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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 6, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 1973 Mutual respect and fairness needed To leave or not to leave United States senators are not the only group of people who cannot agree on the issue of whether detente should be tied to civil rights within the Soviet Union. Rus- sian scholars and cannot agree on this. Almost stories in the inter- national press indicate a deep split in Soviet intelligentsia as to whether foreign publicity and pressure from abroad will help or hinder the cause of civil including the right to emigrate. One group is led by Soviet historian Roy whose credentials include a study of Stalin's terrorist methods which was published abroad and CdUOCU iljllj LfC munist party Medvedev has written m an underground Russian newspaper that outside pressure can Lave a negative effect and that by will help democratic forces within the U.S.S.R. Another centering around the nuclear physicist Andrei who helped develop the Russian feels that detente will reduce civil liber- ties within the Soviet presumably by implying acceptance of the status and therefore the rights of Russians to emigrate should be firmly linked to any bipartite agreement between the U.S. and Russia. A prestigious member of the latter group of dissidents is Benjamin G. renowned physical chemist who has been denied permission to emigrate to Israel. In an interview in Moscow late in November with a New York Times Levich pointed out that the Soviet Union had made emigration a valid international issue by signing two UN covenants on human rights earlier in the year One of the International Cove- nant on Civil and Political states that shall be free to leave any including his Levich is reported to have told the interviewer that any request to imple- ment an international obligation should not be considered as interfering in a country's internal affairs. At the same time this interview was United Press International sent out a story from Moscow to the effect that Sakharov had written an open letter to the director of the the secret calling the continued ques- tioning of his invalid wife a il- legal and immoral form of pressure on him. While this argument has been going on through the international and un- derground Russian and while the legislation of detente is sidetracked in the U.S. Congress because of the energy the U.S. and the Soviet Union agreed on November 30 to a major ex- change of scientists next year which will carry co-operation down to the laboratory level for the first time. It calls for joint research in water chemical computers and other fields. It was under- stood that the right of Soviet scientists to travel freely was not discussed at the three-day meeting which culminated in the agreement. Sakharov has announced that he plans to seek permission to visit the U S to lecture at Princeton Univer- sity. Whether he is granted permission to make this visit will not resolve the inter- nal argument on tactics. it is clear that Russian scholars are beginn- ing to acquire some of the outspokenness of their colleagues in the West. It also seems since the inter- national press is allowed to report this outspokenness in detail from within the that Soviet leaders may be accepting such internal dissension as a fact of even if they do not yet recognize it as a sign of vitality. ERIC NICOL How to make friends Anxious to make new or for that matter to make complete Be of good cheer. Instant pop- ularity may be yours with gas rationing' if Canada has to ration all you need to do is put your car up on and people will flock to drawn by the irresistible appeal of your gas ration coupons. I know the social rewards of rationing because during the second world war liquor was rationed. energy crisis takes many forms And I was a non-drinker. Did I ever have but only because the war ended before I learned to ex- ploit fully a tactical advantage. Canadian armed services' intelligence may have missed a few German but the file kept on us teetotallers was a masterpiece of communication and accuracy. Especially in the RCAF. The Women's Division was press- ed into action by senior Air Force officers who needed an extra bottle to maintain altitude. More than when I picked up a weekend it was delivered by a blonde corporal zeroing in at two o'clock with a deadly burst of blouse. The C.O. was after my crock. Lips that touch wine will never touch mine but only since 1945. For a few fabulous abstinence from alcohol was the key to being kissing sweet. Persons who asked if they could have my beer or liquor ration coupons often felt oblig- ed to invite me to their parties. Not all of mind you. But certainly my mother and father. These born of my distaste for spirituous changed me from a withdrawn wallflower into a party presence recognized as a real drag. At parties I found myself talking to coats and boots hung in the front hall. Apparently most of my personality was tied up in my ra- tion book. refused to give up my whipping cream and this may have made the difference between being merely attractive and true But other veterans of the war parlayed li- quor rationing into relationships that they still remember as one of the nicer things about Hitler. And though gasoline and alcohol don't I think that they have this in com- the ration book can do more for your popularity than the combined publications of Norman Vincent Dr. Reuben and Miss Hooker of Holland. Resolve not to use your car for anything but and you'll never park alone. No more anxiety about whether your deodorant has quit. If he kissed you he'll kiss you and and because you have unused gas coupons and he drives a 1974 Virago. Ration coupons create problems only for people who want to be sure that they are lov- ed for themselves alone. I for instance found thay my personal magnetism was much stronger towards the end of the