Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 7, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, December 7, 1974 THE LETH8RIDGE HERALD 5 View of the water tower at the old mine THE VOICE OF ONE Dr, Frank The murder of unborn babies Waiter Kerber photo A collection of brief book reviews "The Fitness Myth: A New Approach to Exercise" by Fern Lebo (Lester and Orpen, pages, distributed by Prentice-Hall of Canada, The notion that any kind of exercise is good for a person is wrong, according to Fern Lebo who is a Toronto physiotherapist. Some exer- cises can be harmful to some people. The book describes acceptable exercises for various parts of the body plus sections on pre-natal care and post-cardiac care. A very good book for those who want to keep fit. The jacket features endorsements by some top medical people. DOUG WALKER ly had anything memorable to say. What most of the U.S. entertainment stars have said about Canada could be left out without loss. The inclusion of so much inconsequential stuff by sports and entertainment personalities makes the absence of quotations from more clergymen, educators, politicians and journalists all the more questionable. The editor does say that this publication should be seen as an ongoing endeavor and in- vites people to submit suggestions for later editions so probably in time this book will become the kind of publication originally en- visaged. DOUG WALKER "Fly Casting with Lefty Kreh" (McClelland Stewart Ltd., This is not a book for the beginner, but whether you are a fisherman with a little ex- perience or an expert, some very helpful hints can be ob- tained. You will probably find that you have been using some of the methods described in the book. Excellent stop action photography lets you see ex- actly each stage of the cast and how the hand, rod, line and fly must be co-ordinated during the cast. A brief but descriptive explanation along with pictures provide instruc- tion on the drop back, the dou- ble haul, shooting line, roll cast, slack line cast, casting from a canoe or boat and catching the line to examine or change the fly. If you have always wanted to see what you are doing, or should be doing when fly fishing, this is the book. The only thing missing is the fish on the end of the line. C. L. SPREADBURY "History of Golf in Canada" by L. V. Kavanagh, (Fitzhenry and Whiteside Limited, 207 Over 600 years ago a little Dutch boy that's right Angus, a Dutch boy, not a Scottish boy invented the game of golf. Oh, the Scottish came along later and refined and developed it, but all you golf widows have a little Dutch boy to thank for your troubles. This book chronicles Canada's golf history, the courses and people. It is more of a text book type, rather than a reading book, but it is informative. GARRY ALLISON "Colombo's Canadian .Quotations" edited by John Robert Colombo (Hurtig Publishers, 735 What an ambitious under- taking this was, to gather all the familiar quotations about or by Canadians! In view of the work done and the poten- tial usefulness of the produc- tion, I hesitate to be critical. Nevertheless, I must say the book could profit from a judicious purging to make room for more significant ad- ditions. None of the dozen or so hockey players quoted real- "Rules of the Game: The Complete Illustrated En- cyclopedia of all the Sports of the World" created by Diagram Group. (Random House of Canada Ltd., 320 pages, Do you know the rules for roller hockey, rounders, hurling, shinty or bandy? chances are you don't, and chances are you could care less. But if you are a normal sports fan the rules and regulations to sports like bowling, curling, squash, basketball, baseball, football or boxing will be needed sooner or later. If you play these sports, or are interested in them, then this book is for you. The book is well illustrated, with sketches, and features over 150 sports plus 400 events. It is a superb edition. Name a sport and chances are the rules and regulations are included within these covers. But if its the rules of rodeo or gymkhana events you're looking for, don't look here, you won't find them. Oh well, you can't have everything I guess. GARRY ALLISON "John and the Missus" by Gordon Pinsent, (McGraw- Hill Ryerson Ltd., 242 Set in Newfoundland, this book will appeal especially to readers who have ever lived in a mining camp and experienc- ed the threat of company closure and the ever present menace of accident and death. These hazards cloud the lives of the folk of Sop's Cove. The women are sick with worry and the young people want to get away, but John is fiercely loyal to the town and the run- down mine that has been his living. He despises the "deserters" who leave. When his own family want to quit his world is shattered. One feels the people in this book are so real they just couldn't have been invented, and the story line evolves logically and inexorably from their characters. A zany humor pervades the conjugal sparring of John and his semi articulate Missus, and the drinking scenes with John and his cronies are wildly funny. This is superb writing. Three cheers for the Cana- dian novel and a tiger for Gordon Pinsent! MARY HEINITZ "A Visit to New Zealand" by J. B. Priestley (William Heinemann Limited, 156 pages.) J. B. Priestley's new book, described by the author as a "fairly brief, informal and very personal account of a six week's visit" to New Zealand is a delightful reading ex- perience. He was entertained royally wherever he went, and com- ments about his distinguished hosts form a major part of the book. One gets the impression that the people are like their country charming and well