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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta S - THI lETHBRIDCI HERALD - Fridoy, D�Mmbef �, l�t Farm and ranch notes ... Cattlemen Tax woes? By Ric Swihart Farmers and ranchers are in trouble again, and making up only 10 per cent of the population (in Alberta at least), their protests are almost a voice in the wilderness. The enemy this time is government legislation seemingly aimed at the age-old problem of filling the coffers to pay an increasing load of biDs. Farming and ranching today is big business, no matter how large or small the operation, because of the extremely high investment necessary for all aspects of the venture. The average person in cities and towns has all his tax work done for him, and when the specified time arrives, fills out a "short" form with a figure provided from a T4 employer's form. Bill C-259 is the new tax bill Finance Minister Edgar Benson has dreamed up with the help of countless advisers. The proposed legislation affecting agribusiness will bring the majority of the hardship to cattlemen in the province and correspondingly, tte most discussion. The grain farmer is also being hampered by the government action or inaction on the grains policy stabilization issue. With more than 100 amendments already in, the cattlemen are looking for help in the specific areas of keeping the basic herd provision and softening of the proposed capital gains tax. The proposal for the basic herd would mean total sales receipts could be ta.xed as income if the farmer is on a cash basis. The years of building up a herd and the tax money saved by deductions allowed on basic herd capital expenditures and investment would be lost at the time of the sale. Tlie basic herd concept is that the rancher's basic group of cattle is his source of income through the sale of calves or if planned, yearlings. The capital gains tax would come due on the transfer of the farm within the family, as well as when the farm is sold. If the tax payable is allowed over time, it may not affect the income-generating capacity of the farm. Finance Minister Benson recently allowed six years for this payment. It shows at least on the surface that government is indeed interested in the welfare of the citizens. Many points have been made on the stabilization of grain policies with the contention of most farmers being that the great gift from Ottawa would not amount to anything anyway, so why bother? Maybe this talk is far removed from the office worker, but tlie people not direcjtly related to agribusiness should sit up and take an interest in the legislation affecting this segment of the population. Our basic ingredient in the economy is agriculture, and the lives of all Canadians are affected by the direction of the farm and ranch economy. lETHBRIOCE RESEARCH STATION Barley varieties DR. S. A, WELLS, Cercalist Important changes in the distribution of barley varieties being grown in Alberta have occurred in the past decade. In 1971 a barley variety siuT^ey conducted by one of the grain companies showed that approximately 70 per cent of the Alberta barley acreage was planted to varieties that were not available for commercial production in 1960. This was also the situation in southern Alberta, where the acreage of the variety Betses was substantially greater than that of all other varieties combined. This increase in the acreage planted to Betzes has been associated with an expanding market for two-row malting barley. Much of the barley for this market has come from Boutbem Alberta and consequently has tended to improve sales prospects and stabilize prices in the area. This has happened in spite of the fact that Betzes usually is capable of producing only moderately high yields, even under very good growing conditions. At very high levels of soil fertilily and moisture Betzes tends to lodge, with consequent reduction in yield and quality of the gi'ain. The generally larger market and the higher price for Betzes have tended to offset these losses. The acreage of the variety Gait has been increasing since its release in 1966. Gait is a high - yielding, strong-strawed variety but it is not acceptable for malting. It is relatively tolerant to drought but also produces exceptionally high yields at high levels of soil moisture and fertility. Gait usually out-yields other available varieties under all conditions. Consequently, it is grown where high yield is the main