when the drinkers had used up their own than during the first week of the when I seemed to lose a lot of my charm. Needless to gas fuel oil jet fuel rationing will do nothing for your social life if you persist in driving a heating your house and flying your DC 9. You must practice what Mr. in his appeal to the called Voluntary restraints mean resisting the temptation to get out of bed and trusting that somebody will jump in with you. Take an Arab to lunch. By Carl T. syndicated commentator WASHINGTON Some things arouse so much emo- tion they often go es- pecially when people are already irritable at the thought of gasoline cold stock growing unemployment. But the industrialist's wife was coldly blunt in speaking to never donated a dollar to a bond for or anything else for in 25 years. Why should we be forc- ed now to lose millions through disruptions in my husband's enterprises just so our government can go on sup- porting That woman wants the United States to say what Japan and much of Western Europe seem ready to that they will abandon Israel to avert an energy crisis which could wreck their economies just as devastatingly as if some enemy dropped a thousand bombs. There is no reason to believe the United States will toss Israel to the wolves in ex- change for Arab in inflammatory talk of has angered many Americans to the point that they will endure a level of austerity they never dreamed imaginable. But sitting back so are millions of powerful Americans who have been asking for some time whether our Middle East policy has not been foolishly anger- ing the Arabs to the extent that the price may well be a devastating recession in the United States. The stock market is plummeting. The automobile industry is hurting The plastics industry is near pan- we ventured onto this cache quite South Africa's attitude changing By Stanley London Observer commentator CAPE TOWN Since offen- sive remarks were made7 recently about black nannies by Mrs Betsy widow of the assassinated South African prime Dr. Hendrik the letter columns of newspapers have been flooded with white readers' protests. Public figures have severely rebuked Mrs. Verwoerd. or even five years Mrs. Verwoerd's remarks probably would have been shrugged off by most whites. Now a storm has broken over her head. The clear inference is that race attitudes are changing among the whites for the good. Mrs. set out her views in an Afrikaans cultural journal. She said that if whites allowed black nannies to take over their children as most whites do this would blunt the children's color con- sciousness in later life and they would not be by blacks when they should be repelled. the characteristic Letters to the Editor smell that is usually offensive to whites is associated by the child with the person with whom he spends the greater part of his days. Will it repel him when he is an Mrs. Verwoerd is a little bewildered by the commotion over her remarks These are views she has held all her life and she sees no cause to change them. What has es- caped her is that South Africa is changing and in the present it is simply not acceptable to make crude- ly offensive remarks about blacks. This is not to say that blacks in South Africa are no longer being subjected to humiliating and insulting remarks and the whole apartheid policy is a standing insult to them. But increasing- ly it is becoming no longer defensible for whites to air their prejudices in a crude and arrogant fashion. It is moderate but it is progress. Oddly enough the apartheid policy and statements by the prime Mr. John have contributed to this change in public attitudes. Mr. Vorster keeps saying although blacks must be kept separate from they are free in their own areas to rise to the top of their potential and to expect to be treated with dignity and respect. combined with persis- tent attacks by opposition whites on the more offensive aspects of has helped to change the climate of white opinion. There is a further factor the emergence on the scene of black leaders of the Ban- tustans that have been created under the apartheid policy. The stature of these leaders has been growing not only in their own Bantustans but throughout South where they are receiv- ed in hotels and other closed preserves almost as if they were visiting heads of state. These black leaders are the only tangible proof that most whites have that people of color can hold Development control questioned so I said to Gromyko Look here it's about the way you treat your minority groups Writing this letter I clear up some questions for some people. First of I would like to that I am not easing my feelings about development control. At the public hearing last November 22. I was quoted as not that referring to development control bylaw 1205. let me say that the way bylaw 1205 was written was ridiculous and completely unacceptable to the ratepayers in the municipal district of and that my quoted statement was made thinking that now with the overwhelming support of the ratepayers definite changes in the bylaw would be forthcoming. At least in the people will now have a chance to decide what they want in the bylaw. In for about 99 per cent of the ratepayers do not know development control has been passed and is now in effect. I question the effort made by councils in all the local municipal districts to inform the public of development control and make them aware of the im- pending results. At the hearing many briefs were presented and a discus- sion period provided the public a chance to talk to the planners of the Old Man River Regional Planning Com- mission I do not agree with one of the Mr. and his comment should the bylaw have been passed as it was it would not affect the individual. I ask if I am not the individual then just who am I am the one who will have to apply for permits to construct on and develop my own farm land. On council met to tackle the problem of deleting parts of bylaw 