worth visiting. Priestley's description of the scenery, beauty spots and style of liv- ing in New Zealand convinces the reader that it is an original and uniquely attrac- tive country. There are 24 full color reproductions of paintings, some of them done by the author during his visit, and the others by New Zealand ar- tists from the early 19th cen- tury to the present day. TERRY MORRIS "Buchanan Dying" by John Updike (Alfred A. Knopf, 262 pages, distributed by Random House of Canada Novelist and poet John Up- dike has turned to play writing. His play takes place in the bedroom where James Buchanan, 15th president-of the United States, lies dying. Significant people a'nd in- cidents from his life are dealt with in flashbacks. It is very confusing unless one is familiar with the life and times of James Buchanan; since he is considered to have been one of the worst presidents, not many are like- ly to know much about him. A lengthy afterward, in which Updike discusses his sources and the judgments made about Buchanan, is il- luminating. I wish I had read it before tackling the play. Buchanan has been blamed for the American civil war but Updike gives a cogent argu- ment countering this judgment. Another course than the one Buchanan follow- ed might simply have precipitated the war sooner. This does not come out in the play but a certain consistency and integrity on the part of the president does. I leave it to others to assess Updike's success as a play writer; his stature as a master of the English language remains undimmed so far as I am concerned. DOUG WALKER "Victims of Success" by Ben- jamin B. Wolman (Fitzhenry and Whiteside Limited, 160 After 15 years of psy- chotherapy with executives and members of their families, Dr. Wolman wrote this unique book dedicated to people who overwork and un- derlive, who amass fortunes they don't know how to use and build mansions they are too busy to enjoy. He describes several cases of ex- ecutives who don't know how to cope with success and failure, who overdo and un- derdo with their striving for material values, who display self defeating tendencies and are unable to relax. Based on shorthand notes taken in psychotherapeutic sessions the book describes the true feelings, disap- pointments and tragedies of several executives and members of their families. It deals with the profit motive; empire building; coping with success and failure; self defeating tendencies; the art of leadership; the family life of a busy executive and whether to retire or not to retire. In short, it's full of sound advice for the man on the way up. CHRIS STEWART "Food That Really Schmecks" by Edna Staebler (McGraw Hill Ryerson Ltd., 283 pages, This is Mennonite country cooking, hearty and mouth watering. Recipes are ac- companied by folksy com- ments that make for good reading even for non cooks. But Weight Watchers, beware! All those generous dollops of sour cream are what make the dishes so tasty and so fattening. A great book for brides who want to prepare meals like grandma did on the farm and find recipes of old fashioned goodness that are never seen in gourmet cookbooks. MARY HEINITZ "The Nonsuch" by Laird Rankin (Clarke, Irwin Com- pany Ltd., 132 As a contribution to the Hudson's Bay Company's tercentennial in 1970 and Win- nipeg's centennial in 1974, a replica of the Nonsuch, the first ship to cross the Atlantic in the service of the company, was built. It sailed in the waters of eastern Canada, was stripped down and truck- ed to the west coast for more sailing and then trucked back to Winnipeg to be housed in a special section of the new museum. This is the stoiy of the building of the boat and the experiences of the crew sail- ing it in Canada, as well as the difficulties encountered in trucking it across country. The book is attractively put together and features many drawings and photographs. DOUG WALKER "Crafts Canada" by Una Abrahamson (Clarke, Irwin Company Limited, 191 Because Canadians have sprung from a multitude of nations, the crafts they produce are influenced by their backgrounds. As the cultures meld, the crafts that are slowly emerging can be termed truly Canadian. The author, aided by a Canada Council grant, travell- ed across Canada and record- ed a brief history of many of these crafts, their origin and gradual evolvement into the present day forms. She includes the familiar ones of weaving, ceramics, metal work with the lesser known such as moose hair embroidery, an intricate craft requiring much skill and patience. Early pioneers, unendowed with spare time, produced utilitarian objects. Machines changed that. Today more and more craftsmen strive for ar- tistic expression. Examples of these crafts are produced in excellent black and white photos and numerous color plates. This well bound book on good quality paper makes a fine eift book. ELSIE MORRIS Even as infanticide, the putting to death of unwanted babies by exposure, was a scandal of a dying Roman Empire, so posterity will look back with horror on the hideous scandal of abortion in this civilization. There are few more sickening stories than that of the ghast- ly abortion racket. Ten years ago, before abortion had been legalized by the courts, it was estimated that one out of every five pregnancies terminated in illegal abortion and that a million criminal abortions were performed annually in the U.S. causing death to the woman in about cases. Sociologists doubt that legalizing abortion has reduced the number of illegal abortions. Since the Criminal Code amendments in 1969 permitting an abortion where the mother's health was endangered, Statistics Canada discloses that the