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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 5, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERAID Saturday, Docombor 5, 1970 Sue'Maslennau Unendurable unemployment Rising unemployment lias finally forced the federal government to undertake measures to try to re- verse the trend. This is a welcome development on the Canadian scene. Unemployment almost always represents a tragedy for indivi- duals; high unemployment can mean serious trouble for a society. When frustration and resentment become compounded there is danger of social disruption through expres- sions of violence. Thus not only is it humanitarian to try to solve un- employment but it is essential to social stability. The S150 million provincial loan fund announced by Finance Minis- ter Edgar Benson is intended to stimulate the creation of jobs through capital works projects. Since the money will be distributed among the provinces on the basis of their unemployment figures, it is obvious that Quebec and the Mari- time provinces will reap the most benefit. A place such as Lethbriclge cannot really be expected to be af- fected at all since the employment picture here is good in comparison to most other places. There should be no quarrel with the conditions of the loan fund. Cer- tainly there ought not lo be any complaints from those areas that have already benefitted' from being one of the designated regions under the incentive act. It is especially important that Quebec should be helped. The un- employment rate in that province is far higher than elsewhere, which feeds the discontent that has been threatening Canadian unity. Despite some casual expressions of disdain for the retaining of Quebec within confederation, it would be disas- trous for the country should sep- aration ever occur. The government may not have come up with THE solution to un- employment but at least it has ad- dressed itself to the problem. There is some reassurance in knowinp that a continuous watch on the ef- fectiveness of the proposed medi- cine will be maintained. Why bother with a border? The most insidious development in a long while in the steady American- ization of Canada is not the sale of Eyerson Press to an American com- pany or any other American "take- over" of Canadian companies or re- sources, but the attitude of the Uni- ted Auto Workers in their current strike negotiations with General Mo- tors of Canada. The affiliation of Canadian corpor- ations with American head offices is not desirable, perhaps, but Canada can live with it. As long as Ameri- can capital operates in Canada in ac- cord with Canadian laws and pol- icies, Canada's independence is not in mortal danger. If Canadian labor unions, which exist and function un- der Canadian law, similarly want an American affiliation, that should be their right. But an entirely new consideration has developed. First, the Canadian members of the UAW felt they were entitled to the same hourly wage as the Ameri- can members. The fact that they were operating in a separate coun- try under separate laws and with separate economic conditions and that all of the factors governing wage rates were separate and different was irrelevant to them. Now they have gone one step fur- ther. In both countries there is a eost-of- living factor in the wage clause, gov- erned by the degree of inflation in the respective countries. But the Ca- nadian union wants its cost-of-living bonus tied to the American economy and American inflation, not Cana- dian. That is what the Canadian strike is all about, they say. And they are supported by the American union. This attitude, entrenched and ex- tended, will shove Canada into the American bosom and undermine what is left of Canadian independence fast- er than anything else yet conceived. Weekend Meditation Birthdays in December AS Christmas approaches and the Chris- tian world celebrates the birth of Jesus, all people born in December or early Jan- uary will feel a bit more important. Per- haps they should remember that Luke says that Jesus was born when sheep could still be kept in the fields, which ivould place the birth between April and November! The ancient Aryans, and later the In- dians and Persians, worshipped a god call- ed Mithra, a worship 'which became exceed- ingly popular among the Roman soldiers, since Mithra was called Sol Invictus Mithra, the Unconquered Sun. Shrines of Mithra are found all the way from the Near East to Britain. The Romans celebrated the re- birth of the sun which be- gan December 21, and worshippers of Mith- ra celebrated December 25 as the birthday of their God. Gradually Christianity replac- ed Mithraism and the birthday of Jesus was settled on the popular December 25th. December has, however, been the month when many famous people have