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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 4, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI LETHBR1DGE HERALD Fridoy, Dtcember 4, 1970 Tim Traynor The drama continues Another act in the Quebec drama appears to have concluded. Mr. James Cross, the kidnapped British trade commissioner, has survived his long ordeal and his abductors have been given safe passage to Cuba to live in exile. But the drama has not ended by any means. It is to be hoped that there will be no more acts of violence to com- pare with the kidnapping of Mr. Cross and the murder of Mr. Pierre Laporte. Yet it would be naive in the extreme to suppose that trouble of this kind is not very likely to surface again. There is much unrest in Quebec. The grievances which have gnawed away in the minds of some of the people until they lead to desparado tactics for relief are real enough. Even while this hunt for the kidnap- pers has been under way, a strike was in effect against General Motors at Ste. Therese because French was not accepted as the working lan- guage in the plant. People outside the French speak- ing community can surely learn to understand the frustration experi- enced by people who are constantly denied the right to cherish their cul- ture and are accorded second rate status through unequal pay and job opportunities. If that frustration is not understood and its causes remov- ed then the forms that frustrat i o n take are apt to continue to be fright- ening. It would be a mistake'to think that the trouble is confined to a few des- perate criminal types and can be controlled by the imposition of strong legal measures. The handling of the crisis in the way it was has merely bought a little time for Canada. One act has ended; the drama continues. Restraints off The effort to cool inflation in Can- ada by means of voluntary restraint has apparently failed. Now even the business leaders who had agreed to hold down prices have withd r a w n their support of the policy of re- straint. Dr. John Young, head of the Prices and Income Commission, has tried to sound optimistic in the face of this development. He thinks prices are not apt to rise since the current market softness should have a restraining ef- fect. Such optimism is difficult to share. It is hard to believe that the busi- ness leaders would withdraw their agreement to restraint if they did not have plans for raising prices. They certainly will raise prices as soon as market conditions make it possible. During the past year, few wage set- tlements have followed the recom- mended six per cent guideline. Wage increases almost invariably are fol- lowed by price rises. The profit mar- gin in many businesses today is so narrow that the sequence is inevit- able unless competition is such that prices have to be held down in which case there is the serious risk of the business folding. It is ironic that the prospect of iu'gher prices should follow so closely on the announcement of the meagre increase in the old age pension. Pen- sioners can almost certainly expect their situation to be even worse than it has been to date. All persons on fixed incomes are hurt by rising prices. Now that the program of restraint has completely collapsed, it is sur- prising to learn that the commis- sion intends to continue to function. Can it serve any purpose that is not already being served by the Domin- ion Bureau of Statistics simply tak- ing note of what happens to wages and prices? Art Buchwald WASHINGTON The United States is suffering from its worst shortage of radio and TV talk show guests in 20 years. The reason for this is that while talk shows have been multiplying by the thou- sands, the people who have been appear- ing on them have become worn out. In 1960, there were 250 guests available for each talk show. Ten years later, there are 250 talk shows fighting over the same guests. Things have gotten so bad that a pro- fessor who wrote a book about the mating habits of woodworms was recently kid- napped in front of the Today show in New York and flown out to California where he was forced to go on a radio-telephone talk (bow instead. Two famous late-night show hosts got Into a fist fight in a Sixth Avenue deli- catessen last month over a waiter who could make a white napkin look like a rabbit. And only three weeks ago, two female talk-show hostesses had a hair-pulling con- test in a beauty shop over the TV rights to an author of the definitive book on false eyelashes. In order to avoid an all-out war between the talk-show commentators, a secret con- ference was called at Johnny Carson's hideaway farm in the Adirondacks. Black limousines with their shades drawn kept arriving at 2-minute intervals and out stepped such big guns in the talk business as David Frost, Dick Cavett, Mike Douglas, Hugh Downs, Barbara Wal- ters, Virginia Graham, Irv Kup and David Susskind. Every major TV host and host-, ess was there. Everyone brought his own producer and talent co-ordinator for protection, but Car- son's people made everybody leave their teleprompters at the door. Ed McMahon opened the meeting by saying, "And heeerrrre's Johnny." Carson got down to business right away. "We