Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 4, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
THE IBHBRIDGE HERALD Solurdcty, Dccrribcr 4, 1971 kfo) ,4 tarnished image Ki'fi'iTiny In Ilii' devastating effect .if the I'.S'. surcharge on imports on American allies in Kurope and Asia, Joseph Kraft remarks in an article carried on this page that "retroj'rade trends in alliance politics can almost certainly be arrested in the series of allied .summit meetings to come." His opinion is open to grave doubt. The climate of anti-Americanism in Canada generated by Secretary of the Treasury John Connally's belligerent obduracy shows no signs of subsid- ing. An atmosphere of doubt concern- ing I'.S retreat into nationalism has been created, and it's not going to subside easily or quickly, summit meetings or lio summit meetings. Much of the barm is due to the pre- cipitate method employed by the I'.S. in making the far-reaching an- nouncements. There were no prior consultations those countries most aflcrled. and. it now appeal's. no depth of understanding ol the long-range effects on U.S. external relations. No punches were pulled, no special provisions made for those na- tions on whom the blow hit hardest. It is, of course, to Mr. Nixon's credit that lie is doing his best to repair the damage and get things back on a footing that will benefit all his allies, including Canada, when Ihe air is finally cleared. But the fact remains that Mr Connally's brutal manner, his lack' of sensitivity in regard to the problems of other countries, his lack of understanding that U.S. policy could, if it continues, bring America into a brutal commercial war with its best friends, has tarnished the U.S. image abroad. No amount of silver polish is going to bring back the original gleam for a very long time. Top of the best sellers The federal government's interest rate on iis 1971'series of Canada Say- ings Bonds has proved lo be a great attraction lo investors. The average annual interest rate for the bonds ivas set at 7.19 per cent early this fall, since then interest rates general- ly have declined leaving the bonds as a safe investment. However, unless interest rates soar upward over Hie period before the bonds are redeemed, the government will have to absorb a loss in meeting its repayment obligations. In which case the government may come to regret its generosity. But factors other than investment returns have made the current bond series as popular as they are. Dur- ing times of economic uncertainty nervous investors invariably prefer to sock their savings into something stable, and government bonds repre- sent a haven of security. The stock markets too have added to invest- ors' understandable twitchiness as they have been in a for a wor- risome period of time. Also, many investors are not at all happy with the government's handling of econo- mic problems, and the added uncer- tainty over the impact on Canadian business and industry because of U.S. economic policies makes them extra cautious. All this adds up to more than S2.4 billion of Canadian savings going into 197L Canada Savings Bonds, which is more than double the previous record set by the 1969 series. It's too early to draw conclusions of course, but this trend may indicate a general un- easiness over the economic conditions in Canada in 1971. Weekend Meditation The art of being yourself WHEN anybody Iries lo be something he isn't or to'imitate someone else he 10f.es his and quenches his light. Such a man is utterly saltless. One of the first things to learn in the process of life education is to mind your own business, to change yourself, to explore yourself, to express yourself, and not to reform the world first of all. Thomas Merton in "Seeds of Contemplation" says that many people are not poets for the same reason that many religious men are not saints: they never succeed in being themselves. But to be yourself is a very hard busi- ness. Dr Sameul Johnson once burst out angrily about Thomas Sheridan, the actor, is dull, naturally dull; but it must have taken him a great deal of pains lo become what we now see him. Such an excess of stupidity, sir, is not in Instead of self-development life can be a process of self-distortion or self-repression. Many people think that they are being self-expressive when they are merely being downright selfish. Altruism is just as native to the hujnan body as egoism and to ex- press yourself does not merely mean to knock the bungs from your barrel and let your emotions gurgle. Being a real person is a very difficult as it is a very senous matter, the most serious and important matter in life. Nor does it mean what Shelley called "The dark idolatry of self which stows itself not only in boasting and vanity but equally in klle self-reproach and brooding on the past. A saint remarked I hat the uncxamined life is not worth liv- ing. Nevertheless it has involved sufficient dangers that some saints have been greatly afraid of it. George Herbert says, "Summe up at night what thou hast done by day And in the morning what thou hast to do: Dresse and undresse thy soul; mark the decay And growth of it; if with thy watch that too Be down, then vinde up both." The only true freedom of course is the kind of spiritual freedom where a man is not determined by his society or by other people, but by UK Holy Spirit within him. As long as a man lives under Ihe domina- tion of law he is not free as St. Paul tirelessly taught. Yet free men, real men. are the basis of civilization. In them one (inds a variety of character rather than