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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 6, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Friday, Ptetmotr 0, THE LETIIPHIPUE HEHALP Long-stirring winds of change in Africa blow into hurricane By KEVIN DOYLE The Cuudlu Preii The long-stirring winds of change in southern Africa have suddenly blown into a hurricane, uncovering some of the most startling developments on the continent in decades. And as international states- men struggle to make sense out of the rapidly-unfolding events, one fact seems in- disputable: The white-racist governments of Rhodesia and South Africa have at last decided that their current way of life has become un- sustainable. All indications are that Rho- desian Prime Minister Ian Smith and South African Prime Minister John Vorster have decided to try to break out of their international isolation and establish regular relations with their black neighbors. Both seem to have realized that their gradual encircle- ment by hostile black- governed states means even- tual disaster from constant guerrilla attacks unless some accommodation can be reached. Smith says he is prepared to negotiate with black leaders now in prison in his country if they renounce violence, al- though he, least of all, can be expected to make concessions readily. Two of these, Joshua Nkomo, leader of the banned Zimbabwe African People's Union and Ndabaningi Silhole, head of The regular December Meeting of ACRE PRECEPTORY NO. will be held on Monday. Dec. 9th at p.m. the rival Zimbabwe African National Union are already on parole. They have been allowed to fly to the Zambian capital of Lusaka to begin discussing ways of settling the con- stitutional future of Rhodesia. Vorster has pledged to transform black-white political relations in Africa within six months if given a chance and he and his ministers have been in secret contact with black leaders recently. Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere and the leader of Bot- swana, Sir Seretse Khama, have held emergency meetings with Zambian Presi- dent Kenneth Kaunda to dis- cuss the next moves in the ex- panding dialogue with the white governments. Almost overnight, the idea of a summit meeting between black and white leaders became generally acceptable, something which even a month ago would have seemed unthinkable. However, dramatic change is not a feature of African politics and because Rhodesia holds the key to all future progress, it becomes even more unlikely in this case. In the first place, it is clear- ly South Africa which has taken the initiative in trying to improve relations with the black countries, mainly because Portugal's recent decision to hand over Angola and Mozambique to black governments almost com- pleted the hostile encircle- ment of the white southern part of the continent. Rhodesia has at best been an unwilling but frightened partner. For Vorster, however, a set- tlement of Rhodesia's nine- year-old illegal constitutional break with Britain, at almost any cost, is essential for South Africa's security. A continuing guerrilla battle between black rebels and gov- ernment forces in neighboring Rhodesia creates a direct threat to South African stability. But the only way this can be ended is by the Smith govern- ment reaching an agreement with the blacks on a form of government which would be acceptable to everyone concerned, including Britain. Smith has put out peace fee- lers to the British but he gives no indication whatever that he is prepared to accede to their central demand that he guarantee progress towards black-majority rule. In fact, it seems more likely he is as resolutely opposed as ever to resist any such pledge, although to any informed out- sider an eventual takeover by the black majority seems absolutely inevitable, regardless of what he does. To understand the stubborn negotiating position of Smith and his supporters is virtually impossible without meeting them. Among other things, they see themselves as the last line of defence against what they believe is a Communist onslaught against the West and they are convinced most of the world secretly sup- ports and admires them for this. Their political isolation leaves them astonishingly un- aware of international trends and developments. One unreleated but illustra- tive example of this ig- norance. In late 1972, a group of senior Rhodesian foreign office officials, including the deputy minister, Invited a visiting Canadian reporter to a private meeting. Land buying called off in corridor EDMONTON (CP) AH land buying for the Alberta oil sands corridor has been called off, says Environment Minister Bill Yurko. "There was too much anxie- ty in the added the minister, whose department is co ordinating the purchase of land for the corridor from the northeastern Alberta oil sands area to Hardisty, 100 miles southeast of Edmonton. Mr. Yurko said he also has instructed his officials to prepare an information package telling farmers in the land corridor area about the government's intentions, farmers' options and lease- back arrangements. The package will also iden- tify government buyers as representatives of the government. Reports have been received that individuals claiming to be acting on behalf of the govern- ment were buying up land in the corridor for speculative purposes. Mr. Yurko said anxiety was also caused by misunder- standing between government land buyers and farmers who think they have no choice but to sell their land. Where the government can- not buy the land, it will re- quest easements for energy corridor. Only at Skaro and Hardisty was the government anxious to acquire the land quickly, and this has been done, said Mr. Yurko. Skaro will be the site of the major terminal from Fort McMurray. Hardisty is slated for the site of another ter- minal and a petrochemical plant as well. INSTINCT FOR SURVIVAL Although a young cottontail rabbit has only one chance in 20 of reaching its first birthday, it is one of America's commonest animals. Meet a Canadian with spirit Distilled.Then s Aged 5 Years in Oak Ca-" A five year old with the good taste to taste great. Canadian Spirit has been carefully aged and blended to full mellow maturity. Get into the spirit of yourself to the mellowest five year old Spirit. Canadian Spirit A full five year old at a two year old price. Canadian Spirit CARRINCFON DISrillCRS I IMITCD WIIFRF DIS1III INC IS STII.I A LIVING ART Christmas is near Stock up here Those.1 footsteps hear behind are Santa's! You ran ahead of him if you slock up now on the main foods and otliei things >ou'll nml for thi1 period. It's a ;