rate has risen until last year more than "therapeutic" abortions were performed in accredited hospitals, or over 12 per cent of live births. British Columbia has the highest number of therapeutic abortions with 27 per cent of live tirths. The Maritimes and Quebec have the lowest rate with less than four per cent. This compares with the U.S. rate of 18 abortions for every 100 live births and Hungary with 22 abortions for every 100 live births. It would appear that the law of Canada is a mockery and that the actual practice in some hospitals is abortion on demand. For some years Com- munist Russia followed this practice, but, alarmed by the fact that abortions almost equalled live births, it was abandoned. Other countries are similarly concerned. Some time ago it was pointed out in this column that some religious bodies were dis- tressingly complacent or even consenting to the casual practice of abortion. It is hearten- ing to hear the Pope speak in the strongest condemnatory terms of the practice and to read a series in Christianity Today from last year in bitter opposition. A great many of the churches are now having second thoughts. Religious opposition to abortion has strong grounds in both Hebrew and Christian traditions. Consequent- ly when the Supreme Court of the U.S. withdrew protection from unborn babies, it did so on the ground of "ancient It is frightening that the Supreme Court made its decision also on the grounds of expediency and departed from a judicial position. In dis- senting, Justice White stated that the court's action had decided that for convenience, family planning, economics, dislike of children, the embarrassment of illegitimacy, "or for no reason at all, and without asserting or claiming any threat to life or health, any women is entitled to an abortion at her re- quest if she is able to find a medical doctor willing to undertake the procedure." The astonishing prejudice of the Supreme Court in favor of paganism as against the Christian and Jewish traditions required bolstering by some of the most specious arguments ever presented in a court of law. Numerous passages of scripture could be cited, but the most common is that of Exodus 21.22-25: "When men strive together and hurt a woman with child, so that there is a mis- carriage, and yet no harm follows the one who hurt her shall be fined... And if any mis- chief follow, then you shall give life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth." No distinction is thus made between mother and child. The arguments in favor of abortion are: Family control, when it is felt the couple can- not support additional children. For eugenic reasons, in the case of mental defectives. (This reminds one of Hitler's compassionate Institution for Sociological In cases of incest. In cases of illegitimacy. In cases of paternal desertion. In cases of widows (Aristotle favored abortion for women over Any of these arguments are liable to abuse. The fact is that abortion is only possi- ble in a coarse and brutal society where reverence for life has been lost, with excep- tional cases only outside this generalization. Some women undergo abortion repeatedly, one woman aborting herself 28 times without feeling guilt, but for most it is a horrible ex- perience which will have profound psy- chological effects later. Thus an article in Marriage Magazine which does not invoke moral or religious attitudes, declares, "For no woman married or single is abortion a sane solution to unwanted pregnancy. Rather it is a passport to pain, tragedy, and death." The point made in this article is that it is murder of a defenceless baby. The unborn child has a right to protection and the deci- sion to kill off all "unwanted" life is one of ut- most gravity. Who is to decide what life is Once you decide this, you have gone a long way to an inhumane society. "Nature's Colors" by Ida Grae, (Collier Macmillan Canada, Ltd., 229 Dyes from plants with their surprising range of color, have a soft natural quality quite unlike the harsh hues ob- tained from chemicals. This very thorough book contains a brief history of dye- ing with complete at a glance instructions for ex- tracting the dyes which even a novice can understand. For home convenience, the measures are in small quan- tities. The color fastness for each of the 268 recipes is included. The experienced dyer will be pleased to learn how some. dyes, previously unknown to take, can be processed to do so. There are many photographs and line drawings of the plants along with eight full pages in color. A small section gives cosmetic recipes. Highly recommended for weavers and dyers. ELSIE MORRIS The University of Lethbridge APERTURE Dr. Leu i It's only water "The Jock Empire: Its Rise and Deserved Fall" by Glenn Dickey (Chilton Book Com- pany, 235 pages, dis- tributed by Thomas Nelson Sons Sports writers aren't noted for knocking their world so it is a bit unexpected to have this book by one of them about what's foul in sport. Glenn Dickey is sports columnist for the San Francisco Chronicle. He ranges widely over the sports scene finding lots to criticize. Instead of starting with a chapter on how sexually predatory most athletes are surely no longer a startling disclosure the book should have opened with the third chapter on the myth making process. After all, the ex- ploding of myths is what the book is all about. Besides, it is unusual and arresting to have a sports writer employ a biblical illustration to make his point. He refers to the way the feat of slaying the giant Goliath by a less famous man, Elhanon, was attributed to the more famous man, David (2 Samuel It's not as simply