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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - December 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta HIGH FORECAST SATURDAY 35. Herald VOL. LXIV - No. 300 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS ^ TWO SECTIONS-32 PAGES Government ^^^i^ State of emergency BUD OLSON to preserve rural life By EGON FRECH Herald Ottawa Bureaa OTTAWA - Agriculture Minister H. A. (Bud) Olson has told farmers he is committed to preserving the rural way of life in Canada and does not intend to use his farm development program to entice Canadians to quit farming. "I don't thinlc any of us cheiislies the tliought of all Canadians living in several big cities," he told the 38th annual meeting of the British Columbia Federation of Agriculture in New Westminster. "A successful farm development program will prevent that from hap-1 pening." A text of Mr. Olson's speed 11 was released in Ottawa. In it, he was appai^ently hitting back at suggestions from tlie prairie provincial governments thai the farm development progi-am | is designed to squeeze fanners i off theii- farms and so rid thc| federal government of the farm problem:. "Much of the resistance to the farm development program has been due to misunderstanding and misinterpretation" he said. "Beca.use we made provision to help the fai-mer who wants to retire from farming or take up non-farm work, the goveninient has been accused of wanting to push the farmer off the land," he said. The principles of the farm development program were hammered out at the Agriculture Outlook Conference in Ottawa last v/eek by the provincial ministers of agriculture and Mr. Olson. The agriculture ministers apparently were satisfied after the talks that the land assembly and early retii-ement features of the programs would work to the benefit of the farmers. However, there was no guarantee of any change in principle in the communique issued after the conference, and the real bargaining is going on now, in closed-door sessions of a federal-proyincial technical committee assigned the task of hammering out tlie details of the program. But Mr. Olson's speech hi British Columbia left little doubt that some farmers would have to move off the land in order to make economically viable units for the ones who remain. This was the original objection to the program - that is would reduce the number of farmers on fr.ims. Mr. Olson pointed ou, that tlie operation of a farm today depends more on capital than a man's labor, and that one farmer with machinery today can produce many times what he could 20 years ago without modem machinery. While the new program would be aimed at helping small, family type farms to obtain the land and ma-chinei-y they need to operate economically, the land will have to come from somewhere. Ma-. Olson indicated in his speech tliat it would likely come from fanners who voluntarily want to ^ve up farming. Farm development "The emphasis of this program will be on farm development, and not on farm retirement," he said. "A great many farmers have written to me and want to leave farmmg but feel trapped to stay there. While we are making efforts and spending money to help tlie men and women who want to build a strong farm, we can't ignore tliose who want to i-etire from fannr He said tlie govermnent wants to make sure "the man who wants to retire from farming can do so in dignity. For the man who wants to take up employment off the farm, we want to help him make the transition as successfully as possible." The new farm development program will likely be similar to the ARDA and FRED pi-ograms, with individual pa-ovinces makijig special agreements with the federal govenunent witliin tlie liniits of a national framework. Some of tlie programs would include provincial land assembly banks which would buy up land from farmers wanting to quit farming or to retire, and either leasing or selling it to farmers who need more land to make viable fann units. Others would provide loans for farmers to buy the kind of machinery they would need to operate the new units. Encouraged Mr. Olson said he was "vei7 encouraged" by tlie agreement of the pro%'incial agriculture ministers and that he is enthusiastic Uiat Canada will now move to fill tlie gap in farm development. "I for one feel the nnral way of life is essential and must be preserved," he said. "By providing Uie opportunities for low-incorat farmers to develop farms into viable economic units, we will be givhig an impetus for the heaithy development of tlie rural sectors of our country, because prosperous tsrm meaja prosperoia Uma and vlUagei." 