all know why we're he said. "There's a crisis in the talk-show business and unless we find an answer to it we'll all be doing commercials for Maxwell House coffee." said Mike Douglas, "Now, my boys in Philadelphia say that unless some equal way is figured out to share the few available guests left, we're going to take them off the metroliner before they reach New York." "Is that said Virginia Graham. "Well, we on the West Coast are getting sick and tired of your Eastern talk shows coming out here and grabbing all our guests." "That's right, said Merv Grif- fin. "If you muscle in on our territory, we'll muscle in on yours." David Frost spoke up, "We're not getting anywhere with threats. As I see it, no matter what we do, we've used up every singer, comedian, author and politician for the next two years. A new crop should be coming up by then, but none of us can wait. What I suggest is that we each vol- unteer to go on each other's shows to fill the vacuum. After all, we are more in- teresting than the people we interview." "I agree with Dick Cavett said, "but it seems to me the public would be- come very suspicious if we kept turning up on each other's shows without a rea- son." "Why don't we each mile a book? Then we would have a legitimate reason for going on each other's David Suss- kind said. Carson replied, "You know we don't have time to write books." "But said Frost, "we put to- gether transcripts of our interviews with1 our former talk-show guests. Wouldn't that constitue a "Of said Barbara Walters. "Then no one could criticize us for going on each other's show." And so it was decided that each talk- show host would put together the best talks he or she has had. This would mean books, which would take up Hie talk lack for the next two years. _As the long black limousines pulled out of Carson's farm, the state police, who were tipped off to the meeting, showed up. But, unfortunately, almost everyone got away. (Toronto Telegram Service) She rules the roost By Doug Walker rPH-E Wadsteins were already ensconced in the second-last pew at church when we arrived on a recent Sunday. It was mildly shocking to see them there be- cause their granddaughter was being bap- tized that morning. Lorna confided to lilspcth that they hadn't felt like venturing to a better van- tage point near the front of the church without consulting me. That's a puzzler and I got lost din-ing the sermon thinking about it. What is puzzling is the fact that it is public knowledge (IJS'K any usher at Mc- Killop United Cluirh) Hint it is lilspcth, not me, that rules UK pew roost. U.S. protectionist bill being opposed W A S HIN G T 0 N Senate supporters of free trade are intent on delaying final consideration by Congress of the protectionist trade bill which Canada and other U.S. trading partners are vigorously opposing. If the delaying tac- tics succeed, the bill will lapse with adjournment of Congress in mid-December, making it necessary for supporters to re- introduce it when the new Con- gress commences in the new year. As they brace for the crunch, the anti-bill forces have been heartened by signs of new administration concern about the dangers inherent in the bill. This note had been struck by Treasury Secretary David Ken- nedy and others. With time running out for this Congress, a group of 21. senators of both parlies Wed- nesday spoke forcefully against the bill and spoke confidently the possibility of preventing it receiving Senate approval. The House of Representatives gave approval last week to its ver- sion of the bill which is basically the same although somewhat less protectionist than that to be considered by the Senate. The bill was one of the main topics of discussion at an Ot- tawa meeting this week be- tween members of the Cana- dian and Amerian cabinet. Can- adian ministers strongly re- stated their opposition to the bill, which would impose quotas on imports of cheap Asian textiles and footwear. Prior to the Ottawa meet- ing Canadian officials had bluntly voiced their concern, and the Canadian government h a d formally indicated its op- position in communications to the U.S. government. Trade Minister Jean-Luc Pcpin has referred to "dan- gerously protectionist ele- ments" of the bill. In aides- memoirs to Washington, the T r u d e a u government has stated that the bill would have "serious" adverse affects on Canada and has urged the Nixon administration to resist it. (After each House passed a version of the bill, a com- promise version would be agreed on, and sent to the presi- dent, who has the option of signing or vetoing.) In recent months the presi- dent has not taken a strong position on the bill, which, in the House passed form, incor- porates elements he favors, notably textile import re- straints and a balancing free trade provision related to key chemical tariffs. (The latter provision is absent in the ver- sion to be considered by the Senate.) But in a New York speech Wednesday, Mr. Ken- nedy said the U.S. must reject and Ho Ho Ho, "fresh and arbitrary trado restrictions." Urging modifications of trade restrictions in Europe and Ja- pan as well, Mr. Kennedy said the current trend would "un- questionably lead to damaging retaliation