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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 4, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Are oil companies reaping a A valuable contribution The question of whether the world's huge oil corporations have been diverting tankers in mid-ocean has more than just an immediate importance. To be at the moment the primary concern is to know whose homes may be whose factories may be shut whose lights may dim. There is a long-range importance however which should be explored after the immediate crisis or wanes. The oil-consuming nations of the world have not been able to agree on a common plan to face such an emergency as now although they have attempted to formulate one. When the Arabs abruptly announced the use of oil as a weapon of Justice to all Everybody goes to Moscow these days and so did Yasser Arafat and company recently. It could have been to strengthen Yasser's somewhat shaky grip on the other guerrilla factions and bring unity to the cause of freedom fighters or it could have been something else too. The Soviet-Yugoslav communique which recently endorsed the Palestinian Liberation the Al-Fatah commando and some other groups with national rights did not do this solely because of their good looks. To have a lit- tle red foothold in the oil-rich Middle East must have been in Russian minds for some time and to this end the crea- tion of a new nation on reclaimed Israeli territory would be a perfectly good Remembering Ben-Gurion By Cleo Mowers In February. 1958. I had the privilege of attending a press conference in Jerusalem held by Prime Minister David who died last week The current troubles in the Middle East provoke vivid recollection of two of the points he made then. The historical Britain had been responsible for ad- ministering Palestine from 1920. Heavy Jewish immigration after the Second World War was resisted by the native Arab pop- and being unable to keep the peace. Britain served notice to the United Nations in 1947 that she was going to abandon Palestine. The trying to be fair to both drew a new map of a divided half half this to take effect on May 15. the day after British authority left. This the Arabs rejected. Jor- Iraq and Lebanon invaded the new state of Israel and tried for several months to ex- tinguish it. When ceasefires were finally worked out Israel controlled more territory than had been granted it by the In other Israel was winning the war forced on her. But there was no peace. Arab harassment and provocation continued unabated and steadily accelerated. Terms given Israel in the such as access to Jewish holy access to Mount access to the Israeli port of Aqaba on the tip of the Red and use of the Suez were refused. By in the face of imminent evidence that the Arabs meant what they were saying every about the impending destruction of the Jews. Israel made a preventive strike to the Suez Canal and then when another ceasefire was worked withdrew to her own borders But the aggravations and threats resumed in full fury. That was the picture when I visited Israel and attended the press conference. A European journalist asked Mr. Ben- Gunon whether Israel really had territorial ambitions in Egypt Illustrating the overwhelming influence of history in that cor- ner of the world wnich has caused so much he replied We Jews were down there once and we didn't like Rumors were current at that time that Nasser would settle for the original borders established by the United which would mean Israeli surrender of some of her territory. The prime minister was asked his reaction to this. Egypt will give us back the young men we lost defending what the United Nations had given we'll go back to A few days later I saw from a distance Sde the kibbutz south of Beersheba in the northern Negev which was his home. It could have been a lonely Hutterite colony in the semi-desert northwest of Medicine Hat. But to Ben-Gurion it was Eden. Israel's first prime minister and its chief architect is now buried there. RUSSELL BAKER Further clarification Here are pressing questions about the energy crisis and answers supplied by the ex- perts. Q. What is the energy A. The energy crisis is the finest all- purpose alibi in America today. If you can't deliver the it is because of the energy crisis. you want to raise it is necessitated by the energy crisis. If you want to cancel a visit with your wife's tell it's the energy If your children bump into you leaving a por- nographic movie just explain that it's the energy crisis. Q. Wasn't anybody smart enough to notice until right now that we were running out of A. Of Children of the 1930's and they are running the government today were aware of it. will happen when we have used up all the they used to say. a silly their parents used to reply. that can happen science will come up with something new to replace Q. Why hasn't science come up with something new to replace A. Because if it economic disaster would result. Oil companies would collapse. 5o would shipping and pipeline fexas would become a disaster area and American taxpayers would have to put every in Arabia on welfare. There would no onger be any reason to build the Alaska Q. If the people running the government mew the energy crisis was why lidn't they stop construction years ago on the nterslate highway system and use the money o build A. Because they knew the interstate lighway system would be needed to help save when the energy crisis occurred. Vithoul the interstate highways' capacity to nove traffic at 70 miles an it would be mpossible to cut gasoline consumption by educing the speed limit to 50 miles an hour. Q. In.sltau of going on daylight saving time o nit electricity usage a iittle at the end of the day. why not close down television after 9 o'clock so people will have to go to A. If television shut down at 9 it would be the end of the 11 p.m. TV news shows all over the country. These shows are vital to fighting the energy crisis because they are often sponsored by gasoline com- panies whose commercials advise the audience how to cut gasoline consumption. Q. I have just bought a large car which uses a gallon of gasoline every 8 miles. Since the people running the government knew the energy crisis was why didn't they tell the auto so the auto makers wouldn't have made this car and sold it to A. Because the people running the govern- ment were concerned about your safety. They did not want you to take your family onto turnpikes teeming with gigantic tractor- trailers unless you were all travelling in a vehicle much sturdier