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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 6, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta COLDER FORECAST HIGH TUESDAY 5 ABOVE VOL. LXIV - No. 302 The Lethbridge Herald ? ? ? * * LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS - 18 PAGES Trudeau hopes Nixon grasps olive branch By CARL MOLLINS OTTAWA (CP) - Prime Minister Trudeau went to Washington today with an olive branch that Canadian officials hope President Nixon will grasp with both bands. Canadian policy, in the face of aggressive protectionist measures invoked by Washington four months ago, has shifted to a line of sweet reason, from moods of anger and frustration early in the fall. Officials say in hand-writing privacy that mucb depends on how the two principals get along. They last met in 1969 and today's meeting was requested by Mi*. Trudeau after some show of hesitation. The Canadian line in late-afternoon talks in the White House-the two leaders in one room, cabinet members and officials in another-will be for co-opera-Kion rather than condemnation. By the time they all get together for a working dinner in the evening, Ottawa officials hope everybody will be pals. Willing to negotiate While the discussions were unlikely to get into derails of what the Canadians call irritants in Canada-U.S. trade relations, the team from Ottawa will show willingness to negotiate seriously after Christmas for removal of practices that annoy Americans. First among the offers, implied or explicit, is a readiness to remove or modify protective safeguards for Canada appended to the 1985 auto trade pact. After three years of balking, Canadian government authorities now agree those devices are redundant. Although they may never be discussed in detail today, the Canadians also are willing to give ground on other irritants. For example, Canadians are coming around to the view that Canada ought to remove a tariff on imports of U.S. military equipment, as the U.S. has on Canadian imports. Further, there is a willingness to increase-possibly double-the value of goods Canadian travellers may bring back from the U.S., currently worth $25 every three months. The Canadians will also say that they are ready to pursue talks on trade in oil, gas, coal, electricity and water, which Canada suspended in the fall. At the same time, however, Canada wants genuine give-and-take bra-guming to follow the White--H6iise � MR. NIXON MR. IRL'DE iV talks-on each issue separately-to avoid the politically-dangerous impression that it is getting nothing in return. Nevertheless, the Canadian government has come around on the view that it is in its own interests to give some ground. The alternative, officials say, would be hardened U.S. protectionist measures, retaliation by other countries and a damaging deterioration of world trade. Canada, which counts on exports for'20 cents in every dollar of national wealth generated, stands to lose more proportionately than almost any other country. Would benefit Further, Canada is sympathetic towards the Nixon campaigns- to push down barriers to trade in Japan and Europe. Canadian exporters also would benefit. In other words, Canadians see the possibility of converting a protectionist atmosphere into a move towards freer world trade. Following indication that the U.S. has softened its line on realigning the exchange rates of world currencies, Canada feels it must put something into the pot to promote co-operation. That attitude is regarded as particularly important because Prime Minister Trudeau's visit with President Nixon is the first in rapid series of presidential meetings with the leaders of Britain, France, West Germany and Japan. Success in today's meetings would put the Nixon administration in a good mood for coming sessions. MAY HELP CHANGE Prime Minister Trudeau's expression of hope that his trip to the White House would generate a breakthrough in trade disputes is based on the idea that Canada may help encourage a change in the direction of internaitional relations. President Nixon and Treasury Secretary John Con-nally have said the 10-per-cent import surtax imposed Aug. 15 would come off only when there was reform c.f exchange rates and tangible progress towards removing other barriers against U.S. exports. With the U.S. apparently willing to give ground from its original demands on revaluing exchange rates, progress is expected in an international finance meeting a week before Christmas. Japan has come around to accepting changes in its trade practices and Canada is following suit. Only the European common market has been holding out Bombay strafed as Indo-Pak split widens THEY'RE UNITED - IN FATIGUE - United Nations delegates slump over their desks late Sunday night as they sought a solution to the India-Pakistan war. Delegates were unanimous only in their fatigue, Japanese delegates are at bottom, right. Lougheed comes under attack By PAUL JACKSON Herald's Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA - Alberta Premier Peter Lougheed appears to have come under rather severe attack in Eastern Canada - and from a fellow Albertan, no less. In an article appearing in The Ottawa Journal, Calgary journalist and oil industry expert James H. Gray launches some heavy criticism at Mr. Lougheed for his attitude towards Alberta's energy resources. Mr. Gray says that more nonsense seems to be talked about a continental energy policy between Canada and the United States than about any other subject. Then Mr. Gray takes a hefty swipe at Mr. Lougheed saying: "Premier Peter Lougheed's recent demands for an inside listening post at Ottawa-Washington trade talks carries it another long stride beyond reality." LOT OF NONSENSE Mr. Gray indicates that Alberta's new Progressive Conservative premier talks.