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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 4, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBRIOOE HERALD 1973 Advocates of slower growth are wrong By Bruce syndicated commentator When economists gave us the phrase public early in the that picture of our society struck a convincing note to but did not real- ly alarm most of the public. Many might have been aware that public transportation was not operating that government at all levels in Canada was failing to live'up to its but none of that greatly disturbed the na- tion as a whole. How much have we learned since Many who have thought about it question if in private affluence is sufficient to general welfare. What is the good of money in our major cities if there is a problem of rising pollution which makes the air one breathes How can one even escape to a weekend cottage if the highways are clogged with bumper to bumper traffic and the trains operate on a drastically cur- tailed Such thoughts naturally introduce doubts about the premise of the consumer that happiness lies in individuals' using and possess- ing more goods every year. But the question of what to do about of how to is an exceptionally difficult one for economists to solve. One emerging school of thought challenges the desirability of economic growth itself in a developed society. Odd as the notion may there is more to it than the faded old romance about farmers in rural Canada being happier than tense city workers lost in a vast city. The argument is that more wealth in a country such as Canada crammed with endless varieties of consumer goods can put an unbearable strain on our economy and on the general population. in various areas it is suggested extra growth creates more problems than opportunities. There are many troubles with that view. it would be formidable to politically. Who is going to campaign on the is We may come to that some unfor- as upside down thinking seems to have made significant inroads on the public mind. Right that kind of rallying cry is not likely to get past the stage of discussion. This idea also makes no sense from an economic point of view. If private economic growth who will get the available supply of Will air con- ditioners or television sets be and if what will be the basis for those who claim that they want to leave the of economic growth to forget that without a rising standard of living there will not less public but more wretched living conditions. If Montreal falls even further behind Toronto or Vancouver in economic admittedly it will have less traffic on its roads. as a it will have less money available for its for its medical doctors or for cleaning up its rivers or atmosphere. Another view is that developed societies should devote the economic increase obtained each year by largely to public needs. That is. we should use an increas- ing share of the national production for public expen- but we can do that with relatively little pain to the voter by taking the extra amount for these purposes out of growth of the economy. In this way. there would not have to be any drastic cutback in production of consumer but that a certain por- tion of the economic growth would be devoted to public health and for a multitude of other public purposes. on further reflec- it is obvious that a policy such as this would eventually entail faster economic so that more money could be spent on social needs. this is no easy for- mula. The even with public squalor staring them in the are in a rnood of ac- tive resentment against public spending. There is one other factor to be considered here. Private industry in recent years has been making contributions to philanthropy and education. in defiance of widespread impressions to the now collects much of its funds for expansion from the consumer and uses the funds thus collected for contributions to social goals that the directors of the com- pany think important. The tax system of the private com- pany is not used solely for its own economic goals it also influences the social develop- ment of the country. Over 50 per cent of the funds raised by appeals in Toronto often come from business firms. The cor- Book reviews poration is no longer solely a profit-making institution. It has become a body reflecting the social ideas and ideals of the community within which it is situated. our business leaders are going to have to convincingly demonstrate that they can best meet com- munity needs by increasing not by slowing growth. More growth should not mean less benefits and those who advocate slower growth as the answer to our needs must be shown to be on the wrong side of the argument. Intelligible account of war World at by Mark Arnold-Forster Collins Sons Co. in association with Thames 340 This a well-written outline of the Second World War. It begins with the origins of the conflict in the settlement of the First World the per- sonalities of European dic- tators and the diplomacy of the and ends with a chapter on the changes the war wrought in world politics. In the book forthrightly covers the major events of the most destructive conflict in making good use of wartime govern- ment papers declassified in and authoritative military histories. The main theatres of including resistance are represented by chapters which