than the average tiny particularly since your family includes three large two aging cats and a grandfather who is almost as big as Muhammad Ali. Q. If I throw away my new big car and buy a new tiny compact car to help fight the energy where shall I put my three large two aging cats and oversized grandfather when I take advantage of my fan- tastically lower gas consumption to go on a family A. Strap them on a bicycle rack attached to the back of your car. tell them thoy can't go along this time on the family and give them the all-purpose grainps and but there's an energy crisis Q Why was the energy crisis begun at this just when I was finally beginning to get inlerested in Watergate'' A. The government reasoned that since fewer and fewer people believed anything the government said anymore it should hold the energy crisis right away while there were slill a few people left to believe in it. By Carl T. syndicated commentator war. each country looked to its own sur- apparently having no other political recourse. If multinational which are outside the political can make ob- jective decisions as to which destinations have the greatest need of when the countries involved cannot do and if they can distribute it equitably without encountering Arab they will have made a valuable contribution. If they attempt and fail because of Arab in- or if their distribution is made entirely under economic selling a scarce commodity to the highest they will have demonstrated the limitations of their role on the international scene. WASHINGTON The Nix- on administration has been strangely unresponsive to one critical question about the energy what does it plan to do to ensure that the huge oil companies do not profiteer while other in- dustries suffer and the people as a whole make grim President Nixon's energy experts act as though it never dawned on them that the success of the president's programs depends heavily on whether the average American feels that the sacrifices are shared by all. You pick up a copy of the AFL-CIO News and spot a headline Com- panies Lead 9-Month Profit The data in that ar- compiled by Nat Gold- who heads the union's department of is bound to raise the hackles of the average working man and woman. says the Commerce Department reports that in the first nine months of 1973 profits for ail corporations were 30 per cent higher than for the first nine months of 1972. These are after-tax and they come on top of a 21 per cent profits jump in 1971 and a 16 per cent profits increase in 1972. And which corporations were out in front in piling up new profits the first nine months of this The big oil companies. reason What does it matter if its leaders come from the modest ranks of hi- kidnappers and murderers. Afterwards all good Arabs could go to Jerusalem and pray. If the Russians have turned into such eager freedom defenders perhaps the time is ripe now to put in a claim for all the displaced persons who through no lault ol their own have lost their homeland. There must be a few million Lithuanians. Yugoslavs. Rumanians and others who should be given the option to put in a claim for compensation for loss of dignity and human rights in the reshuffling of national red invasion and political persecution. Justice must be given to all. Fireside chats would inform people By Richard Toronto Star commentator Fmlay the lean Nova Scotian who carries the title of Robert Stanlield's chief of staff but more ac- curately is his all-round political first heard the rumor around 5.50 p.m. on the Wednesday. Promptly he called Laurent presi- dent of the CBC. and Murray Chercover. president of the CTV and to his astonishment discovered that neither yet knew that Prime Minister Trudeau would be taking a half-hour of their prime time the next November to address the nation on energy. From the time of Mac- donald's the two national networks stumbled around trying to resolve a problem that plagues all news media but particularly how to do justice to all sides of a particular question and yet not give away free publicity. In their different both networks blundered. The fault was theirs for lack of but even more Trudeau's for the way he forc- ed decisions upon them. Both networks went through the motions of trying to find out whether the content of his Letters to the Editor speech justified such excep- tional but agreed almost immediately.- Much more probing questions were asked within the where Hugh the minister responsible for the CBC. and Science Minister Jeanne herself a former argued heatedly Trudeau should not pre-empt prime time since he had no important announce- ment to make. The CTV used as its criterion. Yet it ran Trudeau's address although its own once they screened the argued it was too dull to merit a half hour in a choice slot. By then it was too late for CTV to re- arrange its program schedule. The hot pursuit of also led Tom CTV's vice president for public into a shouting match with Finlay Mac- donald. trying to get Stanfield to follow immediate- ly after the prime told afraid to put your man on because he can't think fast enough on his That was the standard new- sman's technique for trying to Hold on to freedom I think it is about time the farmers began to realize that their rights are rapidly dis- appearing. I am referring to the plebiscite on rapeseed marketing coming up in the next two weeks. This could very easily be one of our chances as farmers to have a say in where and for how much we would like to have our rapeseed marketed. I know that there are many too many farmers who take these rights too lightly. I as many farmers that the Canadian Wheat Board has done a good job for us at in fact for a long time. It has also made some mistakes. The brochure I received Case lor the Canadian Wheat and Case for the Open presents quire a contrast. In CWB it is stated that the average price lor rapeseed was for the crop year 1972-1973. Now don't take this too seriously. What the CWB failed to enter was its which were not deducted from the I would venture to say the board to us would be closer to net than the 50 mentioned. I went to a meeting in LKhbridge on the rapeseed marketing plebiscite to my there were only about a dozen larmcrs there. We heard Mr. Gordon llarrold. president of Ihc Alberta Whpal Pnnl speaking in favor of the CWB taking over the marketing of this which was also very disappointing. I wouldn't have been quite so upset at the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool or the Manitoba Wheat but not surely not. We in Southern Alberta are mighty fortunate to have Western Canadian Seed