been born. John Knox, creator of modern Scotland, is said to have been born in early December. Despite all efforts made to lessen his great- ness, John Knox was a brave man who suffered dreadfully for his faith, who with- stood a tyrannical queen, and who laid the foundations for Scotland's education, faith, and democratic life. But December has a medley of brilliant people born that month. Thomas Carlyle, the historian and essayist, who had such pro- found influence on British thinking in the eighteenth century, was bora on December fourth. Carlyle is not easy reading for us today and many of his autocratic ideas are not pleasant, but he had a profound reli- gious faith inherited from a good Chris- tian home. He was steeped in the language of the Bible and some of the things he said are well worth pondering, such as "He who has no vision of eternity will never get a true hold of time." Christina Rossetti was bora in early De- cember and was also deeply religious. Her poems, "Marvel of and are among the most moving in religious literature. It is a pity that her exquisite hymn, "None other Lamb, none other is not sung more often, or her children's hymn, "The shepherds had an angel." Charles Wesley, the great hymn writer and Methodist reformer, was born on De- cember 11, 1707. He and his brother John are credited with saving England from a French Revolution and they brought in scores of reforms. Soon everyone will be singing, "0 little town of writ- ten by the American Phillips Brooks. Fran- ces Havergal, another hymn writer born in December (the fourteenth) in England wrote "Who is on the Lord's and "Take life and let it be." John Greenieaf Whittier, born December 15, was a fine poet and great fighter against slavery. Who doesn't love, "Dear Lord and Father of Of quite a different nature was William Lloyd Garrison, a New Englander who fought drunkenness and slavery. Gustavus Adelphus was a fighter too, a general of Sweden in the Thirty Years' War, whose motto was "God with us." He changed the course of history, but was killed at Lulzen. The wonderful musician, Ludwig Beet- hoven, was born in December and his music is used also in many hymns such as "Joy- ful, joyful, we adore lo the tuna "Hymn to Joy." Horalius Bonar, one of Iho very greatest hymn writers, was December 19 in Edinburgh. Evangeline Booth, whose life was a blessing to countless thousands, was born Christmas morning. Louis Pasteur, once voted by his country- men the greatest Frenchman who ever lived! was born on December 27. A great scien- tist, he was a man of deep faith. But surely few people born at any time were greater than Woodrow Wilson, once President of the United Stales, architect of the League of Nations, and a marvellous statesmen, who was above all a man faith. Such men are examples to us and at this time when we remember the Princn of Peace, are an inspiration to follow the- Master. PRAYER: 0 God, we thank Thee for a I' the noble men and women of faith who followed the exampln nf .Jesus. Amen. F. S. AI. the slave a-bendiiig Hy Dong Walker TT never ceases to amaze me how solici- tous people are of Elspcth that poor woman who lakes such ,1 beating in theso fillers. Niels Kloppcnborg, for instance rare- ly lets a Sunday go by without inquiring abDiit Elspcth's state of mind and heart. I think it only right that readers should know that Elspcth is treated quite well Our neighbors to the south have an unim- peded view into our kitchen (no which recently led Karaly Gullctt to tell Elspeth how lucky she was to have a hus- band who always does the dishes! Now I have to modestly admit that I only wash the dishes four nights of the week. After it was discovered that Paul was escaping his share of doing dishes, Keith drafted a work schedule. He knew enough not to assign me duties on hockey nights but seems to have had no qualms about giving me most of Ihe rest... doubt- less witli his mother's connivance. Perhaps some cf Niels' solicitude will come ir.y way after this revelation. Holland looks at the cost of NATO rpl-IE HAGUE Tile Dutch, 1 from the simplest taxpay- cr to the highest Minister, are preparing to piny a greater role in NATO. The North Atlantic Assembly, a group of M.P.s from NATO countries held its annual meeting in The Hague this year. The Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Joseph Luns, is strongly tipped as suc- cessor to the present NATO Sec- retary General, the Italian, Manlio Brosio. The Dutch Cabinet has had a private visit from Signer Bro- sio, Commander in Chief General Goodpaster, and the three top NATO admirals. They arrived last week to give a pri- vate briefing on the relative strength of NATO and the War- saw Pact countries. This is seen as part of an election campaign to be launched by the Govern- ment next year. It will include a proposal