are valuable outlines of what went on in each. The book does the same for the en- tire war. Its publication was a service to those who would like to go more deeply into the history of the since much military history loses the un- initiated reader in masses of detail. World at does not. In addition to the index and source the last pages of the book include short biographical notes of principle military and political and a time chart comparing six major theatres. The reader can thus for ex- without searching through the text in two that the Battle of Kursk began on the Russian front six days before the Invasion of Sicily opened the Italian front. World at was written to accompany and amplify a television series and should not be taken for a detailed account of the Second World War. Condensing large numbers of cabinet papers and multi-volume official histories into an intelligible in just under 300 pages of was a tough test of writing but Mr. Arnold-Forster passed with high marks. MURDOCH MACLEOD Communicating through drawings ia a New by Michael'Beii and 224 Today the camera is essen- tial for communicating about the aspect and character of a new land. But before the Interest in es- pecially in regarding Canada was exceedingly high before the camera came into popular use. That interest was communicated at least supplemented by the amateur artist mainly through water-color and sketching. Michael a well-known young Canadian art teacher and curator currently director of the Agnes Etherington Art Centre in has put together a collection of some 200 drawings and paintings and related written covering the whole of Canada and the period up to about 1900. The famous Canadian ar- tists are not represented because this is not a book on Canadian art. While many of the items are quite they are essentially il- not art. They show Canada as it was then. Artistic skills were com- monly taught in those days. For military cadets had to be able to use water- colors with if only to il- lustrate battlefields. explorers and other personnel from Britain often profusely sketched their travels through either on assignment or as a hobby. Journalists were more effective if they could draw and paint. It is these that Bell has collected. He notes that constant ex- posure to the public steadily damages and eventually destroys a and yet the public should be privileged to see and enjoy it. In part to justify keeping the originals hidden from air and he has reproduced them here. While the book is of great interest to art students and art history it will also be prized by students of Canadian anthropology and literature. CLEO MOWERS You've heard a lot of people don't grow tell you now to vote on the rapeseed poll. Now read why these rapeseed growers are going to vote for the present open market think by going under the Wheat Board I'm losing my freedom. I like to stay an individual and make my own up JACK npcKtd frower il Brooksby. Si4k I've been growing rape since 1955 and in Ihe past I have been putting a third ol my acreage to rape and it has given me about hall to two thirds my income on Ihe larm As loi the open market system I don I leel that I would like to go under Ihe Wheat Board because after all I've done well in the past M think by going under Ihe Wheat Board I m losing my Iree dom I like to stay an individual and make my own decisions As a grower don t believe that any other organization or company should tell me tiow to vote they are our lions Iney can give us Ihe one way or Ihe other but 1 don t think they should lake sides or tell us how to vote think the idea of introducing legislation tor i poofitig system if the present marketing system is maintained is alnglrt. I think rt some people don't like the market Hut they hare the nftrt to go pool it they Mint and rl they don't mnt to m they can stay in the open market. So you get the best of both worlds. a farmer you come up with decisions every and this B one ol Ihe things you have to lace in your business. Whether you make the right decision or the wrong dtcraon. you are the one that has to pay for if.' is asking the farmer to make the decision-he's not asking anyone and I dciat think any company should tell the farmer what to up vOS. ripcMtd irower at Alberta. Ill vote for the present system because I think Ihe wheat Board has got all they can perhaps they have loo much and I ve always liked lo gamble a bit I'rn not a poker but I think we have to have a lew choices left to us'about marketing I Ihtnk the open market is best ted that raptMtd frown should speak for themeta. I don't think it any business ol any othw orgamotions. H k INK ol their business. I think the farmers should they should not be told. Nobody B gomg to teH me what to do. I ve been growing rapeseed over the years because we got into a situation over the years where we couldn I get rid of our grain -for one reason or another so we got into rapeseed and we never had any double getting rid ol our rapeseed The trouble with wheat and barley m Ihe years I969 70 71. couldn t gel rid ol il The price was away down I sold bailey here not loo long ago lor less than sixty cents a bushel ind then there were times when we didnl get a quota to jellver With rapeseed we have ahrays been able to get rid ot I it whit I would say a fan price. I was happy with Ihe of rapeseed when it