Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 4, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
Saturday, December 4, 1971 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Dong Walker A collection of short book reviews "A Time Tn Dream" ed- ited by Lorraine Monk and designed by Carl (Mc- Clelland and Slewart, 141 pages, 11" by nPHIS attractive collection of 107 Canadian photographs was produced by the National Film Board of Canada for In- formation Canada. All the photographs are in color. The subjects are people, flowers, birds, beaches, mushrooms, wa- terfalls, boats, buildings, ani- mals, woods, ponds and all that makes Uiis land so fair. Although 45 photographers have their work included, eight people account for 100 of the photographs. A picture of Heidi by Ann Leslie begins and ends the collection and in between there are six more of the same girl. It would be interesting to know what criteria were em- ployed in making the choices and how many atists had the opportunity to have their work examined by the choosers for this took representative of Can- ada and Canadians. Anyone including non-represented photographers would find it pleasant to take a leisurely look through this book. "TV, Illustrated Leaves of Grass" by Wall Whitman with introduction by William Carlos Williams, edited by Howard Chapnick (GrOsscl and Dunlap, 192 pages, S11.95, distributed by George J. Mc- Lcod rpHE SPLENDID photographs selected to accompany ex- erpts from Walt Whitman's classic Leaves of Grass greatly enhance the poetry. As Wil- liam Carlos Williams says, Leaves of Grass "needed just that breadth and depth of vi- sion to get the significance of the smallest minutiae repre- sented in the poem for its un- derstanding, which only the modern in photographic equip- ment can give." It is, of course, not only ihc lechnical excel- lence of the photographs but Uie subject matter of them which is so admirable. A beau- tiful book. "The Friendly Beast: Latest Discoveries in Animal Behavior" by Vitus B. Dro- schcr (E. P. Diitton and Co., 248 pages, S10.75, distributed by C'larkt, Invin and Com- pany A German journalist has cull- ed through recent literature on animal behavior and organized it by topics relating to human concerns. There are some en- gaging s'ories such as those about the games ravens play. There are also some findings that reverse what people have long believed, e.g. lemmings do not commit suicide, they die in a desperate search for the means to support life brought about by over-population. Mr. Droscher writes with passion about the need to deal with human over-population which, coupled with the consequences of automation, is Uie most ur- gent problem today. The book was written before the Brit- ish Society for Social Respon- sibility in Science labelled the theory of the "criminal" chro- mosome (page 149) scientific rubbish. Twenty-four pages of photographs as well as a num- ber of drawings add to the pleasure of reading this book. "The Rich Man" by Georges Kimenon (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 183 pages, S0.95, distributed by Long- man Canada A SIMPLE story based on the common psychological experience of falling victim to the thing one is determined to avoid. The more a person thinks about even prays about a temptation the more likely it is that he will suc- cumb to it. The rich man might never have noticed the young servant girl in his house if he hadn't been taunted about her by the fellows in the bistro. Besides being able to tell a good story, Georges Kimenon has the ability lacking in most contemporary of being able to wrap it up in some thing considerably less Uian a Bible-length book. "Best Sports Stories 1971" edited by Irving T. Harsh and Edward IChrc (F. P. nut- ton and Co. Inc., .Ill; pages, S8.35. distributed by Clarke, Invin and Co. rPHE twenty-seventh annual 1 collection of top sports stories compares well with its predecessors. One of my favor- ite writers, Phil Eldcrkin of The Christian Science Monitor, appears in this volume with a .slory about Hod Laver, (he ten- nis player. The delightful de- scriptive prowess of Uldorkin can be seen in this sentence: "It was c-.lmost as Ilioiigh Hod- roy baled his opponcnls, like hay, and then left them in neat piles along the tennis circuit." The story the rigorous requirements for officiating in Iho pro football leagues is ,'in eye-opener. Humor gets il.s innings as well as some serious questioning of sports saturation really needs 18 hours of football in a week" on TV. Included in the took are 17 pages of records and 16 of photographs. "T hem Damn Canadians Hanged Louis Kiel I" by James McNamec (Alacmil- lan ,133 pages, SUPPOSEDLY the account by a 12-year old toy of a trip made with his uncle Joe Campbell into Canada at the time of the Kiel rebellion, this is an entertaining little book. The trip from Fort Benton was begun in the fall of 1C84 and ended Ihe following year in Re- gina. In between there was an encounter with wolfers, one of whom was a renegade Moun- tie; a stop in Fort Macleod