Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 5, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
Book on the University By J. W. A miscellany of book "The Life, History anil Magic of The Dog" by Fcr- nand Mcry (Grossot and Diinlap, 2115 pages, SI] .95, dis- tributed by George J. Mc- Leod, T OVERS of clogs are legion but there cannot be many to match the author of this book. Every conceivable thing that is known about dogs must be gathered here. What is known in dogs in aii periods of history; what has been said about them in literature; how they have been represented in art; the ways they have been classified; their pyschology; the services they perform for men all Uiis, and more, is included in the book. It is pro- fusely illustrated with draw- ings and photographs. Here is a book that would be treasured by anyone who has a clog. "Best Sports Stories J970" edited by Irving T. Marsh and Edward Ehre (Dutlon, 33Gpp., S8.75, distributed by Clarke, Irwin and Co. Ltd.) HPHE twenty sixth annual 1 collection of the best sports stories includes fifty pieces, 14 pages of records, and J6 pages of photographs from the 19G9 scene. As in the past, the writing is of high calibre, but a really funny story is missing this time. The humor is supplied in the photograph of two very well-endowed wom- en shot from the rear as they watch a golf match, seated on small collapsible stools. Idol- ization is tempered by articles about growing violence, gam- bling in pro football, and a story of a young man who gave up a promising football career because the ethic of trampling others was too weak for him to follow. A book certain to be enjoyed by all sports fans. -A- "Approaches to Politics" by Pierre Elliott Tmdean (Oxford, 89 pages, paper- back, TN 1958 Pierre Trudeau wrote a series of 20 essays on Quebec politics for a weekly newspaper. They are presented here in a translation by I. M. Owen and they have useful in- troductory essays by Ramsay Cook and Jacques Hebcrt. While the writing had the un- seating of Maurice Duplessis and his Union Nationale gov- ernment in mind, there are ideas expressed that are of in- terest now. The extracts printed recently on the Herald's editori- al page did not do justice to the lively presentation of thoughts in these essays. "Voyages to New France" by Samuel DC Cbamplain (Obcron, 127 pages, paper- bark, S2.95J. T ONG out of print, Cham- plain's account of the 3'ears 3615-1S1S spent in New France have been newly trans- lated by Michael Macklem with an introduction by Marcel Trudel. Champlain's observa- tions of Indian customs are wonderfully detailed and his at- titude toward these people was mainly sympathetic. His con- cern for their evangelization was very marked. Oberori should be congratulated for making this valuable document available to a wide public at a very reasonable cost. -A- "Counting Sheep" by Art B ll c h w a I d (Putnam, 2lil pages, 37.50, distributed by Longman Canada CATIRIST Art Buchwald's anti-war play, Sheep on the Runway, is included in this book along with his account of its stage production. The only part of the "log" that is of much significance is that deal- ing with columnist Joseph Al- sop's assumption that he was being lampooned in the charac- ter Joseph Mayflower.. It is hard not to believe that Joseph Alsop "the darling of the Pentagon" was not the in- spiration for the play's ardent anti-Communist correspondent, even though Art Buchwald de- nies he was. One has to be a few degrees to the left of Alsop to enjoy the play and then one is apt to enjoy it very much. "The Random House Book of Birds" by Elizabeth S. Austin and Oliver L. Austin, Jr., Illustrated by Richard E. Amundsen (Random House of Canada Ltd., 131pps., TJESCRIBED as a family encyclopedia of birds around the world, this book gives information on X family groups. Within some family groups certain species are il- lustrated and discussed in de- tail. The birds that rate illus- tration and description tend to be the more unusual ones. "The Enemies of the Poor" by .liiiues Graham (Random House, 308pps., JN this U.S. Study of the poor, Lawyer James Gra- ham indicts Hie welfare sys- tem, legal profession, churches and unions for their failure to really be helpful to the needy. The implication that they are "enemies" seems a little harsh when the failures are largely unwitting or the result of indif- ference. Yet the seriousness of the "betrayal" involved cer- tainly warrants the shock treat- ment. "To A Dancing God" by Sam Keen (Harper and Row> softback. rrHIS book is probably best classified in the radical theology genre. It has a strong- ly autobiographical