was over and I'm certainty Mppy fins'.1 have a vision of a farmer with a in bib and standing in the middle of a and that's his tip TONY TOUZW. riptwed gromr at Saik. I will vote for Ihe open market system at the time of the rapeseed 1 take offense to those who siy-kave the marketing to pnpte with expertise and we will leave you to do the production end of rl. And I also take exception to the word 'stabilize' I always feel that they have a vision of a farmer with a pitch in a bib and standing in the middle of a barn and that's his place. Most of the farmers today are quite and if they art given a dunce and exposed to al the angles and poaiHme of marketing under the open marketing and the more they are being eiposed to forward contracfanff they wM be able to look after themselves quite adequately. think the through the years have reneged all responsibility when it came to marketing through the Wheat Board So they into the elevator system until it was plugged Also many producers who went into rapeseed pro duction whether they admit it or not the only reason they went in was because it gave them an alternative I think we should preserve that alternative of marketing a commodity through a different channel other Irian the Wheat Board think part of farming is definitely marketing and not production. Marketing is part ol your management I ve always maintained it is a challenge and I personally like the certain feeling of a bit of feel that the open market system has done an adequate job of marketing and providing me with a cash crop lays JOE riptieed grower at Man. going to vote for the open market system because I feel that the open market system has done an adequate of marketing and it rs providing me with a cash crop market I don't like about feard marketing is that in the past they've deUytd marketing in to our disadvantage. We held on to wheat stocks for three to four whereas they have been sotd perhaps at lower poces but they Cot lower price anyway for our product. m interested m the federal government proposal where it will allow voluntary pooling if the present system is retained It mil allow the farmers Ihe choice of pooling the price or of taking the open market price of the day if they wish to do so I also like Ihe idea of government supervision on Ihe trading floor of the Commodity Exchange which will perhaps encourage farmers to use it and give farmers more confidence in the Commodity we haven't got a choice it is not a democratic country any more -it is sirs RALPH rapeseed at Vikmj. 'I'll vole against leaving the present system I think Ihe im- portant thing we must remember we are not talking about our complete crop our complete product we are lalkmg about one phase of the business which is rapeseed Now any business must have a built in control lor a safely valve. Any business must have compelilion we take away that and leave it to the Wheat Board lo do all ol this they have nobody else lo worry about but themselves and I think we would have the same thing happen in a few years as happened back two or three years ago in Ihe wheat market they would become lackadaisical arid forget about the years ahead. other thing that I think all farmers must look at B we've got lo have two ways to go in any busness. If we haven't got a choice it is not a democratic country any more it a dictatorship. This is a go ahead country This is nol a 1930 country this is a 1970 country 1980 is coming And Ihmgs do change I m sure no farmer can agrue against lhat So' look at it on today s basis not 20 or 30 years ago Let s look ahead ''If you want to play around and try and get a better price or a better return grow the non-Board crops. It's our the way it is just leave it up JACK ripewed at Swan Man. I m going to vole for the Open Markel mThe rapeseed poll because I think it has worked quite well It gives Ihe producer a chance lo sell when he is ready al what price he can gel a price that he feels is fair lo him II he wants a highei price he hangs on hoping il will go highei Whenever he leels that he is getting an adequate return he sells He doesn t have lo lake a price thai is laid down by an arbitrary committee m growing rapeseed because it is a good cash crop It is a good rotation crop I can't see how any government organic lion can earn more money either loi themselves or loi Ihe producers than a private organisation can. or a group ol or ganglions where the man actually doing the buying and selling has his money involved II you are out In make a profit for yourself Ihe only way you can in the long run is to make a profit for somebody else II you iiist Iry and make it Inr your nobody will sell to you Regarding a pooling systrm as lar as I m concerned il some people want a pool system or they want a guaranteed price for his they can grow wheat barley or Ools Thp crops are presently on the Board At present there is a good return for them If you want lo play around and try and gel a belter price or a better return grow Ihe nonBoaid crops Its our choice the way it is leave it alone PR6SEN rED AS A SERVICE TO flAPESEED GROWERS BY THE RAPESEED ASSOCIATION OF CANADA BOOKS IN BRIEF Complete Guide to by editors of Red- book and distributed by George J. 215 This book is a compilation of the thousands of questions which come to the editors of Redbook magazine from readers seeking