and another in Edmonton; an un- welcome meeting with Indians at Fort Pitt; a train ride from Calgary to Regina with the Reverend John McDougall on board. A movie after the fash- ion of ButcJi Cassidy and the Sundance Kid could be made out of this slory. "Time for Discovery" com- piled liy Evelyn L. Wcnzel and May Hill Arbuthnol (Scott, Foresman and Co., 291 pages, S12.50, distributed by George J. McLeod, AS the title page notes, this is "a collection of repre- sentative selections from 57 in- formational books for children; to be used in classroom, home, or camp; especially planned for college classes in children's literature; with introductions, headnotes and a special biblio- graphy." The selections are grouped under four main top- ics: "Land, Water, Sky and "Living "Un- covering the and "To- day's W o r 1 d." AH history apparently points to following a few selections from world history, in Uie section on the past, all the selections on recent history deal with the United States. Obviously, then, the new naUonalists in Canada would not want to see this book adopted as a textbook. General- ly, however, it is an attractive and interesting collection of material. "Getting High In Govern- ment Circles" by Art Buch- wald (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 254 pages, distributed, by Longman Canada Limit- AMERICA'S lop satirist, Art Buclnvald, writes Uiree columns a week which are car- ried by more Uian 500 newspa- pers. The competition for space on The Herald's editorial page is such that only about one third of Buchwald's columns are seen by readers in south- ern Alberta. Only a few of the 121 columns reproduced in this book appeared in The Herald. Those who would like to read what they have missed can buy this book. The people who see nothing funny in Art Buch- wald's columns should be ex- posed periodically to the last selection in the book about how laughter died out in America. "A Hup on Race" by Mar- garet Mead and James Bald- win (J. B. Lippinrott Com- pany, pages, S7.93, distri- buted by McClelland and Stewart "MARGARET MEAD, a dis- tinguished white anthro- pologist, and James Baldwin, a nolcd black novelist talked to- gether in August 1970 for ap- proximately seven and one half Ixnirs on the subject of race. This took is the transcript made from the taped talk-fest. Although the idea was not to score points, I felt tli.il Mar- garet Mead came out of the dis- cussion ahead of James B.iid- win because he made several dramatic statements which ho was unable to adequately de- fend or even explain. Many in- lero-sting ideas wore advanced and some useful information imparted but novel as Ihc ap- proach lo liook production is it has serious fanll.s. The abun- dance of unfinished sentences and obscure Ihoufihls points up the value of refinement through composition and ed- iting. "The Hired Men of Laurcl- dale: A New England Saga" bv Hazel Andrews (Donglas- Wesl Publishers, Inc., 1775 N. Orange Dr., Los Angeles, 169 pages, i BOOK about the nearly extinct farm hired man should have a fascination for those who remember their presence about the place. This took is a bit of a disappoint- ment because it departs exten- sively from its theme. Some in- teresting characters of the an- nounced genre are presented but they are forced to share space with scroungers, vandals, neighbors, kids holidaying from UK city as well as with Mrs. Andrews. Of course Mrs. An- drews, an energetic farm wom- an who baked five to 20 pics a day as a "hobby" to earn mon- ey for a typewriter and study, is interesting but not a hired man. People with a farm back- ground would find Uiis a pleas- ant book to read. Focus on the University By J. W. FISHBOURNE Eskimo artistry "In Quest of Quiet" by Hen- ry Still (Slackpole Books, 221 pages, S8.75, distributed by George J. McLeod fVOlSE threatens .to over whelm us. In urban cen- tres, where most of the people now live, noise is twice as loud today as it was 15 years ago and is expected to be twice as loud again by the end of the decade. Survival depends uncn reducing aural pollution caused by motors, amplified music, machinery and too many peo- ple in close proximity. On the premise that quiet and privacy are positive values, the author reports on the efforts to bring about abatement of noise and urges increased citizen action to force authorities to become move concerned about the prob- lem. POLAR BEAR; KITTOSUK, CHARLIE; BELCHER ISLANDS; 1966 Masterworks of the Inuit "Sculpture Inuit" 405 re- productions in color and black and white. Foreword by George Elliott (Univcr- sily of Toronto Press. Paper 57.50, cloth ELLIOTT presi- clent of the Eskimo Arts Council in his foreword to this exquisite volume tells of a con- versation he had through an in- terpreter, with the hunter sculptor Piungituk. It took place in a sealskin house 75 miles from Uie nearest settle- ment and it concerned basic human motivating forces. Elliott wondered if Piungituk felt that white culture was de- stroying Eskimo culture. "Did ho see in me an he asked himseit. Piungituk, in