Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 4, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
36 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, December 4, Corruption is just as bad as ever in Philippines By HENRY S. BRADSHER Washington Star-News MANILA A cabinet secretary volunteered in an interview the other day the observation that corruption is just as bad as ever in the Philippines. "We've fired of- ficials" in the 26 months since President Ferdinand E Mar- cos proclaimed martial law, the secretary said "But cor- ruption springs up again" he opened his hand ex- pressively like a flower blooming Another cabinet secretary produced statistics showing a one fifth decline in real wages of skilled and unskilled labor over a year's time. Some things have changed since Marcos introduced his "new society" to the Philip- pines more than two years ago after seizing the power to govern by decree indefinitely Superficially, this country of islands and 22 million people is more calm, orderly and prosperous Foreign in- vestors have responded to the authoritarian regime with new projects, increasing Manila's importance as a ma- jor Asian business center. But the basic problems that have long plagued this lush archipelago still remain. Perhaps the most basic stems from an economic system that is widening the gap between the rich, who continue to get richer despite "new society" talk of social justice, and the poor who get both poorer and more numerous. Related to this is a still feudal power structure, untouched by theatrical but meaningless use of village meetings to endorse Marcos plans. In any consideration of the Philippines' prospects, the primary underlying factor is its 3.1 per cent population growth rate, one of the world's highest. The popula- tion has more than doubled in the 28 years since the United States granted independence. More than half a million .new jobs are needed every year. But the economy is not expanding fast enough Unemployment is estimated at 7 per cent and the vague category of underemployment is about 20 per cent, but the problem is bigger than that. The worldwide boom in commodity prices last year helped- the Philippines' ex- ports, giving the "new society" a boost. The gross national product was up 8.8 per cent in real terms. But most export prices, are now down sugar is the notable exception while world infla- tion has pushed import prices up rapidly, catching the Philippines in a scissors situa- tion that is hurting many un- derdeveloped countries. Domestic inflation, partly imported and partly the result of governmental policies, was running at 42 per cent in the first half of this year One cabinet secretary, Cesar Virata, now estimates it at 25 per cent, although some other economic observers suspect it is higher Under talented technocrats such as Virata, Marcos has put heavy emphasis on "social development" spending. But Virata says inflation is eating up 30 to 40 per cent of allocations for development projects. A land reform program, although it is limited to rice and corn lands while some of the worst social problems are in sugar cane areas, contains the essential elements for success: credit systems, ex- tension work, farmer co operatives and others. But poor administration and insuf- ficient efforts to convince farmers of the need for an over all approach to progress have limited the results. TOMATO JUICE TOWN HOUSE CANADA FANCY 19 oz. tin SPECIAL MINCEMEAT MAKE PIES TARTS EARLY! 44 fl. oz. jar SPECIAL VALUES EFFECTIVE IN LETHBRIDGE DEC. 4 to 7, 1974 CRANBERRY TOWN HOUSE WHOLE SAUCE or JELLY 14 fl. oz. tin SPECIAL GROUND COFFEE EDWARDS FINE, REGULAR OR ELEC. PERC. GRIND VAC PAK SPECIAL PINEAPPLE TOWN HOUSE CHUNKS OR SLICES UNSWEETENED IN OWN JUICE 14 fl. oz. tin SPECIAL CHOCOLATES MOIRS PREMIER Ib. box SPECIAL CHOCOLATES CADBURY'S MILK TRAY Ib. net wt. box SPECUL 1 Ib, net wt box SPECIAL decked our stores FRESH PRODUCE TOMATOES California Grown Canada No. 1 SPECIAL Serving Suggestion BANANAS Best Quality Golden Yellow SPECIAL LETTUCE 2 o R California Grown Heads Canada No. 1 SPECIAL GET A LOAD OF THESE VALUES AT SAFEWAY Taste Tells Wholt dnidi Choica 10fl.oz.tin MUSHROOMS KIDNEY BEANS PEANUT BUTTER SOCKEYE SALMON oz. net wl. jir ISoz. Mtwt. pkg. STRAWBERRIES CHEDDAR CHEESE MARGARINE Dilawood White or Colored 2i79< 3i89< 109 59< I19 55' FACIAL TISSUE 200-2 ply Copyright i960, Canada Safeway Limited COTTAGE CHEESE UwnwDryCiri CmMd 2 Ib. SPECIAL EACH 95'