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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Hoiv to build fire properly For a warm and cheery hearth By MR. FIX An unused fireplace is a waste. If you are luaky enough to have a fireplace, you have sometWng to provide warmtli and comfort along with its cheery look. Most people don't use tlie fir^lace because of the unfortunate experience of having it smoke or shed sparks. Some people spend more time getting the fire started than they spend sitting in front of it. There's always a remote possibility that the fireplace wasn't built correctly, but if it was properly built (and most are) you should be able to get a fire going with a minimum of trouble. The secret of any good fire-building is to provide a draft. So don't just dump logs on the hearth and expect them to burn. The logs should be supported off the hearth by a gi-ate or and irons. Air will then flow under and through the logs, mak- BUILDING A HRE IN THE FIREPLACE } FIRST-CRUMPLED PAPER- PLACE LOGS ON ANDIRONS BEFORE LIGHTING, FIRE- PREHEAT AIR IN ' CHIMNEY mg complete combastion possible. Building a fire requires more than logs. Crumple paper into loose wads and put these on the hearth first. Over these place kmdling - small sticks, soi-ap lumber, twigs. Then place the logs' on the andimn and use at least three. Place the largest to tlie rear, the next in front of it and the third on top. But before you place the third log in position, spread some kindling over the first two, .which will allow some ah- space and allow the top log to start burning before it settles against the other two. Build youi' fire against the back wall. Most fireplaces are on an outside wall of the house and you want to heat that back wall. When tlie back wall is hot, it throws *arm air into the room, Keeping the fire to the rear also keeps the smoke back there. A cold fireplace and a cold chimney, common conditions with fireplaces built on outside waUs, can cause smoking since cold air doesn't rise. Before you light the fire, but after you have evei^thing pi-e pared, preheat the air in the chimney. Hold a lighted newspaper in the top of the fire-place, -where the chimney starts. Wlien the newspaper is finished burnmg, start your fire. Smofchig can be caused by a clogged damper or a damper that isn't open. Check this. Youi-chimney also may need clean-mg. If there are overhanging branches outside, these may obstruct the flow of smoke, forcing it back into the room. When the fbe is burning, it uses up a lot of air. To keep that air flowuig through the fireplace and up the chimney, provide ventilation elsewhere in the house. A partiaDy opened window will do nicely. YOUR GARDEN By Isabelle R. Young, F.R.H.S. talis) - 6 " with 10 ft. spread; Dunvegan Blue Juniper (J. hor-izontalis 'Dunvegan Blue') - 18" with 10 ft. spread. This has very blue foliage. Savins Juniper (J. sabina) - I to 4 ft. with 8 ft. spread. Arcadia and Scandia are two good selections. Two good Mugho pines are Compact Mtn. Pine and Dwarf Mtn. Pine which grow 4 to 5 ft. mth a 6 ft. spread. These make very good specimen or foundation plantings. Colorado Blue Spruce grows to 40 ft. and variety Kosters Blue is one of the most beautiful with very blue needles. The White Spruce (Picea glauca) is probably the most common spruce in Alberta grovraig 40 ft. or more. Black Hills Spruce (Picea glauca aibertiana) sometimes called Alberta Spruce grows 30 ft. or more. There are COLORFUL SHRUBS AND TREES FOR 1972 IP a person plans the land-scape picture with care and thought, he can have color in the garden every month of the year. You have to choose your plant materials with the same forethought as you would colors for painting a picture. The evergreens are nice from spring through winter and look particularly attractive when the ground is white with snow or when they are covered with a hoar frost. Some good varieties in various shades of green and blue are - Reeky Mtn. Juniper (Juniper scopulorum) - although the ulltimate