consideration to the producer. Both Betzes and Gait have greatly increased the efficiency of barley production by providing higher returns - Betzes through higher prices and Gait through higher yields. Our goal in barley breeding at the Leth-bridge Research Station is to provide new varieties in this decade that will further increase returns by combining high yielding ability with good malting quality. Coming agricultural events December 3 - Cardston - H, Linder Master Farm Family Award Banquet (Tickets available from Cardston Rotari'ans, CoK)p, and Ken Newton, Unifarm District office) December 3 - Vauxhall - Dairy Market Shaiing Meeting December 3 - Cardston - Dairy Market Sharing Meeting December 4 - Lethbridge - Dairy Market Sharing Meeting- 1:30 and 8 p.m. December 3 - Lethbridge - Irrigation Project Association Meeting December 6-10 - Lethbridge - 1st Rocky Mountain Ldvestock Show and Sale December 7 - (3oaldale - Farm Water Treatment School December 7-10 - Edmonton - Annual Unifarm CJonvention December 8 - Taber - Farm Water Treatment School December 8 - Brooks -- A.I.A, South East Branch Meeting (Future of the Beef Industry in southern Alberta) December 9 - Lethbridge - Alberta Grazing Association Annual Meeting December 9 - Picture Butte - Farmstead Water Development Meeting (Dugout Construction, Weed CJon-trol, Fish Culture) December 10 - High River - Sheep Management Course December 13 - Fort Macleod - Rural Welding Clinic (1 week) December 15 - Brooks - Sheep and Wool Commission Meeting January 10 - Enchant-Vulcan - Farm Business Management Course commences (4-wBeks co-sponsored by Manpower and Alberta Department of Agriculture) No hurry for low acid seed Western Canadian Seed Processors Ltd. does not see the urgency in the national move to change rapeseed production to low erucic acid crops. Erucic acid is a chemical malce-up component of rape-seed which imparts different characteristics at different levels, J. J. Banfield, vice - president and a member of the board of directors for W(3SP, said the lack of sufficient seed and a typically lower oil yield per acre may be the principal limiting factors to switching Canada rapeseed production to low erucic acid crops. He was replying to a report in The Herald Tuesday which stated the government was stymied in its attempt to have Canada produce only low erucic acid rapeseed in 1972. He said the initial amoxmts of low erucic add types were grown in the Imperial Valley in California. Seed was allocated to growers in Canada in order to get more seed for future growers and to get sufficient quamtities for crushers to make plant size runs for analysis. The new varieties were grown on only 400,000 acres in 1971. Mr. Banfield said the move to the new type is a market demand situation. Also the federal government wants to widen the safety factor, wMch is a misconception, he s?dd. It has been discussed that high erucdc acid rapeseed was not healthy but this is only after massive amounts were consumied. Polish people have eaten high erucic acid rape-seed products for years. There will always be a market for high and low erucic acid rapeseed. The move to increase production of low erucic acid types mil help to enlarge the range for Canadian rapeseed, be said. Agro-meeting Thursday Tlie Alberta department of agricultm-e will present a special agro - meeting in the Picture Butte library Thursday from 1:15 p.m. to 4 p.m. Topics to be covered include dugout construction, aquatic weed control, fish farming and cooking and preserving fish. Reg Hartness of the Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration in Fort Macleod will deal with dugout construction. Dr. Jack Allen of the Canada department of agriculture in Lethbridge wiU discuss aquatic weed control. Stan Clements of the fish and wildlife branch of the department of lands and forest will explain fish farming as applied to farmers. Murray McLelland, district agriculturist for the Counties of Lethbridge and Warner, will also discuss fish farming. Elizabeth Bai-tman, cMstrict home economist in Lethbridge, will explain cooking and pre-servmg methods for fish. There is a registration fee of $1 and everyone is welcome to attend. MODERN STEER - The loin-eye area of this animal is 13.50 square inches, 2.4 inches more than the problem steer. It has nearly an inch less fat cover. The modern steer had 102 pounds of fat which had to be trimmed. There is more red meat in the modern steer and the amount of saleable