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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 8 - THE IETHBRIOGE HERALD - Friday, D.c.mb.r t, 1971 Farm and ranch notes Cattlemen Tax woes? By Ric Swihart Farmers and ranchers are in trouble again, and making up only 10 per cent of the population (in Alberta at least), their protests are almost a voice in the wilderness. The enemy this time is government legislation seemingly aimed at the age-old problem of filling the coffers to pay an increasing load of bills. Farming and ranching today is big business, no matter how large or small the operation, because of the extremely high investment necessary for all aspects of the venture. The average person in cities and towns has all his tax work done for him, and when the specified time arrives, fills out a "short" form with a figure provided from a T-4 employer's form. Bill C-259 is the new tax bill Finance Minister Edgar Benson has dreamed up with the help of countless advisers. The proposed legislation affecting agribusiness will bring the majority of the hardship to cattlemen in the province and correspondingly, the most discussion. The grain farmer is also being hampered by the government action or inaction on the grains policy stabilization issue. With more than 100 amendments already in, the cattlemen are looking for help in the specific areas of keeping the basic herd provision and softening of the proposed capital gains tax. The proposal for the basic herd would mean total sales receipts could be taxed as income if the farmer is on a cash basis. The years of building up a herd and the tax money saved by deductions allowed on basic herd capital expenditures and investment would be lost at the time of the sale. The basic herd concept is that the rancher's basic group of cattle is his source of income through the sale of calves or if planned, yearlings. The capital gains tax would come due on the transfer of the farm within the family, as well as when the farm is sold. If the tax payable is allowed over time, it may not affect the income-generating capacity of the farm. Finance Minister Benson recently allowed six years for this payment. It shows at least on the surface that government is indeed interested in the welfare of the citizens. Many points have been made on the stabilization of grain policies with the contention of most farmers being that the great gift from Ottawa would not amount to anything anyway, so why bother? Maybe this talk is far removed from the office worker, but the people not directly related to agribusiness should sit up and take an interest in the legislation affecting this segment of the population. Our basic ingredient in the economy is agriculture, and the lives of all Canadians are affected by the direction of the farm and ranch economy. itUtOHMM Q LETHBRIDGE RESEARCH STATION Barley varieties DR. S. A. WELLS, Ccrealist Important changes in the distribution of barley varieties being grown in Alberta have occurred in the past decade. In 1971 a barley variety survey conducted by one of the grain companies showed that approximately 70 per cent of the Alberta barley acreage was planted to varieties that were not available for commercial production in 1960. This was also the situation in southern Alberta, where the acreage of the variety Betaes was substantially greater than that of all other varieties combined. This increase in the acreage planted to Betzes has been associated with an expanding market for two-row malting barley. Much of the barley for this market has come from southern Alberta and consequently has tended to improve sales prospects and stabilize prices in the area. This has happened in spite of the fact that Betzes usually is capable of producing only moderately high yields, even under very good growing conditions. At very high levels of soil fertility and moisture Betzes tends to lodge, with consequent reduction in yield and quality of the grain. The generally larger market and the higher price for Betzes have tended to offset these losses. The acreage of the variety Gait has been increasing since its release in 1966. Gait is a high - yielding, strong-strawed variety but it is not acceptable for malting. It is relatively tolerant to drought but also produces exceptionally high yields at high levels of soil moisture and fertility. Gait usually out-yields other available varieties under all conditions. Consequently, it is grown where high yield is the