explained as he makes out but interesting none- theless. As a sports fan I think a book such as this serves a good purpose. It is high time the whistle was blown on the idolization of sports figures and on the making of sport into a religion. DOUG WALKER Dr. Paul Lewis is a founding faculty member of the University of Lethbridge. After receiving his PhD from Nebraska University, Dr. Lewis joined the biological sciences department in 1967. A parasitologist, Dr. Lewis has served as both vice-chairman and chairman of the Public Advisory Com- mittee on the Environment for the Alberta Environment Conservation Authority. Alberta Ammonia Ltd. has proposed to build and operate an anhydrous ammonia plant near Raymond, and has released an En- vironmental Impact Assessment as one step toward approval by Environment Minister Bill Yurko. The plant will use 3.6 billion gallons of water yearly. The plant is committed to provide not less than 95 per cent of its yearly production of anhydrous ammonia for 15 years to a United States firm. During this time, it will consume over one trillion cubic feet of natural gas and over 50 billion gallons of water. Natural gas is a nonrenewable resource; it is the most limited in supply of all the fossil fuels. Water is a renewable resource upon which we can draw only as much as is provid- ed by runoff from the Eastern Slopes. We must ask ourselves if the drain on these resources is justifiable, if it can be made safely, or if it will impair our own resource requirements. I believe that water will be a very critical factor, and that Alberta Am- monia Ltd. will produce too great a demand on available water and will have problems handling waste water properly. Water availability is a serious limiting fac- tor in Southern Alberta, particularly in the Oldman watershed. The Oldman River Regional Planning Commission has pointed out, in its preliminary regional plan, that our water supply is heavily used now, with greatest demands created by agriculture. The ORRPC goes on to state that the rivers in the region would be hard pressed to supply additional demands, particularly in the face of increased use for irrigation. We in Lethbridge are familiar wjth the costs of in- stituting secondary sewage treatment, necessitated in large measure because the winter flow rates were inadequate to handle sewage effluent. The problem was partially resolved by increasing flow rates in winter through the release of water from the St. Mary reservoir. But recently there has been insufficient water to properly maintain winter flow rates. Can we justify the additional water demand which the proposed plant will create? We must have a serious and thorough re- evaluation of our water allocation priorities before becoming committed to a major, long- term industrial drain on supply. Fortunately, Mr. Yurko has stated that studies on ad- ditional impoundment are being conducted and that domestic, municipal and agricultural demands for water will take priority over industrial demands. But water input is not the only problem. The plant will produce effluent water in sub- stantial volumes (up to 668 gallons per minute, or 327 million gallons per year) and containing about tons of dissolved solids. Alberta Ammonia Ltd. proposes to hold effluent in an 8-foot deep, 70 acre holding pond with a capacity of 150 million gallons, but the Impact Assessment contains con- fusions on where water will go from there. Some will evaporate. Some will be used to irrigate the company's land, on which crops will be grown. But at one point the Impact Assessment informs us that the pond will be constructed of impervious materials, and at another that both evaporation and percola- tion through the ground will serve to main- tain a steady-state level in the pond. Will the section of company land absorb enough water from irrigation to maintain the pond level? Moreover, dissolved solids will constitute several actually or potentially serious problems. The Impact Assessment suggests that most of the dissolved solids will be sul- phates of various minerals, but neither iden- tifies them nor suggests what their concentrations will be in the pond or in the water proposed for irrigation. Should the solids precipitate, their subsequent disposal might constitute a serious problem, the solu- tion to which is an appeal to the department of the environment for advice. Chromates constitute a serious part of the effluent, and although Alberta Ammonia Ltd. declares its intention to remove them by a process it does not describe, it fails entirely to consider the buildup of chromates in the pond by prolonged evaporation. Although in- formation is available on the medical and biological effects of chromium in its several forms, the Impact Assessment has no con- sideration of these effects except for an acknowledgement that chromates' are detrimental to plant growth. We can only hope that the government of Alberta will give the most careful scrutiny to the Impact Assessment, will demand more information where it is required, and will seek solid justification for the commitment of massive amounts of limited renewable and nonrenewable resources to the production of a product, 95 per cent of which will be ex- ported. Break it up! By Doug Walker Our boys aren't the only ones who have a problem getting home from church on Sun- days. There are some other people who like to talk as much as Elspeth and often they are the ones talking with Elspeth. On a recent Sunday Keith Robin directed a remark toward his wife Jean that puts him in a league with our guys. He said to Jean: "Hey, let's get home for supper it's already too late for lunch."