meat contained from the modem steer would have cost 57.2 cants per pound as againrt 65.7 cents for the problem or overfat steer. Notice th* uniform and yet not over bearing fat tissue in the cross section. PROBLEM STEER - The fat is evident on this animal, both from the front view and side view. It just plain looks fat. The real story is told in the carcass comparison. Notice the thick fat cover, the smaller proportion of meat to fat and the over finished appearance of this carcass compared with the modern steer above. The tests show the actual amount of meat produced at the market price is much more on the modern steer. You pay too much for the waste fat on the problem steer. Dugout loater treatment meetings set for Coaldale and Taber Dugout water treatment as applied to irrigated districts wiil be discussed in Coaldale Tuesday and Taber Wednesday, sponsored by the Alberta department of agriculture. Scheduled at 1:30 p.m. for the Coaldale Community HaU and the Taber Qvic Centre, the meetings will feature experienced specialists from the water conditioning industry. They will emphasize proper selection, operation and maintenance of equipment for filtering and treating dugout water. Topics to be dealt with include: the water, its quality and reasons it goes "bad" in the winter; filters and chlorina-tors; homemade water softeners; and problem solving sessions. All persons interested in good quality dugout water are Invited to attend either session. Carcass quality skills tested Cattle breeders and beef producers have been issued a challenge to test their skills at judging carcass cutabiMty wider control conditions. A carcass cutability judging competition has been set for the Exhibition Pavilion Monday and Tuesday open to all interested cattlemen. It is s p o n-sored by tiie Lethbridge and District Exhibition. Carcass cutability is an indicator of the amount of saleable meat, not including waste fat and is therefore an indicatoi; of carcass value. It is synonamous with carcass yield and carcass quantity and is expressed as a percentage of closely trimmed prime cuts (boneless). Garry Benoit, livestock officer in Lethbridge said people can learn to judge cutability on the hoof by studying different types of live animals and predicting how the carcass can be e-xpected to look. ' He said it is important to be able to check predictions against the actual carcass of the antnial judged. The competition arises from the problem which has been existant for many years - overfait cattle. Tlie causes of excess fat result from the changeover from grass to grain finishing; the practice of pricing fat cattle on the basis of anticipated dressing percentage; and the fallacious trade belief that a thick fat cover and heavy marbling were essential to Wgh palata-bUity. Tlie special competition will involve eyeball judging of six or seven ste�:is and possibly a bull as part of the Rocky Mountain Livestock Show and Sale. Judging cai-ds will be made available for use by the participants. Tlie animals will be slaugh-tered and retumed to the pavilion for inspection by the participants. An entry fee of ?1 for adults will be split on a percentage basis for prizes to the top five finishers. There is to be a special 4-H section run in conjunction with the adult section. 4-H News From Clubs In Southern Alberta FOREMOST The reorganizational meeting of the Pronghom Beef Club was held at the Foremost School with Debbie Cowie elected president. Other officers elected were Joan Stappler, secretary-treasurer, Ricky Proud, vice-president, and Robyn Covne club reporter. Jack Cowie is club leader and Joan Staaldlne assistant. The weigh was held in Hou-gen's corral Oct. 30 with the limit set at 450 to 600 pounds. Tlie color night is to be held Nov. 26 at 7 p.m. in the Foremost Community Hall with the Short Grass Beef CJlub, Hoping Nunble Needles, Foremost Lucky Horseshoe Light Horse Club and the Foremost Prong-horn Beef Club participating. Alva Bair of Milk River will show films from her South America safari. CLUB REPORTER Robyn Co\vie READYMADE The Readymade 4-H Beef Club held its Annual Banquet and Awards Night Nov. 13 at 6:30 p.m. at the St. Joseph's School. The Catholic Women's League prepared and served supper. Joe Kaval led everyone in tlie pledge. Tlie head table was introduced by Robert Stan-ko. Highlights of the year were given by Sherry Hruska. The presentation of awards follows: champion calf, Chris Pearson, ti-ophy by Grahams Garage; reserve