main consideration to the producer. Both Betzes and Gait have greatly increased the efficiency of barley production by providing higher returns - Betzes through higher prices and Gait through higher yields. Our goal in barley breeding at the Lethbridge Research Station is to provide new varieties in this decade that will further increase returns by combining high yielding ability with good malting quality. Coming agricultural events December 3 - Cardston - H. Linder Master Farm Family Award Banquet (Tickets available from Cardston Rotarians, Co-op, and Ken Newton, Unifarm District office) December 3 - Vauxhall - Dairy Market Sharing Meeting December 3 - Cardston - Dairy Market Sharing Meeting December 4 - Lethbridge - Dairy Market Sharing Meeting- 1:30 and 8 p.m. December 3 - Lethbridge - Irrigation Project Association Meeting December 6-10 - Lethbridge - 1st Rocky Mountain Livestock Show and Sale December 7 - Coaldale - Farm Water Treatment School December 7-10 - Edmonton - Annual Unifarm Convention December 8 - Taber - Farm Water Treatment School December 8 - Brooks -- A.I.A. South Bast Branch Meeting (Future of the Beef Industry in southern Alberta) December 9 - Lethbridge - Alberta, Grazing Association Annual Meeting December 9 - Picture Butte - Farmstead Water Development Meeting (Dugout Construction, Weed Control, Fish Culture) December 10 - High River - Sheep Management Course December 13 - Fort Macleod - Rural Welding Clinic (1 week) December 15 - Brooks - Sheep and Wool Commission Meeting January 10 - Enchant-Vulcan - Farm Business Management Course commences (4-weeks co-sponsored by Manpower and Alberta Department of Agriculture)! No hurry for low acid seed Western Canadian Seed Processors Ltd. does not see the urgency in the national move to change rapeseed production to low erucic acid crops. Erucic acid is a chemical make-up component of rape-seed which imparts different characteristics at different levels, J. J. Banfield, vice - president and a member of the board of directors for WCSP, said the lack of sufficient seed and a typically lower oil yield per acre may be the principal limiting factors to switching Canada rapeseed production to low erucic acid crops. He was replying to a report in The Herald Tuesday which stated the government was stymied in its attempt to have Canada produce only low erucic acid rapeseed in 1972. He said the initial amounts of low erucic acid types were grown in the Imperial Valley in California. Seed was allocated to growers in Canada in order to get more seed for future growers and to get sufficient quantities for crushers to make plant size runs for analysis. The new varieties were grown on only 400,000 acres in 1971. Mr. Banfield said the move to the new type is a market demand situation. Also the federal government wants to widen the safety factor, which is a misconception, he said. It has been discussed that high erucic acid rapeseed was not healthy but this is only after massive amounts were consumed. Polish people have eaten high erucic acid rape-seed products for years. There will always be a market for high and low erucic acid rapeseed. The move to increase production of low erucic acid types will help to enlarge the range for Canadian rapeseed, he said. Agro-meeting Thursday The Alberta department of agriculture will present a special agro - meeting in the Picture Butte library Thursday from 1:15 p.m. to 4 p.m. Topics to be covered include dugout construction, aquatic weed control, fish farming and cooking and preserving fish. Reg Hartness of the Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration in Fort Macleod will deal with dugout construction. Dr. Jack Allen of the Canada department of agriculture in Lethbridge will discuss aquatic weed control. Stan Clements of the fish and wildlife branch of the department of lands and forest will explain fish farming as applied to farmers. Murray McLelland, district agriculturist for the Counties of Lethbridge and Warner, will also discuss fish farming. Elizabeth Bartman, district home economist in Lethbridge, will explain cooking and preserving methods for fish. There is a registration fee of $1 and everyone is welcome to attend. Dugout ivater treatment meetings set for Coaldale and Taber Dugout water treatment as applied to irrigated districts will be discussed in Coaldale Tuesday and Taber Wednesday, sponsored by the Alberta department of agriculture. Scheduled at 1:30 p.m. for the Coaldale