that the Dutch de- fence budget be raised by up to 25 per cent. The necessity of contributing to the defence of the West as a whole is accepted by a large proportion of Dutch taxpayers with the same grudge as the ex- traction of a rotten tooth. The only barrier between Holland and the Warsaw Pact is West Germany, a country which crushed Dutch defence w i t h in days in 1940. Dutch people from the wartime generation see any dependence on the Germans for their defence as an unholy alli- ance. Their faith in the absol u t e strength of the United States in a conflict situation in Eur- ope is equally weak. Despite Dutch resilience through the centuries they still see them- selves as a small country with- out important mineral reserves which would quickly be sacri- ficed by greater Powers for the sake of compromise. During the NATO Parliament meeting in The Hague on November 9 and 10, it was, characteristically, Denmark and Holland whose left wingers put up the most resistance to a resolution advising member countries to devote five per cent of their na- tional income to defence. The Danes even threatened to boy- cott the Assembly in future if the resolution were put into op- eration. Since the NATO Assem- bly is no more than an advis- ory body there is little danger of Denmark having to carry out this threat, but the altitude of the smaller countries is p 1 a i n enough. Equally plain is the hard line which the United Stales Gov- ernment is beginning to lake to- wards European defence con- tributions. A constantly recur- ring theme at the North Atlan- tic Alliance was the necessity of a higher defence budget in most of the European countries adding up to "5 per cent Tor peace." That 5 per cent of the gross national income is the dream of most defence minis- ters and a nightmare for any parliament facing elections. European Ministers argue that Ihe Uniled Stales only con- tributes 2 per cent of its na- tional income to NATO defence while the whole of the European defence budget is a contribu- tion to NATO. Despite the dra- matic arguments put forward by top NATO generals for keep- ing the American forces stationed in Europe at any price it is unlikely that the West Ger- mans, for instance, will be will- ing to pay more to keep troops which many still see as an oc- cupying force. The long, of the conventional weapons gap be- tween NATO and the Warsaw Pact forces was repeated once again in the historic Hall of Knights in The Hague. It all adds up to the simple fact that NATO would prefer to try lo fight out a with conven- tional weapons and then, if that failed, with "small" atomic weapons, reserving Ihe full, deadly strike for the last resort. But if the conventional forces were so weak that they would be defeated automatically, then NATO would have no alterna- tive but to resort to the notor- ious "overkill." Holland is facing elections early next year. The outgoing Cabinet has to leave behind a policy for the country's defence for the rest of the decade. This was one of the reasons why tcp NATO authorities came to Hol- land to give the Dutch Cabinet a private briefing. It is expect- ed that the outgoing Cabinet, a "Well, at hast, ht a starting we agree en all being 'male "Your mother and I Itnov Just haw it is, its hops you will be able to find yourself Letters to the editor Wrong impression given in some reporting I often wonder why you don't have some of your reporters do some research before you publish articles in your paper that are not tine and mislead- ing to people who are not aware of the facts. Sometime back you had lo Old-man River on trial Oldman River is on trial. The charge: neglect of duty and of permitting pollution. The witnesses are sworn to tell the trulh and nothing but the truth. Now let the court proceed. The Oldman River Planning Commission charges that the river only provides a flow of ]20 cubic feet per second and the city consumes all of this, using 30 cu. ft. sec. for ser- vices in the city and 100 cu. ft. sec. for the power houss. The fact of the mailer is lhat a search of all records shows that the highest recorded use of water by the city was 30 cu. ft. sec. on one day only up to now and that was on a hot sum- mer day. The 100 cu. ft. sec. used by the power house is used for cooling purposes only and is returned lo Ihe river in total. This alone should flush the city's out door cess pool, The Oldman River. Tlie 120 cu. ft. sec. minimum established in the river was done so because records over the years showed this to be the normal flow. The charge lhat 70 per cent of Ihe people now live in urban areas and should have prior use cf the water is also mis- leading. Without irrigation, Lethbridge would not amount to much and could not afford a planning commission to kill the goose that hatched it. There are international agree- ments