index go up as well as down: "I'm prepared for a two-way street." My own impression is that indexing offers a promis- ing possibility. If the index were based on the right year, and if it included items which fall in price particularly in recession periods it could provide a means for bringing oil and all other prices under a general control. Taking oil out of a special category, moreover, would facilitate a dialogue between consuming and producing countries. The other cause dear to the heart of the Shah is recycling. He wants loans and joint ven- tures to spread around the vast revenues of the oil- producing countries in ways that will help the poorest nations and push along those which are developing without bankrupting the developed countries. The Shah points out in tones resonant with the feel- ing of being unappreciated or at any rate less appreciated than Saudi Arabia that Iran has already helped many countries on a bilateral basis. He recalls that he proposed an international oil development fund a year ago. "It's before the he says bitterly, "and you know what that means." To be sure, the Shah under- stands that any recycling scheme will require the active leadership of the developed countries, especially the United States. He has repeatedly called for a dialogue between the oil- consuming countries and the oil producers to discuss recycling of revenues. He is puzzled by the refusal of the United States, notably Secretary Henry Kissinger, to enter into a dialogue, and he puts it down to an outmoded effort to negotiate from strength. But eventually, he is convinced, the dialogue will take place. he says, "is the way to save the economy of the world." Setting price of hamburger By Paul Hellyer, Toronto Sun commentator OTTAWA How much hamburger will your family eat in the next two months? If yours is an average Canadian family of four, you probably consume about 367 Ibs. of beef a year and approximately 25 per cent of that is hamburger. That gives you a direct interest in the beef industry and in the unsettled market which produced the Canada- U S beef-swine war. Traditionally, beef has mov- ed back and forth across the 3.986.8 miles of undefended frontier almost as if the border didn't exist. Usually, this arrangement worked well for producer and consumer alike. Now, however, there is a problem and it is going to take some time to unravel. The story, in brief, is something like this. Canada put a ban on the use of the drug DES in fattening cattle. There was some fear that, in excess, it might be a cancer producing agent. The U.S. imposed a similar ban but theirs was declared il- legal by the courts, some U.S. cattlemen continued to use DES and others did not. Canada started negotiations at once to work out a satisfac- tory method of control to guarantee that beef imported from the U.S. did not contain DES. As the U.S. domestic market was pretty good at the time and exports to Canada not too important in com- parison, the U S. was not real- ly interested. Then the U.S. beef industry got into trouble. The U.S. price freeze was lifted for everything but beef. During the extra six weeks when beef prices were frozen, farmers held back supplies. Subsequently, a truckers' strike and consumer resistance in the supermarket each contributed to a situation in which supply exceeded de- mand by a wide margin. Whereas most Canadian beef boycotts have been largely un- successful, the American attempt worked. Consumption of beef fell seven per cent per capita in contrast to the usual three per cent increase. The result for U.S. beef producers catastrophe. As prices fell, producers looked north for relief. Interest in the Canadian markets heightened sharply. The Americans wanted producer certification that DES has not been used in car- casses shipped to Canada but the Canadian position didn't change. We demanded govern- ment certification. Finally agreement was reached. Meanwhile the price differential due to U.S. overproduction and consumer resistance posed a real problem for Canadian producers. Canada put on im- port controls to keep the Canadian market from being swamped by the U.S. surplus. The controls are based on the last five years' imports and apply to all countries. The U.S. livestock industry called the Canadian action "shocking" and "un- They demand- ed retaliatory action and the Ford administration agreed. In unilateral action against Canada alone, U.S. imports of live cattle are limited to eight per cent of the five year average. Dressed beef will be allowed entry up to 30 per cent of the average for the same period. It is a contentious issue and consequently under discussion at the highest level. Early resolution, however, will not be easy. When I asked Eugene Whelan, our exuberant minister of agriculture, what would happen if we agreed to end our quotas he said, "Hell, Paul, you know the answer as well as I do." And when I suggested in reply, that with- out protection our Canadian prices would fall to equal the U.S. price at Omaha, he nodd- ed in agreement. In fact the Canadian market is not that important to the U.S. in rela- tion to the relative size of the national herds. But a small increase in Canadian imports from the huge U.S. supply would bring disaster to Cana- dian producers caught in the squeeze between dramatically higher costs of feed and lower prices for the finished product. Consumers might benefit but only in the short run. In the longer run, farmers would stop producing beef. Recent public slaughtering, live on television, was a warning signal. Eventually, supply and de- mand on both sides of the border will return to equilibrium. Then, and only then, can free flow north and south be safely resumed. To prevent a recurrence, Bert Hargrave, MP Medicine Hat and one of Alberta's most respected cattlemen, has some advice. "The lesson is that they the politicians should damn well stay out of the cattle business and not interfere with the natural supply and demand pattern on a national and in fact on an international level." That way at least you can count on getting your ham- burger and, by gosh, related to the farmers' costs, the price will indeed be right. Board member objects Since Mr. John Andrusiak (Nov. Ms. Lynne