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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta How to build fire properly For a warm and cheery hearth By MR. FIX An unused fireplace is a waste. If you are lucky enough to have a fireplace, you have something to provide warmth and comfort along with its cheery look. Most people don't use the fireplace because of the unfortunate experience of having it smoke or shed sparks. Some people spend more time getting the fire started than they spend sitting in front of it. There's always a remote possibility that the fireplace wasn't built correctly, but if it was properly built (and most are) you should be able to get a fire going with a minimum of trouble. The secret of any good fire-building is to provide a draft. So don't just dump logs on the hearth and expect them to burn. The logs should be supported off the hearth by a grate or and irons. Air will then flow under and through the logs, mak- BUILDING A FIRE IN THE FIREPLACE | FIRST-' J ^ CRUMPLED PAPER- PLACE LOGS ON ANDIRONS THEN PLACE KINDLING ON TOP OF PAPER. BEFORE LIGHTING, FIRE - . JHEAT AIR IN CHIMNEY ing complete combustion possible. Building a fire requires more than logs. Crumple paper into loose wads and put these on the hearth first. Over these place kindling - small sticks, scrap lumber, twigs. Then place the logs' on the andir�n and use at least three. Place the largest to the rear the next in front of it and the third on top. But before you place the third log in position spread some kindling over the first two, , which will allow some air space and allow the top log to start burning before it settles against the other two Build your fire against the back wall. Most fireplaces are on an outside wall of the house and you want to heat that back wall. When the back wall is hot, it throws warm air into the room. Keeping the fire to the rear also keeps the smoke back there. A cold fireplace and a cold chimney, common conditions with fireplaces built on outside walls, can cause smoking, since cold air doesn't rise. Be fore you light the fire, but after you have everything pre pared, preheat the air in the chimney. Hold a lighted newspaper in the top of the fire-place, -where the chimney starts. When the newspaper is finished burning, start your fire. Smoking can be cause'd by a YOUR GARDEN By Isabelle R. Young, F.R.H.S. COLORFUL SHRUBS AND TREES FOR 1972 IF a person plans the landscape picture with care and thought, he can have color in the garden every month of the year. You have to choose your plaint materials with the name forethought as you would colors for painting a picture. The evergreens are nice from spring through winter and look particularly attractive when the ground is white with snow or when they are covered with a hoar frost. Some good varieties in various shades of green and blue are - Rocky Mtn. Juniper (Juniper scopulorum) - although the ultimate height is 10 ft. it is slow growing and is more often grown as a shrub; Mtn. Juniper (J. communis sax-atilis) - 2 ft. with 8 ft. spread; Creeping Juniper (J. horizon- talis) - 6 " with 10 ft. spread; Dunvegan Blue Juniper (J. hor-izontalis 'Dunvegan Blue') - 18" with 10 ft. spread. This has very blue foliage. Savins Juniper (J. sabina) - 1 to 4 ft. with 8 ft. spread. Arcadia and Scandia are two good selections. Two good Mugho pines are Compact Mtn. Pine and Dwarf Mtn. Pine which grow 4 to 5 ft. with a 6 ft. spread. These make very good specimen or foundation plantings. Colorado Blue Spruce grows to 40 ft. and variety Kosters Blue is one of the most beautiful with very blue needles. The White Spruce (Picea glauca) is probably the most common spruce in Alberta growing 40 ft. or more. Black Hills Spruce (Picea glauca albertiana) sometimes called Alberta Spruce grows 30 ft. or more. There are Nativity scene for use on table Making this Nativity Scene can spark many pleasant hours of complete relaxation for the entire family. Since there's something everyone can do, everyone should help. The pattern offered below provides full FACT? The  German shepherd dog is noted for its intelligence, loyalty and courage. The- World Almanao notes that it is commonly called "police dog," a misnomer applied to. this breed because of its use in patrol duty. German shepherds respond quickly to training and have been valuable as companion dogs for the blind. 6o�j right c1971, ttaWMUHttr �&ten>rluAiUi size cutting guides for making the creche and the entire group of eleven figures. The stable, measuring 16" wide by 14" high is ideal for use on a table, or below the Christmas tree. Each figure is first traced on panelboard, then cut to exact shape of pattern. Painting guides on pattern can be traced, then painted colors pattern specifics. To add a realistic touch, spread straw or moss on the floor of the stable and on the platform outside. A colorful lighting effect can be achieved by concealing a single Christmas tree bulb in back of stable. This throws a soft, indirect light that gives an enchanting effect. Send $1.25 in cash, cheque or money order (no stamps please for Pattern No. 310, Nativity Scene, to Carpentry Dept., The Lethbridge Herald, P.O. Box 806 Adelaide St. P.O., Toronto. (Copyright 1071. Toronto Star Syndicate) Mighty geyser Yellowstone National Park's Old Faithful geyser erupts an average of every 64.5 minutes and discharges 10,000 to 12,000 gallons of water in 2>/2 to 5 minutes, according to Encyclopaedia Britannica. also good pine and fir trees. Various shades of yellow to deep gold and orange - red add a bright spot of color and should be included in your landscaping Golden Pfitzer Juniper (Juni perus chinensis pfitzeriana) - 2 ft. with 6 ft. spread. Tips come out a bright yellow and as season advances, gradually turn green. Birches are an at tractive tree with their colored bark and golden yellow foliage in autumn. The Beaked Hazelnut (Corylus cornuta) has brilliant golden - yellow foliage in fall, and the American Hazelnut has bronzy - red foliage. These grow 6 ft. European