Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
HIGH FORECAST SATURDAY 35. The Lethbridge Herald * ? * * * VOL. LXIV - No. 300 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS-32 PAGES Government ^ ijjj' State of emergency BUD OLSON to preserve rural life By EG ON FRECH Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA - Agriculture Minister H. A. (Bud) Olson has told farmers he is committed to preserving the rural way of life in Canada and does not intend to use his farm development program to entice Canadians to quit fanning. "I don't think any of us cherishes the thought of all Canadians living in several big cities," he told the 38th annual meeting of the British Columbia Federation of Agriculture in New Westminster. "A successful farm development program will prevent that from hap-j pening." i A text of Mr. Olson's speech! was released in Ottawa. In it, he was apparently hitting back at suggestions from the prairie provincial governments that ^ the farm development program is designed to squeeze farmers | off their farms and so rid the; federal government of the farm | problem. "Much of the resistance to the farm development program has been due to misunderstanding and misinterpretation" he said. "Because we made provision to help the farmer who wants to retire fromi farming or take up non-farm work, the government has been accused o� wanting to push the farmer off the land," he said. The principles of the farm development program were hammered out at the Agriculture Outlook Conference in Ottawa last week by the provincial ministers of agriculture and Mr. Olson. The agriculture ministers apparently were satisfied after the talks that the land assembly and early retirement features of the programs would work to the benefit of the farmers. However, there was no guarantee of any change in principle in the communique issued after the conference, and the real bargaining is going on now, in closed-door sessions of a federal-provincial technical committee assigned the task of hammering out the details of the program. But Mr. Olson's speech hi British Columbia left little doubt that some farmers would have to move off the land in order to make economically viable units for the ones who remain. This was the original objection to the program - that is would reduce the number of farmers on forms. Mr. Olson pointed om that the operation of a farm today depends more on capital than a man's labor, and that one farmer with machinery today can produce many times what he could 20 years ago without modem machinery. While the new program would be aimed at helping small, family type farms to obtain the land and machinery they need to operate economically, the land will have to come from somewhere. Mi\ Olson indicated in his speech that it would likely come from farmers who voluntarily want to give up farming. Farm development "The emphasis of this program will be on farm development, and not on farm retirement," he said. "A great many fanners have written to me and want to leave fanning but feel trapped to stay there. While we are making efforts and spending money to help the men and women who want to build a strong farm, we can't ignore those who want to retire from farming." He said the government wants to make sure "the man who wants to retire from farming can do so in dignity. For the man who wants to take up employment off the farm, we want to help him make the transition as successfully as possible." The new farm development program will likely be similar to the ARDA and FRED programs, with individual provinces making special agreements with the federal government within the limits of a national ' framework. Some of the programs would include provincial land assembly banks which would buy up land from farmers wanting to quit farming or to retire, and either leasing or selling it to farmers who need more land to make viable farm, units. Others would provide loans for farmers to buy the kind of machinery they would need to operate the new units. Encouraged Mr. Olson said he was "very encouraged" by the agreement of the provincial agriculture ministers and that he is enthusiastic that Canada will now move to fill the gap in farm development. "I for one feel the rural way of life is essential and must be preserved," he said. "By providing the opportunities for low-incom� farmers to develop farms into viable economic units, we will be giving an'impetus for the healthy development of the rural sectors of our country, because prosperous farms, mean prosperoua towns and village!" 