conformity merely, a singularity which makes for richness and vitality. One sees this in the Renaissance. It is rare in- deed to find' a popular person who is J worthwhile. Thus as Somerset Maugham in "The Summing Up" says lhat the great- est danger besetting the professional au- thor is success. He struggles for it and finally when he achieves it discovers that it has spread a net to entangle and de- stroy him. While failure makes people bitter and cruel, success can deprive them of the force of life. Popularity can make a man good for nothing. The great danger in large corporations today is the cult of conformiirn which manages to groove people into accepted ways of thinking but when a leader is desired, one to head up the firm, one with originality and aggressive- ness, that person is locking because all these virtues have teen gradually squeezed out of him. Marshal McLuhan says that business is more open to new ideas than is Ihe academic world, but this is only hue at the top level, and the un- derlings are not meant to make reply, their's not to reason why, their's but to be obedient puppets. The psychologist H. A. Overslrect tells of an old sea captain who provided him with a recipe lor the unrigid mind. If we want to stay flexible and young in our minds, the old captain said, we should be "limber, loving, and a little loony." The Bible lells us that we must love the Lord our God with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our mind, with all our strength, and our neighbors as ourselves. Some people have said that we must love God first, others second and ourselves last. Maybe. On the other hand it is very cer- tain that unless a man loves himself prop- erly he cannot love others properly. Until he has self respect he cannot respect oth- ers. The man who lives in self-condemna- tion will live in condemnation of others. It is only the man who has properly exam- ined himself who has true humility and also a sense of bis own worth. To live for the temporary awl transient praise of the vulgar, to embrace every popular fad or refuse even' unpopular cause is death lo UK soul. The reviewer of a volume of the letters of Beatrice Webb, wife of Sidney Webb, two of the greatest labor leaders in this century in Great Britain, wrole "They signed many minority reports which be- came majority actions.'1 But if is not for this reason that a man must Icnrn lo stand alone. His great enterprise, in lifn is In be- come wh.it be ir. capable of being, a real self. Prayer: (led lake this unshaped mass of instinct and desire, this flcsb and mind, and make it Divine like a child of God.1' F.S.M. Saturday soclts By Dong Wnlkcr the many ways which I prove any holes, they are comfortable and they a trial lo my wife and children is my clastic tups In nil. off the civ- ndiffcroncc lo proper modes of attire. I __ nut lm RiT) know iau> a piP s i; ,R p.cv; j oniy iyle now hilt the kind of pants I like do know I'm not supposed to wear them if vil confine Iheir ballooning In the bottom am lo be in any more discerning com- pany than fiolfm. I have a perfectly good pair of socks Thus I have a pair of socks .set aside .hut 1 also like lo wear. haven't as suiUiblo fur Saturdays only. Connally's economic zeal to be curbed Jolm Cun- nally's solo act on the in- ternational stage has al last boon called off. The secretary of the treasury is no longer front and centre trying to im- pose new trade, monetary and defence policies on this coun- try's friends by brandishing tho pistol of economic pressure. Instead. President Nixon has entered the act raising it to the highest political level, and fos- tering an atmosphere of co- operation. That is the imme- diate meaning of the series of summit meetings he has sched- uled with allied leaders for this month. The Connally approach cen- tred on the 10 per cent import surtax imposed as part of the president's new economic pol- icy on August 15. In return lor removing the surtax, Mr. Con- nolly tried to extract major concessions from allied coun- tries. Among other things he wanted a currency revaluation faviirahle lo the United S.atcs, a international mone'ary system, an casing of trade bar- IUTS particularly by the Euro- pean Common Market, and mure buying of American mili- tary hardware particularly Japan. 'one trouble with that ap- proach was that the secretary was simply asking too much. As week followed week, foreign government and foreign firms adjusted to the surtax, and were progressively less and less willing to make conces- sions for its removal. Moreover, the economic pres- sm-e mobilized by Secretary Connally backfired politically. In country after country, offi- cials keen to hurt the United Slates were strengthened at the expense of those who wanted to co-operate. In France, for example, Prime Minister Cieorges Pompidou and Finance Minis- ter Valcry Ciuiscard d'Hslaing were originally disposed not to fight this country on monetary affairs. But Secretary Connal- ly's tough slancc played direct- ly into ihe hands of ihe lot) 'per cent super loyalist followers of General de Gaulle who are grouped around Defence Min- ister Michel Debre. They re- vived an ok! Ganllist.phin (or a sizable American devaluation of the dollar against gold, and Messrs. Pompidou and Guis- card d'Estaing have been ob- liged to take that idea as part of the French package for a deal with the United States. In West Germany, Chancellor Willy Brandt and Economic Minister Karl Schiller were willing to revalue the mark up- wards, even though it was bound to be opposed by Ger- man businessmen exporting