or- der to make his "point of hu- manity in search of itself" brought cut an unfinished whalebone sculpture about a metre hi height of a woman holding her dying toy. "In that says Elliott "the gulf that separates our two cultures narrowed a little. We touched but we did not corrupt. Piungituk spoke Uie silent languaige of sculpture. It was enough. He knows, as Keats did, Ural Irulh is beauty, and beauty truth. That is what he knows, and all he needs to know. A glimpse at the reproduc- tions in tlrs book tells more of the Eskimo past and present than any written text could do It is a liistory, in exquisitely reproduced photographs of the carved stone works 405 of them in ail which make up the exhibition gaiUiered by the Canadian Eskimo Arts Council. Those cf us who are unable to see the collection which is now on view in the Vancouver Art Gallery, will have to wait for a visit to Ottawa where it. will eventually come to rest in the Natural Museum of Man. Be- fore it goes there, it will be shown in several of the great- est public art galleries in tha world, viz: Le Grand Palais, Paris; Copen- hagen; British Museum, Lon- don; Pushkin Fine Arts Muse- um Moscow: The Hermitage, Leningrad; Philadelphia Muse- um of Art, Philadelphia. I list these, in order if proof is re- quired to demonstrate the tremendous importance of the collection. Inferior works of art are not sent to such presti- gious Institutions. My guess is that the show will draw crowds wherever it is shown. Three distinguished memtors of the Canadian Eskimo Arts Council contribute short ex- planatory lexis. William Taylor Jr. on prehistoric Canadian Eskimo art, George Swinlon on contemporary Eskimo sculp- ture, and James Houston, "To find a life in stone." The re- productions can to appreciated without the written word, but fuller understanding of those things which have influenced and brought the Inuit to the present high point in contem- porary work, adds great inter- est. A few of Uie works are re- prcduced in color, but most are in black and white. Nearly all of them is awarded a page to itself. Tlie quality of reproduc- tion is superb. The works speak for themselves. JANE HUCKVALE. Glittering Asian metropolis "Bangkok: Biography of a city" by Alec Wangh (Little Brown, 279 pages casual tourist if there is such a thing visiting the crowded exotic city of Bangkok would be forgiven if he did not know that it has been in existence a compara- tively short time, about 200 years. But the civilization that gave it birth is very ancient in- deed Travel buff-novelist Alec tells us Uiat Bangkok was bom because of a quarrel between the king of Burma and the king of Siain. The I3nr- mcse king wanted one of the Siamese king's precious white elephants, but the Siamese king refused to hand over the precious pachyderm, thus trig- gering a war that lasted .'100 years and ended in the razing of the original capital of the Thai people at Dhonburi, across Uie river from present- Astute use of camera "Karsh: Faces of Our Time" tost and portraits by Knr-sli (University of Toronto Press, S15, 202 IN this coffee table volume of 41! portraits, Karsh Rives us a peek at some new character sludics; artists, as- tronauts, politicians, indeed fa- mous people from all walks of life. And as always Karsh seems lo be able to capture something of the very soul of each individual, coaxing the personality In "speak" to the observer through his astute use of the camera. Knme cf the pictures, as the famous ones of Churchill, Pablo Casals, (with his back lo the camera) and Klmichshcv, are familiar as we have seen I horn before. They have helped make Karsh famous. Mill there arc some new faces in this vol- ume, such as artist Marc all, painter Augustus John and folk singer Joan Baez. My particular favorilc is Ihe study of American poet Roljcrt Frost who is posed well he isn't posed at all. He's loung- ing in a chair, leg over Ihe arm, chatting away as h: fon- a little clog with his left hand. The picture is true Frost and one wonders if ho perhaps is quoting a new poem. Karsh Ixwiks are always ly interesting. They never crn and each litre one looks through a one sees something missed in earlier perusals. This is a dandy gift to give anyone for Christmas, and one a household library would be. very proud lo add lo shelves. MARGARET UJCKllURST. day Bangkok. The handful of survivors moved to the site of the Village of the Wild Plum (Bangkok) and under the lead- ership of General Taksim, broke the power of the Bur- mese. The former kings of Siam having teen eliminated by the Burmese, tile victorious gener- al declared himself king. But his reign didn't last long. He lost his mind and then the head that encased what remained of his brain. Another general had himself declared king, moved tlie capital from its original spot and founded modern Bangkok. Mr. Waugh sketches his- tory of tlie Siamese people from this time onwards, re- counl.s some of their religious beliefs and the mores which have influenced their develop- ment through the centuries. He takes time out along the way to explode the absurd myth which formed the basis of the B.