-a lot of nonsense on the matter of Alberta's natural resources. Former Social Credit premier E. C. Manning handled things much better, he says. He says Premier- Lougheed's comments about Ottawa trying to bargain with the United States by withholding Alberta's energy from our hungry south-em neighbor are confusing. Says Mr. Gray: "In his first statements, Premier Lougheed seemed concerned for fear Ottawa would bargain away too much of Alberta's gas. In his second, protesting the. National Energy Board decision to reject further exports, he seemed concerned for fear Ottawa would bargain away too little." Mr. Lougheed's Brutus says the real truth is that Alberta, and not Ottawa, sets the ceiling on the amount of natural gas that will be exported out of Alberta. Senator Manning saw to that some 20 years ago, contends Mr. Gray. The article lauds the "imaginative steps" taken when Senator Manning was premier of Alberta. These steps, he alleges, have kept Ottawa's hands off Alberta's natural gas and oil resources ever since. 'Miss Jones. Bring everything we have on the Berlin Wall.' South Korean government declares emergency state SEOUL (AP) - The South Korean government proclaimed a state of emergency today, charging war preparations by North Korea. President Chung Hee Park said South Korea must "re-posture" its defence arrangements in view of mainland China's admission to the United Nations and uncertainty over the level of future United States support. A government proclamation Olds feed mill blast kills man OLDS (CP) - One man was killed and three others injured Saturday when an explosion and fire destroyed a feed mill valued at $1 million. The victim was identified as Keith Roger Dyson of Olds, an employee of the Olds United Feed Mill who was bagging sulphur at the time. The three injured men-David Pedersen, 18, and Raymond Ray, 27, both of Olds, and Gilbert Buschert, 26, of Didsbury -were reported in serious condition in hospital with burns. Seen and heard About town CKI manager Dan McKint saying his candles made of ski wax don't smell bad as long as they aren't burning .. . Doug Kometz doing strange things playing ping pong . . . Casey Campbell skiing off a cliff and becoming stuck in snow up to his neck. Milk fund spirit spreads Canadian aircraft destroyed OTTAWA (CP) - A Canadian Twin-Otter plane serving the United Nations in Kashmir has been strafed and destroyed on the' airfield at Islamabad, the West Pakistan capital, a defence department source said today. There were apparently no casualties. The source said the plane was apparently blown up by raiding Indian jet aircraft late Sunday. Canada has nine officer observers with the UN mission on the Kashmir border. They are supported by eight Canadian Air Force personnel, including three air crew- members and five ground crew members. informed South Koreans their constitutional freedoms may be restricted and "social unrest that risks the national security will not be tolerated." The major opposition party,, the New Democrats, took issue with Park. A party spokesman said tlie president's aim appeared to be the security of his government rather than the security of the nation. Park said North Korea has increased infiltration of armed agents to South Korea and has carried out a massive military buildup of more than 2.5 million troops, including a regular military force of 500,000 men, a militia of 1.4 million and 700,000 youth guards. It started as a small trickle, but today money poured into the Cup of Milk Fund. Lethbridge and district residents have caught the spirit. In just 13 days the Cup of Milk Fund has passed the $3,000-mark and is moving up rapidly. South Albertans, fully aware that the suffering in India is growing worse, are opening their hearts and purses in a magnificent gesture of faith in man. while refugees are huddling together in holes dug in the ground, we are engaged in pleasant pre-Christmas active-ties. Is there any justice in this world? Is there any right or reason? There can be, if men have faith. We're not asking our readers to make a great sacrifice. We're asking two things only: to note this suffering exists; and to do something about it. Together, as a community of south Alberta centres( we can 6hip" one or possibly two car* $150 million farm program announced By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Pakistan jet fighter planes attacked the Indian city of Bombay in a raid that lasted less than a half-hour, United News of India reported today. It said civil defence officials were unable to give any immediate assessment of damage, if any. The agency added in a dispatch from Bombay, India's most-populous city with 5.6 million people, that the raid began at 7:30 p.m. with the jets com-, ing in from the Arabian Sea. Coastal batteries and anti-aircraft guns opened fire for 15 minutes and an all-clear was sounded at 8 p.m. the dispatch said. Bombay is on India's west coast about 500 miles south of West Pakistan. Air-raid warnings sounded all over western India after sundown as Indian radar picked up sightings of aircraft, New Delhi dispatches said. Earlier in the day, India recognized the Bangla Desh rebels as the legal government of East Pakistan and claimed victory in a major tank battle on West Pakistan's border. BROKE RELATIONS In another development, Pakistan broke diplomatic relations with India in retaliation to its recognition of Bangla Desh. A spokesman for India's foreign ministry in New Delhi said earlier the Indian government had no plans to sever diplomatic ties with Pakistan. The two countries maintained diplomatic relations in their two previous wars in 1948 and 1965. India has supported the Bangla Desh rebels since March and has gained backing for this stand from the Soviet Union. There was no