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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 7, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 22 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD Saturday, 7, 1974 'Cutback in liquor production could provide food for millions9 By JANE BRODY New York Times Service NEW YORK While Americans are being urged to eat less grain-fed meats in order to free grain for the world's hungry millions, a compa- nion grain-saving measure has been suggested that hits at another American institution alcohol. The idea is that a cutback in the billions of gallons of grain-based alcoholic beverages beer and most hard liquors that Americans drink each year could theoretically provide food for millions of people. The leading proponent of this view, Dr. Jean Mayer of Harvard, one of the country's most prominent nutritionists, has even coined a slogan to raise the consciousness of imbibing Americans "Have a drink and starve a child." Although Mayer proposed this slogan half in jest, he was dead serious about his suggestion to "limit yourself to one drink per occasion, unless you drink wine." This approach, he says, would help to reduce alcohol induced strain on health and pocketbook as well as free grain for the hungry. Curbing alcohol to obtain grain to feed people is not a new idea. In 1946 President Harry S Truman closed the distilleries for three months to make grain available on an emergency basis for war-torn Europe. What effect might a cutback now in alcohol production have on the ability of the world to feed itself? The primary beverages in questions ,are beer, made from barley, corn, rice, wheat and soybeans; bourbon from corn; scotch and irish whiskey from barley and other grains; rye and Canadian whiskey from rye; gin and vodka from corn, wheat and other cereal grains. Last year, according to data provided by the United States departments of agriculture and commerce and the respective industries, American distillers used 1.1 million tons of grain to produce 183 million gallons of whiskey and American brewers used 3 million tons of grain to produce 4.6 billion gallons of beer. While the total of 4.1 million tons of grain used in 1973 to produce alcoholic beverages represents only 1.6 per cent of the total food and feed grains grown in the United States last year, it is still enough food for one year for more than 20 million people living on a minimal adequate diet. Looking at American consumption of alcoholic beverages 402 million gallons of distilled spirits and 4.2 billion gallons of beer a year it might be said that Americans annually drink up the amount of grain that could feed 25 million people a year. In fact, however, Americans do not drink this quantity of grain, because it is only the sugar and starch in the grain that is fermented into alcohol, which is then distilled off to make whiskey. The remainder of the grain, representing a third of the original weight and virtually all the protein, is "recycled" as a highly nutritious feed for livestock, according to the Distilled Spirits Council and the United States Brewers Association, Washington based industry organizations. "This fact may make one feel a little better about the grain used to make remark- ed Lester Brown, agricultural economist with the Overseas Development Council, "but it still represents a less efficient use of grain than if it were fed directly to the people." Brown added that virtually all the grains used in making alcohol rye and sorghum as well as corn, barley, wheat and rice are now used as human foods in different parts of the world, and that the land on which barley grows is well- suited for the production of more popular food grains. For those who are prepared to adjust their alcohol intake, there are potential pitfalls in switches that might be considered. For ex- ample, it would be no more saving of grain Jo switch from whiskey to beer, since a jigger of whiskey and a 12-ounce can of beer both are made with approximately 2 ounces of grain. On the other hand, rum, which is made from the fermentation of sugar cane, does not com- pete directly with the use of grain for food, although sugar cane is currently in short supply. Mayer, who says he consumes no grain alcohol, suggests wine and brandy as the most "humanitarian substitute for distilled spirits and beer, since the fruits wines are made from are not major food sources. In addition, many of the world's vineyards are on terrain that is not well suited for growing food crops. Wine consumption is already increasing in this country at an anticipated rate this year of 7 per cent, according to industry sources. But the forecast consumption for 1974 of 380 million gallons is below that for hard liquor. 