-ondway musical Ann and the King of Siam, and also out- lines the events lending up lo flic myslerioits disappearance a few years ago of James Thomson, tiic silk king. This is a book to enlarge thfl traveller's horizon and stimu- lalo his interest in the people and sights of this glittering Asian metropolis. It is not the definitive Ixiok on Bangkok Uie dust jacket wriler says it is. JAN'K HUCKVALE. Got any ideas? several occasions in the past, I have referred to what I believe to to a very important function of the university's senate, that of keeping the university in touch with the big wide world out there. The legislative background lor this is in section 10 of the Universities Act, a sub- section of this which reads as follows: "It is the duty of a senate to enquire into any matter that might tend to enhance the use- fulness of the university." The meUiod em- ployed by each of the university senates in this province is to invite the public to present submissions on topics in which they are interested, and to set aside a meeting of the senate to hear the sub- missions. The senate of tiie University of Lethbridge has reserved the meeting scheduled for January W, 1072, for this purpose, and shortly will be inviting sub- missions from various associations and or- ganizations in southern Alberta, as well as from the general public. I think this is a very sound arrange- ment, and one that could prove quite profitable, with a little co-operation from the public. Ever since coming to soulhem Alberta, 1 have listened lo people crab and cry about tire iniquities of the university, or some part of it. They rage about the student newspaper, they grumble about things done or not done by members of the faculty and administration, they com- plain about cur teaching this or. not teach- ing that, they condemn our admissions pol- icy. And yet, last year we issued a gen- eral invitation to people to present their comments and complaints, and Uie only submission received was concerning a sin- gle grade awarded in a junior anthropology course. I do not wish to imply that UK senate is asking the public to tattle on the univer- sity, or thai it is particularly interested hi complaints. Certainly it will listen to these, if they are presented, but far more im- portant would be the public's ideas about what the university should be doing, what additional activities it could inslilute that would indeed enhance its usefulness. Tliis year, in hopes of gelling a some- what mere useful response, the senate will expend a bit more effort in canvassing for submissions. In addition to the modest amount of advertising a somewhat restrict- ed budget will allow, an attempt mil bo made to contact a number of organiza- tions Uiat one might expect lo to interest- ed in education generally, as well as tlia professional societies represented in south- ern Alberta. Individual senators, too, will be asked to encourage submissions: from the districts tbcy represent. All submissions received will be very carefully considered, in the first inslance by a senale committee. If tire submission raises queslions or involves a proposal lhat is or should be of interest to a particular department or division of the university, it will to referred lo thai department or di- vision for study and comment. All submis- sions considered to have merit, or likely to be of sufficient interest, will to pre- sented to the senate at its January meet- ing. If it should appear desirable, and if Ihe individual or organization presenting the submission should wish it, the in- dividual or a delegation representing the organization will to invited to attend that meeting and take part in any discussion that may arise. As mentioned above, a general Invitation is being extended to the public shortly, but there is no need for you to await Die ap- pearance of an advertisement or an In- vitation to your association or professional society or whatever. If you have an idea, a complaint, a tfioughl or a notion in which you believe any part of Ihe university would to or should to interested, we'd like it. The address Is: Secretary, The University of Lethbridge Senate and if you can't write, just telephone him. The Voice Of One -By OR. FRANK S. MORLEY "Speaking in tongues" CPEAKING in tongues or glossolalia, according to Dr. John Mackay form- erly head of Princeton Theological Semi- is Uie most significant and impor- tant movement in the church today. Ac- cording to Professor Wm. Barclay of Glas- gow University, the most beloved biblical expositor in Scotland, this is the most dan- gerous development in contemporary Christianity. Within the last few days one of the strongest Presbyterian churches in Western Canada has been split from top to bottom by Uiis "charismatic" movement and it has spread from coast to coast, es- pecially popular in Toronto, and in some of the most conservative Anglican churches, while from Uie Eastern United States it has spread into Bermuda, and in Ure west, California