lo Ihe United States. But the chan- cellor needed a change in the French franc, otherwise Ger- m a n exporters would lose t r u 1 y significant sales lo French competitors inside Ihe Common Market. So when the French stuck for gold revalua- tion, the Bonn government had to go along. In Britain, the government of Prime Minister Edward Heath was prepared to go along with monetary reform now, and then, once established in the Common Market, work for an easing of trade barriers. But with France and Germany sticking fast, Mr. Heath, under pressure as a new boy in the Common Market to show his good European colors, was in "Hiya, no position to push either for revaluation now or easing of trade restrictions later. In Canada, Prime Minister Trudcau had done practically everything required for curren- cy revaluation. But insistence oil trade changes particular- ly with respect lo an auto agreement triggered nation- alist sentiment in his own party for restrictions on American in- vestments in Canada. In Japan, Prime Minister Eisaku Sato was prepared to make accommodation with the United Slates on yen revalua- tion. But American insistence on defence burden sharing gave scope to those Japanese, inside and outside the govern- ment, who feel Japan should take its distances from the Uni- ted Slates and strike out on a foreign policy line of its own. These retrograde trends in alliance politics can almost cer- tainly be arrested in the se- ries of allied summit meetings lo come. The leaders of France, West Germany, Britain, Can- ada and Japan know full well, unlike Secretary Connally, that President Nixon is not going to make a big deal about some isolated economic grievance. They understand that econom- ic issues are now going to no considered jointly with the whole range of foreign policy and defence matters that enter into alliance relationships. Still, if a co-operative ap- proach to serious problems among allies is to prevail, the White House is going to have to move beyond the present line of describing the allied summit meetings of the coming month as warmups for Ihe Communist summit meetings with China and Russia prelims for the main event, so lo speak. Mr. Nixon is going to have to put some content into allied .rela- tionships and what is required is not in doubt. What is required is removing from Ihe diplomatic table the pistol that Secretary Connally brandished. That means a quick deal providing for lifting of the import surcharge in re- turn for a general currency re- alignment. After (hat is done, the president will be in good position to work out joint ap- proaches with allied statesmen on the remaining problems of defence costs, trade restric- tions, reform of the interna- tional monetary system, and the shape of relations with the Communist world. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Carl Rowan More pressures needed on Rhodesia, South Africa WASHINGTON The fronl- page headlines went to Rhodesia and Great Britain's pitiable sellout lo a racist mi- nority there, but the more im- portant story in the long run may have been an obscure sports page item about black American golfer Lee Elder in South Africa. Ths Rhodesia story was of a government with no backbone and little conscience granting license to injustice; the South African slory was about social change the kind that is possible any time good men put on enough pressure. British Foreign Secretary Sir Alec Douglas-Home crawled lo Salisbury to preside over Brit- ain's capitulation to Rhodesian "independence" under condi- tions where 250.000 white set- tlers will continue to rule the country and its five million blacks on into some swecl bye 'n bye. To cries of "shame." "sell- "appeasement" in bolh the British Parliament and African circles in Rhodesia, Sir Alec argued that he had got- ten the Ian Smith regime to halt Rhodesias' drift into rigid racial separation (apartheid) and to accept the idea of even- tual majority rale. Perhaps 100 years from now (assuming whites keep the agreement, which is far from guaranteed) Rhodesia's Afri- cans might have equal repre- sentation in parliament to whites. This means that Smith agreed that in some distant un- specified future his descen- dants might concede that 20 black men equal the worth of one white man. Sir Alec must be proud lo have wrested away that con- cession. Britain's sellout was inevit- able because her fortunes have declined to the point wlwre she is too weak economically and militarily lo impose her will on Smith and his if the British were inclined lo use force on their Rhodcsian cousins, which they arc not. Inevitable or not, Sir Alec's surrender will cause many lo believe lhal the southern end of Africa is doomed to pcrma- "cnt rule by racist police-stain minorities unless there are massive violent upheavals sup- ported by outside powers (meaning Communist China and the Soviet Tliis ending to the six-year- old Rhodesian drama will con- vince a lot of people that world opinion, economic pressures, United Nations r e s o 1 u tions, church group exhortations are meaningless. But that story out of Johannesburg suggests oth- erwise. It tells us that almost 100 golfers of all races com- peted on a completely inte- grated basis in the heartland of apartheid. "Multiracialism was not con- fined to the United Press reported. "White barmen Letters To The Editor No iinjustif We Mere pleased to see Ixiuis Burke's review of our book The Possibilities of Canada are Truly Great; the memoirs of Martin Nordegg, edited by T. D. Hegchr. However, I would like to correct Ihe sug- gestion that