'Excuse me, Mr. Nixon. I'm standing under your foot!' Pakistan airliner hijacked PARIS (AP) - Air pirates took over a Pakistan International Airlines jet in the name of Bangla Desh today and held it for ransom of 20 tons of medicine. They threatened to blow up the plane and 28 persons aboard on an Orly Airport runway if their order was rejected. Airport officials said arrangements were being made to obtain the medicine. Calling themselves representatives of 10 million Bengali refugees who have fled from East Pakistan to India, the hijackers warned police to stay away from the four-engined Boeing 720-B jetliner and said any action that could "lok like intervening" would lead to the plane's destruction. Citizenship act changes requested TORONTO (CP) - Prime Minister Trudeau was asked Thursday by members of Toronto's Italian community to consider changes to the Citizenship Act that would allow 18-year-old immigrants who meet residence requirements to become Canadian citizens. The recommendation was contained in a brief presented to the prime minister by the Federation of Italian-Canadian Associations and Clubs (FACI). At present, the Citizenship Act stipulates that application for citizenship can be made only by those over 21 years of age, and the FACI brief asked that, the act be altered to allow 18-year-olds to apply. Hockey player in car mishap NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C. (CP) - Barry Smith, 17-year-old defenceman with New Westminster Bruins of the Western Canada Junior Hockey League, was killed Thursday night in a single-car accident in suburban Surrey. RCMP said Smith, of Prince Albert, Sask., was a passenger in a northbound car on the King George Highway when it apparently swerved to avoid an oncoming vehicle and rolled over. Also in the car, but not in-. jured, was another New Westminster Bruins hockey player, defenceman Bob Stumpf, 18, of Mile, Alberta. RCMP withheld the driver's name. He also escaped injury. IS decl are d i n India From AP-REUTER The Indian government declared a national emergency "today following Pakistani air raids on four northwestern Indian airports. A Pakistani broadcast 6aid Pakistan air force planes struck in retaliation for Indian ground attacks. India denied it had staged any attacks in the northwest, 1,000 miles or more from East Pakistan where hostilities broke out last month. Air raid sirens wailed in New Delhi and the Indian capital was blacked out. But there was no sign of an air attack. International airlines in London said they had banned flying jetliners to West Pakistan and Calcutta and New Delhi in India. Radio Pakistan said the air attacks were carried out against airports at Avantipur, Pathan-kot, Amritsar and at Srinagar, capital of Indian Kashmir, a point of dispute between the two countries since 1947. In New Delhi, President V. V. Suffers stroke MELBOURNE (AP) - Sir Robert Menzies, Australia's former prime minister, suffered a stroke Thursday but is not in serious condition, his wife reported today. "He has had vascular spasms which have left his arms and legs weak," said Dame Pattie Menzies. "All he needs is a little physiotherapy to get the movement back in the legs." Giri issued the emergency proclamation on behalf of the Indian government "because of the unprovoked aggression by Pakistan." PLAN POLICE POWERS The president, the constitutional head of state, at the same time summoned both houses of parliament into a special session Saturday to approve the 'Defence of India Bill", emergency legislation that would give the government wide police powers. New Delhi airport was closed to international traffic until further notice. Internal flights have been diverted to airports other than New Delhi. Radio Pakistan said the air strikes were made "as a counter-measure to meet the challenge" of Indian attacks that began before dawn from India's Rajasthan Desert. Earlier an Indian spokesman in New Delhi had reported three Pakistan air attacks in northwestern India. Later he agreed with the Pakistani broadcast that there were four. Top men IRA security-recaptured BELFAST (CP) - The Irish Republican Army appeared today to have driven a big hole into Northern Ireland's security setup by whisking three of its top operatives out of Belfast's Crumlin Road prison fortress. The trio's disappearance into a thick fog shrouding the capital came only two weeks after nine other suspected IRA agents broke out, clambering over the jail's towering walls with the aid of rope ladders. Republican sources claimed the three were safely over the border in the Irish Republic. As the republic would almost certainly regard the men as freed political prisoners, extradition would seem out of the question. Six of the men who escaped Nov. 19 later surfaced in Dublin to give a news conference. Only two were recaptured-as they drove south toward the frontier disguised as priests. , WERE KEY CAPTIVES Two of the three latest