is a propaganda base. Dennis J. Bennett, rector of a popular Episcopal church in California, was given Uie gift of the Holy Spirit and began speak- ing in tongues. Encountering opposition he left to become rector of St. Luke's, Seattle where there was a tiny congregaUon which at the end of eight years had grown to a weekly attendance of over two thousand. He found a remarkable fellowship in the Roman CaUiolic church in a number of countries as he travelled extensively. There have been vast conferences which have included representatives of every denomi- nation, Protestant, and Roman Catholic with a smattering of non-Christian faiths. The significance of "speaking in ton- gues" is increased when one reads a book like that of Max Weber's, "The Sociology of Religion" wherein he links such a phe- nomenon with prophecy, internationalism, the development of a new system of law, and new social orders. It is astonishing that such religious developments of the eighth century in Hebrew prophecy into Uie sixth and fifth centuries should to contem- porary with Jewish, Persian, and Hindu prophetic movements, and probably also with the pre-Confucian Chinese period. In- deed historians trace speaking in tongues back to "The Report of Wenamon" written about 1100 DC from Vibyblos on the coast of Syro-Palestine. At the time of Hesiod speaking in tongues was a well known phenomenon and Plato writes about it linking it with prophecy and identifying it with madness which Plalo considered a di- vine gift through which God spoke to man. Virgil relates how an ancient prophetess would speak with tongues and pictures her change of color, dishevelled hair, panling breasts, and an attitude of being filled with .1 divine afflatus, as she was milled with l.he god Appollo. Such glossolalia appeared in Ihe many mystery religions or cults in- cluding the Dionysian, Gothic, and F.leu- sinian cults in Greece, the Osiris cult in Egypt, the Mithra cult in Persia, and in tha far Eastern faiths. Indeed Ihc pheno- menon is well known among the Eskimos. One missionary in Tibet tells how il ap- pears in live ritual d.incos of thai country. It is very interesting that the todies set up by the different churchss to study speaking in tongues do not dare say it is unbiblical but only that it causes dissen- sion in the church. St. Paul along with the early church fathers was much dis- tressed by it as any one who reads the first letter to the church in Corinth would know. St. Paul found it, rather distressing since any outsider might think that the Christians belonged to some lunatic body and definitely think of it as one of the least gifts which will cease. There is great debate as to the meaning of speaking in tcngues at Pentecost, most people having taken it for granted Uiat this was an ability to speak foreign languages so that others could understand them and not some kind of ecstatic utterance which would to unintelligible to everybody. This was the meaning assumed by Urban VIII who credited Francis Xavier with the ability to speak foreign languages so that when he went to Japan il was said that "ha spoke freely, elegantly, as If he had lived in Japan all his life." From time to time, the phenomenon appeared in Eu- rope and the United States, especially among such groups as Jansenists, the Quak- ers, and such men as Edward Irving, a Scottish Presbyterian who believed Uiat speaking in tongues included both the ability to speak foreign languages and the Corinthian glossolalia of speaking in ecsta- tic utterance. The Monnans in their seventh article of faith state their belief, in the gift of tongues and lira imerpertation of tongues. The vast growth of the Pente- costal churches described by Time Maga- zine as "The fastesl growing church in Uie which has spread in amaz- ing fashion Ujroughout Lalin America has been Uie chief factor in the popularity of the charismatic movement. Phillip Hughes a contribuling editor of "Christianity To- day" said, "Dare we deny that this is a movement of God's sovereign spirit Ought we not raUier to hope and pray that this may to the beginning of a great spiritual revival within the church in our time? And to rejoice over the zeal and joy in Christ with those who testify to this ex- Certainly no one can doubt hut that there is a leaven in the churches and this leaven does not come from the dehy- drated and vacuous negative theology of Robinson, Hamilton, Ihc "process' theolo- gians of Germany or (lie existentialist philosophers. There is a great desire for "The baptism of the Holy Spirit" which is central lo the charisma! ic movement and which will establish again an iir.medialo reationship between man and his (iod. There are grave dangers in il, for exam- ple, it may push to one side the hard work of Bible study, with prayer, of Ihe com- munication of the divine through the sacra- ments of Uie church, and of Ihe discipline of worship. But in so far as it expresses the hunger of the human spiril it is good and may lie one of Iho forces loading into a now era of failh. ,So may grant!