any of Nordegg's judgments of men or manners have been snipped out in the editing. The only parts of Mar- tin tvordegg's original type- script which were cut w ere passages relating to N'orcteRg's business activities that seemed Correction The article on education by Peter Hunt on page five of The Herald on Wednesday, Decem- ber 1, was lacking part of a .sentence lhat was important lo the argument. The complete sentence follows, with the miss- ing part in bold face type: "It is really odd lhat while matri- culation teachers, for example, are mainly concerned with the education of sludenls who hope lo enter university, and who arc, therefore, destined to lir- come the students o( literary men, political scientists, eco- nomists, historians and philoso- phers et al., it is to the facul- ties of cducalion lhat schools rcsorl for consullation and oommillco work." served drinks to Africans, white and black players shared changing room facilities and were free (o share tables in the club dining room. No restric- tions were placed on atten- dance by the public and seat- ing arrangements for about 000 spectators at the 18th hole were fully integrated." This seems incredible to any- one who has seen the absurdly pervasive extent of apartheid in South Africa, as I did 15 months ago. What a change from a few years ago when an Indian, Papwa Sewgolum, stun- ned whites by winning the golf tournament in Durban and had lo sland in the rain to receive his trophy because apartheid led editing fruitless or uninteresting, or which were quite remote from Iho mainstream of his slory. I can assure you thai we retain- ed every possible bit of "hu- man interest." RAMSAY DEHRY, Editor Trade Divison The MacmiUan Company of Canada Ltd. Toronto. rules forbade him lo enler Ihe clubhouse! This change is significant, but must not be valued too highly. That multiracial tournament wras a direct result of intense pressures put on South Africa and her citizens abroad. Gary Player, the litlle South African golfing machine, was aboul to be run out of competition on Ihe lucrative U.S. tour. He in- vited Elder to South Africa and helped to prod the government into easing segregation rules so as lo make life less painful for himself. The significant thing is that since I visited South Africa the government there has opened the door to dozens of prominent blacks, and it has ensured that Ihey were r.ol Jim-Crowed. South Africa has launched a heavy new "public relations" campaign, including inviting sympathetic newsmen to that country and sending to Wasli- inglon a new and more person- able ambassador. Soulh Africans won't admit it, but their exclusion from the Olympics, boycotts of other sports groups, isolation from religious bodies and medical socielies and Ihe intense pres- sures on American businesses to pull out investments have had (heir impact in Pretoria. But decent people around tho world must nol forgel that wiiile multiracial golf tourna- ments are nice, the real issue is economic ar.d political jus- tice for the Africans, coloreds and Indians who make up 80 per cent of the populalion. Rhodesia has given blacks token voice in government, Soulh Africa still gives its blacks no political voice what- ever. In neither country does the black majority share mean- ingfully in the grcal wealth o[ the land. Nothing changed regarding multiracial golf until the out- side pressures became intense. There won't be any meaningful changes in the economic and political spheres unlil the pres- sures become intolerable. In the interest of decency, church groups, the UN, the world press are obligated to tiu-n Ihe screw tighter and tighter. (Field Enterprises, Inf.) Looking backward It was inlerc.sting io noir n recent quotation by long-lime business man Mr. A. W. Shack- leford staling thai competition sometimes causes a rise in prices. This is a fact, 'that people in governing positions should watch closely. In a given area there are just so many ireople to buy cars, groceries, furniture, theatre tickets or any oilier item. If too many firms arc making a living out of one area tlie only way for all lo survive is lo raise Ihe price of Ilioir goods. So it doesn't always follow lhat compclilion brings prices down. Of course, this is another situation where every case has lo be Judged on own nierils. .JIM BURNERS. Through The Herald 1911 The Allen Players w o u n d up the firsl week of Iheir engagement at, Ihe Ma- ieslic Theatre by presenting the familiar farce "A Stranger in a Slrangc Land." 1921 .....The Posties still main- tain their unbeaten record in the Carpelball League. 1MI S'gl. Major Ogden has completed his duties in organ- izing the routine at the camp for the unemployed at fhc Fair Grounds. There arc men in the camp. inn Members of the Oa- nadian Wonicns Army corps who have been waiting for their uniforms received tho first ones Tuesday. The Crowsnest Pass Coalers won their first, game of a seven game road Irip last night, by trimming Saska- loon 6-3 in an inter leaguo game. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Letliftridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1005 -1054, by lion. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail ReflKtrfltlnn No. 001! Member of The Canartlnn Press nna tne Canadian Daily Nev-'Spupw Publishers' Association Jind Audit Bureau of CLEO W MOWERS, Editor nnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Gencrfll Manager JOE DALLA WILLIAM HAY M.innqlnq Editor Editor ROY r- MILES DOUGLAS K WAI KER Advertising Ediioan PARD Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"