cham p ion, Myma Reid, trophy by OK Esse; highest rate of gain, Robert Stanko, trophy by the George Templeton Family. Shovmianship, Chris Pearson, trophy by Virginillo Sales and Service; judging, Syd Mantler, ti-ophy by Oliver Chemical Company; public speaking, Chris Pearson, trophy by McNally Women of Unifarm; care of calf and bam, Joe and Dorothy Kaval, trophy by Dr. Terry caiurch. Best record book, Syd Mantler, trophy by the Stan La Valley Family; best gate sign. Sherry and Joanne Hruska, trophy by Readymade 4-H Beef CJlub; fund raising, Hank Kor-tkiis, trophy by Readymade 4-H Beef Club; first year effi- ciency, Dorothy Kaval, trophy by Perlich Auction Service; top efficiency, Syd Mantler, trophy by the Bank of Montreal. Perfect attendance pins go out to Carrol Dyck, Ernie Dyck, Dorothy Kaval, Joe Kaval, Hank Korthuis, Gwen Miller, Syd Mantler, Marg Mantler, Carla Reid, Myrna Reid, Bonny Stanko, and Robert Stanko, all donated by the Readymade 4-H Beef Clvb. CLUB REPORTER Sherry Hruska RAYMOND The Raymond 4-H Beef Club elected its executive for 1972 at its first meeting Nov. 17. Elected president was Beth Holt, with Bobby S'chefter vice-president, Noi-ma Wright secretary, Francis Matychka, trea-siu-er and Theresa Kaupp club reporter. Club leader is Jack Keams with assistants Bob Frazer and Dr. Clair Norton. The meeting was called to order by Beth Holt and the pledge was led by Maria Snow. Roll call was the breed of the calf for each member. Lunch committee consists of Ron Matychka, Berna d e t te Kaupp and Maria Snow. Junior leader Aimamarie Schefter suggested a toy drive for Nov. 27 at 1 p.m. All members are to meet at Jack Keam's. Record books and project books were handed out with the date of the next meeting fixed at Dec. 15. CLUB REPORTER Tliercsa Kaupp MILK RIVER The annual Milk River 4-H Beef C^ub and awards night, held in the Milk River Catholic Church Recreaition Hall, was well attended and enjoyed by 4-H members and parents. President Leslie Lindem a n was the master of ceremonies. Awards presented included: grand champion, proficiency and showmanship, Bruce Thiessen; gain, Lanny Doenz; records and speaking, Debby Thiessen; and judging, Marion Madge. Assistant Leader Frank Madge was honored for 10 years service to the club. A short skit, presented by the members and wildlife fihns presented by Tom Willock were enjoyed. Leader Robert Kuhl and his wife Joan and all the trophy donors were thanked for making the club activities such a success. CLUB REPORTER Diane Stringam COUTTS The regular meeting of the International 4-H Light Horse Club was held Nov, 18 at 7 p.m. in the (^outts Civic Centre with 22 members present. Fred Ftrlong, president, called the meeting to order and Sharla Winters led the members in the 4-H pledge. The minutes of the last meeting vrere read by Carleeai Blanche and the treasurer's report read by Leslie Orot'eau. It was decided to have a swimming party in December as well as a trip to Great FaUs early in the new year. Mr. Gus Coolridge instructed the members of good public speaking procedures. Speeches were then given by Darcee Blanche, Leslie Croteau and Fred Fm-long. The next meeting will be held on Dec. 16. CLUB REPORTER Teresa Pittman. HOPING The regular meeting of Hojh-ing Nimble Needles was called to order mth the singing of O Canada and pledge. Roll call was; What I Plan to get out of 4-H tills year. aub members will sing fbr the W.I. Christmas Concert on Dec. 18. The annual bake bingo will be Md Dec. 3. Talks were given by Rpxann� Flexhaug on smoking; iSandy Thompson on ways you caii change your world; and Debbie Lee on was it sudden? Impromptu talks were given by Sharon Walters on what it is like to ride to school on a bus; Shari Seward on my favorite time of the year; Melody Mueller on a perfect husband; and Sheila Sci-atch on how much I like school and how much I don't. Hostesses were Karen Walters and Brenda Carolls. CLUB REPORTER Rita Kana CHIANINA.INSPECTED - Syd Sien, foreground, head of the animal science sec tion of the Lethbridge Research Station, displays one of six Chianina heifers to Allen Sulatycky, MP for Rocky Mountain House and Leonard Halmrast, former Alberta agriculture minister. To the right is C. W. Mowers, publisher of The Herald and to the left are three of the 24 students from the Magrath Grade 9 agriculture class who ottended the open houM Thursday. Rubi Rouge The inexpensive red table wine Buy some today for tonite JORDAN ' "WINES, '-'t: ;