height is 10 ft. it is slow growing and is more often grown as a shrub; Mtn. Juniper (J. communis sax-atms) - 2 ft. with 8 ft. spread; Creeping Juniper (J. horizon- also good pine and fir trees. Various shades of yellow to deep gold and orange - red add a bright spot of color and should be included in your landscaping. Golden Pfitzer Juniper (Juni-perus chinensis pfitzeriana) - 2 ft. with 6 ft. spread. Tips come out a bright yellow and as season advances, gradually turn green. Birches are an at tractive tree with their colored bark and golden yellow foliage in autumn. The Beaked Hazelnut (Corylus cornuta) has brilliant golden - yellow foliage in fall, and the American Ha-zehiut has bi-onzy - red foEage. These grow 6 ft. European Larch (Larix decidua) - 30 ft. Nativity scene for use on table Making tliis Nativity Scene can spaj-k many pleasant hours of complete relaxation for the entii-e family. Since there's aomeihing everyone can do, everyone should help. The pattern offered below provides full WOEID The. German shepherd dog jis noted for its intel-iifience, loyalty and courage. The* World Almanac notes that it is commonly called "police dog," a misnomer applied to. this breed because of its use in patrol duty. German shepherds respond quickly to training and have been valuable as companion dogs ' for the blind. 6oi)j right c1S71, size cutting guides for making tlie creche and tlie entue group of eleven figures. The staMe, measuring 16" wide by 14" high is ideal for use on a table, or below the Christmas tree. Each figure is fii-st traced on panelboard, then cut to exact shape of pattern. Painting guides on pattern can be traced, then painted colors pattei'n specifics. To add a realistic touch, spread straw or moss on the floor of the stable and on the platform outside. A colorful lighting effect can be acMeved by concealing a single Clu-ist-nias ti-ee bulb in back of stable. This tlirows a soft, indirect light that gives an enchanting effect. Send $1.25 in cash, cheque or money order (no stamps please for Pattern No. 310, Nativity Scene, to Carpenti-y Dept., The Lethbridge Herald, P.O. Box 806 Adelaide St. P.O., Toronto. (Copyriglit 1971. Toronto Star Syndicate) Mighty geyser Yellowstone National Park's Old Faithful geysei- erupts an average of every 64.3 minutes and discharges 10,000 lo 12,000 gallons of water in 2Vi to 5 minutes, according to Encyclopaedia Britannica, very handsome coniferous trees which lose their needles in the fall, turning a golden yellow before doing so. Mtn. Maple (Acer spicatum) - 10 ft. with orange - scarlet autumn color. Golden Plume Elder (Sambu-cus racemosa plumoso aui-ea) -6 ft. with golden yellow leaves. If you like silver foliage, there is the Russian Olive -15 ft., Silver Buffalo Berry-20 ft. and Siberian White Wil-low-45 ft. There are trees and slirubs that supply colorful berries which are relished by some of our feathered friends. These .include the Mountain Ash, Chinese Bush Cherry, Crabapples, and High Bush Cranberry. (I am just including the common name now as there is not room for the botanical name). When winter is here and the colorful leaves have disappeared and only a few ornamental berries remain, we can still have color in the garden from the beautiful bark on some of the trees such as the Russian Olive - 20 ft. with blackish-brown, shredding bark, which is most unique and interesting in winter. The beautiful Dogwoods, 2 to 8 ft. with red, yellow, purplish-black or greenish yellow bark; tlie gi-eenish - brown of- the Coto-neaster; the white, dark red or orange bark of the Birch; the Amiu- Cherry with its bright, brownish - yellow, flaking bark. The Purple Osier Willow and Dwarf Arctic Willow have purple to purple - brown stems; the Red Elder has light brown branches. The Dwarf Bui'ning Bush-1 ft. witli a 2 ft. spread has leaves tliat turn a deep purple ui fall. The Black Chokecherry has green leaves which turn a lovely yellow as fall approaches The colorful fall foliage from red to pui-pUsh red of the High Bush