and a general dete- rioration of international trade." Of the U.S. he said: "This nation must not retreat from its dedication to traditional trading policy and a deter- mination to move ahead, with others toward a balanced in- crease in world trade." Mr. Kennedy was present in Ot- tawa when the Canadian cabi- net ministers stated their on- position to the bill. In an indirect attack on the bill, the head of the U.S. gov- ernment's anti trust office; warned that the raising of im- port barriers would aggravate inflation trends, which have not abated as the N i x o n adminis- tration had hoped and are a matter of increasingly acute concern. Retaliation against American exports would mean a worsening of unemployment. This too is a prospect the ad- ministration cannot face light- ly as it moves towards the 1972 presidential election. Observers here are keeping a close eye on meetings be- tween administration officials and Japanese representatives. These talks could result in an agreement for voluntary lim- itations on Japanese textile ex- ports to the U.S. so as to free the administration from the need to support the textile quotas in the trade bill beforo Congress. After some initial progress, however, the negotiators are showing some signs of bogging down. Failing an agreement, the administration will have to weigh the need to protect its politica_l position in the textile- producing South against the dangers inherent in a trade bill incorporating a series of pro- tectionist features. One consid- eration which looms large in the aftermath of the recent congressional and state elec- tions is the threat of foreign retaliation against U.S. agricul- tural exports including soy- beans and grains. The presi- dent's party lost a good deal of ground in the midwest as a result of its farm policies and will be leary of risking further losses in 1972. (Herald Washington Bureau) Maurice Western Participatory democracy confuses convention rvTTAWA The more the slowly accumulating re- sults of the Liberal policy con- vention are studied the strong- er seems to be the tendency among members of various parties, Liberals included, to question the theory and prac- tice of "participatory dem- ocracy." There are at least two broad objections. One is that participatory democracy ap- pears to be posing problems, perhaps not generally fore- seen, for Parliamentary dem- ocracy. We may admire Athens but we cannot go back to Athens. The alternative, if the citizen is to be involved in "de- cision seems to be an approach to government by Gallup Poll. But where will this leave the Member of Parlia- ment? It is already a very com- mon complaint that the role of a member steadily diminishes as the power of the executive expands. It is interesting in this con- text that the convention en- dorsed by a very large ma- jority the proposition that a Member of Parliament wishing to change parties should be re- quired to resign his seat and contest a byelection. Whether it was generally realized or not, this would require an amend- ment to the constitution. It is plainly an attack, although it was probably not so regarded, on the independence of a mem- ber who is responsible at pres- ent not to any group but to his Letter to the editor electors generally. What he owes to them, as Burke point- ed out, is his judgment. It was in exercise of his best judgment that the late Winston Churchill crossed from tbs Tories to the Liberals, no one challenging his right. Of Uie many comparable cases in our Parliament, that of Bud Olson is perhaps most interesting because he is a prominent minister of the Trudeau government. No by- election was required when he left Social Credit. The Liberals saw no impropriety in the course he followed; nor appar- ently did his Medicine Hat con- stituents who reasserted their confidence in him at the gen- eral election. There may be arguments that the Parliamentary system is obsolete and should be re- placed by some different sys- tem. But in that case it would seem wise, first, to evaluate the system we have, with its merits and demerits; then to consider alternatives. Otherwise we may slide into change without real- izing what we are doing or where we are going. Secondly Liberal and Con- servative experience thus far suggests that participatory democracy tends to produce participatory confusion. There was much to admire in the Lib- eral convention. It was serious, earnest, on fire with ideas. It was probably a great success from the standpoint of party morale. But the product is Summer games commended I am a recreation student in the Lcthbridgc Community Col- lege. Recently, in one of out- classes, we came across the topic of "Summer Games." As I am not from this area and was very interested in the topic, I did some research on it. I found it very interesting and educational. I think it is a very worth- while project and would like to commend the people of south- cm Alberta for initiative in un- dertaking it. Up lo now many potential athletes have dropped aside due to the fact that they did not get a chance to prove themselves. Through a project such as the "Summer Games" they stand a much hotter chance of being discovered. I have not heard of any other