escap* ers were identified by informed sources as Martin Meehan and Anthony (Dutch) Doherty. British army intelligence regard them as among the most important captures since internment without trial was introduced in August to crush the IRA. Meehan was said by the U.S. dollar sources to be the leader of Bel* fast's Ardoyne district command of the IRA, which is fighting to bring Protestant-dominated Northern Ireland under the rule of the Roman Catholic republic. Doherty is widely reported to be a top guerrilla gunniatu Thompson named Tory eo-ordinator Herald Ottawa Bureau OTTAWA - Robert Thompson, Red Deer MP, has been appointed national organization co - ordinator for the Progressive Conservative party, it was announced here today. The party's plans, The Herald has learned but it was not contained in the announcement, are for him to give up hu Red Deer seat when the election is called, get a nomination in a B.C. seat, and head the party's list of B.C. candidates. A few days ago he confessed a special interest in the B.C. situation and said he was persuading former Social Credit MPs to seak PC nominations in that province. Until now all hostilities had been centred along the borders between East Pakistan and India far to the southeast. An Indian spokesman in New Delhi said 18 Pakistani jets staged the attacks while Pak-stani ground troops shelled border posts in India. Pakistan radio, reporting on charges of Indian attacks against West Pakistan, said the situation remained confused. It was the first major action reported on the West Pakistan-northern Indian front. The fighting had previously been concentrated on East Pakistan's border with India. FIGHT ON SEVEN FRONTS Radio Pakistan reported that India had sent three more divisions in the biggest Indian offensive so far against Pakistan and fierce fighting was reported on seven fronts around the borders of East Pakistan. Pakstan claimed it inflicted heavy casualties on Indian forces. China charged that India was trying to divide Pakistan backed and abetted by the Soviet Union, New Delhi's principal arms supplier. Pakistani military sources said the attack by infantry, planes, tanks and artillery was India's biggest offensive yet in the undeclared border war. continues decline FRANKFURT (AP) - The U.S. dollar continued to fall on the Frankfurt foreign exchange market today, opening at a record low of 3.2830 marks. The dollar closed Thursday at another record low, 3,289 marks, and lost more ground overnight amid speculation that the United States will devalue its currency while other major Western currencies will be revalued upward. The opening price today was equivalent to an 11.5-per-cent revaluation of the mark upward since the government abandoned a fixed exchange rate last May. INDIA LAUNCHES ATTACKS - The Indian army has launched attacks on East Pakistan on four fronts. The main attack is in the,north towards Rangpur. A second major attack is from the east near Agartala. Other thrust* are from the north towards Sylhet and in the east towards the Chittagong section. Trudeau admits government short of new jobs mark TORONTO (CP) - Prime Minister Trudeau conceded Thursday night that his government has "fallen significantly short of the mark" in creating jobs for Canadians entering the labor force, then hit back at ciitics who insist the nation is "in a terrible economic slump." The prime minister cited unemployment as one of two eco- nomic Indicators In which Canada lagged behind the United States this fall "in a significant way." The other was in the field of merchandise exports. Mr. Trudeau said in a, speech to the Canadian Italian Business and Professional Men's Association of Toronto that unemployment in Canada during September averaged 6.7 per cent of the 5.8 Jackie Onassis fears 'assault' Beer parlor patron shot to death VANCOUVER (CP)-A man was shot to death Thursday night as he sat at a crowded table in a downtown beer parlor. Patrons at the hotel saw a man. draw a sawed - off shut-gun from a paper bag and shoot his victim at point-blank range, then walk from the building. Police said both men were part of the same group at one of the beer parlor tables. The unidentified victim was dead on arrival at hospital. NEW YORK (AP) - Jacqueline Onassis has charged that she lives in "dread fear" of an assault by free-lance photgrapher Ronald Galella and consequently is "an absolute prisoner" in her Fifth Avenue apartment. "I do not exaggerate," the widow of president John F. Kennedy wrote in am affidavit to U.S. district court. "I tell the court plainly that I fear for my safety." Mrs. Onassis already has sued Galella for $1.5 million alleging harassment and h e has sued her for $1.3 million claiming that she is interfering