Ci*anbeiTy is beautiful. Silver Leaved Dogwood has gi-een leaves edged with ci-eamy - white. Some CSrabap-ples have purplish leaves, others are reddish; Alpine Ciu'-rnnt has dark green foliage; the Schubert Cboke-ohern-y leaves come out green and turn lo reddish-purple, NOTE: All niicslions should be sent with self  addrcsscd-stampcd, envelope to - Mrs. I. R. Young, 3620 Centre B. St. N.W., Calgary 43. Due to the number of letters asking more than one question it is requested in future enquiries that only ONE question be submitted each time as it is impossible for Mrs. Voung to reply to all correspondence and do Jicr i^ractical garden- i ing as well. I Splicing wire is fine art By MR. FIX Fastening one electrical wire to another - whether inside a light fixture, an appliance or merely making a short wire longer - is known as splicing. It involves more than simply twisting two wires together. The connection must be made so that it is electrically sound as well as mechanically strong. If electrical cords are old and frayed at more than one spot, splicing is not wise. Nor is it practical to splice short lengths. To keep the splice from being lumpy, stagger it in the two wires that make ud the cord. Cut one strand so that the connection will not occm- in the same spot in tlie other strand. Cut the insulation carefully so that you don't go through the wii-e. While there are special cutters electricians use to make the job go quickly, they are an unnecessary expense for CUT INSULATION CAREFULLY Friday, December 3, 1971 - THE lETHBRIDGE HERALD - 13 STAGGEX SPLICE. ^ riN BARE WIRES COMPLETE SPLICE BY TAPING, the casual user. Use a sharp knife. Make several cuts at an angle. With practice, you can cut in sulation with side cutters, spe dal pliers that are used for electrical work. If you use side cutting pliers, make certain you close them only partially so that you cut only the msulation If you have staggered the cuts in both wires, remember to match up the short wire in one cord with the long one in the other. You wiU make a better electrical connection if you tin the bare wires before splicing. Scrape the wires clean; Tlien hold the. wire against a soldering iron until it is hot. Apply rosin - core solder to the l�t wire, coatuig it thinly and even After the wu-es are tinned, twist them together tightly. Hold tlie spliced section against the hot soldermg iron (or use a small blow torch) and again apply rosin-core solder. The spliced joint is oomplel-ed by taping. Use a combination of rubber and fric lion tapes, or use the newer plastic tape alone. Solderless connectors make splicing easier but cannot be used on exposed splices. There are good ijiside Ughlmg fixtures and appliances, where tliey will be co\'ered and there wiU be no handlimg to loosen tliera. The coiuiector Is nothing more than a plastic nut Mlh a threaded metal insert. Twist the wii-es together and insert them in the connector. Then give the connector a few lui-ns and tlie Job is done, (Newspaper �utcrpris� AHn.)| Pre-Christmas Dollar Daj^ Safeway TURKEYS Pinecrest Frozen Toms Canada Grade A 22-24 Pound Average WHILE SUPPLIES LAST Chicken Side Bacon Fresh Broccoli Manor House Cut Up, Tray Packed Frozen Limit 2 Per Customer .... lb. Wood Acres, Sliced, Vacuum Packed, 1 lb. net wt. pkg. each ., California, Crisp and Green lb. Ocean Spray, late Howes ...... 1 lb. net wt. pkg. Genuine Japanese Orangeit Approx. 8-lb. box .. each -Taste Tells Reconstituted ............. 48-01. tin Apple Juice Fresh Bread Pineapple Juice Meat Pies Snack Crackers Polly Ann, White or Brevt/n ., , 20 ox. loaf ^alani 48 fl. oz. Itn Manor House, Frozen, Chicken, Turkey, Beef ........ 8 oz. size Busy Boker 16 oz. net wt. pkg, . Town House Tomato or Vegetable Soup Chip Dips Soup Mix lO-oz. tin Lucerne, Fresh, Assorted Flavours.............. 8 oz, tub Lyons, Chicken Noodle ........2'A oz. net wt. pkg. Prices Effective in Lethbridge December 3 and 4. WE RESERVE THE R^GHT TO LIMIT QUANTITIES S A F E WAY C A N A O A $ AfM WAY I 1 M IT E 0 ;