flavor. The author advocates looking for meaning primarily in the pres- ent not in the past or the fu- ture. As a result of trying to be clever, the meaning of the writing is not always clear. He makes an intriguing proposal that formal education ought to deal, more than it does, with such vital issues as conflict, carnality, love, wishing, dying suggests some of the course content. "vSomc of my Friends Have Tails" by Virginia McKcnna (Collins, I25pps., A CTRESS Virginia McKen- na, an obvious lover of animals, writes about the ones she has known, domesticated and wild, in Britian and in Af- rica. It is an undistinguished little book that will probably only interest other ardent ani- mal lovers and admirers of Virginia McKcnna. A generous selection of photographs some in color is included. "The March of Archaeol- ogy" by C. W. C'cram (Knopf' softback, S5-93, dis- tributed by Random House of Canada Ltd.) rPHROUGH the use of pic- turcs and accompanying text, the story of archaeology is told by C. W. Ceram who has already done much to pop- ularize the work of archaeolog- ists. While this is an interest- ing assemblage of pictures, I must say I found the earlier books by Ceram more satisfy- ing. The author says this book is independent of his popular "Gods, Graves, and Scholars" but it is likely to be most ap- preciated as a companion. This softback edition has an unfor- tunate printing mistake the text on p. 164 begins in the mid- dle of a sentence unconnected to the previous page. "The Dower Chest" by Amber Dcnn (Putnam, lOUpps.. S3.75, distributee! by Longman Canada A Red Mask Mystery in which dealing in antiques becomes a cover for some skul- duggery. The Cosa Nostrt fig- ures in the plot. DOUG WALKER. A notion about text books Fes, teacher! by Walter Kerbcr Primitive living on the prairies "The Broken Snare" by R. D. Symons, (Uoubleday and Co., SG.95, 224 is the story of a family who have decided they've had enough of civilization and carve a new life for themselves out of the bush and wilderness of tlie Canadian prairies. They accept the hardship of primitive living, even though unused to it, because this, they feel is what they want. It is by no means easy. There is a house of sorts to be built, by hand, and out of logs and tree trunks. They make do with sleeping bags, elementary utensils, and rustic furnit 11 r e. They mean to be completely in- dspendent, and this is gradual- ly achieved by trial and effort, mistakes and successes over a period of years. Man is the provider, and his boys are his first lieutenants. Woman and Small (the baby girl born on their frontier ranch) keep the household run- ning smoothly through the un- predictable prairie weather, re- lying on the provender of the ranch, Ilia berries and natural foods of the woods to stock their cupboards. From the beginning, Man's desire to build a thriving cattle ranch, is threatened by the struggle for survival of the wolves, foxes and coyotes his invasion of their territory has imperilled. He loses calves, foals, and horses to Black Wolf and his three footed mate, who are crafty at eluding the snares and traps Man sets out for them. Time and lime again the losses from weather and the wild animals were to be a dis- couragement to the whole fam- ily, but it was better than the alternative of returning to city life. "Even the Woman began to think that this self dependent existence might be really safer than relying on the services of others. You couldn't be incon- venienced by a strike, by a plumber who couldn't come just Light cast on Leacock o "The Toast nf Stephen" by Stephen Leacock, with intro- duction by Robertson Davics (McClelland and Stewart: 15-1 pps., UT of a total of 154 pages the reader gels 45 of Rob- ertson Davics, four of selected bibliography and 105 of Mr. Lea- cock. The proportion indicates the book's academic bias. It is an excellent choice for the student of English doing a term paper on Leacock. There is some biographical material on Leacock, some insight into the man himself by a respect- ed Canadian critic, plus some excerpts from lesser known writings. Just the thing for tlie English major in a Canadian literature course or the serious Leacock fan. Leacock's work needs no crit- ical analysis in this renew he is probably our best known author, and Davies does the job much more ably anyway.