Processors to handle our and they really do need the open market left as it is. so let's keep it that The point I want to make is that we as farmers 'are too rapidly losing our rights. Let's wake up and realize that there is something we can and let's not fail to do it. The federal government is telling us too much of the time what to do and when and how much. There is another thing I might remind readers and that is if the CWB takes over the marketing of it will mean the closing of the Winnipeg Commodity Ex- change. Then the CWB will handle all leaving us no alternative. We will just have to do as we are whether we like it or not. When you rapeseed growers gel your ballots to vole on this don't throw them he sure to mail them in. Even if you are complete your ballot and mail it. do cast your vole and do give it some serious thought. RUSSELL GREENO or a reluctant interviewee onto the air. Mac- donald was too experienced a political pro to take the bait. He also was pro enough to know that Stanfield in fact isn't fast on his feet and would be cast in the worst possible light by coming on live was and un- prepared. The result was that Stan- field never went on the CTV network at all. 'As a sub- CTV rounded up Conservative MP Alvin but the imbalance compared to the treatment given Trudeau remained blatant. For their CBC officials tried to apply a woolly doctrine that gives the prime minister the right to use the public network to make statements without but which re- quires equal time for the Op- position if he makes partisan remarks. Trudeau's speech contained no partisan remarks in the strict sense of attacks on his opponents. Yet at all times he speaks with the dual voice of prime minister and of Liberal leader. CBC middle rank officials at first ruled that the energy speech fell into the category. Picard reversed that decision. To try to fulfill their obliga- tion the CBC the next day gave up another half-hour for Stan- David Lewis and Real Caouette to have their say. By then the story was and in a desperate effort to give this program some the CBC brought on the reporters without interviewed Stanfield and Lewis. had plac- ed both networks in an almost impossible position. He deliberately held off until the last minute his request for air time. By an incredible dis- explained but inex- cused caused by mismanage- ment rather than his office did not provide the Op- position with an advance as is done in the Commons wilh most important govern- ment statements. is an extraor- dinarily difficult concept to apply. Lewis and to their pre-empted and so offended a huge Trudeau replaced Countrytime and could happi- ly calculate that most of the angered viewers came from places like Alberta. In the United broad- casters operate under the which though cumbersome does en- sure political balance. The British Broadcasting Corpora- tion has a policy which allows the prime minister the right to use the network up to six litnAC a voar Kiit reserves to the BBC the right to give equal time to the Op- position chats on and Trudeau's in fact was a good provide an excellent way for the public to learn what their government is doing. and however hard this may be on newsmen's all that matters on such occasions is what the prime minister says and what the Opposition thinks about what he says. Ins- tant and the CBC put up two immediately after end up being glib to keep the show scratching for something critical to say. Six fireside chats a year more would be a bore would be an excellent institution. For that to happen the networks will have to do what they should have done long develop clear policy and procedures. More Trudeau should never again use the power of his office to win special treatment for himself. BERRY'S WORLD Goldfinger points out that Nixon's profits were up 59.4 per Mobil profits went up by 38.4 per Texaco snowed a 34.8 per cent Standard Oil of up 92.6 per Standard Oil of a 39.7 per cent hike. These huge increases in profits are reported after a six-month period when the average Joe has seen fuel oil and coal prices soar at an an- nual rate of 22.7 per cent. He has seen cereal and bakery prices go up at an annual rate of 34.8 per dairy products at a rale of 27.1 per cent. The people want and deserve answers as to whether the oil companies will continue to enjoy their colossal tax loopholes perhaps even get some new ones on the grounds that they need to discover and produce new and wind up with staggering new profits while other industries cut back and millions of Americans go jobless. We know what Mr. Nixon's inclinations are. He already has called for the deregulation of natural gas prices to stimulate production and ex- ploration. He said he favored some protection for the con- have got wells in Louisiana and other places that are shut down and many that are not being ex- plored because the price is held at a price too low to make the explorer a profit. he isn't going to do The president's attitude is crucial here. Sen. Mark Hat- the Oregon explained that he voted against the National Emergency Energy Act because it conferred such sweeping new powers on the president at a time when Congress is trying to take back some authority. can- not think of a single sector of our economic life that will not be under the direct control of the president or his Hatfield complained. that leaves no doubt as to where responsibility lies. It is the White House that must tell us what happens to the ex- cess profits when gasoline goes to a gallon or the price of heating oil and natural gas goes through the ceiling. Do the explorers and the big oil haul in new piles of or does tha' monev tn the mis- eries of retired people on fixed families living on low families sudden- ly living on jobless pay because the energy crisis has wiped out their Does government use the huge new gasoline tax some are talking about to assist industries that are in extraordinary distress because of fuel allocation If there is to be any sense of national unity in the troubled months the country had better get some answers to those questions and soon. we 'toughed it out'enough for one The Uthbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lelhbndge. Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD.. Proprietors and Publishers Secona Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Editor dnO Publisher DON H. PILLING Managing Editor DONALD R DORAM General Manager ROYF MILES Advertising Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor ROBERT M. FENTON Circulation Manager KENNETH BARNETT Business Manager HERALD SFRVFS THP cm ITU- ;