'Cold feet make men VANCOUVER (CP) Men in remote areas of British Columbia are driven to drink by boredom and sexual frustration, according to preliminary results of a provincial government study on health care in rural areas. E. I. Signori, a University of B.C. psychologist who is co- ordinating the study, said Thursday climate, a male female imbalance and the psychological makeup of the population contribute to the problem. He said the average expen- diture on alcohol is a person in northern B.C. com- pared with about in the lower mainland. Mr. Signori presented the statistics at a seminar here on health care in Canada. He said the average year round temperature in the North is five degrees lower than in the lower mainland. "We have some hard nosed experimental evidence that when the temperature decreases, sexual interest he said, adding that there are more males than females in the North. The population has a high proportion of workers whose "interest patterns involve aggressive and pugnacious pursuits" for which the North does not offer suitable outlets, he said. Mr. Signori said the resulting expression of sex- uality includes things like love of travel, movies and drinking. The kind of activities most suitable to the area, reading and individual hobbies, are just the opposite of the kind of thing most of the people want, he said. "Otherwise we could just ship in a lot of he said. Good Christinas tree sales prospect seen VANCOUVER (CP) The prospect for Christmas tree sales this year is a healthy one, British Columbia Christ- mas tree industry spokesmen said this week. The B.C. forest service predicts a cut this season of more than one million trees, compared to about in '1973 and the previous year. The industry peaked in 1962 when two million trees were cut. A forest service spokesman ex- plained that many trees were shipped to Europe in the early 1960s. Now the European market is supplied by Scan- dinavian and central Euro- pean countries. The decline in the B.C. in- dustry in the last decade also has been blamed partially on the popularity of artificial trees. But Gil McCully, spokesman for one of the ma- jor Christmas tree cutters and wholesalers in North America, said while there is no definite swing back to cut trees, the industry is more than holding its own. Mr. McCully said there is a growing demand for cultured trees, which are thicker and better shaped than wild trees. He said that despite a price increase of about 10 per cent from last year he expects to wholesale some trees in the area this season. He said his company like most others cuts trees on crown land, mainly in the interior, under leasing and harvesting permits from the forest service. It also buys cut trees from ranchers and other private land owners. The provincial government collects stumpage of about 10 cents on each tree and re- quires lessees to carry out year round pruning, thinning and fertilizing and other im- provements as part of the lease conditions. There were 264 Crown land permits in operation in 1973. Mr. McCully said cut trees are sorted, graded and bundled, then shipped to market by truck and train to the U.S., Mexico and Central America. According to the forest ser- vice, the best Christmas trees generally are produced under the poorest growing con- ditions. These conditions hold the tree down to about six inches a year in growth and produce the type of tree most buyers want. Drought con- ditions toughen the trees to hold their needles firmer through cutting, yarding, baling, tagging and shipping. Broker falls to death NEW YORK (AP) A 31- year-old securities analyst fell or jumped to his death Friday from a 32nd-floor window of the offices of the Anthony Tucker and R. L. Day brokerage company, police said. The dead man was Joseph Kendler, 31, who had joined the firm in recent months Open till p.m. Monday to Saturday (Thursday till 9 p.m.) OPTICAL PRESCRIPTION CO. 308 Mh ST S LETHBRIDGE Phone 32f 3609' LUG When you want snow tires. not a snow see our tire experts. What you need now are snowtires. What you don't need is a Jot of mumbo-jumbo about snow tires. Come and see us for some straight talk on winter tires. We know that when the flakes start flying, you've got enough on your mind. So just show us the kind of car you drive. Tell us how much winter driving you do and where you drive. Together, we'll come up with a winter tire that's tailored to your needs exactly. You'll find it all so easy because we carry a complete line of General winter tires. These tires are at low, discount prices and include the famous Winter Cleat and General's new winter radial, the Dual Steel Gripper for radial-equipped cars. J Drop by soon. We can show you that you don't have to pay a lot of money to get a good grip on winter. Dual Steel Gripper Winter Cleat SLP Belted (Also in Wiener Cleat SLP Bias) Gripper 780 General 700 Belted Winter Cleat Radan Belted GENERAL TIRE The tire experts with the low prices. LRICH TIRE LTD. 402 -1 st Avenue South Phont 327-6886 327-4445 Bow Island Phone 54.54-251 ;