- A word to those readers who associate Leacock exclusively with "Sunshine Sketches." You may find your estimation of the man somewhat altered there are some serious moments here, especially in some of tlie auto- biographi c a 1 material. There arc also some pointed com- ments on education that may be of particular interest to teachers. The "feast" of Stephen, at 105 pages, is a banquet of modest proportions but even so read- ers are warned to take it a lit- tle at a time. It's rich stuff and best savored slowly rather than wolfed in one sitting. Recommended for tlie 1 i g h t cast on Leacock by Davies' crit- ical examination and tlie out- of-the-way Leacock material in- cluded. HERB JOHNSON. then, by a telephone line that was down, a store that shut at six, or a train that went on a new timetable here you did things as they came along, or according to tlie weather At last, after years of effort, the ranch is productive, but alas, oil is discovered on their land, and in come the bulldoz- ers and the destructive big-com- pany interests. "Progress" be- gins to inflict itself on the fam- ily's way of life. Now Man realizes that his straggle for independence and his own interpretations of 'sur- vival' are not unlike those of old Black Wolf. The family is forced to move, and Hie wild animals arc shoved to a new wilderness where survival be- comes even more difficult, more doubtful. This book, like the books of Ernest Seton, made me cry. It's beautifully written by an author who knows what he is talking about, who has lived what he has written, and who is con- cerned for man's individuality as well as his need to live with nature. MARGARET LUCKHURST. Books for children More Miro magic "Tlie Hound and the and the by Shaun Herron (Random House, Tor- onto: 241 TN Shaun Heron's first novel we met Miro, the indivi- dual who fought "The Firm" and "American organization of provocateurs and spies." Risk- ing his life, his reput a t i o n, forced to commit crimes against which his soul rebelled, Miro uncovered tile secrets of "Tlie Firm" but he did not elim- inate everyone connected with it. In his second novel Mr. Her- ron finds Miro in a hideaway in Ireland. He is riling a book revealing the ag.ency secrets. It is almost ready for publication but I he final chapters must be finished before lie can return to normal living. With Iiim is lus wife Eva, now eight months pregnant. They are very much in love and looking forward to tlie birth of their child. But tranquilly is of short du- ration for Miro. He makes a slip and from then on he knows that the agency knows who he is and where he is. They will stop at notlu'ng to track him down, to get the manuscript and to eliminate lum and Eva too if necessary. It's all exciting, bizarre, very very Irish, and even believable once in a while. It's action pack- ed, sentimental and tough all at once, and it all ends with an Irish policemen shouting "who's been dying t'make a pig's arso out o' law and Read it and you'll find out. JANE HUCKVALE. Tales and Fables" edited by Eve Morel, pictures by Gyo Fujikawa (Grossct and Dunlap, 125 pages, distributed by George J. Mc- Lcod a number of years, chil- drcn's fairy tales were frowned upon by society be- cause someone or other in the child- guidance field suggested they were artificial, too imagin- ative and illusory. Fortunately, today's parents aren't to be taken in by this dismissal of what, for genera- tions, has been regarded almost as a childhood right and books of fairy tales are once again finding their place on the shelves of yourg parents. One of tlie nicest to come out is Fairy Tales and Fables, a beautifully illustrated book with all the old favirits: Little IvCd Riding Hood, Cinderella, Puss in Boots, Jack and tlie Bean- stalk, the Elves and the Shoe- maker, etc. It is the type of book children love to have mummy and daddy read to them from, and even though they'll memoi -io the stories word for word, the bed-time story hour will perhaps come back into its own with tlie aid of Uiis charming book, "The Illustrated Treasury of Poetry for edited by David Hoss with an intro- duction b" Mark Van Doren. (G r o s s e t and Dunlap, 335 pages, S9.95, distributed by George J. McLcod, A BEAUTIFUL Christm a s present for clu'ldren of all ages is this book which can be defined as poetry in its broad- est sense. It contains nursery rhymes, nonsense songs, limer- icks poetry of seasons, Christ- mas poetry and the more grown up poetry that has been a favor- ite of young people down through the ages. Mark Van Dorcn. the Ameri- can poet, has written an intro- duction in which he encourages the development of apprecia- tion of poetry in children. This book is almost too beau- tiful to permit young people to handle, but once it's allowed to become smeared the initial re- gret will disappear as its use' fulness and appreciation arc ta- ken to heart. It's tlie type of book cliildren will want to hang onto and hand down to Uicir own progeny, no matter how dog-cared it becomes. MARGARET LUCKHURST. ji'ARLlER in tlie week the deal whereby the United Church sold llyerson Press to an American company was consum- mated. (A pretty word, that, and in this context rather an apt one.) even though our concern about such matters is visually small and short lived, a few people will consider il a matter of regret that there is now one less Canadian publishing house. 