Van Luven (Nov. 30) and Mr. Jim Grant (Dec. 3) have chosen to react in the pages of The Herald to my remarks in a university discussion, I would like to set several matters straight. First of all, the occa- sion of my remarks was a board of governors sponsored open forum on the question of whether the board's meetings should be open to the press and public and to what extent. Mr. Grant was personally invited to the forum, but he did not attend and neither did Ms. Van Luven. These two Herald writers are, I assume, reacting to Mr. Andrusiak's impressions of the discussion rather than to firsthand evidence of what I said. Moreover, I am a member of the faculty but not the board. Even so, my remarks, if they had been accurately and com- pletely reported by Mr. Andrusiak, should in no way be interpreted as representing the view of either the faculty or the board. My remark about "bar- barian influence" was directed against an extreme position advocated by some other contributor to the forum. That extreme position was that the board, as a public body responsible to the elec- torate, should be prepared to receive oral representations from any and all individuals and groups, and that its policies and decisions should be influenced by this lobbying process. Mr. Andrusiak, speaking as a member of the Committee for an Indepen- dent Canada, embraced this position enthusiastically, claiming that his group should be able to monitor and influence the board's proceedings. My objection to this ex- treme position is that, if im- plemented, it would turn the university over to control by special interest groups, and that all sorts of influences in the community could distort the purpose and legitimate function of teaching and research in the university. The short term interests of the Ku KIux Klan, the CIC, the Safe Water Committee, the transcendental medita- tionists, or the Com- munist Party, though distinct- ly different, could under these conditions of "openness" cause similar and barbarous effects on the academic operation of the university. It should be remembered that the university board of governors is not an elected body. Its members art not "responsible" in the usual sense to a local electorate, and they do not supervise the expenditure of locally levied tax monies. Under provincial statute, board members are appointed by the provincial Cabinet, and they are entrusted with supervising the expenditure of federal and provincial monies, in the best interests of the university. As a result, the board's relationship with the public is not precisely the same as that relationship of the public and a local school or hospital board. And it does not logical- ly follow that because a school board meeting is open, the university board meetings should be open in the same respect. Finally, my own position as to whether the press should be allowed to sit in on board meetings has been undecided until recently. There are, perhaps, some reasons that some board proceedings should be open to the press. However, my position is now more decided. If Mr. Grant's and Ms. Van Luven's perfor- mance in hearsay reporting and misunderstanding my remarks is indicative, then board proceedings cannot be entrusted to the press. W. B. LAMBERT University of Lethbridge School discipline In The Herald, Dec. 2 appeared an article on Mr. Reg Turner's remarks to senior high students about dis- cipline. I was very disap- pointed in Mr. Turner's remarks and came away with the thought, "What Pablum must these students swallow from a former principal and present public school board member." The remarks lack direction for the students at their present stage of educational development and the old 'discipline football' was kicked back into the home. It seems to me that that is passing the buck. What about those students who never received any discipline at home? I am convinced that dis- cipline has to become self discipline. For a student to become self disciplined is a complicated process in which he or she must be taught by parents, to be sure, and by teachers as well. A lot of self discipline is easier caught from good models than taught. If students lack self discipline, they will lack the tools to solve their problems and cope with present day life. Largely because of progressive permissive education, today's students are not equipped to solve their problems. I am afraid that Mr. Turner's view of educa- tion and many others beside him, has led to the malaise in our schools today. I recommend a return to the Scriptures for some sound ad- vise in bringing up children and two books specifically on the subject: Dare To Discipline by Dr. J. Dobson, and Parents on the Run, The Need for Discipline by M. and W. Beecher. HENRY HEINEN Picture Butte Metric system annoying Having been asleep in 1970 when Parliament endorsed metric conversion, I have now awakened and am annoyed. The metric system has long been legal in this country and it is easy to see that inter- national trade urges extension of its use, but it' rankles to have it proclaimed with messianic fervor. It is fashionable to scorn the British system by pointing out that the yard depended on the length of the arm of a Plan- tagenet king. However, the genesis of the metre is equally hilarious it was to be a ten millionth part of the earth's polar quadrant based on a sur- vey of the distance on the meridian from Dunkirk to Barcelona. Indeed, it is the matter of miles and kilometres which particularly vexes me. The settled areas of the prairie provinces were surveyed in terms of square miles. No one is going to start moving road allowances. Perhaps there are uncharitable souls who would take great delight in directing a lost government official to go 19.308 km. south, 3.218 km, east and another 4.827 km. south on rural roads and then have the official make a slight mistake and end up in the midst of a slough. BRIAN F. HUBKA Foremost The Lethbridge Herald M4 7th 8. AKttrtt LETHefWMi HERALD CO. LTD. ProprMora MM MMWl I MM) No. 0012 CLEO MOWERS, Editor and PuMMtwr DON M. FILLING DONALD R. DORAM OMWMI ROY f. MILES ROBERT M. FeNTOW OcuMMn OOUQLA9 K WALKER KENNCTH E. BARNETt EMor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"