Larch (Larix decidua) - 30 ft. very handsome coniferous trees which lose their needles in the fall, turning a golden yellow before doing so. Mtn. Maple (Acer spicatum) - 10 ft. witli orange - scarlet autumn color Golden Plume Elder (Sambu-cus racemosa plumoso aurea) ~fi ft. with golden yellow leaves. If you like silver foliage, there is the Russian Olive -15 ft., Silver Buffalo Berry- 20 ft. and Siberian White Wil-low-45 ft. There are trees and shrubs that supply colorful berries which are relished by some of our feathered friends. These include the Mountain Ash, Chinese Bush Cherry, Crabapples, and High Bush Cranberry. (I aim just including the common name now as there is not room for the botanical name). When winter is here and the colorful leaves have disappeared and only a few ornamental berries remain, we can still have color in the garden from the beautiful bark on some of the trees such as the Russian Olive - 20 ft. with blackish-brown, shredding bark, which is most unique and interesting in winter. The beautiful Dogwoods, 2 to 8 ft. with red, yellow, purplish-black or greenish yellow bark; the greenish - brown of' the Coto-neaster; the white, dark red or orange bark of the Birch; the Amur Cherry with its bright, brownish - yellow, flaking bark. The Purple Osier Willow and Dwarf Arctic Willow have purple to purple - brown stems; the Red Elder has light brown branches. The Dwarf Burning Bush-J. ft. with a 2 ft. spread has leaves that turn a deep purple in fall. The Black Chokecherry has green leaves which turn a lovely yellow as fall approaches The colorful fall foliage from red to purplish red of the High Bush Cranberry is beautiful. Silver Leaved Dogwood has green leaves edged with creamy - white. Some Crabapples have purplish leaves, others are reddish; Alpine Currant has dark green foliage; the Schubert Cboke-oherrry leaves] come out green and turn to reddish-purple. NOTE: All questions should be sent with self  addressed-stamped, envelope to - Mis. 1. R. Young, 3620 Centre B. St. N.W., Calgary 43. Due to the number of letters asking more than one question it is requested in future enquiries that only ONE question be submitted each time as it is impossible for Mrs. Young to reply to all correspondence and do her practical gardening as well. clogged damper or a damper that isn't open. Check this. Your chimney also may need cleaning. If there are overhanging branches outside, these may obstruct the flow of smoke, forcing it back into the room. When the fire is burning, it uses up a lot of air. To keep that air flowing through the fireplace and up the chimney, provide ventilation elsewhere in the bouse. A partially opened window will do nicely. Splicing wire is fine art By MR. FIX Fastening one electrical wire to another - whether inside a light fixture, an appliance or merely making a short wire longer - is known as splicing. It involves more than simply twisting two wires together. The connection must be made so that it is electrically sound as well as mechanically strong. If electrical cords are old and frayed at more than one spot, splicing is not wise. Nor is it practical to splice short lengths. To keep the splice from being lumpy, stagger it in the two wires that make un the cord. Cut one strand so that the connection will not occur in the same spot in the other strand. Cut the insulation carefully so that you don't go through the wire. While there are special cutters electricians use to make the job go quickly, they are an unnecessary expense for CUT INSULATION CAREFULLY STAGGEK. SPLICE, Friday, December 3, 1971 - THE IETHBRIDGE HERA10 - FIN BARE WIRES . COMPLETE SPLICE BY TAPING, the casual user. Use a sharp knife. Make several cuts at an angle. With practice, you can cut insulation with side cutters, special pliers that are used for electrical work. If you use side-cutting pliers, make certain you close them only partially so that you cut only the insulation. If you have staggered the cuts in both wires, remember to match up the short wire in one cord with the long one in the other. You will make a better electrical connection if you tin the bare wires before splicing. Scrape the wires clean! Then hold the. wire against a soldering iron until it is hot. Apply rosin - core solder to the hot wire, coating it thinly and evenly. After the wires are tinned, twist them together tightly. Hold the spliced section against the hot soldering iron (or use a small blow torch) and again apply rosin-core solder. The spliced joint is completed by taping. Use a combination of rubber and fric t i o n tapes, or use the newer plastic tape alone. Soldeiiess connectors make splicing easier but cannot be used on exposed splices. There are good inside lighting fixtures and appliances, where they will be covered and there will be no handling to loosen them. The connector is nothing more than a plastic nut with a threaded metal insert. Twist the wires together and insert them in the connector. Then give the connector a few turns and the job is done, (Newspaper Knlerprif A�M.>< Pre-Christmas Dollar Days Safeway TURKEYS the Pinecrest Frozen Toms Canada Grade A 22-24 Pound Average ... lb. WHILE SUPPLIES LAST Frying Chicken Side Bacon Limit 2 Per Customer Manor House Cut Up, Tray Packed Frozen Wood Acres, Sliced, Vacuum Packed, 1 ib. net wt. pkg. each Fresh Broccoli Cranberries Mandarins Apple Juice Fresh Bread California, Crisp and Green Ocean Spray, Late Howes ...... 1 Ib. net wt. pkg. Genuine Japanese Oranges' Approx. 8-lb. box .. each -Taste Tells Reconstituted ............. 48.cz. tin Polly Ann, White or Brown ... 20 oz. loaf Manor House, Frozen, Chicken, Turkey, Beef ......... 8 oz. size Meat Pies Snack Crackers Busy Baker 16 oz. net wt. pkg. . Town House Tomato or Vegetable 10-oz. tin R Chip Dips Soup Mix lucerne, Fresh, Assorted Flavours .............. 8 oz. tub Lyons, Chicken Noodle ........ 2V4 oz. net wt. pkg. Prices Effective in Lethbridge December 3 and 4. WE RESERVE THE RJGHT TO LIMIT QUANTITIES SAFEWAY C ANAPA $ A f. � W A Y I I M I I E O ;