with his business. Judge Irving Ben Cooper commented Thursday that Galella "has renewed conduct and activities causing immediate and irreparable harm to the mental and physical well-being of Mrs. Onassis." Cooper ordered Galella to show cause Dec. 15 why he should not be found in contempt of a previous restraining order and pay Mrs. Onassis $10,000 to purge himself. CAUSED UPROAR In her affidavit, Mrs..Onassis cited picture-taking attempts by Galella and some night open- associates Wednesday when she attended the ing of Two Gentlemen of Verona at the St. James Theatre. Former Socred MP, MLA dies CALGARY (CP) - Funeral services will be held here Saturday for Charles Edward Johnston, 72, a former Member of Parliament and Alberta MLA, who died Wednesday while on holiday in Houston, Tex. Mr. Johnston was first elected to the commons as Social Credit member for Bow River in 1935. labor force, compared with per cent in the U.S. In merchandise exports, Canada "nevertheless did well" In experiencing a 7.7-per-cent increase from September of last year to September, 1971. He didn't quote U.S. figures. "Canadian government economic policy has been turned to the needs of Canada and has been implemented to the extent that Canadian jurisdiction permitted," Mr. Trudeau told the business representatives of Toronto's 350,000-strong Italian-Canadian community. "In only one area has it fallen significantly short of the mark -we have not been able to provide jobs to all of the large numbers of people entering the labor force in recent months." Mr. Trudeau said the Canadian labor force is expanding "at a rate faster than that in any other industrialized country." Workers, particularly young persons, are entering the labor pool "in unprecedented numbers." He had harsh words for "commentators" in the news media who seem to think that government should be run "in a way that permits startling headlines" about the national economy. And Mr. Trudeau offered a defence -f his government's policies on the economy, employment and trade, backed up by a fat wad of statistics that he described as "the accepted signs of economic health." Bids on Laurier letters at auction sale skimpy Fund news $3,000 mark Cup of Milk wins help SHOPPING DAYS TO CHRISTMAS "Dad, can I have a cup of milk?" How many times has your little boy or girl asked this question at bedtime? And how many times have you gone to the fridge and poured out a cup of milk without even thinking about it? We don't think about such matters. We take them for grznted. Not so the little refugee children in India. They are forgotten, oast aside, left to starve through the last days of their wretched existence. They might ask for milk. But they won't receive anything. Unless, of course, we give. And this is what south Alber-tans are doing. The Herald's Cup of Milk Fund for the Unitarian Service Committee is almost at the 33,000 mark. South Albertans, and readers from farther afield, are opening their hearts and their purses to the East Pakistan refugees. While the war gets worse, our resolve becomes stronger. We must raise $15,000 and we will raise it, even though, in our hearts, we know it is not enough. Today we offer special thanks to Bob Blair, John Kloppen-borg and Barry Dobek. They are going to hold a Cup of Milk Fund Christmas Concert Dec. 22. Phone 328-6108 if you can perform. MONTREAL (CP) - The "intimate" letters of former prime minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier to the wife of Ms law associate failed to draw any attention at an auction' Thursday night. Bidding for Mr. Lauder's "sentimental and tender" letters to Mrs. Emilie Lavei-gne lasted less than 30 seconds. Bids opened with an offer of $3,500, went to $3,800, $4,000 and stopped at $4,500. "As there are no more bids this item is being withdrawn from the sale," Auctioneer Walter Anop said. "It's grotesque that no Canadian citizen was interested in the greatest Canadian in bur history to make a decent offer for the letters," said Bernard Amtmamn, the antique book dealer offering the letters for sale. Mr. Amtmann said the letters were valued at between $10,000 and $30,000 and "maybe even as high as $50,000 on the international market" "There was a representative from the Public Archives here," he said, "but he didn't even bid on the letters. It's a shame, but Canadians just don't care about their own history." Seen and heard About town T ETHBRIDGE Communi-ty College information officer Gord Collcdge making raisin pie for the monthly board of governors dinner . . . City Police Inspector Max Conpland losing his gun in an outdoor privy . . . Agriculture Minister Bud Olson refusing to look over the back of the Cliianina because he couldn't - the animal was too tall.