Community Hall and the Taber Civic Centre, the meetings will feature experienced specialists from the water conditioning industry. They will emphasize proper selection, operation and maintenance of equipment for filtering and treating dugout water. Topics to be dealt with include: the water, its quality and reasons it goes "bad" in the winter; filters and chlorina-tors; homemade water softeners; and problem solving sessions. All persons interested in good quality dugout water are invited to attend either session. MODERN STEER - The loin-eye area of this animal is 13.50 square inches, 2.4 inches more than the problem steer. It has nearly an inch less fat cover. The modern steer had 102 pounds of fat which had to be trimmed. There is more red meat in the modern steer and the amount of saleable meat contained from the modern steer would have cost 57.2 cents per pound as againit 65.7 cents for the problem or overfat steer. Notice "th� uniform and yet not over bearing fat tissue in the cross section. PROBLEM STEER - The fat is evident on this animal, both from the front view and side view. It just plain looks fat. The real story is told in> the carcass comparison. Notice the thick fat cover, the smaller proportion of meat to fat and the over finished appearance of this carcass compared with the modern steer above. The tests show the actual amount of meat produced at the market price \% much more on the modern steer. You pay too much for the waste fat on the problem steer. Carcass quality skills tested Cattle breeders and beef producers have been issued a challenge to test their skills at judging carcass cutability under control conditions. A carcass cutability judging competition has been set for the Exhibition Pavilion Monday and Tuesday open to all interested cattlemen. It is sponsored by the Lethbridge and District Exhibition. Carcass cutability is an indicator of the amount of saleable meat, not including waste fat and is therefore an indicator, of oarcass value. It is synonamous with carcass yield and carcass quantity and is expressed as a percentage of closely trimmed prime cuts (boneless). Garry Benoit, livestock officer in Lethbridge said people can learn to judge cutability on the hoof by studying different types of live animals and predicting how the carcass can be expected to look;  He said it is important to be able to check predictions against the actual carcass of the animal judged. The competition arises from the problem which has been existant for many years - overfat cattle. The causes of excess fat result from the changeover from grass to grain finishing; the practice of pricing fat cattle on the basis of anticipated dressing percentage; and the fallacious trade belief that a thick fat cover and heavy marbling were essential to high palata-bility. The special competition will involve eyeball judging of six or seven steers and possibly a bull as part of the Rocky Mountain Livestock Show and Sale. Judging cards will be made available for use by the participants. The animals will be slaughtered and returned to the pavilion for inspection by the participants. An entry fee of $1 for adults will be split on a percentage basis for prizes to the top five finishers. There is to be a special 4-H section run in conjunction with the adult section. 4-H News From Clubs In Southern Alberta FOREMOST The reorganizational meeting of the Proughorn Beef Club was held at the Foremost School with Debbie Cowie elected president. Other officers elected were Joan Stappler, secretary-treasurer, Ricky Proud, vice-president, and Robyn Cowie club reporter. Jack Cowie is club leader and Joan Staaldine assistant. The weigh was held in Hou-gen's corral Oct. 30 with the limit set at 450 to 600 pounds. The color night is to be held Nov. 26 at 7 p.m. in the Foremost Community Hall with the Short Grass Beef Club, Hoping Nimble Needles, Foremost Lucky Horseshoe Light Horse Club and the Foremost Prong-horn Beef Club participating. Alva Bair of Milk River will show films from her South America safari. CLUB REPORTER Robyn Cowie READYMADE The Readymade 4-H Beef Club held its Annual Banquet and Awards Night Nov. 13 at 6:30 p.m. at the St. Joseph's School. The Catholic Women's League prepared and served supper. Joe Kaval led everyone in the pledge. The head table was introduced by Robert Stan-ko. Highlights of the year were given by Sherry Hruska. The presentation of awards follows: champion calf, Chris Pearson, trophy by Grahams