advice about hair care and skin anything pertaining to appearance and health. Con- cise and helpful well- researched answers are given to each one. Included also is Redbook's Wise Woman's Diet and a comprehensive list of foods with their calorie count to help the cook provide nourishing and slimming meals for her family. ELSPETH WALKER by Gil Whiteside 149 A .sensitive story about a 14- year-old boy who moves to Brooklyn with his mother and grandfather. Big city living is a challenge to the troubles he encounters become a burden he has to bear. Grandfather falls money must be and Chris meets a girl who offers him her loving support. The harsh realities of trying to exist in modern society do not make for light reading. Gil Rabin writes with under- standing about the problems of being a teenager and shows that tragedy and hardships can sometimes bring people closer together. TERRY MORRIS Miraculous by Elizabeth Cleaver Rlnehart and 64 The material in this book was first prepared by Elizabeth Cleaver for a National Film Board of Canada filmstrip based on the Hungarian legend of the Miraculous Hind. The story has come down through many years of the history of the Hungarian people and was based originally on facts of the migrations of the people some 1500 years ago. Somewhat dramatized and the tale was first put down in written form in the latter part of the 13th century. Elizabeth Cleaver is recognized as one of Canada's best illustrators of children's books and has won many awards for her work. In The Miraculous Hind she com- bines her gift of artistic originality with hzr ability as a story-teller and the book is indeed-a work of art. There are included several pages of the historical background of the legend and of the Hungarian prepared by Veronika an assistant curator at the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto. The book is available in both English and French. ELSPETH WAI Freezing in the dark By Philips H. in Science A combination of environmental concerns and energy shortages is fostering widespread beggar your neighbor attitudes. Everyone wants unlimited but all' are prepared to fight tooth and nail to protect the environment and to prevent the location oi energy facilities in their vicinity. It so happens that we are going to have neither cheap energy nor a perfect environment. if we do not learn how to think nationally rather than parochially and to balance energy needs against environmental we are headed for trouble. Likely candidates for experiencing miseries are the people of the northern and eastern states. They have enjoyed cheap hydrocarbons from and Oklahoma. These supplies seemed to be but two developments have cast doubt on the security of particularly of natural gas. One is depletion of reserves. The other is a threat of indefinite dimensions. The southern states have awakened to the fact that they face future shortages and are looking for means of reserving their hydrocarbons for themselves. Bumper stickers can be seen in and Oklahoma with the the Bastards Freeze in the Some Southerners were shocked recently by news from San Antonio. An electric power plant there will be fueled not by Texas oil or but by probably from Colorado. the principal supplier of natural to the eastern cannot expand in- dustry as it would like because its gas is already committed. some of its citizens will lose their jobs this winter because interruptible supplies previously available to Louisiana industry will be going north. Of the large curtailments of natural gas this nearly half will be in the Gulf Coast region. Small wonder that the gover- nors of and Oklahoma have joined in threatening to use police power if necessary to preserve their states' fuel supplies. Governor Edwin Edwards of Louisiana recently pointed out that people in other states are content to have oil gas wells drilled off the Gulf Coast and to have refineries runn- ing in his state and pipelines crisscrossing its terrain. these states don't want any of that activity in their own The governor went on to not going to be forced to continue operating our refineries and drilling new wells to deplete our resources in Louisiana to benefit the rest of the The governor has a point. When Louisiana's resources are who will furnish his people and at what The governor was also on target in criticizing the attitude of the Atlantic Coast states toward exploration of their offshore resources. To the east on the continental shelf are thick sedimentary layers with substantial potential for oil and gas. Not a single exploratory hole has been and when the possibility of such exploration was mentioned about a year there was strong opposition. Even if exploratory wells could be drilled within the next it would be 1980 before natural gas would be flowing into homes. But events on the energy front have been moving with a time scale of weeks rather than years. It is not clear that the southern governors can curtail northern supplies of gas but they will be under increasing pressure to do so. Given resolute action and national we can make it through the com- ing crisis without suffering. But a continua- tion of present energy consumption coupled with the trend toward parochial self can only lead to divisive tensions and some freezing in the dark. Abandoned puppies find a home By Norma local writer COALDALE