'Excuse me, Mr. Nixon. I'm standing under your foot!' Pakistan airliner hijacked PARIS (AP) - Air pirates took over a Pakistan International Airlines jet in the name of Bangla Desh today and held it for ransom of 20 tons of medicine. They threatened to blow up tlie plane and 28 persons aboai'd on an Orly Airport runway if their order was rejected. Airport officials said arrangements were being made to obtain the medicine. Calling themselves representatives of 10 million Bengali refugees who have fled from East Pakistan to India, Uie hijackers warned police to stay away from the four-engined Boeing 720-B jethner and said any action that could "lok like intervening" would lead to Uie plane's destruction. Citizenship act changes requested TORONTO (CP) - Prime Minister Trudeau was asked Thursday by members of Toronto's Italian community to consider changes to tiie CJitizenslup Act that would allow 18-year-old immigrants who meet residence requirements to become Cana-diain citizens. The recommendation was contained in a brief presented to the prime minister by the Federation of Italian-Canadian Associations and Clubs (PACI). At present, the Citizenship Act stipulates tiiat application for citizenship can be made only by those over 21 years of age, and the FACI brief asked that, the act be altered to allow 18-year-olds to apply. Hockey player in car mishap NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C. (CP) - Barry Smithy 17-year-old defenceman with New Westminster Bruins of the Western Canada Junior Hockey League, was killed Thursday night in a smgle-car accident in suburban Surrey. RCMP said Smith, of Prmce Albert, Sask., was a passenger in a northbound car on Uie King George Highway when it apparently swerved to avoid an oncoming vehicle and rolled over. Also in tiie car, but not injured, was anoUier New Westminster Bruins hockey player, defenceman Bob Stumpf, 18, of Mile, Alberta. RCMP wiUiheld the diiver's name. He also escaped injury. IS decl are d m From AP-REUTER The Indian government declared a national emergency today following Pakistani air raids on four northw^tem Indian airports. A Pakistani broadcast said Pakistan air force planes struck in retaliation for Indian ground attacks. India denied it had staged any attacks in the northwest, 1,000 miles or more from East Pakistan where hostilities broke out last month. Ail- raid sirens wailed in New Delhi and the Indian capital was blacked out. But there was no sign of an air attack. International airlines in London said they had banned flying jetliners to West Pakistan and Calcutta and New Delhi in India. Radio Pakistan said the air attacks were carried out against airports at Avantipur, Pathan-kot, Amritsar and at Srinagar, capital of Indian Kashmir, a point of dispute between the two comitries since 1947. In New Delhi, President V. V. Giri issued the emergency proclamation on tiehalf of the Indian government "because of the unprovoked aggression by Pakistan." PLAN POLICE POWERS The president, the constitutional head of state, at the same time summoned both houses of parliament into a special session Saturday to approve the 'Defence of India BUI", emergency legislation that would give the government wide police powers. New Delhi airport was closed to mtemational traffic until further notice. Internal flights have been diverted to airports other than New Delhi. Radio Pakistan said the air strikes were made "as a counter-measure to meet the challenge" of Indian atiacks that began before dawn from India's Rajasthan Desert. Earlier an Indian spokesman in New Delhi had reported three Pakistan air attacks in northwestern India. Later he agreed with the Pakistani broadcast that there were four. IRA security men recaptured Suffers stroke MELBOURNE (AP) - Sir Robert Menzies, Australia's former pi-jme muiister, suffered a stroke Tlim-sday but is not in serious condition, his wife reported today. "He has had vascular spasms which have left his arms and legs weak," said Dame Pattie Menzies. "All he needs is a little physiotherapy to get the movement back in the legs." BELFAST (CP) - The Irish Republican Army appeared today to have driven a big hole into Northern Ireland's security setup by whisking three of its top operatives out of Belfast's Crumlin Road prison fortress. The trio's disappearance into a thick fog shrouding the capital came only two weeks after nine other suspected IRA agents broke out, clambering over the 'jail's towering walls with the aid of rope ladders. Republican som'ces claimed the three were safely.over the border in the Irish Republic. As the republic would almost certainly regard the men as freed political prisoners, exti"a-dition would seem out of the question. Six of the men who escaped Nov. 19 later surfaced in Dublin to give a news conference. Only two were recaptured^as they drove south toward the frontier disguised as priests. , WERE KEY CAPTIVES Two of the three latest escap-ers were identified by informed sources as Martin Meehan and Anthony (Dutch) Doherty. British army intelligence regard them as among the most important captui'es since internment without trial was imtroduced in August to crush the IRA. Meehan was said by the U.S. dollar continues decline FRANKFURT (AP) - Tlie U.S. dollar continued to fall on tlie Franlcfurt foreign exchange market today, opening at a record low of 3.2830 marks. The dollar closed Thui-sday at another record low, 3,289 marks, and lost more ground overnight amid speculation that the United States will devalue its currency while other major Western currencies will be revalued upward. Tlie opening price today was equivalent to an 11.5-per-cent revaluation of Uie mark upward suice the goverrnneiit abandoned a fixed exchange rate last May. som'ces to be the leader of Belfast's Ardoyne district command of the IRA, which L