programs of this nature, but I am sure that when the fine suc- cess enjoyed here is noted, the idea will spread across the country. I would also like to congratu- late Claresholm on winning the right to hold the summer games. I am sure the people there will do a good joh. PAT GILIIAJI. Lcthbridgfi. wildering, as it was almost bound to be when the delegates found themselves confronted with such a niagara of resolu- tions. How, for example, it is pos- sible to reconcile these two en- vironmental i esolutions? One reads: A Canadian national parks policy should give prior- ity to the preservation of wild- erness areas over the develop- ment of recreational land. Ac- cording to the other, which im- mediately followed on the bal- lot paper; A Canadian national parks policy should give prior- ity to the development of rec- reational land over the conser- vation and study of natural re- sources. Presumably, these were intended as alternatives but the convention approved both. A possible explanation of some of the difficulties is that a sort of compensatory principle was at work. When so much was under debate, it was impossible for delegates to focus on all the resolutions. Frequently they voted against extreme positions because these provoked at least limited discussion. Having done co, prepositions which seemed re- latively more reasonable though serious analysis would have revealed the very defects to w h i c h they had earlier ob- jected. Thus the parks resolutions are perhaps explicable on the theory that a distinction was being drawn between wilderness and other re- sources. In the case of mari- juana, delegates voted down the proposition that posses- sion should Tin longer ho an offence. But they then assert- ed (was this intended as sec- ond that it should be controlled in the same manner as alcohol. On the major issue of eco- nomic n a t i o n a lism, western delegates, emphasizing the im- portance of foreign investment, won a clear victory on the most important resolutions. But again the sheer volume of res- olutions produced all sorts of contradictory verdicts. Thus majority control of our indus- tries is to be an objective of in- dustrial policy; large now for- invoFlinnnls are to be closely scrutinized by a review board permitted only if in the national interest, whatever that may mean. The CDC is to be a buyer of last resort, sub- ject to the same qualification. Then on the ballot on interna- tional relations, delegates af- firmed: "Canada's foreign policy is determined, to a very large extent, by the American dom- ination of the Canadian ecp- onomy. To be independent in world affairs, we must first repatriate more control of our economy." The odd fact is that we have been lately asserting our independence in all sorts of ways; through recognition of China, through voting for China's admission to the Uni- ted Nations, through unilateral establishment of the Arctic sanitary zone and, most recent- ly, by the stem admonitions on pollution addressfd by Joe Greene and Jack Davis to the United States. Not all the results on the for- eign affairs resolutions are yet available. But those on denu- clearization are difficult to re- concile with the existing NORAD partnership. It Is somewhat ironic that the Lib- erals came to power by .7.1 abrupt policy shift which made them the champions of nuclear war-heads for bomarc missiles. In less sophisticated times, policy was often developed, by committees specially appointed for the task. It is now apparent- ly the view that this was un- democratic; that as many per- sons as possible should be in- volved in policy making. Bui the older systems had at least this advantage; they usually produced fairly coherent policy statements and thus helped the voter to make clear minded decisions. Up lo now partici- patory democracy ji a s con- tributed mainly to fuzziness. At best there will be a limit to the number who can participate. But every qualified voter has Uie right of choice. If the price of greater participation is a blurring of issues which effec- tively restricts the opportunity of choice, is there an overall gain? (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Russian troops cap- tured Eriyan, the Armenian capital, and Armenia has de- clared itself a Soviet republic, according to word received from Moscow. 1930 A delegation of un- employed waited in city coun- cil with a request that relief be a week for single and a week for married, with a week for each dependent. The city will now give two meals a day and present bed provision will be continued for single unemployed. 1310 Bombers for Britain are being flown across the At- lantic. Some 40 U.S'. pilots are making regular deliveries in 10 hours from takeoff to landing. ]350 Today is regarded as the crucial point of the Bow River flood situation in Cal- gary. It could herald the begin- ning of the end of the flooding or see the river go on another rampage, as it did last week when it forced some per- sons out of their homes. 1960 A delegation is sched- uled to appear before council requesting immediate action for provision of a cultural cen- tre for the city. The Letlibridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD StRVtS IHE SOUTH" ;