I've had such a hlappy just people. It surely takes all kinds to make up the human doesn't Shake them roll them and like the good ones rise to the top. The longer I reflect on the greater is my con- viction that this old world isn't such a bad place after all. I suppose I've always known but my faith in the basic goodness of the majority oi people was further fortified by a telephone call I received from Mrs. the morning after the That dog by the was published. I am so to be able to inform all the concerned callers that there is a happy ending lo this little story. Shortly after I drove off good inten- tions of returning to rescue the Mrs. Vargo arrived at the scene. Ignoring the thought of what our wild western breeze would do to her new she sallied in pursuit of the puppies. The timid one was caught quite but the second one wanted to After some and con- siderable frolicing about in the dusty she was ready to continue on her way to visit her daughter and who reside in the Sunnyside district. The welcome she received her was especially warm. Grandma has brought us a When they saw the second they cried out '-'She has a whole carload of pup- The adults were appalled by the fact that the two adorable little creatures had been cast out to fend for but all that they could only stay at the farm because the family already had one dog. A telephone call to a local radio station was made the following day. In short a per- manent home was offered by a family living in who had just recently lost their own dog. The female pups now have their own complete with a dog-run but more impor- they will be loved by a nine-year-old master. Some cynics could ask. the pups were picked up. why all the It is the cruelty of the act that is so revolting. Abandoned dogs are so hopelessly vulnerable at any age. Given a fair amount of patient training and a dog will repay its owner in loyalty and com- panionship. How else did they earn the im- pressive distinction of being called best Any acts of cruelty to animals should be reported to the proper authorities. I have been informed that Lethbridge has its own humane society. This is a hard working operating on a shoestring budget. It extends a welcome to new members interested in the welfare of neglected animals Membership fees are per all members are not expected to be fully ac- tive This group can be contacted by calling the following executive Mrs. G. Miss Yvonne or Mrs. 328-9549. 1 can only reiterate there is no valid reason for dumping unwanted animals by any roadside. REPORT TO READERS Noel Buchanan Religion reporting Next to an editor's there is one more fear plaguing some reporters the wrath of Religion pages in North American new- spapers have received fresh stimulus in more recent years. Perhaps their growth has reflected new spiritual quests in society. The Jesus black magic. Eastern hallucinogenic drugs and environmental concerns have all helped shift more eyes toward religious questions. January The Herald made new efforts to report on the religious life of the nation and world. A two-page religion section now appears each usually in the first section of the paper. Religion reporting should be something dis- tinct from the denominational or evangelistic literature ministry of most faiths. In an increasingly mobile religion pages should strive for some coverage of all faiths etc. rather than concentrate sole- ly on Christian groups. A religion reporter needs some deep per- sonal convictions of his own. If he is to intelligently report on various faiths and their programs he will need spiritual sensitivity. Any reporter who has endeavored lo pre- sent lair and accurate articles about different faiths knows how easy it is to tread on theological toes. The reporter also knows he will sometimes become the object of special attention from the more aggressive faiths. Quite a library of books and a long list of home Bible studies could be gathered if he accepted all the kind invitations of personal spiritual help the l.llthllll nffnr In htm Of strangers wonder where the writer stands himself on religious questions. Some try to guess at his church affiliation by the kind of articles he presents. A good religion reporter won't let himself be iden- tified by this means. A rather cosmopolitan church bacKground is brought to Lethbridge Herald religion pages. My childhood was spent in a Presbyterian and Methodist Sunday school while attending a private Anglican boys school. In teenage a conversion experience led lo a change of colors and I joined the Bap- tist Union of an Australian church conference. Several volumes of Puritan and Reformed theology passed eagerly through my offset by a quantity of reading in the Pentecostal strain. A term of service in the printing depart- ment al Prairie Bible Three provided a broad introduction to North American fundamentalist ideas. For the I'm making the Salvation Army my church teaching Sunday sharing in several yoiuh activities and doing a little preaching from time to time. I approach religion reporting from a seeking to try the saints and the faithful in fair and lively courage. Some clergy and laymen suggest only up- lifting and positive religious news should be reported. I for the theological world is lull of turbulence and before reconciliation can bo someone has to put a finger on the sins. ;