Garage; reserve cham p ion, Myrna Reid, trophy by OK Esso; highest rate of gain, Robert Stanko, trophy by the George Templeton Family. Showmanship, Chris Pearson, trophy by Virginillo Sales and Service; judging, Syd Mantler, trophy by Oliver Chemical Company; public speaking, Chris Pearson, trophy by McNally Women of Unifarm; care of calf and barn, Joe and Dorothy Kaval, trophy by Dr. Terry Church. Best record book, Syd Mantler, trophy by the Stan La Valley Family; best gate sign, Sherry and Joanne Hruska, trophy by Readymade 4-H Beef Club; fund raising, Hank Kor-thuis, trophy by Readymade 4-H Beef Club; first year effi- ciency, Dorothy Kaval, trophy by Perlich Auction Service; top efficiency, Syd Mantler, trophy by the Bank of Montreal. Perfect attendance pins go out to Carrol Dyck, Ernie Dyck, Dorothy Kaval, Joe Kaval, Hank Korthuis, Gwen Miller, Syd Mantler, Marg Mantler, Carla Reid, Myrna Reid, Bonny Stanko, and Robert Stanko, all donated by the Readymade 4-H Beef Club. CLUB REPORTER Sherry Hruska RAYMOND The Raymond 4-H Beef Club elected its executive for 1972 at its first meeting Nov. 17. Elected president was Beth Holt, with Bobby Schefter vice-president, Norma Wright secretary, Francis Matychka, treasurer and Theresa Kaupp club reporter. Club leader is Jack Kearns with assistants Bob Frazer and Dr. Clair Norton. The meeting was called to order by Beth Holt and the pledge was led by Maria Snow. Roll call was the breed of the calf for each member. CHIANJNA. INSPECTED - Syd Slen, foreground, head of the animal science section of the Lethbridge Research Station, displays one of six Chianina heifers to Allen Sulatycky, MP for Rocky Mountain House and Leonard Halmrast, former Alberta agriculture minister. To the right is C. W. Mowers, publisher of The Herald and to the left are three of the 24 students from the Mag rath Grade 9 agriculture class who attended the open house Thursday. Lunch committee consists of Ron Matychka, Berna d e t te Kaupp and Maria Snow. Junior leader Anna marie Schefter suggested a toy drive for Nov. 27 at 1 p.m. All members are to meet at Jack Kearn's. Record books and project books were handed out with the date of the next meeting fixed at Dec. 15. CLUB REPORTER Theresa Kaupp MILK RIVER The annual Milk River 4-H Beef dub and awards night, held in the Milk River Catholic Church Recreation Hall, was well attended and enjoyed by 4-H members and parents. President Leslie Lindem a n was the master of ceremonies. Awards presented included: grand champion, proficiency and showmanship, Bruce Thiessen; gain, Lanny Doenz; records and speaking, Debby Thiessen; and judging, Marion Madge. Assistant Leader Frank Madge was honored for 10 years service to the club. A short skit, presented by the members and wildlife films presented by Tom Willock were enjoyed. Leader Robert Kuhl and his wife Joan and all the trophy donors were thanked for making the club activities such a success. CLUB REPORTER Diane Stringam COUTTS The regular meeting of the International 4-H Light Horse Club was held Nov. 18 at 7 p.m. in the Coutts Civic Centre with 22 members present. Fred Furlong, president, called the meeting to order and Sharla Winters led the members in the 4-H pledge. The minutes of the last meeting were read by Carleen Blanche and the treasurer's report read by Leslie Croteau. It was decided to have a swimming party in December as well as a trip to Great Falls early in the new year. Mr. Gus Coolridge instructed the members of good public speaking procedures. Speeches were then given by Darcee Blanche, Leslie Croteau and Fred Furlong. The next meeting will be held on Dec. 16. CLUB REPORTER Teresa Pittman. HOPING The regular meeting of Hoping Nimble Needles was called to order with the singing of O Canada and pledge. Roll call was; What I Plan to get out of 4-H this year. Club members will sing for the W.I. Christmas Concert on Dec. 18. The annual bake bingo will be held Dec. 3. Talks were given by Roxanne Flexhaug on smoking; Sandy Thompson on ways you can change your world; and Debbie Lee on was it sudden? Impromptu talks were given by Sharon Walters on what it is like to ride to school on a bus; Shari Seward on my favorite time of the year; Melody Mueller on a perfect husband; and Sheila Scratch on how much I like school and how much I don't. Hostesses were Karen Walters and Brenda Carolls. CLUB REPORTER Rita Kana Rubi Rouge The inexpensive red table wine Buy some today for tonite JORDAN WINES ;