governing the use of water, Ihe Boundaries Commis- sion of that are not mentioned in this trial and so on. So I suggest, Mr. Editor, lhat you have one of your many re- porters fully investigate this matter and prepare a case for the defence that is the whole truth and nothing bul Ihe trulh. "VAN WINKLE" Coalhurst. It's a man's world By Don Oakley. NBA Service rrRY tills puzzler on y u u r- self: A father and son were in an auto wreck. The father was killed and Ihe son was rushed to a hospital for emergency surgery. The attending surgeon looked at the boy and said, "I can't operate; that's my son." How couU! this he? No, there aren't any hidden factors, such as adoption. The boy was the natural son of both the dead man and surgeon. This story was told at the re- cent American Political Science Association conven t i o n in Los Angeles where it stumped most people, reports Science Service ami woiiicn, liberals and conservatives alike. The explanation, of course, is that the surgeon was the boy's mother. The story was concocted lo illustrate just how pervasive "male chauvinism" or antife- male prejudice is in our society, infecting even women Ihemsdvcs. It may be wondered, how- ever, whether the failure of most people to guess the answer is due lo male chauvin- ism or lo the fact that there just aren't many women sur- geons around. Yet female niililants would argue that the fact that there aren't many women surg e o ns around is st i 11 due to male chauvinism, which teaches chil- dren thai little boys grow up to be surgeons and little girls be- come nurses. So the next time Ben Casey asks for the scalpel, girls, let him have it. So They Say The gross national product, which is rapidly assuming the religious significance of a gra- ven image, can be worked out by any competent accountant. But exactly how du you arrive at a comparable figure for Ihe quality of life? The Diike of Ed- inburgh. be corrected about the picture of the early automobile ap- pearing in your paper which was an IHC gas-powered farm wagon. In another issue report- ing about the Exhibition's an- nual meeting, you came up wilh the story that it was the first time horse racing was run in conjunction with the Fair, although there are mem- bers on the Fair Board who know this is not so. Have you ever heard of Vic- toria Park? If not, it is located a few blocks south and east of St. Michael's Hospital and lhat is where Ihe Exhibition or bet- ter known as the Fair Grounds in those days was located, and we had thorough bred horse racing there along with the Fail-. In 1912 the present Exhi- bition Grounds were opened and again it was horse racing. When pari mutual betting came on the scene it was also under Ihe south end of the grandstand which was all open and facing the paddock. There were several good stables of race horses around here in those days. Two I recall were the Meeks Brothers of Ray- mond and the late Herb Ott of Lethbridge. In another article you wrote about the Capitol Theatre, that it was first called the Colonial. This again is not true as it was called the Morris Theatre by my uncle, the late Allen Mor- ris and the building was built by a Calgary firm, The Soulh- ern Alberta Loan and Invest- ment Company, who had some years before built what was later lo become known as the Latterly Block. It housed Hie Eureka Thealre winch my uncle .moved from inlo the Morris and is now occupied by Doug's Record Bar. Recently in another article in your paper, having to dp with ihe open house and re- union of Cenlral School pupils, il was menlioncd about Court- land School being situated on the Central School grounds and being moved to MIC Country Club Golf Course as a club house. The latter part of this is true, but the school never did sit on any part of Ihe Central School grounds as it was built lo ac- commodate Hie overflow of the old Central on the west corner nf said grounds. The Courlland school of two rooms was built on Ihe North-east corner of Courtland and Smith Streets now Sixth Avenue and Fourth Street which was used until the present Central was built. Af- ter being closed a good many years with the windows and doors boarded up it was pur- chased by the Country Club and moved lo its present loca- tion. I suppose like number 2 fire hall, Central and Fleet- wood schools, which have many years of use left in them yet, it will come under the axe to get rid of any and every- thing which can be made use of and retain some of the His- torical value of the past. Since I have mentioned the Fire Hall above does it not seem strange to your readers that the city council could not find of our money, which they so freely throw away, to move this building and make some use of it. How about Ihe for a picture window for a Chamber of Com- merce convention in Calgary and another this year to give