1205 to make it acceptable to tire ratepayers. To give them a helping hand will be represen- tatives from and the sugar beet and potato growers. With this added in- put I feel confident council can come up with a workable program of limited controls. All the ratepayers in the MD of Taber will then receive a copy of the revised given sufficient time to study it with a general meeting slated for January when we will be given a chance to accept it or instruct council to make more changes. So tred water softly. I wish to comment on one more item. It seems to me that farmers living by highways or close to towns will be more than their neighbors as far as controls go. Apparently I won't be able to build a feedlot within a half mile of the highway so when our city friends go out for a Sunday drive they won't notice any type of a cattle smell penetrating their nostrils. It seems to me that develop- ment control bylaws are being set up to serve the urban and to hinder the rural population. A beautiful and clean-smelling countryside is but I have to live out here Don't try to complicate matters anymore than they are now. 1 think es- pecially with caused by scarcity of fuels and supplies in the U.S. and eastern that some of the city folk should be thinking differently about the farmers in their area. we could do without a lot of things if we have but we can't do without food. TONY BIRCH Taber. their own on an equal level wfth whites. All this apparently has pass- ed Mrs. Verwoerd although paradoxically it was her husband who conceived the idea of Bantustans and and foisted it upon dubious govern- ment supporters. This slow change of attitude by whites towards blacks im- plies recognition of the grow- ing potential of the 16 million black population. Whites who are modifying their pre- judices sense that their old views are not adequate to deal with the new blacks who are arising in the country This is why Mrs. Verwoerd's views suddenly have become archaic. One of the first persons to react to her remarks was the heart Professor Chris who said the remarks made him feel in the He this statement by a former First Lady of South Africa is a reflection of the general feel- ing among South Africans then I do not think there is any future for me in South African politics. Then I would in there is no future for this Barnard has been asked by the Opposi- tion United Party to stand for Professor Barnard said he and his had a black nanny to look after their child I thank God every day that I have her in the house Another comment came from Miss Salega a Malay woman who worked for Mrs. Verwoerd's neighbor in 1939 and babysat for Mrs. Verwoerd. only did I babysit for Mrs. said Miss I sang a lullaby to her children while I rocked them to sleep in my Mrs. Verwoerd has since denied that she ever had non-white help in raising her children. ic. The airlines have begun to scream. Soon it may be dif- ficult to find nylon phonograph paints and a thousand other commodities with petroleum bases in our stores. Look for a lot of people to start saying aloud what that industrialist's wife grumbled to that the price is too so we must resort to a more evenhanded policy in the Middle East. They will be by those who argue that we must not Arab we cannot in good conscience abandon three million Israelis to Arab slaughter. However the passions may the inescapable truth is that any real easing of the energy crisis for the' Western Europe or Japan is inextricably tied to the Arab Israeli conflict. If you are praying for you had better hope that some real progress comes out of the Dec. 18 peace talks scheduled in Geneva between Israel and Syria and Jordan. We hear some irresponsible talk of Europe the United States sending in troops to take the Arabs' oil. Out of the White House comes pie in the sky talk of the U.S. reaching a point of in energy by 1980 where we won't have to rely on any other country. But the practical way to ease our energy crisis lies m diplomacy lies in dealing with the with In- donesia and all oil producing countries on a basis of mutual respect and fairness. On this shrinking planet we are all and neither Washington nor Cairo nor Tel Aviv can afford to forget it. I believe firmly that Israel has a right to secure survival as a state. But I also believe that a fair arrangement must be made for the Palestine and that Israel can never be secure unless she gives up territories taken in previous battles. Israel's previous glaring military superiority created an arrogance which left her unwilling to compromise on much that mattered. The recent war has shown that the military imbalance has been closed drastically. Israel's shocking the damage to her make for the first the threat of Arab wars of attrition. But if this has made the Israelis less has it also turned some Arabs into foolish Are the Arabs now so heady with their small military so giddy over their ability to use oil as a political that they have become unwilling to make just Are they or are they not willing to accept and guarantee Israel's continued existence as a Strip all the hysterical rhetoric about the energy crisis aside. The real challenge is to get our country into a posture where we do not face such absurd choices as either abandoning Israel or pushing the Arabs and their oil into the Kremlin stockpile. The sooner our leaders deal with that the sooner we shall be free of ran- corrosive debate over the gost of supporting or over who is really sacrific- ing and who is profiteering from the energy crisis. crazjr The Letltbridtje Herald 504 7th Sl S Alberta LETHBRIDPE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 CLEOW MOWFRS Editor ano Publisher DONH PILLING Managing Editor DONALD ft DORAM General Manager ROYF MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Pago Editor ROBERT M FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH E BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SERVES THE ;