1 suppose it is regrettable, in a way, but really it is hard to get very excited about the tiny difference this will make. I don't know how many parts in a million of the publishing business are Canadian now, but for tlie past several years it hasn't been very many. And anyway, what would you expect any- one including the vendor to do about it? Maintaining Canadian ownership is all very well, but when the chips are down you have to ba guided by your principles, and the supreme principle in this country, as in most others, is "Dollars come first." Being unable to distinguish the dif- ference between Canadian junk and Amer- ican junk, I have never cared very much about who published it. Nor do I care a hoot about what people read, view or listen to for recreation, or where it comes from, as long as they are free to select what they like. I am concerned, however, about the sources of textbooks for schools, col- leges and universities. There are two elements to my concern. First, there is the matter of content. Having read a little of the early history of this country in both Canadian and American texts, I know there can be striking differences. For instance, there was a bit of a row between ourselves and the United States about a century and a half ago, actually a shooting war on a small scale. Who won depends on which textbook you read. In at least one Ameri- can liistory book, UK mighty USA finally lost patience with the continual brawline and marauding of the barbarians across the line, came over and spanked our bot- toms, but magnamiously refrained from taking our country away from us. In a Canadian history book, on the other hand, I find that a determined invasion by im- pa-ialistic Americans was hurled back by our brave defenders, who pursued the in- vaders back into their own country, and there thrashed them sufficiently that they would behave themselves in future. If this sort of tiling can happen to so called "historical one can understand a certain uneasiness about the validity of perspectives reflected in text books on say economics, political science or so- ciology. The other aspect of the question is tho cost of text books. When I went to uni- versity (which I'll admit was a couple o[ decades ago) a four dollar text book was considered pretty expensive; by various borrowings and scroungings, and recour.se to second-hand stores, an enterprising sfu- dent could usually cover the cost of books for for something like Now, there are single textbooks that cost that much, and even the Students Assistance Board, which is not noted for its lavish- ness, allows a standard ?200 a year for tli is type of expense. So, there are the two problems of foreign publications and expense. I submit that tho government is the only agency capable of dealing with both or either, for that matter. No Canadian publishing house, or even a combine of all Canadian pub- lishers, can produce Canadian textbooks at competitive prices, for simple economic reasons. It is the nature of book-publishing that you have to invest many thousands of dollars in a book before you know whether or not you can sell it. With a potential market in the hundreds of thou- sands, if not millions, that exist in tha United States, the gamble is a fair one, and a shrewd publisher can remove most of the gamble. He only needs a few "win- ners" to stay in the text book publishing business. But in Canada, the market is comparatively tiny; even the "winners" don't do much more than break even, and generally the publication of test books is a losing proposition. The obvious solution, of course, Is a crown corporation set up along the lines of the CBC, with the sole job of publishing text books and other materials for use in Canadian schools, colleges and universi- ties. Like the CBC, it would be heavily subsidized from tax monies, and expected to produce an acceptable product at rea- sonably competitive prices. It could be so organized as to forestall any serious gov- ernment pressure, and would operate in every province, paying whatever lip ser- vice was necessary to the ridiculous notion of provincial autonomy in the field of Ed- ucation. Such an organization could be kept entirely Canadian, could keep tlie cost of books to students at a reasonable and surely would be a proper ex- penditure of Canadian tax money. Nobody could sell such a corporation to any foreign interest, and think of bow many crocodile teal's that would save. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY Cruelty A MOST shocking fact of the Christmas story is Herod's slaughter of the little children. Christmas has become a day of much sentimentality, of carols and halos, so that it is easy to forget the fact that it tvas originally a day of fearful tragedy as well as happiness. The whole life of Jesus was marked with vicious cruelty of every kind leading to the crucifixion. We boast of living in a more civilized age, yet the Romans, who thought pity a weakness, inflicted no worse cruelty than the Germans on the Jews, the Americans on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and now in Vietnam, the Russians on minority groups or on the Lithuanians, the Latvians, the Czechs, and all dissenting voices in their society such as millions of fanners, or the Portuguese in Africa. Modern giants like Albert Schweitzer, Toyohiko Kagawa, and Leo Tolstoi thought cruelty the worst of sins and the most incomprehensible. One does not need to look at the spec- tacular occasions of cruelty. It can be seen any hour in ordinary living where people go out of their way to say or do some cruel thing when it would have been easy to be kind. With so much suffering in tlie world, why do people go to sucli efforts to inflict pain on others? There seems to be something in man's nature that turns most men into a Count de Sade part of tire time. "It has always been a mystery to said Gandhi in his auto- biography, "how men can feel themselves honored by the humiliation of their fel- low-beings." But in any office one can see continually the petty tyranny and slights that are calculated deliberately to be barbs in another's flesh. The Russian writer, Pydor Dostoevski, was one of 21 men condemned to be siiot. At seven o'clock on the morning of De- cember 22, 1849, the men were led out to the prison yard to the scaffold where their death sentence was read to Item. Their clothes were taken off and for 20 minutes they stood in bitter cold weather. Dostoev- ski relates that he kept staring at a church with a gilt dome reflecting the sunbeams "and I suddenly felt as if those beams came from a region where I myself was going to be in a few minutes." When the sentence was to be carried out, by pre-arrangement an officer came galloping across the square with the mes- sage that Czar Nicholas "in his infinite mercy" had commuted the sentence to life imprisonment in Siberia. Some of the men had their feet and hands frozen, others had nervous breakdowns, Grigbriev went insane, Dostoevski never really re- covered, while several contracted incur- able lung disease. "What ghastly cruel- the modern man says, but no worse than the cruelty you can see all around you. The treatment of tlie aged and pris- oners are two examples, but the most civil- ized men and women in our society have streaks of astonishing cruelty in them, shown in subtler ways perhaps, but dia- bolical and malevolent. Tims kindness in the world is all Hie more important. When Oscar Wilde was led from his trial to fearful humiliation and prison, Lord Haldane passed by him and lifted his hat. Poor Wilde told after- ward how that little act saved his soul. But few people can be kind like Haldane because they are not sensitive enough, not imaginative enough. Kindness requires a rare kind of empathy, a generous heart, a mind able to understand and enter into another man's skin. Cruelty, on the other hand, may in certain circumstances re- quire cunning, but usually it takes only in- sensitivity and callousness. Anyone can be cruel by just doing what comes naturally. Kindness is a miracle. As John said, "We know that we have passed from death to life because we love. But without love what is our scientific age worth? No one ever said that Satan lacked ability, industry, determination, and a definite goal. He just lacks loving kindness. That is why so many of our citizens and so much of modern life is satanic. D'Arc the doubter Doug Walker TT has been quite some time since Jim Maybie has had one of Ms singing spells in The Herald newsroom. But one afternoon recently lie tuned and true. The song he cliosc to render was old Sunday School favorite, Jesus loves mo. He had sung the first verse and was on Urn chorus with its repealed affirmation, Jesus loves when lie was stopped cold by an observation from D'Arc Rickard. "I'm not loo sure about that, said D'Arc.