themselves and friends holiday to the twin city in Que- bec. P. MORRIS. Lethbridge. coalition of three religious par- ties and a right wing liberal party, will put Ihe cxlra defence expenditure high on the pro- gramme. At the moment Hol- land spends 3.0 per cent of its national income on defence. In the coming year the proportion will drop to 3.G per cent. The target which the present Cabinel has in mind after the cleclion is at least 4.5 per cent. The Dutch public, like much of the rest of Europe, has be- come fatalistic about defence. The tlu-cat of the use of atomic w capons within Europe, the helplessness of the small coun- tries who know they will play no real role in the decision, has reached such a point in Hol- land that there is not even a realistic civil defence. The ex- isting organizalion has no real plans or equipment to deal with an atomic catastrophe. Last week, when a large industrial area had been plunged into darkness after a storm had wrecked the electricity network, none of the various levels of civil defence could be contacted. After the experience of the last war Holland feels that it cannot be defended, and the Dutch have little faith in the European side of NATO. What- ever extra payment the Dutch taxpayer sacrifices for NATO, he knows it is a drop in the ocean and thai it has lit.lle use so long as larger countries re- fuse lo pay their fair share. There is also strong political opposition lo NATO in Ihe Neth- erlands. The presence of Portu- gal and Greece, one wilh a dic- tator at the head and the other with its colonels' regime, is vio- lently opposed by the strong Left Wing in the Dutch Parlia- menl. Max van der Stoel, Dutch Socialist M.P., vice chairman of the North Atlantic Assem- bly's political committee and former rapporteur for the Coun- cil of Europe in Greece, man- aged to get the North Atlanlic Assembly to pass a resolution asking Greece to return as soon as possible to a democratic sys- lem of government. Greece has boycotted the Assembly since 1967. Van der Stoel came armed witli a letter signed by 20 for- mer Greek Members of Parlia- menl, many still living in Greece, asking for strong moves by the NATO Assembly. Van der S'toel's coup de grace was a direct atlack on Foreign Minister Joseph Luns. During his speech of welcome to the Assembly Dr. Luns said that all NATO counties were governed by the elected represenlalives of Ihe people. Before the echo of his words had died away Max van der Stoel had tabled ques- tions in the Dutch Parliament asking Dr. Luns to explain this remarkable statement, in parti- cular with reference to Greece and Portugal. The answer is eagerly awaited. Yet Dr. Luns will probably have the last laugh. Holland's Minister of Foreign Affairs for 16 years, he is generally ex- pected to be promoted to Sec- retary General of NATO. The 6 ft. 2 in. Dutchman with grav- elly voice and unquenchable sense of humour, often known as the only European statesman who could look the late General de Gaulle in the eye, is seen more often in the corridors of power abroad than in his home country. To critics who com- plain lhat he is more away than at home, especially during im- portant parliamentary debates, he has said that a small coun- try such as Holland simply has a very large "abroad." If he is appointed to Ihe post of NATO Secretary General, then NATO will have the services of a high- ly individual but smoothly-pol- ished diplomat of the first cali- bre. And Holland will once again have exported its best product (Written for The Herald and The Observer London) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 3920 The total number of automobiles licensed in the province this year was as compared wilh last year. 1930 The Cardstnn-Mag- ralh-Lethbridge highway is lo be gravelled immediately. The open winter has made opera- tions possible and equipment is already at work. 1MO Italy's warfleet has long been credited with super- ior speed, but for the second time in 16 days the British navy and fleet air arm have been able lo inflicl severe dam- age on lire Italian naval vessels. 1950 The new Macleod post office was officially open- ed by Sen. W. A. Buchanan. The new building also provides quarters for the RCMP. lam Crown Princess Beat- rix of The Netherlands is in Ottawa to attend the wedding of lienee Roell, whose mother was a bridesmaid when Queen Juliana married Prince Bern- hardl. The lethkidge Herald 501 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD, Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Publishers" Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO w. MOWERS, Edilor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Edilor Associalo Editor .F- MILES DOUGLAS X. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Edilor "IHE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;