immediate word from Moscow on whether the Soviet Union would follow India in recognizing the rebels. Premier Alexei N. Kosygin said Sunday in Denmark, where he was visiting, that the question of Kremlin recognition had not been considered. The Soviet news agency Tass carried a New Delhi dispatch reported that India had done so and noted that Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had told her Parliament that recognition signifies an important turning point in the history of natonal liberation movements. The Indian Air Force rock' eted and bombed Dacca airport today as a group of women and children waited for a United Nations evacuation plane. No injuries were report* ed. WINNIPEG (CP) - A $150-million small-farms development program, to allow young men to enlarge their operations and older farmers to retire with sufficient funds, was announced today by Agriculture Minister H. A. Olson. The federal program, initially for a seven-year period, has been approved by provincial agriculture ministers. It will use the facilities of the Farm Credit Corp. and will allow small farmers to obtain funds to increase their acreage into viable, profitable operations. Through a land-transfer program, farmers will be able to use special credit facilities to buy the land they require, and technical assistance will be provided by provincial agriculture departments. For those farmers-who choose to retire or quit farming, the program will make an ad just- loads of Canadian skim milk powder to little children who are desperate for it. Let's get this job done now. Send your donation to Cup of Milk Fund, Lethbridge Herald. After 26 years in the field of helping others, Dr. Lotba Hit-schmanova of the Unitarian Service Committee is moving ahead with her vision undim-med and her strength undiminished. Surely we have the strength to put a contribution into an envelope and mail it. ment grant available to be added to the selling price of their land. They will be able to take the grant either in a lump sum or as an annuity. HAVE AN OPTION They also will have the option of retaining their farm home and an appropriate surrounding piece of land for as long as they wish. Mr. Olson said the program is aimed at farmers with assets in the $3,000 to $20,000 range who want to retire. Young farmers who want to expand their operations probably would be considered with up to $50,000 or $60,000 of assets. Mr. Olson said the bulk of the program will be administered by the federal government through the FCC while provin-c i a 1 agriculture departments will make the services of their extension branches and agricultural representatives available. UN wrestles with ceasefire UNITED NATIONS (Reuter) - The Security Council planned a final bid today to obtain unanimous agreement on an India-Pakistan ceasefire resolution after the Soviet Union vetoed the second such attempt in 24 hours. Plans to transfer the problem to the General Assembly, where there is no veto, were held in abeyance while delegates continued consultations on a last-chance draft introduced by Italian Ambassador Piero Vinci. This would have the 15-nation council, scheduled to meet again this afternoon, call "upon the governments concerned forthwith, as a first step, for an immediate ceasefire, leaving other questions-includ* Taher couple killed David Jesperson, 52, and his wife Bernice, 47, both of Taber, were killed early Sunday when the car left a gravel road two miles south of Taber, Coroner Dr. C. J. W. Dick has ordered an inquest but no date has been set. ing, implicitly, withdrawal-until later. U.S. Ambassador George Bush has been insisting all along that the council must demand withdrawal of forces and a ceasefire. After the adjournment, shortly before midnight Sunday night, Bush told reporters: "We are continuing to hope there will be some common ground, but I have to admit the outlook seems bleak." NAME-CALLING Sunday night's debate again was marked by angry name-calling by Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Jacob A. Malik and Chinese Ambassador Huang Hua, which now has become a regular feature of UN discussions. During the debate, China introduced its first-ever UN resolution, to call on India and Pakistan to cease hostilities and withdraw and disengage "so as to create conditions for a peaceful settlement" of their disputes. It would also call on all states to support the Pakistani people in their just struggle to resist Indian aggression." The resolution, as tabled, had no chance of being adopted, informants said. SHOPPING DAYS, iTCX CHRISTMAS Missing Quebec groups located JOLIETTE, Que. (CP) - Eleven children and eight provincial policemen reported missing earlier, have been located by search and rescue teams, a provincial police spokesman said. The spokesman said two of a group of 11 students on a camping expedition, missing since Sunday, came out of the bush and said they would lead rescuers to their group as well as the eight policemen located nearby. The policemen were part of a 50-m ember team that was called into action Sunday when the students, all teenagers, were first reported missing. Our dollar worth more than U.S.'s MONTREAL (CP) - The value of the United States dollar slipped below that of the Canadian dollar early today for tlie first time since before the Canadian dollar was devalued under the Diefenbaker administration in the early 1960s. A spokesman for the Royal Bank of Canada quoted the value of the U.S. dollar at 99 31-32 cents. Before tlie Candian dollar was devalued, it had a pegged value of $1.08 in relation to the U.S. dollar. Following devaluation, its rate was re-established at 92.5 cents. The U.S. dollar meanwhile hit record lows in West Ger' many and Japan today. It also was weak in most other major financial markets around the world- ;